MAYA POLITICAL SCIENCE

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Maya Political Science

Author : Prudence M. Rice
ISBN : 9780292757844
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 81.2 MB
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How did the ancient Maya rule their world? Despite more than a century of archaeological investigation and glyphic decipherment, the nature of Maya political organization and political geography has remained an open question. Many debates have raged over models of centralization versus decentralization, superordinate and subordinate status—with far-flung analogies to emerging states in Europe, Asia, and Africa. But Prudence Rice asserts that neither the model of two giant "superpowers" nor that which postulates scores of small, weakly independent polities fits the accumulating body of material and cultural evidence. In this groundbreaking book, Rice builds a new model of Classic lowland Maya (AD 179-948) political organization and political geography. Using the method of direct historical analogy, she integrates ethnohistoric and ethnographic knowledge of the Colonial-period and modern Maya with archaeological, epigraphic, and iconographic data from the ancient Maya. On this basis of cultural continuity, she constructs a convincing case that the fundamental ordering principles of Classic Maya geopolitical organization were the calendar (specifically a 256-year cycle of time known as the may) and the concept of quadripartition, or the division of the cosmos into four cardinal directions. Rice also examines this new model of geopolitical organization in the Preclassic and Postclassic periods and demonstrates that it offers fresh insights into the nature of rulership, ballgame ritual, and warfare among the Classic lowland Maya.
Category: Social Science

Maya Political Science

Author : Prudence M. Rice
ISBN : 0292705697
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 22.81 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
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How did the ancient Maya rule their world? Despite more than a century of archaeological investigation and glyphic decipherment, the nature of Maya political organization and political geography has remained an open question. Many debates have raged over models of centralization versus decentralization, superordinate and subordinate status—with far-flung analogies to emerging states in Europe, Asia, and Africa. But Prudence Rice asserts that neither the model of two giant "superpowers" nor that which postulates scores of small, weakly independent polities fits the accumulating body of material and cultural evidence. In this groundbreaking book, Rice builds a new model of Classic lowland Maya (AD 179-948) political organization and political geography. Using the method of direct historical analogy, she integrates ethnohistoric and ethnographic knowledge of the Colonial-period and modern Maya with archaeological, epigraphic, and iconographic data from the ancient Maya. On this basis of cultural continuity, she constructs a convincing case that the fundamental ordering principles of Classic Maya geopolitical organization were the calendar (specifically a 256-year cycle of time known as the may) and the concept of quadripartition, or the division of the cosmos into four cardinal directions. Rice also examines this new model of geopolitical organization in the Preclassic and Postclassic periods and demonstrates that it offers fresh insights into the nature of rulership, ballgame ritual, and warfare among the Classic lowland Maya.
Category: Political Science

Maya Calendar Origins

Author : Prudence M. Rice
ISBN : 0292774494
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 76.1 MB
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In Maya Political Science: Time, Astronomy, and the Cosmos, Prudence M. Rice proposed a new model of Maya political organization in which geopolitical seats of power rotated according to a 256-year calendar cycle known as the May. This fundamental connection between timekeeping and Maya political organization sparked Rice's interest in the origins of the two major calendars used by the ancient lowland Maya, one 260 days long, and the other having 365 days. In Maya Calendar Origins, she presents a provocative new thesis about the origins and development of the calendrical system. Integrating data from anthropology, archaeology, art history, astronomy, ethnohistory, myth, and linguistics, Rice argues that the Maya calendars developed about a millennium earlier than commonly thought, around 1200 BC, as an outgrowth of observations of the natural phenomena that scheduled the movements of late Archaic hunter-gatherer-collectors throughout what became Mesoamerica. She asserts that an understanding of the cycles of weather and celestial movements became the basis of power for early rulers, who could thereby claim "control" over supernatural cosmic forces. Rice shows how time became materialized—transformed into status objects such as monuments that encoded calendrical or temporal concerns—as well as politicized, becoming the foundation for societal order, political legitimization, and wealth. Rice's research also sheds new light on the origins of the Popol Vuh, which, Rice believes, encodes the history of the development of the Mesoamerican calendars. She also explores the connections between the Maya and early Olmec and Izapan cultures in the Isthmian region, who shared with the Maya the cosmovision and ideology incorporated into the calendrical systems.
Category: Social Science

