LEGAL BASIS OF GLOBAL TISSUE BANKINGA PROACTIVE CLINICAL PERSPECTIVE

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Legal Basis Of Global Tissue Banking

Author : Glyn O Phillips
ISBN : 9789814663458
Genre : Medical
File Size : 62.18 MB
Format : PDF
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The banking of human tissues for clinical transplantation has grown exponentially in the past 10-15 years. Tissue banks have been set up throughout the world, initially on an ad hoc basis. More recently these have grown and in many countries have linked up with larger international companies. While standards for the procurement, processing and storage of the tissues have kept pace with the growth of the subject, this is not so with the legal considerations associated with the practice. There is no unified legal system which is internationally operated. Europe, USA, Asia, Latin America, China have been developing legal systems on an individual basis. This book describes the present state of the development of laws to control and make the banking and use of tissues legal and safe. It describes, for the first time, the current systems which are used throughout the world and points the way to setting up a harmonized global legal system. Contents:Introduction: From a Cottage Industry to a Global Business (Glyn O Phillips)Legal Framework for International Operation of Tissue Banks (Peter Myint)The Legal and Regulatory Framework for Tissues and Cells in the European Union (Deborah R Hutchison)Litigation Risks Facing Tissue Banks in the United States (Daniel D Harshman)The Importance of a Code of Ethics and a Code of Practice for Tissue Establishments (Jorge Morales Pedraza)Ethical, Religious, Legal, and Cultural Issues for Tissue Banking, with Special Reference to the Asia-Pacific Region (Aziz Nather and Wee Lin)Challenges for Tissue Banking in the Asia-Pacific Region and Recent Progress in Malaysia (Norimah Yusof)Legal System for Tissue Banking in Latin America (Eulogia Kairiyama)Establishing a Legal System for Tissue Banking in China (Li Bao Xing, Zhao Yaping and Glyn O Phillips)Independence for Wales from the Remainder of the United Kingdom: A Change from Informed Consent to Presumed Consent (Glyn O Phillips)Germany: Regulation of Tissues and Tissue Banking — A Special Case (Peter Hergert and Ralf R Tönjes)Legal Issues Associated with Producing and Marketing Tissues Internationally (Caroline A Hartill)A Retrospective Look at the Largest Recall of Processed Bone Tissue in History (Helena Lazares and John T Salvucci)Polymethyl Methacrylate: An Acceptable Material for Tissue Augmentation and Reconstruction (Mario Cabraja, Jack Klecan and Glyn O Phillips) Readership: Ethicists, lawyers, policymakers, clinicians, healthcare professionals, stem cell scientists, researchers and academics in bioethics, and general public. Key Features:China practices are opened up for the first time to the WestThe European highly complex systems are described clearly and succinctly which may make the system understandable even to the European CommissionWales will change its legal system of tissue procurement and its difference from the remainder of the UK is describedGermany is a special case in Europe and is authoritatively coveredThere is a description of probably the most notable tissue banking litigation in the USAThe pioneering global work of the International Atomic Agency in setting basic systems in place is describedThe influence of religious belief on tissue and legal practices is also coveredKeywords:Tissue Banking;Transplantation;Tissue Law;Procurement;Commercial Tissues;Tissue Laws in China;Asia;Latin America;Europe and USA
Category: Medical

Legal Basis Of Global Tissue Banking

Author : Glyn O. Phillips
ISBN : 9814663433
Genre : Law
File Size : 42.73 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Read : 589

The banking of human tissues for clinical transplantation has grown exponentially in the past 10-15 years. Tissue banks have been set up throughout the world, initially on an ad hoc basis. More recently these have grown and in many countries have linked up with larger international companies. While standards for the procurement, processing and storage of the tissues have kept pace with the growth of the subject, this is not so with the legal considerations associated with the practice. There is no unified legal system which is internationally operated. Europe, USA, Asia, Latin America, China have been developing legal systems on an individual basis. This book describes the present state of the development of laws to control and make the banking and use of tissues legal and safe. It describes, for the first time, the current systems which are used throughout the world and points the way to setting up a harmonized global legal system.
Category: Law

