LUMBEE INDIANS IN THE JIM CROW SOUTH RACE IDENTITY AND THE MAKING OF A NATION FIRST PEOPLES NEW DIRECTIONS IN INDIGENOUS STUDIES UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS PAPERBACK

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Lumbee Indians In The Jim Crow South

Author : Malinda Maynor Lowery
ISBN : 0807898287
Genre : History
File Size : 22.69 MB
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With more than 50,000 enrolled members, North Carolina's Lumbee Indians are the largest Native American tribe east of the Mississippi River. Malinda Maynor Lowery, a Lumbee herself, describes how, between Reconstruction and the 1950s, the Lumbee crafted and maintained a distinct identity in an era defined by racial segregation in the South and paternalistic policies for Indians throughout the nation. They did so against the backdrop of some of the central issues in American history, including race, class, politics, and citizenship. Lowery argues that "Indian" is a dynamic identity that, for outsiders, sometimes hinged on the presence of "Indian blood" (for federal New Deal policy makers) and sometimes on the absence of "black blood" (for southern white segregationists). Lumbee people themselves have constructed their identity in layers that tie together kin and place, race and class, tribe and nation; however, Indians have not always agreed on how to weave this fabric into a whole. Using photographs, letters, genealogy, federal and state records, and first-person family history, Lowery narrates this compelling conversation between insiders and outsiders, demonstrating how the Lumbee People challenged the boundaries of Indian, southern, and American identities.
Category: History

Herbal Remedies Of The Lumbee Indians

Author : Arvis Locklear Boughman
ISBN : 0786426845
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 44.51 MB
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“There’s nothing happens to a person that can’t be cured if you get what it takes to do it. We come out of the earth, and there’s something in the earth to cure everything ... I don’t fix a tonic until I’m sure what’s wrong with a person. I don’t make guesses. I have to be sure, because medicine can do bad as well as good, and I don’t want to hurt anybody.... Maybe it takes some herbs. Maybe it takes some touching. But most of all, it takes faith”—Vernon Cooper, Lumbee healer. The Lumbee Indian tribe has lived in the coastal plain of North Carolina for centuries, and most Lumbee continue to live in rural areas of Robeson County with access to a number of healing plants and herbs used in the form of teas, poultices, and salves to treat common ailments. The first section of this book describes and documents the numerous plant and herbal remedies that the Lumbee have used for centuries and continue to use today. There are remedies for ailments relating to cancer (external and internal), the circulatory and digestive systems, the heart, hypertension and hypotension, infections and parasitic diseases, asthma, pregnancy, sprains, swellings, and muscle, skeletal and joint disorders, to name just a few. The second portion of this work records the words, recollections and wellness philosophies of living Lumbee elders, healers, and community leaders. The information presented in this book is not intended to be a substitute for the advice or treatment from a physician. The authors do not advocate self-diagnosis or self-medication, and warn that any plant substance may cause an allergic or extremely unhealthy reaction in some people.
Category: Social Science

Living Indian Histories

Author : Gerald M. Sider
ISBN : 0807855065
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 39.24 MB
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With more than 40,000 registered members, the Lumbee Indians are the ninth largest tribe in the United States and the largest east of the Mississippi River. Yet, despite the tribe's size, the Lumbee lack full federal recognition and their history has been
Category: Social Science