Philosophy Of The Ancient Maya

Author : Alexus McLeod
ISBN : 9781498531399
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 43.98 MB
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Philosophy of the Ancient Maya is an investigation of some of the central topics of metaphysics in the philosophical thought of the Maya people of Mesoamerica, particularly from the Preclassic through Postclassic periods. It covers the topics of time, change, identity, and truth, through comparative investigation integrating Maya texts, practices, and early Chinese philosophy. Adopting an approach I refer to as the “analogical comparative method”, the book offers a possible reconstruction of early Maya metaphysical positions with the help of structurally similar positions from early Chinese philosophy. Philosophy of the Ancient Maya investigates Maya philosophical thought via Classic Period stelae, Postclassic Codices, and Colonial era texts such as the Popol Vuh and the books of Chilam Balam.
Category: Philosophy

The Promise Of Power

Author : Maya Tudor
ISBN : 9781107032965
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 80.61 MB
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Under what conditions are some developing countries able to create stable democracies while others have slid into instability and authoritarianism? To address this classic question at the center of policy and academic debates, The Promise of Power investigates a striking puzzle: why, upon the 1947 Partition of British India, was India able to establish a stable democracy while Pakistan created an unstable autocracy? Drawing on interviews, colonial correspondence, and early government records to document the genesis of two of the twentieth century's most celebrated independence movements, Maya Tudor refutes the prevailing notion that a country's democratization prospects can be directly attributed to its levels of economic development or inequality. Instead, she demonstrates that the differential strengths of India's and Pakistan's independence movements directly account for their divergent democratization trajectories. She also establishes that these movements were initially constructed to pursue historically conditioned class interests. By illuminating the source of this enduring contrast, The Promise of Power offers a broad theory of democracy's origins that will interest scholars and students of comparative politics, democratization, state-building, and South Asian political history.
Category: Political Science

Ancient Maya Women

Author : Traci Ardren
ISBN : 0759100101
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 24.87 MB
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Edited volume tracing the state of knowledge of gender in Ancient Mayan society. Visit our website for sample chapters!
Category: Social Science

Architecture And The Origins Of Preclassic Maya Politics

Author : James Doyle
ISBN : 9781107145375
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 34.61 MB
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Architecture and the Origins of Preclassic Maya Politics highlights the dramatic changes in the relationship of ancient Maya peoples to the landscape and to each other in the Preclassical period (ca. 2000 BC-250 AD). Offering a comprehensive history of Preclassic Maya society, James Doyle focuses on recent discoveries of early writing, mural painting, stone monuments, and evidence of divine kingship that have reshaped our understanding of cultural developments in the first millennium BC. He also addresses one of the crucial concerns of contemporary archaeology: the emergence of political authorities and their subjects in early complex polities. Doyle shows how architectural trends in the Maya Lowlands in the Preclassic period exhibit the widespread cross-cultural link between monumental architecture of imposing intent, human collaboration, and urbanism.
Category: Architecture

Maya Subsistence

Author : Kent V. Flannery
ISBN : 9781483299174
Genre : History
File Size : 31.93 MB
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Maya Subsistence
Category: History

Philosophy Of The Ancient Maya

Author : Alexus McLeod
ISBN : 9781498531399
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 66.72 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 119
Read : 917

Philosophy of the Ancient Maya is an investigation of some of the central topics of metaphysics in the philosophical thought of the Maya people of Mesoamerica, particularly from the Preclassic through Postclassic periods. It covers the topics of time, change, identity, and truth, through comparative investigation integrating Maya texts, practices, and early Chinese philosophy. Adopting an approach I refer to as the “analogical comparative method”, the book offers a possible reconstruction of early Maya metaphysical positions with the help of structurally similar positions from early Chinese philosophy. Philosophy of the Ancient Maya investigates Maya philosophical thought via Classic Period stelae, Postclassic Codices, and Colonial era texts such as the Popol Vuh and the books of Chilam Balam.
Category: Philosophy

Ancient Maya Political Dynamics

Author : Antonia E. Foias
ISBN : 0813044227
Genre : History
File Size : 49.10 MB
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An exploration, using research from the Maya site Motul de San Jose in Guatemala, of how political structures and dynamics have been examined by political anthropologists and archaeologists over the last century.
Category: History