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Lost Geographies Of Power

Author : John Allen
ISBN : 9781444355536
Genre : Science
File Size : 82.56 MB
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This original study explores the difference that space and spatiality make to the understanding of power. Explores the difference that space and spatiality makes to an understanding of power. Moves forward the incorporation of ideas of space into social theory. Presents a new understanding of the exercise, uses and manifestations of cultural, economic and political power in the second half of the twentieth century. Illustrated with cases and examples.
Category: Science

Transience And Permanence In Urban Development

Author : John Henneberry
ISBN : 9781119055655
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 86.94 MB
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Transience and Permanence in Urban Development Temporary urban uses – innovative ways to transform cities or new means to old ends? The scale and variety of temporary – or meanwhile or interim – urban uses and spaces have grown rapidly in response to the dramatic increase in vacant and derelict land and buildings, particularly in post-industrial cities. To some, this indicates that a paradigm shift in city making is underway. To others, alternative urbanism is little more than a distraction that temporarily cloaks some of the negative outcomes of conventional urban development. However, rigorous, theoretically informed criticism of temporary uses has been limited. The book draws on international experience to address this shortcoming from the perspectives of the law, sociology, human geography, urban studies, planning and real estate. It considers how time – and the way that it is experienced – informs alternative perspectives on transience. It emphasises the importance, for analysis, of the structural position of a temporary use in an urban system in spatial, temporal and socio-cultural terms. It illustrates how this position is contingent upon circumstances. What may be deemed a helpful and acceptable use to established institutions in one context may be seen as a problematic, unacceptable use in another. What may be a challenging and fulfilling alternative use to its proponents may lose its allure if it becomes successful in conventional terms. Conceptualisations of temporary uses are, therefore, mutable and the use of fixed or insufficiently differentiated frames of reference within which to study them should be avoided. It then identifies the major challenges of transforming a temporary use into a long-term use. These include the demands of regulatory compliance, financial requirements, levels of expertise and so on. Finally, the potential impacts of policy on temporary uses, both inadvertent and intended, are considered. The first substantive, critical review of temporary urban uses, Transience and Permanence in Urban Development is essential reading for academics, policy makers, practitioners and students of cities worldwide. Also available in the series Urban Design in the Real Estate Development Process Tiesdell and Adams Urban Regeneration and Social Sustainability: Best Practice from European Cities Colantonio and Dixon Building Cycles: Growth and Instability Barras
Category: Business & Economics

Markets Politics And The Environment

Author : Barry Goodchild
ISBN : 9781317217572
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 43.28 MB
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Markets, Politics and the Environment answers three groups of question: What is planning?’ and as part of this ‘What are its key features as a style of social practice and action?’ and ‘How does planning as a style of social practice relate to social and economic change? How, as part of the justification for planning, might claims of valid technical knowledge be constructed? What is meant by ‘rational’? What is the contribution of pragmatism as a supplement or replacement to rationalism? How might rationality and pragmatism be adapted to postmodernism and the requirements of diversity? Finally, how may concepts of planning be reoriented towards sustainable development as a collective duty? How might sustainable development be reworked in relation to planning as a means of managing and stimulating change? Each group of question is discussed in a separate chapter and is associated with different theories, debates and examples of practice. Markets, Politics and the Environment concludes that the full implications of sustainable development and climate change point in the direction of a different type of state- a green state whose future functioning can draw on planning theory but at present can only be conceived as a sketchy outline.
Category: Architecture

Intrusive Interventions

Author : Graham Mooney
ISBN : 9781580465274
Genre : Medical
File Size : 50.22 MB
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Intrusive Interventions is a history and critical study of public health in the Victorian and Edwardian period. Drawing on an array of archival sources from across provincial England and London, it investigates the emergence and consolidation of a set of government policies that came to be known as infectious disease surveillance, including compulsory infectious disease notification, domestic quarantine, mandatory removal to a hospital, contact tracing, and the disinfection of homes and belongings. Although these were a set of spatialized practices implemented in diverse settings such as hospitals, schools, and disinfecting stations, their effect was to retrain the gaze of public health onto domestic space and in the process both disrupt and reinforce the centrality of the family and domesticity in Victorian and Edwardian culture. Examining political ideologies of freedom and individuality as well as social policy, medical theory, laboratory research, material culture, and public health practice, author Graham Mooney argues that infectious disease surveillance reconfigured late nineteenth-century hygienic norms and forms of citizenship. Public health practice had to be continually reshaped in order to negate the political fallout of a tendency toward coercion and unwanted interference -- debates that, as the author of this important study points out, continue to resonate today. Graham Mooney is Assistant Professor at the Institute of the History of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University.
Category: Medical

