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Micromotives And Macrobehavior

Author : Thomas C. Schelling
ISBN : 9780393069778
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 28.30 MB
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Before Freakonomics and The Tipping Point there was this classic by the 2005 Nobel Laureate in Economics. "Schelling here offers an early analysis of 'tipping' in social situations involving a large number of individuals." —official citation for the 2005 Nobel Prize Micromotives and Macrobehavior was originally published over twenty-five years ago, yet the stories it tells feel just as fresh today. And the subject of these stories—how small and seemingly meaningless decisions and actions by individuals often lead to significant unintended consequences for a large group—is more important than ever. In one famous example, Thomas C. Schelling shows that a slight-but-not-malicious preference to have neighbors of the same race eventually leads to completely segregated populations. The updated edition of this landmark book contains a new preface and the author's Nobel Prize acceptance speech.
Category: Business & Economics

Strategy And Choice

Author : Richard J. Zeckhauser
ISBN : 0262240335
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 54.34 MB
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From the coalition's desert showdown with Saddam Hussein to the dieter's duel with himself in the midnight kitchen, strategic choices determine destinies. These essays by wellknown scholars - economists, psychologists, philosophers, and political scientists, inspired by master strategist Thomas Schelling - present the most significant recent advances in strategic choice theory.In activities ranging from gift giving to political wheeling and dealing, men and women strive ingeniously - though sometimes counterproductively - to secure desired outcomes. But as this book makes clear' the fundamental questions for strategy continually reappear: What factors motivate individuals' values and actions? What principles guide effective bargaining? How can incentives and decision processes be structured to yield desirable collective outcomes?In three parts, the book addresses many-player, fewplayer, and one-player situations. The first takes up questions such as: What outcomes result when an individual's welfare depends on comparisons with the situation of others? Under what circumstances do we expect many-player outcomes to at least resemble participants' desired outcomes? The second asks how we can build trust, distinguish between gifts and bribes, make commitments credible, or employ third parties to improve our bargaining position. The final part of the book focuses on the struggle of the individual decision maker. How does the recollected past influence one's evaluation of the present? How can we cope with errors in decision making? When should we rely on rules and principles, as opposed to the careful weighing of alternatives prescribed by the theory of rational choice? And - the most ethically challenging question - how shall we value human life?Richard Zeckhauser is Frank P. Ramsey Professor of Political Economy at the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.Contributors: Vincent P. Crawford. Avinash Dixit. Jon Elster. Robert H. Frank. Jerry R. Green. Dale Griffin. Russell Hardin. Richard J. Herrnstein. Robert Jervis. Robert Klitgaard. Howard Margolis. Barry Nalebuff. Mancur Olson. Drazen Prelec. Howard Raiffa. Amos Tversky. W. Kip Viscusi. Richard Zeckhauser.
Category: Business & Economics

Social Mechanisms

Author : Peter Hedström
ISBN : 0521596874
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 45.28 MB
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The advancement of social theory requires an analytical approach that systematically seeks to explicate the social mechanisms that generate and explain observed associations between events. These essays, written by prominent social scientists, advance criticisms of current trends in social theory and suggest alternative approaches. The mechanism approach calls attention to an intermediary level of analysis in between pure description and story-telling, on the one hand, and grand theorizing and universal social laws, on the other. For social theory to be of use for the working social scientist, it must attain a high level of precision and provide a toolbox from which middle range theories can be constructed.
Category: Political Science

Economics And Sociology

Author : Richard Swedberg
ISBN : 0691003769
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 20.73 MB
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The boundary between economics and sociology is presently being redefined--but how, why, and by whom? Richard Swedberg answers these questions in this thought-provoking book of conversations with well-known economists and sociologists. Among the economists interviewed are Gary Becker, Amartya Sen, Kenneth Arrow, and Albert O. Hirschman; the sociologists include Daniel Bell, Harrison White, James Coleman, and Mark Granovetter. The picture that emerges is that economists and sociologists have paid little attention to each other during most of the twentieth century: social problems have been analyzed as if they had no economic dimension and economic problems as if they had no social dimension. Today, however, there is a dialogue between the two fields, as economists take on social topics and as sociologists become interested in rational choice and "new economic sociology." The interviewees describe how they came to challenge the present separation between economics and sociology, what they think of the various proposals to integrate the fields, and how they envision the future. The author summarizes the results of the conversations in the final chapter. The individual interviews also serve as superb introductions to the work of these scholars.
Category: Business & Economics

Strategies Of Commitment And Other Essays

Author : Thomas C. Schelling
ISBN : 0674025679
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 32.47 MB
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All of the essays in this new collection by Thomas Schelling convey his unique perspective on individuals and society. Schelling, a 2005 Nobel Prize winner, has been one of the four or five most important social scientists of the past fifty years, and this collection shows why.
Category: Business & Economics

Anatomie Des Sozialen Prinzipien Der Analytischen Soziologie

Author : Peter Hedström
ISBN : 3531153978
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 42.74 MB
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Einer der weltweit führenden Soziologen, Peter Hedström, zeichnet die Grundlagen einer analytischen Soziologie nach. Er argumentiert für eine erklärende Soziologie, die Theorie und Empirie miteinander verbindet.
Category: Social Science

Geschichte Des Wissens

Author : Charles Van Doren
ISBN : 9783034860093
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 28.6 MB
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Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Schwierigkeiten Mit Der Moral

Author : Philipp Aerni
ISBN : 9783658102821
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 82.63 MB
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Welche Rolle spielt die Moral für unser wirtschaftliches Handeln und überhaupt in der Wirtschaft? Steht sie uns vielleicht sogar im Weg? Durch Finanz- und Wirtschaftskrisen ist das Misstrauen zwischen Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft weiter gestiegen. In Anbetracht dessen stellen die Herausgeber dieses Bandes die Frage, ob wir eine neue Wirtschaftsethik brauchen: eine Wirtschaftsethik, die den in der Wirtschaft tätigen Menschen eine wirkliche Orientierung gibt, statt sie dem Dilemma von leerem Moralismus und praktischen Zwängen der ökonomischen Welt zu überlassen; eine Wirtschaftsethik, die dem Anspruch, einen realistischen ethischen Rahmen für das wirtschaftliche Handeln zu bieten, tatsächlich gerecht wird. Die Beiträge dieses Buches behandeln interdisziplinär und aus unterschiedlichen Perspektiven die Schwierigkeiten mit der Moral und münden in der provokanten These, dass sich Wirtschaftsethik auch ausgezeichnet als Warnung vor der Moral eignet.
Category: Philosophy

Die Grenzen Der Rational Choice Theorie

Author : Jürgen Schmidt
ISBN : 9783663097167
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 56.20 MB
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Soziologen versuchen, phänomenologisch orientierte soziologische Theorien in das "ökonomische Programm" zu integrieren. Weshalb derartige Versuche zum Scheitern verurteilt sind, zeigt die vorliegende Studie aus theoretischer und anhand einer organisationssoziologischen Fallstudie auch aus empirischer Sicht.
Category: Social Science