Biomaterials And Medical Devices

Author : Ferdiansyah Mahyudin
ISBN : 9783319148458
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 40.90 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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This book presents an introduction to biomaterials with the focus on the current development and future direction of biomaterials and medical devices research and development in Indonesia. It is the first biomaterials book written by selected academic and clinical experts experts on biomaterials and medical devices from various institutions and industries in Indonesia. It serves as a reference source for researchers starting new projects, for companies developing and marketing products and for governments setting new policies. Chapter one covers the fundamentals of biomaterials, types of biomaterials, their structures and properties and the relationship between them. Chapter two discusses unconventional processing of biomaterials including nano-hybrid organic-inorganic biomaterials. Chapter three addresses biocompatibility issues including in vitro cytotoxicity, genotoxicity, in vitro cell models, biocompatibility data and its related failure. Chapter four describes degradable biomaterial for medical implants, which include biodegradable polymers, biodegradable metals, degradation assessment techniques and future directions. Chapter five focuses on animal models for biomaterial research, ethics, care and use, implantation study and monitoring and studies on medical implants in animals in Indonesia. Chapter six covers biomimetic bioceramics, natural-based biocomposites and the latest research on natural-based biomaterials in Indonesia. Chapter seven describes recent advances in natural biomaterial from human and animal tissue, its processing and applications. Chapter eight discusses orthopedic applications of biomaterials focusing on most common problems in Indonesia, and surgical intervention and implants. Chapter nine describes biomaterials in dentistry and their development in Indonesia.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Cancer Clinical Trials Proactive Strategies

Author : Stanley P. L. Leong
ISBN : 9780387332253
Genre : Medical
File Size : 26.61 MB
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Clinical trials remain the most important vehicle for improving the care of cancer patients. This text presents the fundamental components and challenges involving clinical investigations. Leading experts discuss the critical issues covering the spectrum of important topics from planning to application. The book has a foreword by Samuel A. Wells, Jr., MD, Professor of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, former Director of the American College of Surgeons and Founder of the American College of Surgeons Oncology Group.
Category: Medical

Islamic Perspectives On The Principles Of Biomedical Ethics

Author : Mohammed Ghaly
ISBN : 9781786340498
Genre : Medical
File Size : 60.32 MB
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Islamic Perspectives on the Principles of Biomedical Ethics presents results from a pioneering seminar in 2013 between Muslim religious scholars, biomedical scientists, and Western bioethicists at the research Center for Islamic Legislation & Ethics, Qatar Faculty of Islamic Studies. By examining principle-based bioethics, the contributors to this volume addressed a number of key issues related to the future of the field. Discussion is based around the role of religion in bioethical reasoning, specifically from an Islamic perspective. Also considered is a presentation of the concept of universal principles for bioethics, with a response looking at the possibility (or not) of involving religion. Finally, there is in-depth analysis of how far specific disciplines within the Islamic tradition — such as the higher objectives of Sharia (maqāṣid al-Sharī'ah) and legal maxims (qawā'id fiqhīyah) — can enrich principle-based bioethics. Contents:Methodological Issues:Deliberations within the Islamic Tradition on Principle-Based Bioethics: An Enduring Task (Mohammed Ghaly)The 'Bio' in Biomedicine: Evolution, Assumptions, and Ethical Implications (Muna Ali)A Maqāṣid-Based Approach for New Independent Legal Reasoning (Ijtihād) (Jasser Auda)Principles of Biomedical Ethics:The Principles of Biomedical Ethics as Universal Principles (Tom L Beauchamp)Response by Ali Al-Qaradaghi to Tom Beauchamp's Paper (Ali Al-Qaradaghi)The Principles of Biomedical Ethics Revisited (Annelien L Bredenoord)Script of Oral Discussions (Day 1, Session 3)Script of Oral Discussions (Day 2, Session 3)Islamic Perspectives on the Principles of Biomedical Ethics:Ethics in Medicine: A Principle-Based Approach in Light of the Higher Objectives (Maqāṣid) of Sharia (Ahmed Raissouni)Response by Hassan Chamsi-Pasha to Raissouni's Paper (Hassan Chamsi-Pasha)Script of Oral Discussions (Day 1, Session 2)Governing Principles of Islamic Ethics in Medicine (Abdul Sattar Abu Ghuddah)Response by Hassan Chamsi-Pasha to Abu Ghuddah's Paper (Hassan Chamsi-Pasha)Script of Oral Discussions (Day 1, Session 1)Formulating Ethical Principles in Light of the Higher Objectives of Sharia and Their Criteria (Ali Al-Qaradaghi)Script of Oral Discussions (Day 3, Session 3)Script of Concluding Discussions: Part One (Day 2: Session 1 and Session 2)Script of Concluding Discussions: Part Two (Day 3: Session 1 and Session 2)Conclusion: Critical Remarks (Tariq Ramadan)GlossaryIndex Readership: Researchers and students interested in fields of (Islamic) bioethics, Islamic studies, religion and bioethics, religious ethics, Islam and the West, and intercultural studies.
Category: Medical