Pathological Lives

Author : Steve Hinchliffe
ISBN : 9781118997598
Genre : Science
File Size : 65.86 MB
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Pandemics, epidemics and food borne diseases are a major global challenge. Focusing on the food and farming sector, and mobilising social theory as well as empirical enquiry, Pathological Lives investigates current approaches to biosecurity and ask how pathological lives can be successfully ‘regulated’ without making life more dangerous as a result. Uses empirical and social theoretical resources developed in the course of a 40-month research project entitled ‘Biosecurity borderlands’ Focuses on the food and farming sector, where the generation and subsequent transmission of disease has the ability to reach pandemic proportions Demonstrates the importance of a geographical and spatial analysis, drawing together social, material and biological approaches, as well as national and international examples The book makes three main conceptual contributions, reconceptualising disease as situated matters, the spatial or topological analysis of situations and a reformulation of biopolitics Uniquely brings together conceptual development with empirically and politically informed work on infectious and zoonotic disease, to produce a timely and important contribution to both social science and to policy debate
Category: Science

Driving Spaces

Author : Peter Merriman
ISBN : 9781444355475
Genre : Science
File Size : 61.3 MB
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Peter Merriman traces the social and cultural histories and geographies of driving spaces through an examination of the design, construction and use of England’s M1 motorway in the 1950s and 1960s. A first-of-its-kind academic study examining the production and consumption of the landscapes and spaces of a British motorway An interdisciplinary approach, engaging with theoretical and empirical work from sociology, history, cultural studies, anthropology and geography Contains 38 high quality illustrations Based on extensive, original archive work
Category: Science

Geographies Of Power

Author : Sandra L. López Varela
ISBN : UOM:39015062477123
Genre : History
File Size : 88.29 MB
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Twelve contributors present the contents of the Terminal Classic (the Mayan Lowlands, Central America) ceramic complexes in their area of study, and discuss them against the complexity and diversity of social processes illuminated by recent investigations.
Category: History

Everyday Moral Economies

Author : Marisa Wilson
ISBN : 9781118302026
Genre : Science
File Size : 70.32 MB
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Offering a rare glimpse of rural life in modern-day Cuba, this book examines how ordinary Cubans carve out their own spaces for ‘appropriate’ acts of consumption, exchange, and production within the contradictory normative and material spaces of everyday economic life. Discusses the conflict between the socialist-welfare ideal of food as an entitlement and the market value of food as a commodity Bridges the fields of human geography and anthropology Approaches food networks and the scale of food systems in a novel way Provides a comprehensive look at Cuba today, with coverage of history, politics, economics, and social and environmental justice Enhanced by vivid photos from the field
Category: Science

In The Crevices Of The City

Author : Dawn Biehler
ISBN : WISC:89101332641
Genre :
File Size : 81.74 MB
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This project traces the historical geography of campaigns to control house flies, bedbugs, German cockroaches, and Norway rats in residential areas of American cities in the twentieth century. These efforts to control pests for health reasons---ranging from infectious diseases, to bites, to mental stress, to allergies---were hampered by the cultural, political, and social meanings of the line between public and private space. Each chapter traces a different episode in which configurations of housing and public and private space, pest control approaches, and the ecologies of pests reshaped one another. Trends and movements in housing, such as suburbanization and the development of public housing, interwove with the application of new pesticide technologies, and they also informed regulations on household pesticides. Unwanted animals, as well as chemical pesticides, readily crossed the permeable border of the home and became irritating and risky in these intimate spaces. The state, however, most often stopped at the threshold of the private home when providing assistance in controlling pests and making decisions about pesticide use. The race, class, gender, and location of residents often provided underlying justifications for policies that make pests a private responsibility. Through all of these campaigns, pests persisted, and in fact they continue to adapt to control technologies and the urban landscape. They remain in large part because humans build and maintain cities and homes in ways that deny that dwellings are part of nature. Holistic, ecological approaches have promised to reduce pest populations and integrate homes with nature, but these approaches remain incomplete so long as residents lack the means to maintain decent housing.