LIVING IN A MATERIAL WORLD ECONOMIC SOCIOLOGY MEETS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY STUDIES INSIDE TECHNOLOGY

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Living In A Material World

Author : Trevor J. Pinch
ISBN : 0262662078
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 73.1 MB
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Understanding the intersection of economic sociology and science and technology studies through the idea of materiality.
Category: Business & Economics

Material World

Author : Peter Menzel
ISBN : 0871564300
Genre : Photography
File Size : 49.32 MB
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Photographs show the homes and possessions of average families in thirty countries around the world and document each family's lifestyle
Category: Photography

The Power Of The Machine

Author : Alf Hornborg
ISBN : 9780759116917
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 46.56 MB
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Hornborg argues that we are caught in a collective illusion about the nature of modern technology that prevents us from imagining solutions to our economic and environmental crises other than technocratic fixes. He demonstrates how the power of the machine generates increasingly asymmetrical exchanges and distribution of resources and risks between distant populations and ecosystems, and thus an increasingly polarized world order. The author challenges us to reconceptualize the machine-'industrial technomass'—as a species of power and a problem of culture. He shows how economic anthropology has the tools to deconstruct the concepts of production, money capital, and market exchange, and to analyze capital accumulation as a problem at the very interface of the natural and social sciences. Hornborg's work is essential for researchers in anthropology, human ecology, economics, political economy, world-systems theory, environmental justice, and science and technology studies.
Category: Social Science

An Engine Not A Camera

Author : Donald Mackenzie
ISBN : 9780262250047
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 57.93 MB
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In An Engine, Not a Camera, Donald MacKenzie argues that the emergence of modern economic theories of finance affected financial markets in fundamental ways. These new, Nobel Prize-winning theories, based on elegant mathematical models of markets, were not simply external analyses but intrinsic parts of economic processes.Paraphrasing Milton Friedman, MacKenzie says that economic models are an engine of inquiry rather than a camera to reproduce empirical facts. More than that, the emergence of an authoritative theory of financial markets altered those markets fundamentally. For example, in 1970, there was almost no trading in financial derivatives such as "futures." By June of 2004, derivatives contracts totaling $273 trillion were outstanding worldwide. MacKenzie suggests that this growth could never have happened without the development of theories that gave derivatives legitimacy and explained their complexities.MacKenzie examines the role played by finance theory in the two most serious crises to hit the world's financial markets in recent years: the stock market crash of 1987 and the market turmoil that engulfed the hedge fund Long-Term Capital Management in 1998. He also looks at finance theory that is somewhat beyond the mainstream -- chaos theorist Benoit Mandelbrot's model of "wild" randomness. MacKenzie's pioneering work in the social studies of finance will interest anyone who wants to understand how America's financial markets have grown into their current form.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Low Power To The People

Author : Christina Dunbar-Hester
ISBN : 9780262028127
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 85.78 MB
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The United States ushered in a new era of small-scale broadcasting in 2000 when it began issuing low-power FM (LPFM) licenses for noncommercial radio stations around the country. Over the next decade, several hundred of these newly created low-wattage stations took to the airwaves. In Low Power to the People, Christina Dunbar-Hester describes the practices of an activist organization focused on LPFM during this era. Despite its origins as a pirate broadcasting collective, the group eventually shifted toward building and expanding regulatory access to new, licensed stations. These radio activists consciously cast radio as an alternative to digital utopianism, promoting an understanding of electronic media that emphasizes the local community rather than a global audience of Internet users.Dunbar-Hester focuses on how these radio activists impute emancipatory politics to the "old" medium of radio technology by promoting the idea that "microradio" broadcasting holds the potential to empower ordinary people at the local community level. The group's methods combine political advocacy with a rare commitment to hands-on technical work with radio hardware, although the activists' hands-on, inclusive ethos was hampered by persistent issues of race, class, and gender. Dunbar-Hester's study of activism around an "old" medium offers broader lessons about how political beliefs are expressed through engagement with specific technologies. It also offers insight into contemporary issues in media policy that is particularly timely as the FCC issues a new round of LPFM licenses.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Inventing Accuracy

Author : Donald A. MacKenzie
ISBN : 0262631474
Genre : History
File Size : 81.56 MB
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Donald MacKenzie follows one line of technology - strategic ballistic missileguidance through a succession of weapons systems to reveal the workings of a world that is neitherawesome nor unstoppable. He uncovers the parameters, the pressures, and the politics that make upthe complex social construction of an equally complex technology.Donald MacKenzie is Reader inSociology at the University of Edinburgh.
Category: History

Producing Power

Author : Sonja D. Schmid
ISBN : 9780262028271
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 20.88 MB
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An examination of how the technical choices, social hierarchies, economic structures, and political dynamics shaped the Soviet nuclear industry leading up to Chernobyl.
Category: Business & Economics

Market Devices

Author : Michel Callon
ISBN : STANFORD:36105123674819
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 21.60 MB
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Category: Social Science

The Oxford Handbook Of Interdisciplinarity

Author : Robert Frodeman
ISBN : 9780191053276
Genre : Science
File Size : 20.70 MB
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Interdisciplinarity has become as important outside academia as within. Academics, policy makers, and the general public seek insights to help organize the vast amounts of knowledge being produced, both within research and at all levels of education. The second edition of The Oxford Handbook of Interdisciplinarity offers a thorough update of this major reference work, summarizing the latest advances within the field of inter- and transdisciplinarity. The collection is distinguished by its breadth of coverage, with chapters written by leading experts from multiple networks and organizations. The volume is edited by respected interdisciplinary scholars and supported by a prestigious advisory board to ensure the highest quality and breadth of coverage. The Oxford Handbook of Interdisciplinarity provides a synoptic overview of the current state of interdisciplinary research, education, administration and management, and of problem solving-knowledge that spans the disciplines and interdisciplinary fields. The volume negotiates the space between the academic community and society at large. Offering the most broad-based account of inter- and transdisciplinarity to date, its 47 chapters provide a snapshot of the state of knowledge integration as interdisciplinarity approaches its century mark. This second edition expands its coverage to discuss the emergence of new fields, the increase of interdisciplinary approaches within traditional disciplines and professions, new integrative approaches to education and training, the widening international presence of interdisciplinarity, its increased support in funding agencies and science-policy bodies, and the formation of several new international associations associated with interdisciplinarity. This reference book will be a valuable addition to academic libraries worldwide, important reading for members of the sciences, social sciences, and humanities engaged in interdisciplinary research and education, and helpful for administrators and policy makers seeking to improve the use of knowledge in society.
Category: Science