MESOAMERICAN PLAZAS ARENAS OF COMMUNITY AND POWER

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Mesoamerican Plazas

Author : Kenichiro Tsukamoto
ISBN : 9780816598793
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 62.62 MB
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Until now, archaeological and historical studies of Mesoamerican plazas have been scarce compared to studies of the surrounding monumental architecture such as pyramidal temples and palaces. Many scholars have assumed that ancient Mesoamericans invested their labor, wealth, and symbolic value in pyramids and other prominent buildings, viewing plazas as by-products of these buildings. Even when researchers have recognized the potential significance of plazas, they have thought that plazas as vacant spaces could offer few clues about their cultural and political roles. Mesoamerican Plazas challenges both of these assumptions. The primary question that has motivated the contributors is how Mesoamerican plazas became arenas for the creation and negotiation of social relations and values in a community. The thirteen contributions stress the significance of interplay between power relations and embodied practices set in specific historical and material settings, as outlined by practice theory and performance theory. This approach allows the contributors to explore broader anthropological issues, such as the negotiation of power relations, community making, and the constitution of political authorities. Overall, the contributions establish that physical interactions among people in communal events were not the outcomes of political machinations held behind the scenes, but were the actual political processes through which people created, negotiated, and subverted social realities. If so, spacious plazas that were arguably designed for interactions among a large number of individuals must have also provided critical arenas for the constitution and transformation of society.
Category: Social Science

Political Strategies In Pre Columbian Mesoamerica

Author : Sarah Kurnick
ISBN : 9781607324164
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 75.34 MB
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Political authority contains an inherent contradiction. Rulers must reinforce social inequality and bolster their own unique position at the top of the sociopolitical hierarchy, yet simultaneously emphasize social similarities and the commonalities shared by all. Political Strategies in Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica explores the different and complex ways that those who exercised authority in the region confronted this contradiction. New data from a variety of well-known scholars in Mesoamerican archaeology reveal the creation, perpetuation, and contestation of politically authoritative relationships between rulers and subjects and between nobles and commoners. The contributions span the geographic breadth and temporal extent of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica—from Preclassic Oaxaca to the Classic Petén region of Guatemala to the Postclassic Michoacán—and the contributors weave together archaeological, epigraphic, and ethnohistoric data. Grappling with the questions of how those exercising authority convince others to follow and why individuals often choose to recognize and comply with authority, Political Strategies in Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica discusses why the study of political authority is both timely and significant, reviews how scholars have historically understood the operation of political authority, and proposes a new analytical framework to understand how rulers rule. Contributors include Sarah B. Barber, Joanne Baron, Christopher S. Beekman, Jeffrey Brzezinski, Bryce Davenport, Charles Golden, Takeshi Inomata, Arthur A. Joyce, Sarah Kurnick, Carlo J. Lucido, Simon Martin, Tatsuya Murakami, Helen Perlstein Pollard, and Víctor Salazar Chávez.
Category: Social Science

Urbanization And Religion In Ancient Central Mexico

Author : David M. Carballo
ISBN : 9780190251062
Genre : History
File Size : 32.84 MB
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This volume examines the ways in which urbanisation and religion intersected in pre-Columbian central Mexico. It provides a materially informed history of religion and an archaeology of cities that considers religion as a generative force in societal change
Category: History

Gender And Power In Prehispanic Mesoamerica

Author : Rosemary A. Joyce
ISBN : UOM:39015050134512
Genre : History
File Size : 86.60 MB
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Gender was a fluid potential, not a fixed category, before the Spaniards came to Mesoamerica. Childhood training and ritual shaped, but did not set, adult gender, which could encompass third genders and alternative sexualities as well as "male" and "female." At the height of the Classic period, Maya rulers presented themselves as embodying the entire range of gender possibilities, from male through female, by wearing blended costumes and playing male and female roles in state ceremonies. This landmark book offers the first comprehensive description and analysis of gender and power relations in prehispanic Mesoamerica from the Formative Period Olmec world (ca. 1500-500 BC) through the Postclassic Maya and Aztec societies of the sixteenth century AD. Using approaches from contemporary gender theory, Rosemary Joyce explores how Mesoamericans created human images to represent idealized notions of what it meant to be male and female and to depict proper gender roles. She then juxtaposes these images with archaeological evidence from burials, house sites, and body ornaments, which reveals that real gender roles were more fluid and variable than the stereotyped images suggest.
Category: History