Serving The Nation

Author : Julie L. Reed
ISBN : 9780806155418
Genre : History
File Size : 49.54 MB
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Well before the creation of the United States, the Cherokee people administered their own social policy—a form of what today might be called social welfare—based on matrilineal descent, egalitarian relations, kinship obligations, and communal landholding. The ethic of gadugi, or work coordinated for the social good, was at the heart of this system. Serving the Nation explores the role of such traditions in shaping the alternative social welfare system of the Cherokee Nation, as well as their influence on the U.S. government’s social policies. Faced with removal and civil war in the early and mid-nineteenth century, the Cherokee Nation asserted its right to build institutions administered by Cherokee people, both as an affirmation of their national sovereignty and as a community imperative. The Cherokee Nation protected and defended key features of its traditional social service policy, extended social welfare protections to those deemed Cherokee according to citizenship laws, and modified its policies over time to continue fulfilling its people's expectations. Julie L. Reed examines these policies alongside public health concerns, medical practices, and legislation defining care and education for orphans, the mentally ill, the differently abled, the incarcerated, the sick, and the poor. Changing federal and state policies and practices exacerbated divisions based on class, language, and education, and challenged the ability of Cherokees individually and collectively to meet the social welfare needs of their kin and communities. The Cherokee response led to more centralized national government solutions for upholding social welfare and justice, as well as to the continuation of older cultural norms. Offering insights gleaned from reconsidered and overlooked historical sources, this book enhances our understanding of the history and workings of social welfare policy and services, not only in the Cherokee Nation but also in the United States. Serving the Nation is published in cooperation with the William P. Clements Center for Southwest Studies, Southern Methodist University.
Category: History

The Lumbee Indians

Author : Malinda Maynor Lowery
ISBN : 1469646374
Genre : History
File Size : 53.89 MB
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"As the largest tribe east of the Mississippi and the ninth largest in the country, the Lumbees have survived in their original homelands, maintaining a distinct identity as Indians in a bi-racial South. In a work both concise and expansive, Lumbee historian Malinda Maynor Lowery tells this story of survival with a breakthrough approach to rigorous scholarship and personal storytelling. The Lumbees' journey sheds new light on America's defining moments, from the first encounters with Europeans to the present day. How and why did the Lumbees fight to establish and resist the United States? How have they not just survived, but thrived, through Civil War, Jim Crow, the Civil Rights movement, and the War on Drugs, to ultimately establish their own constitutional government in the twenty-first century? Their fight for full federal acknowledgement continues to this day, while the Lumbee people's struggle for justice and determination continues to transform our view of the American experience"--
Category: History

The Only Land I Know

Author : Adolph L. Dial
ISBN : 0815603606
Genre : History
File Size : 85.8 MB
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Written from an Indian perspective, this text provides a history of the Lumbee Indians of southwestern North Carolina. Sections cover: the colonial period and the Revolutionary War; the Lowrie War; the development of the Lumbee educational system; Lumbee folklore; and the modern Lumbee.
Category: History

Nowhere Else On Earth

Author : Josephine Humphreys
ISBN : 0141002069
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 74.57 MB
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A North Carolina town struggles to preserve its sanity in 1864 as the Civil War approaches to shatter the peace, while sixteen-year-old Rhoda Strong falls in love with outlaw Henry Berry Lowrie.
Category: Fiction

To Die Game

Author : William McKee Evans
ISBN : 0815603592
Genre : History
File Size : 64.68 MB
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During the Civil War, many young Lumbee Indians of North Carolina hid in the swamps to avoid conscription into Confederate labour battalions and carried on a running guerilla war. This is the story of Henry Berry Lowry, a Lumbee who killed a Confederate official, escaped, and ran a guerilla gang.
Category: History

The Lumbee

Author : Adolf L. Dial
ISBN : 155546713X
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 51.44 MB
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Discusses the history of the second largest Indian group in the United States, whose origin is traced to the Hatteras Indians who supposedly adopted the English settlers of the Roanoke colony into their tribe
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

A Companion To The Anthropology Of American Indians

Author : Thomas Biolsi
ISBN : 9781405156127
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 32.66 MB
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This Companion is comprised of 27 original contributions by leading scholars in the field and summarizes the state of anthropological knowledge of Indian peoples, as well as the history that got us to this point. Surveys the full range of American Indian anthropology: from ecological and political-economic questions to topics concerning religion, language, and expressive culture Each chapter provides definitive coverage of its topic, as well as situating ethnographic and ethnohistorical data into larger frameworks Explores anthropology’s contribution to knowledge, its historic and ongoing complicities with colonialism, and its political and ethical obligations toward the people 'studied'
Category: Social Science