MAKING PUBLIC PLACES SAFER SURVEILLANCE AND CRIME PREVENTION STUDIES IN CRIME AND PUBLIC POLICY

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Making Public Places Safer

Author : Brandon C. Welsh
ISBN : 0199716951
Genre : Law
File Size : 23.82 MB
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The United Kingdom has more than 4.2 million public closed-circuit television (CCTV) cameras-one for every fourteen citizens. Across the United States, hundreds of video surveillance systems are being installed in town centers, public transportation facilities, and schools at a cost exceeding $100 million annually. And now other Western countries have begun to experiment with CCTV to prevent crime in public places. In light of this expansion and the associated public expenditure, as well as pressing concerns about privacy rights, there is an acute need for an evidence-based approach to inform policy and practice. Drawing on the highest-quality research, criminologists Brandon C. Welsh and David P. Farrington assess the effectiveness and social costs of not only CCTV, but also of other important surveillance methods to prevent crime in public space, such as improved street lighting, security guards, place managers, and defensible space. Importantly, the book goes beyond the question of "Does it work?" and examines the specific conditions and contexts under which these surveillance methods may have an effect on crime as well as the mechanisms that bring about a reduction in crime. At a time when cities need cost-effective methods to fight crime and the public gradually awakens to the burdens of sacrificing their privacy and civil rights for security, Welsh and Farrington provide this timely and reliable guide to the most effective and non-invasive uses of surveillance to make public places safer from crime.
Category: Law

Children Of The Prison Boom

Author : Sara Wakefield
ISBN : 9780199989249
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 70.42 MB
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An unrelenting prison boom, marked by stark racial disparities, pulled a disproportionate number of young black men into prison in the last forty years. In Children of the Prison Boom, Sara Wakefield and Christopher Wildeman draw upon broadly representative survey data and interviews to describe the devastating effects of America's experiment in mass incarceration on a generation of vulnerable children tied to these men. In so doing, they show that the effects of mass imprisonment may be even greater on the children left behind than on the men who were locked up. Parental imprisonment has been transformed from an event affecting only the unluckiest of children-those with parents seriously involved in crime-to one that is remarkably common, especially for black children. This book documents how, even for children at high risk of problems, paternal incarceration makes a bad situation worse, increasing mental health and behavioral problems, infant mortality, and child homelessness. Pushing against prevailing understandings of and research on the consequences of mass incarceration for inequality among adult men, these harms to children translate into large-scale increases in racial inequalities. Parental imprisonment has become a distinctively American way of perpetuating intergenerational inequality-one that should be placed alongside a decaying public education system and concentrated disadvantage in urban centers as a factor that disproportionately touches, and disadvantages, poor black children. More troubling, even if incarceration rates were reduced dramatically in the near future, the long-term harms of our national experiment in the mass incarceration of marginalized men are yet to be fully revealed. Optimism about current reductions in the imprisonment rate and the resilience of children must therefore be set against the backdrop of the children of the prison boom-a lost generation now coming of age.
Category: Social Science

Criminology Theories Patterns And Typologies

Author : Larry J. Siegel
ISBN : 9781305446090
Genre : Education
File Size : 74.31 MB
Format : PDF
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The bestselling text on the market--now in its Twelfth Edition--CRIMINOLOGY: THEORIES, PATTERNS, AND TYPOLOGIES delivers the most comprehensive, in-depth analysis of criminological theory and crime typologies available. In addition to its unparalleled breadth and depth of coverage, the text is unrivaled in its strong research base and currency. The chapters in Part Three (Crime Typologies) focus on some of the hottest issues in the field today: green crime, transnational crime, and cybercrime. Packed with real-world illustrations, the Twelfth Edition is completely updated and includes cutting-edge seminal research, up-to-the-minute policy, newsworthy examples, and hundreds of new references. Renowned for his unbiased presentation of theories, issues, and controversies, Dr. Siegel encourages students to weigh the evidence and form their own conclusions. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Category: Education

