MESOSCOPIC PHYSICS AND ELECTRONICS NANOSCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

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Mesoscopic Physics And Electronics

Author : Tsuneya Ando
ISBN : 9783642719769
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 26.65 MB
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Semiconductor technology has developed considerably during the past several decades. The exponential growth in microelectronic processing power has been achieved by a constant scaling down of integrated cir,cuits. Smaller fea ture sizes result in increased functional density, faster speed, and lower costs. One key ingredient of the LSI technology is the development of the lithog raphy and microfabrication. The current minimum feature size is already as small as 0.2 /tm, beyond the limit imposed by the wavelength of visible light and rapidly approaching fundamental limits. The next generation of devices is highly likely to show unexpected properties due to quantum effects and fluctuations. The device which plays an important role in LSIs is MOSFETs (metal oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors). In MOSFETs an inversion layer is formed at the interface of silicon and its insulating oxide. The inversion layer provides a unique two-dimensional (2D) system in which the electron concentration is controlled almost freely over a very wide range. Physics of such 2D systems was born in the mid-1960s together with the development of MOSFETs. The integer quantum Hall effect was first discovered in this system.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Introduction To Mesoscopic Physics

Author : Yoseph Imry
ISBN : 0198507380
Genre : Science
File Size : 64.2 MB
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This new edition of this superb text provides an introduction to this exciting growth area in physics. It will make an ideal text for those studying mesoscopic physics, electronic devices, semi-conductor devices, and condensed matter physics.
Category: Science

Mesoscopic Physics Of Electrons And Photons

Author : Eric Akkermans
ISBN : 9781139463997
Genre : Science
File Size : 25.31 MB
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Quantum mesoscopic physics covers a whole class in interference effects related to the propagation of waves in complex and random media. These effects are ubiquitous in physics, from the behaviour of electrons in metals and semiconductors to the propagation of electromagnetic waves in suspensions such as colloids, and quantum systems like cold atomic gases. A solid introduction to quantum mesoscopic physics, this book is a modern account of the problem of coherent wave propagation in random media. It provides a unified account of the basic theoretical tools and methods, highlighting the common aspects of the various optical and electronic phenomena involved and presenting a large number of experimental results. With over 200 figures, and exercises throughout, the book was originally published in 2007 and is ideal for graduate students in physics, electrical engineering, applied physics, acoustics and astrophysics. It will also be an interesting reference for researchers.
Category: Science

Electronic Transport In Mesoscopic Systems

Author : Supriyo Datta
ISBN : 9781139643016
Genre : Science
File Size : 59.33 MB
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Advances in semiconductor technology have made possible the fabrication of structures whose dimensions are much smaller than the mean free path of an electron. This book gives a thorough account of the theory of electronic transport in such mesoscopic systems. After an initial chapter covering fundamental concepts, the transmission function formalism is presented, and used to describe three key topics in mesoscopic physics: the quantum Hall effect; localisation; and double-barrier tunnelling. Other sections include a discussion of optical analogies to mesoscopic phenomena, and the book concludes with a description of the non-equilibrium Green's function formalism and its relation to the transmission formalism. Complete with problems and solutions, the book will be of great interest to graduate students of mesoscopic physics and nanoelectronic device engineering, as well as to established researchers in these fields.
Category: Science

