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Mapping Species Distributions

Author : Janet Franklin
ISBN : 9781139485296
Genre : Nature
File Size : 53.95 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Maps of species' distributions or habitat suitability are required for many aspects of environmental research, resource management and conservation planning. These include biodiversity assessment, reserve design, habitat management and restoration, species and habitat conservation plans and predicting the effects of environmental change on species and ecosystems. The proliferation of methods and uncertainty regarding their effectiveness can be daunting to researchers, resource managers and conservation planners alike. Franklin summarises the methods used in species distribution modeling (also called niche modeling) and presents a framework for spatial prediction of species distributions based on the attributes (space, time, scale) of the data and questions being asked. The framework links theoretical ecological models of species distributions to spatial data on species and environment, and statistical models used for spatial prediction. Providing practical guidelines to students, researchers and practitioners in a broad range of environmental sciences including ecology, geography, conservation biology, and natural resources management.
Category: Nature

Invasive Species

Author : Andrew P. Robinson
ISBN : 9780521765961
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 89.10 MB
Format : PDF
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With climate change and increasing globalisation of trade and travel, the risks presented by invasive pests and pathogens to natural environments, agriculture and economies have never been greater, and are only increasing with time. Governments world-wide are responding to these increased threats by strengthening quarantine and biosecurity. This book presents a comprehensive review of risk-based techniques that help policy makers and regulators protect national interests from invasive pests and pathogens before, at, and inside national borders. Selected from the research corpus of the Centre of Excellence for Biosecurity Risk Analysis at the University of Melbourne, this book provides solutions that reflect scientific rigour coupled with practical, hands-on applications. Focusing on surveillance, stochastic modelling, intelligence gathering, decision making and risk communication, the contents combine the strengths of risk analysts, mathematicians, economists, biologists and statisticians. The book presents tested scientific solutions to the greatest challenges faced by quarantine and biosecurity policy makers and regulators today.
Category: Mathematics

Vegetation Ecology

Author : Eddy van der Maarel
ISBN : 9781118452486
Genre : Science
File Size : 45.41 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Additional resources for this book can be found at: ahref="" Vegetation Ecology, 2nd Edition is a comprehensive,integrated account of plant communities and their environments.Written by leading experts in their field from four continents, thesecond edition of this book: covers the composition, structure, ecology, dynamics,diversity, biotic interactions and distribution of plantcommunities, with an emphasis on functional adaptations; reviews modern developments in vegetation ecology in ahistorical perspective; presents a coherent view on vegetation ecology whileintegrating population ecology, dispersal biology, soilbiology, ecosystem ecology and global change studies; tackles applied aspects of vegetation ecology, includingmanagement of communities and invasive species; includes new chapters addressing the classification and mappingof vegetation, and the significance of plant functional types Vegetation Ecology, 2nd Edition is aimed at advancedundergraduates, graduates and researchers and teachers in plantecology, geography, forestry and nature conservation. VegetationEcology takes an integrated, multidisciplinary approach and will bewelcomed as an essential reference for plant ecologists the worldover.
Category: Science

Managing And Designing Landscapes For Conservation

Author : David Lindenmayer
ISBN : 1405159146
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 75.25 MB
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The distinctive relationships between landscape change, habitat fragmentation, and biodiversity conservation are highlighted in this original and useful guide to the theory and practice of ecological landscape design. Using original, ecologically based landscape design principles, the text underscores current thinking in landscape management and conservation. It offers a blend of theoretical and practical information that is illustrated with case studies drawn from across the globe. Key insights by some of the world's leading experts in landscape ecology and conservation biology make "Managing and Designing Landscapes for Conservation" an essential volume for anyone involved in landscape management, natural resource planning, or biodiversity conservation.
Category: Architecture

Spatial Conservation Prioritization

Author : Atte Moilanen
ISBN : STANFORD:36105124184628
Genre : Nature
File Size : 39.88 MB
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In a coherent and comprehensive set of chapters, a team of leading scientists describe the present state-of-the-art in spatial conservation planning methodology with a focus on operational definitions and methods, supported by the latest technological details and applications of publicly available software.
Category: Nature

Maximum Entropy And Ecology

Author : John Harte
ISBN : 9780191621161
Genre : Science
File Size : 82.56 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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This pioneering graduate textbook provides readers with the concepts and practical tools required to understand the maximum entropy principle, and apply it to an understanding of ecological patterns. Rather than building and combining mechanistic models of ecosystems, the approach is grounded in information theory and the logic of inference. Paralleling the derivation of thermodynamics from the maximum entropy principle, the state variable theory of ecology developed in this book predicts realistic forms for all metrics of ecology that describe patterns in the distribution, abundance, and energetics of species over multiple spatial scales, a wide range of habitats, and diverse taxonomic groups. The first part of the book is foundational, discussing the nature of theory, the relationship of ecology to other sciences, and the concept of the logic of inference. Subsequent sections present the fundamentals of macroecology and of maximum information entropy, starting from first principles. The core of the book integrates these fundamental principles, leading to the derivation and testing of the predictions of the maximum entropy theory of ecology (METE). A final section broadens the book's perspective by showing how METE can help clarify several major issues in conservation biology, placing it in context with other theories and highlighting avenues for future research.
Category: Science