Handbook Of Crime Prevention And Community Safety

Author : Nick Tilley
ISBN : 9781317530824
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 50.61 MB
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This second edition of the Handbook of Crime Prevention and Community Safety provides a completely revised and updated collection of essays focusing on the theory and practice of crime prevention and the creation of safer communities. This book is divided into five comprehensive parts: Part I, brand new to this edition, is concerned with theoretical perspectives on crime prevention and community safety. Part II considers general approaches to preventing crime, including a new chapter on the theory and practice of deterrence. Part III focuses on specific crime prevention strategies, including a new chapter on regulation for crime prevention. Part IV focuses on the prevention of specific categories of crime and the fear they generate, including new chapters on organised crime and cybercrime. Part V considers the preventative process: the methods through which presenting problems can be analysed, responses formulated and implemented, and their effectiveness evaluated. Bringing together leading academics and practitioners from the UK, US, Australia and the Netherlands, this volume will be an invaluable reference for researchers and practitioners whose work relates to crime prevention and community safety, as well as for undergraduate and postgraduate courses in crime prevention.
Category: Social Science

Introduction To Private Security

Author : John Dempsey
ISBN : 9780534558734
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 85.28 MB
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Interested in a career in private security? With Dempsey's timely book, you'll gain real-world insight into today's field. Dempsey explains the role of private security in the context of a society highly aware of criminal activity and terrorism, and also addresses your practical concerns -How do I get a job? What kinds of jobs are available to me, and what responsibilities will I have? What skills do I need? As you read, you'll also learn about the ethics and professionalism expected of you, and the vital role that you'll play in partnering with public law enforcement in the solution to your community's problems. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Category: Social Science

Safer By Design

Author : Institute for Security Studies (South Africa)
ISBN : STANFORD:36105073319050
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 79.40 MB
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Category: Social Science

Surveillance Crime And Social Control

Author : Clive Norris
ISBN : STANFORD:36105122854271
Genre : Law
File Size : 47.8 MB
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Post 9/11 the need for an expansion of surveillance and greater expenditure on surveillance capabilities has been argued for by government and industry to help combat terrorism. This has been coupled with increasing incorporation of surveillance technologies into the routine practice of criminal justice. This important collection draws together key contemporary writings to explore how the surveillance gaze has been directed in the name of crime control. Key issues include theories on surveillance, CCTV, undercover police surveillance, bodies databases and technologies, and surveillance futures. It will be an essential collection for law librarians and criminologists.
Category: Law

Crime Prevention

Author : Stephen Schneider
ISBN : 142006214X
Genre : Law
File Size : 55.67 MB
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Characterized both by its interdisciplinary and its applied nature, crime prevention is influenced by diverse fields such as psychology, sociology, criminology, health care, urban planning and design, education, economics, community development, and social work, among others. The study of crime prevention is also focused on developing and evaluating interventions for applications in real-world settings. In addition to exploring basic concepts and theories, Crime Prevention: Theory and Practice reflects the predominantly applied nature of the field, offering readers the knowledge and skills necessary to plan, implement, evaluate, and sustain effective crime prevention interventions. The book examines dominant approaches (situational, social development, community crime prevention, and community policing), as well as process-oriented issues essential to its application (planning, implementing, and evaluating a crime prevention project), balancing a scholarly analysis of the subject while imparting useful skills. Emphasizing an experiential learning approach, this text: Presents an introduction to and overview of the theory and practice of crime prevention Explains how etiological theories of crime and criminal behavior inform each of the dominant crime prevention approaches Encourages the development of knowledge, expertise, and practical skills among students and crime prevention practitioners that can be applied in the real world Provides a detailed, step-by-step approach to the planning, implementation, evaluation, and maintenance of successful crime prevention interventions Enhances the development of critical analytical thinking, communication, and writing skills of the reader The text includes learning objectives, discussion questions, case studies, interactive exercises, and field research assignments which ground the theoretical concepts in a practical framework, providing an optimal learning experience for students and practitioners alike.
Category: Law

Encyclopedia Of Urban Studies

Author : Ray Hutchison
ISBN : PSU:000068307660
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 69.68 MB
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Covers all aspects of cities, their suburbs, and other urban areas. Includes urban economics, urban planning, urban architecture, urban ecology, urban transportation systems, urban politics, and urban social relations.
Category: Social Science