MORAL CONTROVERSIES IN AMERICAN POLITICS

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Moral Controversies In American Politics

Author : Raymond Tatalovich
ISBN : 9781317464426
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 34.24 MB
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No area of public policymaking is more hotly debated than the use of government authority to enforce certain standards of behavior in areas of moral controversy. Now thoroughly revised and updated, this collection examines a variety of such policy areas - ranging from abortion and affirmative action to gay rights - including two new chapters on animal rights and hate crimes. In discussing each policy area the book examines relevant issues and arguments, as well as policy shifts over time. It considers the roles of key political and institutional actors in policymaking - including lobbies and interest groups, the bureaucracy, the president, Congress, the judiciary, and state and local authorities. Written in an accessible style that is sure to spark classroom discussion, each chapter of this new edition includes a list of relevant books, web sites, and videos for further research.
Category: Business & Economics

Morality Politics In Western Europe

Author : Isabelle Engeli
ISBN : 9781137016690
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 58.48 MB
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Why do some countries have 'Culture Wars' over morality issues such as abortion and same-sex marriage while other countries hardly experience any conflict? This book argues that morality issues only generate major conflicts in political systems with a significant conflict between religious and secular parties.
Category: Political Science

American Politics And Society

Author : David McKay
ISBN : 9781118261903
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 77.68 MB
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Now in its eighth edition, this popular introduction tackles themost recent trends in American politics and society throughexplanation, analyses, and interpretations of government processes– adding valuable context for students by considering theseprocedures and developments from an international perspective. Fully updated to take account of the many recent developmentsin American politics and society – exploring one of the mostturbulent political arenas witnessed in decades Features new chapters on environmental politics and the Obamapresidency Shifts its focus from the gap between public expectations andgovernment performance to the increasingly divisive ideologicalclimate of America’s political system Benefits from a student-friendly style and design with numerousillustrations and a range of helpful pedagogical features,including chronologies, biographies, and definition boxeshighlighting key concepts and controversial issues Offers thought-provoking insights into the social background tocontemporary politics in America, while fully embracing the latestdevelopments and considering these from a non-U.S. perspective
Category: Political Science

Guns In American Society An Encyclopedia Of History Politics Culture And The Law 2nd Edition 3 Volumes

Author : Gregg Lee Carter
ISBN : 9780313386718
Genre : History
File Size : 57.19 MB
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Thoroughly updated and greatly expanded from its original edition, this three-volume set is the go-to comprehensive resource on the legal, social, psychological, political, and public health aspects of guns in American life. • 450 alphabetically organized entries, including 100 new for this edition, covering key issues (suicide, video games and gun violence, firearm injury statistics) and events (workplace shootings, the Virginia Tech massacre) • 102 expert contributors from all academic fields involved in studying the causes and effects of gun violence • A chronology of pivotal moments and controversies in the history of firearm ownership and use in the United States • An exhaustive bibliography of print and online resources covering all aspects of the study of guns in the United States • Appendices on federal gun laws, state gun laws, and pro- and anti-gun-control organizations
Category: History

Embryo Politics

Author : Thomas Banchoff
ISBN : 0801461073
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 30.9 MB
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Since the first fertilization of a human egg in the laboratory in 1968, scientific and technological breakthroughs have raised ethical dilemmas and generated policy controversies on both sides of the Atlantic. Embryo, stem cell, and cloning research have provoked impassioned political debate about their religious, moral, legal, and practical implications. National governments make rules that govern the creation, destruction, and use of embryos in the laboratory-but they do so in profoundly different ways. In Embryo Politics, Thomas Banchoff provides a comprehensive overview of political struggles aboutembryo research during four decades in four countries-the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, and France. Banchoff's book, the first of its kind, demonstrates the impact of particular national histories and institutions on very different patterns of national governance. Over time, he argues, partisan debate and religious-secular polarization have come to overshadow ethical reflection and political deliberation on the moral status of the embryo and the promise of biomedical research. Only by recovering a robust and public ethical debate will we be able to govern revolutionary life-science technologies effectively and responsibly into the future.
Category: Political Science

Morality Policies In Europe

Author : Christoph Knill
ISBN : 9781351557955
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 39.19 MB
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The regulation of issues like abortion, euthanasia, gun control, same-sex unions, pornography, prostitution, drugs, or gambling is commonly referred to a special class of so called morality policies. The distinctive feature of these policies is that politics are shaped by conflicts over first principle: When does life end? When does it begin? Is gambling, drug consumption or prostitution inherently malignant? The regulation of these value conflicts entails decisions about "right" or "wrong" and hence the "validation of a particular set of basic values". Yet there is still a remarkable lack of scholarly attention on morality policies, in particular with regard to general implications for the study of public policy. To stimulate further research in this area, this book focuses on different concepts and theories of morality policy change in European countries. It is based on a broad and comparative empirical perspective on different morality issues, including, for instance, the regulation of prostitution, abortion, euthanasia, gambling, drugs, as well as gun controls.This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of European Public Policy.
Category: Political Science

The Democratic Virtues Of The Christian Right

Author : Jon A. Shields
ISBN : 0691137404
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 69.74 MB
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Jon Shields argues that religious conservatives have in fact dramatically increased and improved democratic participation and that they are far more civil and reasonable than is commonly believed. --from publisher description
Category: Political Science

The Evolution Controversy In America

Author : George Webb
ISBN : 9780813148489
Genre : Science
File Size : 38.96 MB
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For well over a century, the United States has witnessed a prolonged debate over organic evolution and teaching of the theory in the nation's public schools. The controversy that began with the publication of Darwin's Origin of the Species had by the 1920s expanded to include theologians, politicians, and educators. The Scopes trial of 1925 provided the growing antievolution movement with significant publicity and led to a decline in the teaching of evolution in public schools. George E. Webb details how efforts to improve science education in the wake of Sputnik resurrected antievolution sentiment and led to the emergence of "creation science" as the most recent expression of that sentiment. Creationists continue to demand "balanced treatment" of theories of creation and evolution in public schools, even though their efforts have been declared unconstitutional in a series of federal court cases. Their battles have been much more successful at the grassroots level, garnering support from local politicians and educators. Webb attributes the success of creationists primarily to the lack of scientific literacy among the American public. Although a number of published studies have dealt with specific aspects of the debate, The Evolution Controversy in America represents the first complete historical survey of the topic. In it Webb provides an analysis of one of the most intriguing debates in the history of American thought.
Category: Science