Man Play And Games

Author : Roger Caillois
ISBN : 025207033X
Genre : Games
File Size : 38.6 MB
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Play is "an occasion of pure waste: waste of time, energy, ingenuity, skill, and often of money." It is also an essential element of human social and spiritual development. In this study, Roger Caillois defines play as a voluntary activity that occurs in a pure space, isolated and protected from the rest of life. Within limits set by rules that provide a level playing field, players move toward an unpredictable outcome by responding to their opponents' actions. Caillois qualifies types of games and ways of playing, from the improvisation characteristic of children's play to the disciplined pursuit of solutions to gratuitously difficult puzzles. He also examines the means by which games become part of daily life, ultimately giving cultures their most characteristic customs and institutions.
Category: Games

Physical Play And Children S Digital Games

Author : Krystina Madej
ISBN : 9783319428758
Genre : Computers
File Size : 83.64 MB
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Play engages humans cognitively, emotionally, and physically at all ages. Using a historical framework, and focusing on play as represented by material artifacts such as toys and games, this book explores play as a form of somatic engagement that reflects cultural attitudes about development and learning as these have evolved over time in western culture. Theorists in the twentieth century such as Klein and Winnicott, Huizinga and Callois, Piaget, Bruner and Vygotsy brought different perspectives to our understanding of play’s role in our society. In particular, Vygotsky’s theories about process provide insight into how children attend to learning and assimilate new information. The increasing use of digital media as both an entertainment and learning environment at ever-younger ages, is generating new discussions about the nature and value of play in children’s development, in particular, physical, or somatic play. The emphasis on games intended for children necessitates a discussion of the cognitive, behavioral, and neuroscience that supports play activities and physical engagement as a crucial aspect of development. The book then looks at the trajectory of digital games in contemporary culture and explores whether these artifacts (whether intended for learning or entertainment) have extended or are curtailing boundaries of somatic engagement. Finally, the book discusses alternative play and game design and, speculates on the future of new media play artifacts.
Category: Computers

The Games Of Gods And Man

Author : Klaus Peter Köpping
ISBN : STANFORD:36105028593940
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 53.76 MB
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The problems of games and play, a basic ontological category of thought and action, have long occupied culture historians like Huizinga and Caillois as well as mainstream modern philosophers from Heidegger to Gadamer. The present volume traces the concept of the ludic in its generative as well as in its violent and destructive potential, and relates the traditional concepts developed in particular by Romantic aesthetics in drama and poetry to those developed in modern times in literary genres by Bakhtin with the emphasis on the tropes of the performing body. The great variety of theoretical frameworks is grounded in and connected to empirical data on ritual processes and mythic structures across a wide spectrum of ethnographic evidence. The collected essays connect notions of the ludic as framed performance (proposed by Bateson and Goffman) with the ludic as "free play" with the potential to possess the player, crossing disciplinary boundaries and discourses from theatre-studies to anthropology. Forms of ritual processes, of mythic games and of cultural reflexivity, together with intriguing and universal tropes of myth and literature such as the figures of the trickster and the fool, are treated in cross-cultural perspectives. These include Indian, Greek and Germanic mythologies, Indian ritual dance and prophetic theatre plays in Ancient Israel, Bushmen syncretic religious services, the diverse forms of self-reflexive play among Brazilian Kayapo Indians, and the plays and games among the inmates of concentration camps. The volume should appeal to students of anthropology, of theatre and cultural studies, as well as to culture historians and philosophers concerned with the interface between ritual and play, or player and audience, and the larger issue of the rules of games and the freedom of the hermeneutic interpretation of text through performances.
Category: Social Science

Spiele Der Erwachsenen

Author : Eric Berne
ISBN : 3499613506
Genre : Transaktionsanalyse
File Size : 63.86 MB
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Category: Transaktionsanalyse

Die Kunst Des Game Designs

Author : Jesse Schell
ISBN : 9783958452848
Genre : Computers
File Size : 53.20 MB
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Grundlagen der Entwicklung und Konzeption klassischer Spiele von einem der weltweit führenden Game Designer Mehr als 100 Regeln und zentrale Fragen zur Inspiration für den kreativen Prozess Zahlreiche wertvolle Denkanstöße für die Konzeption eines erfolgreichen Spiels Jeder kann die Grundlagen des Game Designs meistern – dazu bedarf es keines technischen Fachwissens. Dabei zeigt sich, dass die gleichen psychologischen Grundprinzipien, die für Brett-, Karten- und Sportspiele funktionieren, ebenso der Schlüssel für die Entwicklung qualitativ hochwertiger Videospiele sind. Mit diesem Buch lernen Sie, wie Sie im Prozess der Spielekonzeption und -entwicklung vorgehen, um bessere Games zu kreieren. Jesse Schell zeigt, wie Sie Ihr Game durch eine strukturierte methodische Vorgehensweise Schritt für Schritt deutlich verbessern. Mehr als 100 gezielte Fragestellungen eröffnen Ihnen dabei neue Perspektiven auf Ihr Game, so dass Sie die Features finden, die es erfolgreich machen. Hierzu gehören z.B. Fragen wie: Welche Herausforderungen stellt mein Spiel an die Spieler? Fördert es den Wettbewerb unter den Spielern? Werden sie dazu motiviert, gewinnen zu wollen? So werden über hundert entscheidende Charakteristika für ein gut konzipiertes Spiel untersucht. Mit diesem Buch wissen Sie, worauf es bei einem guten Game ankommt und was Sie alles bedenken sollten, damit Ihr Game die Erwartungen Ihrer Spieler erfüllt und gerne gespielt wird. Zugleich liefert es Ihnen jede Menge Inspiration – halten Sie beim Lesen Zettel und Stift bereit, um Ihre neuen Ideen sofort festhalten zu können
Category: Computers

