MATERIALS IN BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE

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Materials In Biology And Medicine

Author : Sunggyu Lee
ISBN : 9781439881705
Genre : Medical
File Size : 39.89 MB
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While the interdisciplinary field of materials science and engineering is relatively new, remarkable developments in materials have emerged for biological and medical applications, from biocompatible polymers in medical devices to the use of carbon nanotubes as drug delivery vehicles. Exploring these materials and applications, Materials in Biology and Medicine presents the background and real-world examples of advanced materials in biomedical engineering, biology, and medicine. With peer-reviewed chapters written by a select group of academic and industry experts, the book focuses on biomaterials and bioinspired materials, functional and responsive materials, controlling biology with materials, and the development of devices and enabling technologies. It fully describes the relevant scientific background and thoroughly discusses the logical sequences of new development and applications. Presenting a consistent scientific treatment of all topics, this comprehensive yet accessible book covers the most advanced materials used in biology and medicine. It will help readers tackle challenges of novel materials, carry out new process and product development projects, and create new methodologies for applications that enhance the quality of life.
Category: Medical

Musculoskeletal Tissue Regeneration

Author : William S. Pietrzak
ISBN : 1597452394
Genre : Medical
File Size : 66.97 MB
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The repair of musculoskeletal tissue is a vital concern of all surgical specialties, orthopedics and related disciplines. Written by recognized experts, this book aims to provide both basic and advanced knowledge of the newer methodologies being developed and introduced to the clinical arena. A valuable resource for researchers, developers, and clinicians, the book presents a foundation to propel the technology and integration of the current state of knowledge into the 21st century.
Category: Medical

Conductive Polymers

Author : Ze Zhang
ISBN : 1482259281
Genre : Biomedical materials
File Size : 82.66 MB
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This book is dedicated to the field of conductive polymers, focusing on electrical interactions with biological systems. It addresses the use of conductive polymers as the conducting interface for electrical communications with the biological system, both in vitro and in vivo. It provides an overview on the chemistry and physics of conductive polymers, their useful characteristics as well as limitations, and technologies that apply conductive polymers for medical purposes. This groundbreaking resource addresses cytotoxicity and tissue compatibility of conductive polymers, the basics on electromagnetic fields, and commonly used experimental methods. Readers will also learn how cells are cultured in vitro with conductive polymers, and how conductive polymers and living tissues interact electrically. Throughout the contents, chapter authors emphasize the importance of conductive polymers in biomedical engineering and their potential applications in medicine.
Category: Biomedical materials

Physics In Biology And Medicine

Author : Paul Davidovits
ISBN : 9780123865144
Genre : Science
File Size : 82.96 MB
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Physics in Biology and Medicine, Fourth Edition, covers topics in physics as they apply to the life sciences, specifically medicine, physiology, nursing and other applied health fields. This is a concise introductory paperback that provides practical techniques for applying knowledge of physics to the study of living systems and presents material in a straightforward manner requiring very little background in physics or biology. Applicable courses are Biophysics and Applied Physics. This new edition discusses biological systems that can be analyzed quantitatively, and how advances in the life sciences have been aided by the knowledge of physical or engineering analysis techniques. The volume is organized into 18 chapters encompassing thermodynamics, electricity, optics, sound, solid mechanics, fluid mechanics, and atomic and nuclear physics. Each chapter provides a brief review of the background physics before focusing on the applications of physics to biology and medicine. Topics range from the role of diffusion in the functioning of cells to the effect of surface tension on the growth of plants in soil and the conduction of impulses along the nervous system. Each section contains problems that explore and expand some of the concepts. The text includes many figures, examples and illustrative problems and appendices which provide convenient access to the most important concepts of mechanics, electricity, and optics in the body. Physics in Biology and Medicine will be a valuable resource for students and professors of physics, biology, and medicine, as well as for applied health workers. Provides practical techniques for applying knowledge of physics to the study of living systems Presents material in a straight forward manner requiring very little background in physics or biology Includes many figures, examples and illustrative problems and appendices which provide convenient access to the most important concepts of mechanics, electricity, and optics in the body
Category: Science