The Future Of Nursing

Author : Institute of Medicine
ISBN : 9780309208956
Genre : Medical
File Size : 68.36 MB
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The Future of Nursing explores how nurses' roles, responsibilities, and education should change significantly to meet the increased demand for care that will be created by health care reform and to advance improvements in America's increasingly complex health system. At more than 3 million in number, nurses make up the single largest segment of the health care work force. They also spend the greatest amount of time in delivering patient care as a profession. Nurses therefore have valuable insights and unique abilities to contribute as partners with other health care professionals in improving the quality and safety of care as envisioned in the Affordable Care Act (ACA) enacted this year. Nurses should be fully engaged with other health professionals and assume leadership roles in redesigning care in the United States. To ensure its members are well-prepared, the profession should institute residency training for nurses, increase the percentage of nurses who attain a bachelor's degree to 80 percent by 2020, and double the number who pursue doctorates. Furthermore, regulatory and institutional obstacles -- including limits on nurses' scope of practice -- should be removed so that the health system can reap the full benefit of nurses' training, skills, and knowledge in patient care. In this book, the Institute of Medicine makes recommendations for an action-oriented blueprint for the future of nursing.
Category: Medical

Designing And Implementing Health Care Provider Payment Systems

Author : Jack Langenbrunner
ISBN : 9780821378243
Genre : Medical
File Size : 81.38 MB
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Strategic purchasing of health services involves a continuous search for the best ways to maximize health system performance by deciding which interventions should be purchased, from whom these should be purchased, and how to pay for them. In such an arrangement, the passive cashier is replaced by an intelligent purchaser that can focus scarce resources on existing and emerging priorities rather than continuing entrenched historical spending patterns.Having experimented with different ways of paying providers of health care services, countries increasingly want to know not only what to do when paying providers, but also how to do it, particularly how to design, manage, and implement the transition from current to reformed systems. 'Designing and Implementing Health Care Provider Payment Systems: How-To Manuals' addresses this need.The book has chapters on three of the most effective provider payment systems: primary care per capita (capitation) payment, case-based hospital payment, and hospital global budgets. It also includes a primer on a second policy lever used by purchasers, namely, contracting. This primer can be especially useful with one provider payment method: hospital global budgets. The volume's final chapter provides an outline for designing, launching, and running a health management information system, as well as the necessary infrastructure for strategic purchasing.
Category: Medical

