LAW AND PRACTICE OF INVESTMENT TREATIES STANDARDS OF TREATMENT EBOOK KLUWER LAW INTERNATIONAL

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Law And Practice Of Investment Treaties

Author : Andrew Paul Newcombe
ISBN : 9789041123510
Genre : Law
File Size : 70.56 MB
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Foreign investors enjoy the protection of a vast network of international investment agreements (IIAs) supplemented by the general rules of international law. Under IIAs, states must accord foreign investors substantive standards of promotion and protection. In addition, IIAs provide an investor-state arbitration mechanism that allows foreign investors to enforce these standards against host states. In response to disputes arising under the IIA regime, since the early 1990s a significant body of arbitral jurisprudence has developed. This book provides a comprehensive and systematic explanation of these standards of treatment, taking into account developments in treaty practice and arbitral jurisprudence. Where possible, the authors critically examine the applicable principles emerging from treaty practice and jurisprudence. The book focuses on the substantive protections accorded to foreign investors and investments. Among the many specific issues and topics that arise in the course of the analysis are the following: the origins and evolution of the international investment treaty framework; the interaction between international and national law in the resolution of IIA disputes and the interpretation of IIAs; the role IIAs play in investment liberalization and their interaction with other areas of international economic law; the relationship between treaty and customary international law standards; the development of norms of non-discrimination and minimum standards of treatment, including fair and equitable treatment; the meaning of expropriation and conditions for lawful expropriations; the rules relating to transfer of funds, performance requirements and transparency; and exceptions and defences to investment treaty obligations. International business and other investors will greatly appreciate the in-depth information and insightful guidance in this solidly useful book. It will also be welcomed by jurists and students as a significant milestone in the articulation of principles in a quickly growing field of international law.
Category: Law

Substantive Law In Investment Treaty Arbitration

Author : Monique Sasson
ISBN : 9789041132239
Genre : Law
File Size : 61.79 MB
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The difficult coexistence of municipal law and international law is nowhere more evident than in the context of investment treaty disputes. Investment treaty arbitral tribunals commonly address, as a matter of international law, an alleged breach of a contract (or other legal obligation concerning an investment) that is often regulated by municipal law. However, there is no selfcontained legal system that provides substantive rules of direct applicability for these tribunals. In practice, approaches range from complete exclusion of municipal law to complete reliance on municipal law. While the former has no defensible foundation in international law, an absolute renvoi to municipal law runs afoul of the principle that international law governs the characterization of an internationally wrongful act.
Category: Law

Arbitral Awards As Investments

Author : Maximilian Clasmeier
ISBN : 9041183574
Genre :
File Size : 68.64 MB
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This book presents the analysis of the existing tribunals' approaches to date. The book addresses the following questions: What is the foundation of interpretation in public international law and when is it adequately carried out? / Can arbitral awards constitute investments, offering relief from frustrated enforcement attempts? / Is there a trend of convergence to commercial and investment arbitration? / Do respective interpretative outcomes stem from adequate interpretation? / What are the ramifications, if interpretation is not fully adequate? / What are the feasible routes to greater interpretive discipline? This treatise on arbitral awards' qualification as investments within international investment law gives a detailed analysis of the interpretive approaches, their foundation and consequences. It will, from a theoretic point of view, provide value to international tribunals, counsel and sovereign entities.
Category:

Sustainable Development In World Investment Law

Author : Marie-Claire Cordonier Segger
ISBN : 9789041131669
Genre : Law
File Size : 27.9 MB
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Sustainable development, as defined by the World Commission on Environment and Development, is "development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs." More specifically, sustainable development is a process of change that seeks to improve the collective quality of life by focusing on economically, socially, and environmentally sound projects that are viable in the long-term. Sustainable development requires structural economic change and the foundation of that change is investment. In developing nations with low levels of domestic savings, investment predictably comes from abroad in the form of foreign direct investment. A large and ever expanding number of international investment agreements are in place to govern these transactions. While these accords seek to foster development while mitigating the risk involved in these types investments, many questions remain unresolved. This highly insightful book reflects the contributions of a variety of world renowned experts each of which is designed to provide the reader with valuable perspective on recent developments in investment law negotiations and jurisprudence from a sustainable development law perspective. It offers answers to pertinent questions concerning advancements in investment law, including the negotiation of numerous regional and bilateral agreements as well as the increasing number of disputes resolved in the World Bank's International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID), from different developed and developing country perspectives. It lays out future directions for new treaty negotiations and dispute settlement proceedings, as well as ongoing investment promotion efforts, against a background of rapidly evolving international relationships between economic, environment and development law. It focuses on key issues in investment laws which have emerged as priorities in the negotiation of bilateral and regional investment agreements, and have been clarified through recent decisions of the ICSID and other arbitral panel awards.
Category: Law