Bioinspired Materials For Medical Applications

Author : Lígia Rodrigues
ISBN : 9780081007464
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 57.45 MB
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Bioinspired Materials for Medical Applications examines the inspiration of natural materials and their interpretation as modern biomaterials. With a strong focus on therapeutic and diagnostic applications, the book also examines the development and manipulation of bioinspired materials in regenerative medicine. The first set of chapters is heavily focused on bioinspired solutions for the delivery of drugs and therapeutics that also offer information on the fundamentals of these materials. Chapters in part two concentrate on bioinspired materials for diagnosis applications with a wide coverage of sensor and imaging systems With a broad coverage of the applications of bioinspired biomaterials, this book is a valuable resource for biomaterials researchers, clinicians, and scientists in academia and industry, and all those who wish to broaden their knowledge in the allied field. Explores how materials designed and produced with inspiration from nature can be used to enhance man-made biomaterials and medical devices Brings together the two fields of biomaterials and bioinspired materials Written by a world-class team of research scientists, engineers, and clinicians
Category: Technology & Engineering

Biomimetics Materials Structures And Processes

Author : petra gruber
ISBN : 3642119344
Genre : Science
File Size : 68.47 MB
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The book presents an outline of current activities in the field of biomimetics and integrates a variety of applications comprising biophysics, surface sciences, architecture and medicine. Biomimetics as innovation method is characterised by interdisciplinary information transfer from the life sciences to technical application fields aiming at increased performance, functionality and energy efficiency. The contributions of the book relate to the research areas: - Materials and structures in nanotechnology and biomaterials - Biomimetic approaches to develop new forms, construction principles and design methods in architecture - Information and dynamics in automation, neuroinformatics and biomechanics Readers will be informed about the latest research approaches and results in biomimetics with examples ranging from bionic nano-membranes to function-targeted design of tribological surfaces and the translation of natural auditory coding strategies.
Category: Science

Strategies In Regenerative Medicine

Author : Matteo Santin
ISBN : 0387746609
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 26.75 MB
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The profound transformations occurred in our modern age have been made possible by the unique combination of new technologies. Among them, me- cine has completely changed our perception of life. Longevity has been signi- cantly extended and linked to new lifestyles. The negative impact that pathologies and ageing have always had on the quality of our life is now mitigated by the availability of treatments daily applied to many individuals worldwide. For many years, pharmacological and surgical treatments have been supported by the introduction of biomedical devices. Biomedical implants have played a key role in the development of these treatments and achieved the objective of replacing tissue and organ structures and functionalities. Gra- ally, the scientific and clinical communities have understood that replacement could be improved by materials able to interact with the tissues and to parti- pate in their metabolism and functions. This approach soon led to biomedical implants with improved clinical performances, but also to a new aspiration; rather than replacing damaged tissues and organs scientists and clinicians nowadays aim at their partial or complete regeneration. As a consequence of this ambition, the disciplines of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine have recently emerged. It is the dawn of a fascinating era where scientists from various disciplines, clinicians, and industry will need to intensify their col- borative efforts to provide our society with new and affordable solutions.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Nanomaterials For Application In Medicine And Biology

Author : Michael Giersig
ISBN : 9781402068294
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 20.75 MB
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This book unites the multi-faceted work of international scientists from various domains as they cooperate to present the role of nanomaterials in modern medicine with particular emphasis on cell growth, manipulation, and modification. Not only does this book provide the reader with the necessary theoretical background information, it also gives valuable experimental data, allowing for an exact comprehension and observation of the relevance of this modern technology.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Handbook Of Porphyrin Science With Applications To Chemistry Physics Materials Science Engineering Biology And Medicine Volume 3