Divus Augustus

Author : Ralf Hoff
ISBN : 9783406661396
Genre : History
File Size : 80.88 MB
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Die römische Republik war im Inferno der Bürgerkriege untergegangen: Seit den sechziger Jahren des ersten Jahrhunderts v. Chr. hatte das Recht immer mehr der Willkür weichen müssen, war der Friede dem Morden privater Banden und dem organisierten Schlachten der Heere zum Opfer gefallen. Caesar hatte sein Leben unter den Dolchen der Verschwörer gelassen, Cicero war aus taktischen Erwägungen seinem Todfeind Marcus Antonius preisgegeben worden, und die ägyptische Königin Kleopatra hatte den Selbstmord jenem Schicksal vorgezogen, das sie in den Händen des Siegers erwartet hätte. Diese Ereignisse prägten das politische und geistige Klima in Rom, wo ein junger Adliger – der Großneffe und Adoptivsohn des ermordeten Dictators – heranwuchs, zu einem der Protagonisten des Geschehens wurde und schließlich als Triumphator aus dem Grauen hervorging. Als es so weit war, lechzte die römische Welt nach Frieden. Da erhob in einem seltsamen Schauspiel der traurige Rest der alten Elite den Sieger faktisch zum Monarchen und schmückte ihn mit dem Ehrennamen Augustus. „Der Erhabene“ begnügte sich im Gegenzug damit, „der erste der Bürger“, der Princeps, zu sein und die Republik pro forma bestehen zu lassen. Dann machte er sich unter dem Applaus und mit Unterstützung seiner Zeitgenossen daran, die Welt der Römer so grundlegend umzugestalten, dass die Spuren seines Wirkens bis heute in Geschichte, Kunst und Dichtung allenthalben sichtbar geblieben sind. Den Verlauf dieser Epoche zu beschreiben, das Monumentale wie das Subtile ihrer archäologischen Zeugnisse zu erläutern und die Schönheit dieser literarischen Blütezeit zu vermitteln – das ist das Ziel der drei Autoren, die miteinander dieses außergewöhnliche Buch geschrieben haben. So gestaltet sich der vorliegende reich bebilderte Band gleichermaßen als spannende und informative Biographie, als kluge archäologische Wegleitung und als brillante Literaturgeschichte des saeculum Augustum.
Category: History

Gott Ist Rot

Author : Vine Deloria
ISBN : 3889774598
Genre :
File Size : 79.18 MB
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Die Wahre Geschichte Der Schokolade

Author : Sophie D. Coe
ISBN : 9783105616147
Genre : History
File Size : 22.6 MB
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Dieses Buch entführt uns in die uralte, wechselhafte und überaus spannende Geschichte der Schokolade, die vor dreitausend Jahren in den Hochkulturen der Maya und Azteken begann. Unser »Schokoladenriegel für zwischendurch« verrät nur noch wenig von dieser atemberaubenden und wahren Geschichte, die hier wie in einem Roman nachzulesen ist und Aufschluß gibt über Mentalitäten und Alltagsleben von den mittelamerikanischen Hochkulturen bis heute. (Dieser Text bezieht sich auf eine frühere Ausgabe.)
Category: History

La Tomba Del Guerriero Di Tarquinia

Author : Andrea Babbi
ISBN : 3795427665
Genre : History
File Size : 88.39 MB
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English summary: This volume brings together recent archaeological and multidisciplinary work on Tarquinia to examine circles of identity and strategies of cultural negotiation and resistance, as well as codes of power representation and forms of exchange in central Italy during the eighth century BCE. Italian description: Il volume raccoglie i risultati di un'analisi sistematica e multidisciplinare.I numerosi dettagli formali, stilistici e tecnologici illuminano le dinamiche di formazione dei "circle(s) of identity," le strategie di negoziazione e resistenza culturale, e i codici di rappresentazione del potere e le forme di scambio, esistenti in area medio-tirrenica nel corso dell'VIII sec. a. C.
Category: History