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Moral Reason

Author : Julia Markovits
ISBN : 9780199567171
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 50.53 MB
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What is it to have a reason to do something? is one sort of question; what is it we have reason to do? is another. These questions are often explored separately. But our answers to them may not be independent: what reasons are may have implications for what reasons there are. In Moral Reason, Julia Markovits develops and defends a version of a desire-based, internalist, account of what normative reasons are. But doesthat account entail that there are no moral reasons that apply to all of us, regardless of what we happen to desire? It may look obvious that it does--that a bullet must be bitten somewhere. But on Markovits' account, the bullet may yet be avoided. She builds on Kant's argument for his formula of humanity to provide an internalist defense ofuniversal moral reasons, and provides a more satisfying answer to the age-old question: why be moral?
Category: Philosophy

Self And Others

Author : Jan Österberg
ISBN : 9789400928794
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 54.80 MB
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1. The Aim of This Essay Ethical Egoism, the doctrine that, roughly speaking, one should promote one's own good, has been a live issue since the very beginnings of moral philosophy. Historically, it is the most widely held normative theory, and, next to Utilitarianism, it is the most intensely debated one. What is at stake in this debate is a fundamental question of ethics: 'Is there any reason, except self-interest, for considering the interests of other people?' The ethical egoist answers No to this question, thus rejecting the received conception of morality. Is Ethical Egoism an acceptable position? There are many forms of Ethical Egoism, and each may be interpreted in several different ways. So the relevant question is rather, 'Is there an acceptable version of Ethical It is the main aim of this essay to answer this question. This Egoism?' means that I will be confronted with many other controversial questions, for example, 'What is a moral principle?', 'Is value objective or subjec tive?', 'What is the nature of the self?' For the acceptability of most ver sions of Ethical Egoism, it has been alleged, depends on what answers are given to questions such as these. (I will show that in some of these cases there is in fact no such dependence. ) It is, of course, impossible to ad equately discuss all these questions within the compass of my essay.
Category: Philosophy

Critique Of Practical Reason

Author : Immanuel Kant
ISBN : 9781603846837
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 59.63 MB
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With this volume, Werner Pluhar completes his work on Kant's three Critiques, an accomplishment unique among English language translators of Kant. At once accurate, fluent, and accessible, Pluhar's rendition of the Critique of Practical Reason meets the standards set in his widely respected translations of the Critique of Judgment (1987) and the Critique of Pure Reason (1996). Stephen Engstrom's Introduction discusses the place of the second Critique in Kant's critical philosophy, its relation to Kant's ethics, and its practical purpose and provides an illuminating outline of Kant's argument.
Category: Philosophy

Moral Disagreement

Author : Folke Tersman
ISBN : 0521853389
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 57.76 MB
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Folke Tersman explores the nature of moral thinking by examining moral disagreement.
Category: Philosophy

Iris Murdoch Philosopher

Author : Justin Broackes
ISBN : 9780199289905
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 77.64 MB
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This is a collection of essays on Iris Murdoch, who was a notable philosopher as well as novelist. She was and remained an admirer of Wittgenstein, and she taught at Oxford for 15 years; but she believed that British Philosophy needed the influence also of continental Europe, and above all from Kant and Hegel. Her philosophical books have the distinction of exciting a wide general readership as well as students and professionals-and, while they aim atrehabilitating a kind of metaphysics, they also aim to help us with the very practical question 'How can we make ourselves morally better?' This book gives not only an introduction to Murdoch's important philosophical life and work, but also a picture of British philosophy in one of its heydays and at animportant moment of transition.
Category: Philosophy

The Oxford Handbook Of Philosophy Of Emotion

Author : Peter Goldie
ISBN : 9780199235018
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 34.62 MB
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This Handbook presents thirty-one state-of-the-art contributions from the most notable writers on philosophy of emotion today. Anyone working on the nature of emotion, its history, or its relation to reason, self, value, or art, whether at the level of research or advanced study, will find the book an unrivalled resource and a fascinating read.
Category: Philosophy

Philosophy At The New Millennium

Author : Robert Edward Myhill Peach
ISBN : 0521005086
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 82.71 MB
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Leading philosophers give their views on their branch of the subject in the year 2000.
Category: Philosophy

Community And Collective Rights

Author : Dwight Newman
ISBN : 9781847317780
Genre : Law
File Size : 21.26 MB
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This book presents an argument for the existence of moral rights held by groups and a resulting account of how to reconcile group rights with individual rights and with the rights of other groups. Throughout, the author shows applications to actual legal and political controversies, thus tying the normative theory to actual legal practice. The author presents collective moral rights as an underlying normative explanation for various legal norms protecting group rights in domestic and international legal contexts. Examples at issue include rights held by indigenous peoples, by trade unions, and by religious and cultural minority groups. The account also bears on contemporary discussions of multiculturalism and recognition, on debates about reasonable accommodation of minority communities, and on claims for third generation human rights. The book will thus be relevant both to theorists and to legal and human rights practitioners interested in related areas.
Category: Law

Kazimierz Opa Ek Selected Papers In Legal Philosophy

Author : Jan Wolenski
ISBN : 9789401592574
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 57.34 MB
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Philosophical aspects of law and jurisprudence are investigated from various points of view. This collection represents the analytic approach to legal philosophy. However, this approach is not extreme in the sense that it is limited exclusively to linguistic matters. The concept of norm as a directive of conduct is the central category analyzed in particular essays. The structure of directives as well as their semantic and pragmatic roles are studied. Pragmatic functions of directives are linked with their functioning as speech acts. Moreover, existence and validity of norms are analyzed. The author also touches on general methodological problems of legal theory and philosophy, particularly their relations to social sciences. The collection covers material interesting for philosophers, lawyers and social scientists.
Category: Philosophy

The New Intuitionism

Author : Jill Graper Hernandez
ISBN : 9781441166579
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 86.39 MB
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Since the 2004 publication of his book The Good in the Right, Robert Audi has been at the forefront of the current resurgence of interest in intuitionism - the idea that human beings have an intuitive sense of right and wrong - in ethics. The New Intuitionism brings together some of the world's most important contemporary writers from such diverse fields as metaethics, epistemology and moral psychology to explore the latest implications of, and challenges to, Audi's work. The book also includes an opening chapter that surveys the development of contemporary intuitionism and a conclusion that lays the ground for future developments and debates both written by Audi himself, making this an essential survey of this important school of ethical thought for anyone working in the field.
Category: Philosophy