Author : Kevin M. Smith
ISBN :
Genre : Science
File Size : 27.60 MB
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This is the fourth set of Handbook of Porphyrin Science. Porphyrins, phthalocyanines and their numerous analogues and derivatives are materials of tremendous importance in chemistry, materials science, physics, biology and medicine. They are the red color in blood (heme) and the green in leaves (chlorophyll); they are also excellent ligands that can coordinate with almost every metal in the Periodic Table. Grounded in natural systems, porphyrins are incredibly versatile and can be modified in many ways; each new modification yields derivatives, demonstrating new chemistry, physics and biology, with a vast array of medicinal and technical applications. As porphyrins are currently employed as platforms for study of theoretical principles and applications in a wide variety of fields, the Handbook of Porphyrin Science represents a timely ongoing series dealing in detail with the synthesis, chemistry, physicochemical and medical properties and applications of polypyrrole macrocycles. Professors Karl Kadish, Kevin Smith and Roger Guilard are internationally recognized experts in the research field of porphyrins, each having his own separate area of expertise in the field. Between them, they have published over 1500 peer-reviewed papers and edited more than three dozen books on diverse topics of porphyrins and phthalocyanines. In assembling the new volumes of this unique handbook, they have selected and attracted the very best scientists in each sub-discipline as contributing authors. This handbook will prove to be a modern authoritative treatise on the subject as it is a collection of up-to-date works by world-renowned experts in the field. Complete with hundreds of figures, tables and structural formulas, and thousands of literature citations, all researchers and graduate students in this field will find the Handbook of Porphyrin Science an essential, major reference source for many years to come. Contents: Volume 16: Synthetic Developments (Part I):Carbaporphyrins and Related Systems. Synthesis, Characterization, Reactivity and Insights into Porphyrinoid AromaticitySynthesis and Properties of the Hybrid Phthalocyanine-Tetrabenzoporphyrin MacrocyclesVolume 17: Synthetic Developments (Part II):Syntheses of Bacteriochlorins and IsobacteriochlorinsThe Hemiporphyrazines and Related SystemsElectrochemistry of Pyrroles and Oligopyrroles: Analytic and Synthetic AspectsVolume 18: Applications and Materials:Ordered Surface Structures of Self-Assembled PorphyrinsPorphyrin- and Phthalocyanine-Based Solar CellsStructures and Properties of Non-Planar TetrapyrrolesPorphyrin-Based Nanocomposites for BiosensingElectrochemical Organic Electronics Based on Robust Thin-Films of PorphyrazinesBioconjugation of Phthalocyanine DerivativesTransition Metal Complexes of Porphyrins and PorphyrinoidsVolume 19: Biochemistry of Tetrapyrroles (Part II):Biochemistry of Methyl-CoM Reductase and Coenzyme F430Peroxidase and Heme Thiolate EnzymesBiosynthesis of Siroheme, Cofactor F430 and Heme d1Diversity of Heme Proteins in Sulfate Reducing BacteriaDioxygen-Generating Chlorite Dismutases and the CDE Protein SuperfamilySide Chain Modification During Heme BiosynthesisThe Cytochrome b561 Protein FamilyHeme Attachment to Cytochromes cVolume 20: Chlorophylls and Related Systems:Key Enzymes of Chlorophyll BiosynthesisSupramolecular Chlorophyll Assemblies for Artificial PhotosynthesisBacteriochlorophyll Biosynthesis and Assembly in Green Chlorophototrophic Bacteria: Theme and VariationsTetrapyrrole Biosynthesis in Plant SystemsChlorophyll Metabolism in Photosynthetic Organisms Readership: Chemists, physicists, material scientists, polymer scientists, spectroscopists, electrochemists, electronics and photonics engineers, biochemists, biophysicists, medicinal chemists and clinicians.Keywords:Porphyrins;Phthalocyanines;SupramoleculesKey Features:Consists of thousands of pages of articles written by internationally recognized experts in the field along with thousands of relevant literature citationsThe biological and medical relevance of porphyrins is linked to their chemical, physical and structural featuresA vast array of information on porphyrin science consolidated into an up-to-date multi-volume series of clear and concise coverage, including hundreds of figures, tables and structural formulasOf interest to chemists, physicists, material scientists, polymer scientists, spectroscopists, electrochemists, electronics and photonics engineers, biochemists, biophysicists, medicinal chemists and cliniciansReviews: "Vivid testimony to the continuing broad interest and deep impact of the chemistry of these Pigments of Life." Jean-Marie Lehn Nobel Laureate, Chemistry College de France, France "Everyone interested in the biological and chemical properties of porphyrins and related macrocycles will want to own the Handbook. The editors have done a terrific job in linking together the volumes in this very valuable resource for investigators in the chemical and biological sciences." Harry B Gray Wolf Laureate, Chemistry California Institute of Technology, USA
Category: Science