Handbook Of Nanoscience Engineering And Technology Third Edition

Author : William A. Goddard III
ISBN : 9781439860168
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 75.31 MB
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In his 1959 address, "There is Plenty of Room at the Bottom," Richard P. Feynman speculated about manipulating materials atom by atom and challenged the technical community "to find ways of manipulating and controlling things on a small scale." This visionary challenge has now become a reality, with recent advances enabling atomistic-level tailoring and control of materials. Exemplifying Feynman’s vision, Handbook of Nanoscience, Engineering, and Technology, Third Edition continues to explore innovative nanoscience, engineering, and technology areas. Along with updating all chapters, this third edition extends the coverage of emerging nano areas even further. Two entirely new sections on energy and biology cover nanomaterials for energy storage devices, photovoltaics, DNA devices and assembly, digital microfluidic lab-on-a-chip, and much more. This edition also includes new chapters on nanomagnet logic, quantum transport at the nanoscale, terahertz emission from Bloch oscillator systems, molecular logic, electronic optics in graphene, and electromagnetic metamaterials. With contributions from top scientists and researchers from around the globe, this color handbook presents a unified, up-to-date account of the most promising technologies and developments in the nano field. It sets the stage for the next revolution of nanoscale manufacturing—where scalable technologies are used to manufacture large numbers of devices with complex functionalities.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Molecular Nanomagnets

Author : Dante Gatteschi
ISBN : 9780191620850
Genre : Science
File Size : 35.17 MB
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Nanomagnetism is a rapidly expanding area of research which appears to be able to provide novel applications. Magnetic molecules are at the very bottom of the possible size of nanomagnets and they provide a unique opportunity to observe the coexistence of classical and quantum properties. The discovery in the early 90's that a cluster comprising twelve manganese ions shows hysteresis of molecular origin, and later proved evidence of quantum effects, opened a new research area which is still flourishing through the collaboration of chemists and physicists. This book is the first attempt to cover in detail the new area of molecular nanomagnetism, for which no other book is available. In fact research and review articles, and book chapters are the only tools available for newcomers and the experts in the field. It is written by the chemists originators and by a theorist who has been one of the protagonists of the development of the field, and is explicitly addressed to an audience of chemists and physicists, aiming to use a language suitable for the two communities.
Category: Science

Quantum Chaos And Quantum Dots

Author : Katsuhiro Nakamura
ISBN : 0198525893
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 42.64 MB
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Dynamics of billiard balls and their role in physics have received wide attention since the monumental lecture by Lord Kelvin at the turn of the 19th century. Billiards can nowadays be created as quantum dots in the microscopic world enabling one to envisage the so-called quantum chaos, i.e. quantum manifestation of chaos of billiard balls. In fact, owing to recent progress in advanced technology, nanoscale quantum dots, such as chaotic stadium and antidot lattices analogous to the SinaiBilliard, can be fabricated at the interface of semiconductor heterojunctions. This book begins its exploration of the effect of chaotic electron dynamics on ballistic quantum transport in quantum dots with a puzzling experiment on resistance fluctuations for stadium and circle dots. Throughout the text, major attention is paid to the semiclassical theory which makes it possible to interpret quantum phenomena in the language of the classical world. Chapters one to four are concerned with theelementary statistical methods (curvature, Lyapunov exponent, Kolmogorov-Sinai entropy and escape rate), which are needed for a semiclassical description of transport in quantum dots. Chapters five to ten discuss the topical subjects in the field, including the ballistic weak localization, Altshuler-Aronov-Spivak oscillation, partial time-reversal symmetry, persistent current, Arnold diffusion and Coulomb blockade.
Category: Social Science

Introduction To Graphene Based Nanomaterials

Author : Luis E. F. Foa Torres
ISBN : 9781107030831
Genre : Science
File Size : 76.15 MB
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A detailed primer describing the most effective theoretical and computational methods and tools for simulating graphene-based systems.
Category: Science

Nanostructures And Nanotechnology

Author : Douglas Natelson
ISBN : 9780521877008
Genre : Science
File Size : 49.73 MB
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A carefully developed textbook focusing on the fundamental principles of nanoscale science and nanotechnology.
Category: Science

Quantum Mechanics For Nanostructures

Author : Vladimir V. Mitin
ISBN : 9780521763660
Genre : Science
File Size : 34.93 MB
Format : PDF
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Textbook introducing engineers to quantum mechanics and nanostructures, covering the fundamentals and applications to nanoscale materials and nanodevices.
Category: Science