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A History Of Modern Wars Of Attrition

Author : Carter Malkasian
ISBN : 0275973794
Genre : History
File Size : 72.4 MB
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Details the utility and the drawbacks of attrition as a strategy.
Category: History

The Military Lens

Author : Christopher P. Twomey
ISBN : 0801449146
Genre : History
File Size : 24.36 MB
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In The Military Lens, Christopher P. Twomey shows how differing military doctrines have led to misperceptions between the United States and China over foreign policy--and the potential dangers these might pose in future relations. Because of their different strategic situations, histories, and military cultures, nations may have radically disparate definitions of effective military doctrine, strategy, and capabilities. Twomey argues that when such doctrines--or "theories of victory"--differ across states, misperceptions about a rival's capabilities and intentions and false optimism about one's own are more likely to occur. In turn, these can impede international diplomacy and statecraft by making it more difficult to communicate and agree on assessments of the balance of power. When states engage in strategic coercion--either to deter or to compel action--such problems can lead to escalation and war. Twomey assesses a wide array of sources in both the United States and China on military doctrine, strategic culture, misperception, and deterrence theory to build case studies of attempts at strategic coercion during Sino-American conflicts in Korea and the Taiwan Strait in the early years of the Cold War, as well as an examination of similar issues in the Arab-Israeli conflict. After demonstrating how these factors have contributed to past conflicts, Twomey amply documents the persistence of hazardous miscommunication in contemporary Sino-American relations. His unique analytic perspective on military capability suggests that policymakers need to carefully consider the military doctrine of the nations they are trying to influence.
Category: History

Chinese Warfighting

Author : Mark A. Ryan
ISBN : 0765610876
Genre : History
File Size : 81.92 MB
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This is the first systematic study of modern China's military campaigns and the actual fighting conducted by the People's Liberation Army since the founding of the People's Republic. It provides a general overview of the evolution of PLA military doctrine, and then focuses on major combat episodes from the civil war with the Nationalists to the last significant combat in Vietnam in 1979, in addition to navy and air operations through 1999. In contrast to the many works on the specifics and hardware of China's military modernization, this book discusses such topics as military planning, command, and control; fighting and politics; combat tactics and performance; technological catch-up and doctrinal flexibility; the role of Mao Zedong; scale and typologies of fighting; and deterrence. The contributors include scholars from Mainland China, Taiwan, and the United States, who draw from a wealth of fresh archival sources.
Category: History

The Cold War In Asia

Author : James G. Hershberg
ISBN : 9780788135101
Genre :
File Size : 87.97 MB
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Covers recently released historical materials on Cold War history emerging from previously inaccessible sources on "the other side" -- the former Communist bloc. Covers: Stalin's conversations with Chinese leaders, 1949-1953; new evidence on the Korean War; new Chinese sources (CCP foreign relations, the 2nd historical archives of China); new evidence on Sino-Soviet relations; new evidence on Sino-American relations (Taiwan Straits crisis of 1958; Khrushchev's nuclear promise to Beijing); new evidence on Vietnam/Indochina wars.

Chinese Foreign Policy

Author : Suisheng Zhao
ISBN : 0765612844
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 45.68 MB
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This volume explores how China is adapting to international norms and practices while still giving primacy to its national interests. It examines China's strategic behaviour on the world stage, particularly in its relationships with major powers and Asian neighbours.
Category: Political Science

Deterrence And Strategic Culture

Author : Shu Guang Zhang
ISBN : 0801427517
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 43.70 MB
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Does strategic thinking on the question of deterrence vary between cultures? Should practitioners assume a common understanding of deterrence regardless of national and cultural differences? Shu Guang Zhang takes on these questions by exploring Sino-American confrontations between 1949 and 1958. Zhang draws on recently declassified U.S. documents and previously inaccessible Chinese Communist Party records to demonstrate that the Chinese and the Americans had vastly different assessments of each other's intentions, interests, threats, strengths, and policies during this period. Because of such misperceptions, Zhang suggests, counterthreats - responses to a perceived threat, a principal feature of a deterrent relationship - did not work in intended ways. He asserts that the contemporary literature on deterrence has no clear manner for approaching such a divergence of understanding or such a unique balance of mutual deterrence. In this persuasive book, Zhang attempts to reconcile deterrence theory with historical case studies. Zhang discusses seven different confrontations between the two countries, in Korea, Indochina, and the Taiwan Strait. Misunderstandings of motives and actions paved the way to crisis. Further, cultural differences concerning national security and ignorance of these differences by state policy makers enhanced the likelihood of conflict. Deterrence and Strategic Culture explores the limits of deterrence theory as it is presently conceived and seeks to broaden its scope. It will be welcomed by scholars in the fields of security and defense studies, military history, U.S. foreign relations, and Asian studies.
Category: Political Science

Mao S China And The Cold War

Author : Jian Chen
ISBN : 9780807898901
Genre : History
File Size : 89.80 MB
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This comprehensive study of China's Cold War experience reveals the crucial role Beijing played in shaping the orientation of the global Cold War and the confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union. The success of China's Communist revolution in 1949 set the stage, Chen says. The Korean War, the Taiwan Strait crises, and the Vietnam War--all of which involved China as a central actor--represented the only major "hot" conflicts during the Cold War period, making East Asia the main battlefield of the Cold War, while creating conditions to prevent the two superpowers from engaging in a direct military showdown. Beijing's split with Moscow and rapprochement with Washington fundamentally transformed the international balance of power, argues Chen, eventually leading to the end of the Cold War with the collapse of the Soviet Empire and the decline of international communism. Based on sources that include recently declassified Chinese documents, the book offers pathbreaking insights into the course and outcome of the Cold War.
Category: History

The Fifty Year War

Author : Norman Friedman
ISBN : UOM:39015047554319
Genre : History
File Size : 56.23 MB
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The first comprehensive history of the Cold War retraces this protracted "World War III" as it was fought in sterile strategic planning rooms and on the battlefields of Third World proxy states, from the Spanish Civil War to the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991.
Category: History

Economic Cold War

Author : Shu Guang Zhang
ISBN : 0804739307
Genre : History
File Size : 52.81 MB
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Why would one country impose economic sanctions against another in pursuit of foreign policy objectives? How effective is the use of such economic weapons? This book examines how and why the United States and its allies instituted economic sanctions against the People's Republic of China in the 1950s, and how the embargo affected Chinese domestic policy and the Sino-Soviet alliance.
Category: History

The Dragon Strikes

Author : Patrick C. Roe
ISBN : UOM:39015050144792
Genre : History
File Size : 44.46 MB
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One June 25, 1950, a massive surprise North Korean invasion sent Allied forces reeling back to a last-ditch defensive perimeter around the far-southern port city Pusan.
Category: History