Rhetoric Composition Play Through Video Games

Author : R. Colby
ISBN : 9781137307675
Genre : Education
File Size : 31.61 MB
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An edited collection whose contributors analyze the relationship between writing, learning, and video games/videogaming, these essays consist of academic essays from writing and rhetoric teacher-scholars, who theorize, and contextualize how computer/video games enrich writing practices within and beyond the classroom and the teaching of writing.
Category: Education

Man And The Sacred

Author : Roger Caillois
ISBN : 0252070348
Genre : Religion
File Size : 70.67 MB
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Throughout the world, people believe that much of what they do is accidental, ordinary, and inconsequential, while other acts can bring on divine retribution or earn eternal grace. In Man and the Sacred, Caillois demonstrates how humanity's ambiguous attitude toward the sacred influences behaviour and culture. Drawing on a diverse array of ethnographic contexts, including the sexual rituals of the Ba-Thong of South Africa and evidence drawn from aboriginal Australian, Eskimo, and traditional Chinese social systems, Caillois analyzes the role of the forbidden in the social cohesion of the group. He examines the character of the sacred in the light of specific instances of taboos and transgressions, exploring wide differences in attitudes toward diet and sex and extreme behaviours associated with the sacred, such as rapture and paroxysm. He also discusses the festival - an exuberant explosion following a period of strict repression - and compares its functions with those of modern war. A classic study of one of the most fundamental aspects of human social and spiritual life, Man and the Sacred - presented here in Meyer Barash's superb English translation - is a companion volume to Caillois's Man, Play and Games.
Category: Religion

Encyclopedia Of Play In Today S Society

Author : Rodney P. Carlisle
ISBN : 9781452266107
Genre : Education
File Size : 58.55 MB
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CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title for 2009 "This ground-breaking resource is strongly recommended for all libraries and health and welfare institutional depots; essential for university collections, especially those catering to social studies programs." —Library Journal, STARRED Review Children and adults spend a great deal of time in activities we think of as "play," including games, sports, and hobbies. Without thinking about it very deeply, almost everyone would agree that such activities are fun, relaxing, and entertaining. However, play has many purposes that run much deeper than simple entertainment. For children, play has various functions such as competition, following rules, accepting defeat, choosing leaders, exercising leadership, practicing adult roles, and taking risks in order to reap rewards. For adults, many games and sports serve as harmless releases of feelings of aggression, competition, and intergroup hostility. The Encyclopedia of Play in Today's Society explores the concept of play in history and modern society in the United States and internationally. Its scope encompasses leisure and recreational activities of children and adults throughout the ages, from dice games in the Roman Empire to video games today. With more than 450 entries, these two volumes do not include coverage of professional sports and sport teams but, instead, cover the hundreds of games played not to earn a living but as informal activity. All aspects of play—from learning to competition, mastery of nature, socialization, and cooperation—are included. Simply enough, this Encyclopedia explores play played for the fun of it! Key Features Available in both print and electronic formats Provides access to the fascinating literature that has explored questions of psychology, learning theory, game theory, and history in depth Considers the affects of play on child and adult development, particularly on health, creativity, and imagination Contains entries that describe both adult and childhood play and games in dozens of cultures around the world and throughout history Explores the sophisticated analyses of social thinkers such as Huizinga, Vygotsky, and Sutton-Smith, as well as the wide variety of games, toys, sports, and entertainments found around the world Presents cultures as diverse as the ancient Middle East, modern Russia, and China and in nations as far flung as India, Argentina, and France Key Themes Adult Games Board and Card Games Children's Games History of Play Outdoor Games and Amateur Sports Play and Education Play Around the World Psychology of Play Sociology of Play Toys and Business Video and Online Games For a subject we mostly consider light-hearted, play as a research topic has generated an extensive and sophisticated literature, exploring a range of penetrating questions. This two-volume set serves as a general, nontechnical resource for academics, researchers, and students alike. It is an essential addition to any academic library.
Category: Education