Genetic Privacy

Author : Terry Kaan
ISBN : 1783263059
Genre : Law
File Size : 28.53 MB
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Privacy is an unwieldy concept that has eluded an essentialised definition despite its centrality and importance in the body of bioethics. The compilation presented in this volume represents continuing discussions on the theme of privacy in the context of genetic information. It is intended to present a wide range of expert opinion in which the notion of privacy is examined from many perspectives, in different contexts and imperatives, and in different societies, with the hope of advancing an understanding of privacy through the examination and critique of some of its evolving component concepts such as notions of what constitute the personal, the context of privacy, the significance and impact of the relational interests of others who may share the same genetic inheritance, and mechanisms for the protection of privacy (as well as of their limitations), among others. More specifically, the discussions in this volume encourages us to think broadly about privacy, as encompassing values that are entailed in the sociality of context and of relations, and also as freedom from illegitimate and excessive surveillance. A long-standing question that continues to challenge us is whether genetic information should be regarded as exceptional, as it is often perceived. A conclusion that could be derived from this volume is that while genetic information may be significant, it is not exceptionally so. The work presented in this volume underlines the continuing and growing relevance of notions of privacy to genomic science, and the need to take ownership of a genetic privacy for the future through broad, rigorous and open discussion.Contributors: Alastair V Campbell, Benjamin Capps, Jacqueline JL Chin, Oi Lian Kon, Kenji Matsui, Thomas H Murray, Nazirudin Mohd Nasir, Dianne Nicol, Anh Tuan Nuyen, Onora O'Neill, Margaret Otlowski, Yvette van der Eijk, Chunshui Wang, Ross S White.
Category: Law

Genetic Privacy

Author : Terry Sheung-Hung Kaan
ISBN : 9781783263073
Genre : Medical
File Size : 79.39 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
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Privacy is an unwieldy concept that has eluded an essentialised definition despite its centrality and importance in the body of bioethics. The compilation presented in this volume represents continuing discussions on the theme of privacy in the context of genetic information. It is intended to present a wide range of expert opinion in which the notion of privacy is examined from many perspectives, in different contexts and imperatives, and in different societies, with the hope of advancing an understanding of privacy through the examination and critique of some of its evolving component concepts such as notions of what constitute the personal, the context of privacy, the significance and impact of the relational interests of others who may share the same genetic inheritance, and mechanisms for the protection of privacy (as well as of their limitations), among others. More specifically, the discussions in this volume encourages us to think broadly about privacy, as encompassing values that are entailed in the sociality of context and of relations, and also as freedom from illegitimate and excessive surveillance. A long-standing question that continues to challenge us is whether genetic information should be regarded as exceptional, as it is often perceived. A conclusion that could be derived from this volume is that while genetic information may be significant, it is not exceptionally so. The work presented in this volume underlines the continuing and growing relevance of notions of privacy to genomic science, and the need to take ownership of a genetic privacy for the future through broad, rigorous and open discussion. Contributors: Alastair V Campbell, Benjamin Capps, Jacqueline JL Chin, Oi Lian Kon, Kenji Matsui, Thomas H Murray, Nazirudin Mohd Nasir, Dianne Nicol, Anh Tuan Nuyen, Onora O'Neill, Margaret Otlowski, Yvette van der Eijk, Chunshui Wang, Ross S White. Contents:The Notion of Genetic Privacy (Calvin WL Ho and Terry SH Kaan)Can Data Protection Secure Personal Privacy? (Onora O'Neill)Navigating the Privacy Complex of Self, Other and Relationality (Calvin WL Ho)Privacy and Biomedical Research: A Role-based Approach (Anh Tuan Nuyen)Socio-political Discourses on Genetic Privacy in Japan (Kenji Matsui)Genetic Privacy: A Challenge to Genetic Testing in China (Chunshui Wang)Don't Ask, Don't Tell: Exploring the Limits of Genetic Privacy in Singapore (Terry SH Kaan)Privacy, Rights and Biomedical Data Collections (Benjamin Capps)Individual Right vs. Public Interest: The Role of the Islamic Religious Council of Singapore in Bioethics Consultation on Genetic Privacy (Nazirudin M Nasir)What — If Anything — Is Special about “Genetic Privacy”? (Jacqueline JL Chin and Alastair V Campbell)Genetic Privacy in the United States: Genetic Exceptionalism, GINA, and the Future of Genetic Testing (Thomas H Murray and Ross S White)The Regulatory Framework for Protection of Genetic Privacy in Australia (Margaret Otlowski and Diane Nicol)Privacy Matters in Nicotine Addiction (Yvette van der Eijk)Human Genomics and Privacy (Oi Lian Kon) Readership: Students and professionals in medical law and medical ethics, public policy, Asian studies and public health. Keywords:Bioethics;Biotechnology;Genetics;Policy;Public;Trust;Regulation of Research;Singapore;Privacy
Category: Medical