METAPHORS WE LIVE BY

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Metaphors We Live By

Author : George Lakoff
ISBN : 9780226470993
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 30.9 MB
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The now-classic Metaphors We Live By changed our understanding of metaphor and its role in language and the mind. Metaphor, the authors explain, is a fundamental mechanism of mind, one that allows us to use what we know about our physical and social experience to provide understanding of countless other subjects. Because such metaphors structure our most basic understandings of our experience, they are "metaphors we live by"—metaphors that can shape our perceptions and actions without our ever noticing them. In this updated edition of Lakoff and Johnson's influential book, the authors supply an afterword surveying how their theory of metaphor has developed within the cognitive sciences to become central to the contemporary understanding of how we think and how we express our thoughts in language.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Metaphors We Live By

Author : George Lakoff
ISBN : 0226468011
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 84.17 MB
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Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Metaphors We Live By

Author : George Lakoff
ISBN : 0226468003
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 79.62 MB
Format : PDF
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The now-classic Metaphors We Live By changed our understanding of metaphor and its role in language and the mind. Metaphor, the authors explain, is a fundamental mechanism of mind, one that allows us to use what we know about our physical and social experience to provide understanding of countless other subjects. Because such metaphors structure our most basic understandings of our experience, they are "metaphors we live by"—metaphors that can shape our perceptions and actions without our ever noticing them. In this updated edition of Lakoff and Johnson's influential book, the authors supply an afterword surveying how their theory of metaphor has developed within the cognitive sciences to become central to the contemporary understanding of how we think and how we express our thoughts in language.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Philosophy In The Flesh

Author : George Lakoff
ISBN : UOM:39015046908979
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 31.20 MB
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Reexamines the Western philosophical tradition, looking at the basic concepts of the mind, time, causation, morality, and the self
Category: Philosophy

Moral Imagination

Author : Mark Johnson
ISBN : 9780226223230
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 57.79 MB
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Using path-breaking discoveries of cognitive science, Mark Johnson argues that humans are fundamentally imaginative moral animals, challenging the view that morality is simply a system of universal laws dictated by reason. According to the Western moral tradition, we make ethical decisions by applying universal laws to concrete situations. But Johnson shows how research in cognitive science undermines this view and reveals that imagination has an essential role in ethical deliberation. Expanding his innovative studies of human reason in Metaphors We Live By and The Body in the Mind, Johnson provides the tools for more practical, realistic, and constructive moral reflection.
Category: Philosophy

More Than Cool Reason

Author : George Lakoff
ISBN : 9780226470986
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 82.15 MB
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"The authors restore metaphor to our lives by showing us that it's never gone away. We've merely been taught to talk as if it had: as though weather maps were more 'real' than the breath of autumn; as though, for that matter, Reason was really 'cool.' What we're saying whenever we say is a theme this book illumines for anyone attentive." — Hugh Kenner, Johns Hopkins University "In this bold and powerful book, Lakoff and Turner continue their use of metaphor to show how our minds get hold of the world. They have achieved nothing less than a postmodern Understanding Poetry, a new way of reading and teaching that makes poetry again important." — Norman Holland, University of Florida
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Meaning Of The Body

Author : Mark Johnson
ISBN : 9780226026992
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 72.23 MB
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In The Meaning of the Body, Mark Johnson continues his pioneering work on the exciting connections between cognitive science, language, and meaning first begun in the classic Metaphors We Live By. Johnson uses recent research into infant psychology to show how the body generates meaning even before self-consciousness has fully developed. From there he turns to cognitive neuroscience to further explore the bodily origins of meaning, thought, and language and examines the many dimensions of meaning—including images, qualities, emotions, and metaphors—that are all rooted in the body’s physical encounters with the world. Drawing on the psychology of art and pragmatist philosophy, Johnson argues that all of these aspects of meaning-making are fundamentally aesthetic. He concludes that the arts are the culmination of human attempts to find meaning and that studying the aesthetic dimensions of our experience is crucial to unlocking meaning's bodily sources. Throughout, Johnson puts forth a bold new conception of the mind rooted in the understanding that philosophy will matter to nonphilosophers only if it is built on a visceral connection to the world. “Mark Johnson demonstrates that the aesthetic and emotional aspects of meaning are fundamental—central to conceptual meaning and reason, and that the arts show meaning-making in its fullest realization. If you were raised with the idea that art and emotion were external to ideas and reason, you must read this book. It grounds philosophy in our most visceral experience.”—George Lakoff, author of Moral Politics
Category: Philosophy

Women Fire And Dangerous Things

Author : George Lakoff
ISBN : 9780226471013
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 54.30 MB
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"Its publication should be a major event for cognitive linguistics and should pose a major challenge for cognitive science. In addition, it should have repercussions in a variety of disciplines, ranging from anthropology and psychology to epistemology and the philosophy of science. . . . Lakoff asks: What do categories of language and thought reveal about the human mind? Offering both general theory and minute details, Lakoff shows that categories reveal a great deal."—David E. Leary, American Scientist
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Metaphor And Thought

Author : Andrew Ortony
ISBN : 0521405610
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 88.79 MB
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Metaphor and Thought reflects the surge of interest in and research into the nature and function of metaphor in language and thought. Philosophers, psychologists, linguists, and educators raise serious questions about the viability of the traditional distinction between the literal and the metaphorical, discussing problems ranging from the definition of metaphor to its role in language acquistion, learning, scientific thinking, and the creation of social policy. In the second edition, the contributors have updated their original essays to reflect changes in their fields. The volume also includes six new chapters that present important and influential new ideas about metaphor that have appeared in such fields as the philosophy of language and the philosophy of science, linguistics, cognitive and clinical psychology, education, and artificial intelligence. The book will serve as an excellent graduate-level textbook in cognitive psychology, linguistics, and artificial intelligence.
Category: Psychology

Thinking Points

Author : George Lakoff
ISBN : 0374530904
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 63.20 MB
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Offers an understanding of the progressive worldview by seeking to answer such questions as "What is the progressive vision of America?", "Why are progressive values America's values?", and "How can political arguments and narratives be put together to counter the Right?"
Category: Political Science