International Arbitration

Author : Gary B. Born
ISBN : 9041166378
Genre : Law
File Size : 86.84 MB
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International Arbitration: Law and Practice (Second Edition) provides a comprehensive coverage of the basic principles and legal doctrines, and the practice, of international arbitration. It contains a systematic and concise treatment of all aspects of the arbitral process, including international arbitration agreements, international arbitral proceedings and international arbitral awards. The book addresses both international commercial arbitration and the related fields of investment and state-to-state arbitration, and is essential reading for any student of international arbitration and any practitioner seeking a complete introduction to the field. Accolades for Gary B. Bornand’s International Commercial Arbitration (2009 and& 2nd ed. 2014), recipient of the American Society of International Lawand’s 2010 Certificate of Merit: and“An unparalleled book on the law, practice and theory of international commercial arbitration and… indispensable for both practitioners and academics.and” Professor Jack L. Goldsmith III, Harvard Law School and“Stunningly comprehensive, accessible, and bristling with insights: the definitive text on international arbitration.and” Professor Harold Hongju Koh, Yale Law School and“A monumental work of legal scholarship.and” Professor Campbell McLachlan, Victoria University of Wellington and“An extraordinary combination of both practical experience and academic analysis.and” Professor Dr. Daniel Girsberger, University of Lucerne
Category: Law

The Fair And Equitable Treatment Standard

Author : Patrick Dumberry
ISBN : 9041132880
Genre : Law
File Size : 29.96 MB
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Since the entry into force of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in 1994, several arbitral tribunals have rendered awards dealing with claims of breach of Article 1105. Some of these awards have been very controversial and have had a tremendous impact on the development of the concept of fair and equitable treatment (FET) and the evolution of international investment law. Yet, in spite of the fundamental importance of these awards, no comprehensive study had been undertaken to determine the meaning and the content of the FET standard under NAFTA Article 1105. This bookand’s systematic analysis of the provision and its case law fills this analytical gap. Because Article 1105 is in many ways different from typical FET clauses contained within most investment treaties, the author examines the particular parameters under which it must be interpreted. He also analyzes how these specific features have influenced NAFTA tribunalsand’ interpretation of the provision, and how their assessments differ from awards rendered by other tribunals outside NAFTA. Among the issues treated in the course of the analysis are the following: the origin, development, nature and content of the concept of the and‘minimum standard of treatmentand’ and its interaction with the FET standard; the specific parameters under which Article 1105 must be interpreted, including contextual elements such as subsequent agreement and practice between the NAFTA Parties on matters of interpretation; the context in which the Free Trade Commission issued its Note of Interpretation in 2001 and how NAFTA tribunals have applied it; whether or not the concepts of legitimate expectations, transparency, arbitrary conduct, discriminatory conduct, good faith, denial of justice, and due process have been considered by NAFTA tribunals as specific elements of protection to be accorded to investors under Article 1105; the many facets of these elements and the threshold of severity that NAFTA tribunals have required for finding a breach of Article 1105; the interaction between Article 1105 and other NAFTA provisions on national treatment, Most-Favored-Nation treatment, and expropriation; and how NAFTA tribunals have assessed damages for breach of Article 1105. This comprehensive guide to NAFTA case law on Article 1105 is an important contribution to the on-going controversial debate about the scope and content of the FET standard under international law. It will be of great interest to counsel for investors and States as well as to arbitrators, academics and anyone interested in investor-State arbitration.
Category: Law

Guide To Icsid Arbitration

Author : Lucy Reed
ISBN : 9789041120939
Genre : Law
File Size : 41.61 MB
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This Guide to ICSID Arbitration, first published in 2004, was written by three leading ICSID arbitration practitioners in the eminent international law firm of Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer to fill the gap in the literature between generic descriptions and detailed academic commentary. This second edition of the Guide takes account of the scores of ICSID awards and decisions rendered since 2004, as well as significant amendments to ICSID rules and practices. It provides a sufficiently detailed but still 'user-friendly' understanding of what ICSID arbitration is, when and how it can and should be used, and how an ICSID case works from start to finish. It offers potential and non-expert users of the ICSID regime - as well as those generally interested in investment treaty arbitration - the essentials of the ICSID Convention and of BITs and MITs, the various sets of rules, ICSID procedure, and the now considerable body of ICSID jurisprudence.
Category: Law

Ownership Unbundling And Related Measures In The Eu Energy Sector

Author : Tilman Michael Dralle
ISBN : 9783319777979
Genre : Law
File Size : 23.19 MB
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This book provides the first comprehensive analysis of unbundling and, in particular, ownership unbundling policies from the perspective of international economic law. It does so by focusing on the prominent example of the EU’s energy sector and its Third Energy Package. Unbundling has become an increasingly crucial competition instrument in network-bound industries worldwide. It is designed to ensure access to bottleneck infrastructures on fair and non-discriminatory terms and thus to suppress the anti-competitive potential deriving from vertical integration in natural monopoly situations. While promoting important public policy objectives, unbundling policies have also raised a number of legal issues. This book analyzes how international economic law limits the adoption and maintenance of unbundling and related measures and also outlines how international trade law can play a ‘positive’ role in this field. As a result, it provides a valuable reference for academics, practitioners and policy-makers.
Category: Law

International Arbitration

Author : Gary B. Born
ISBN : 9781454860259
Genre : Law
File Size : 86.80 MB
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This important casebook is based upon one of the leading books in the field Born's treatise, International Commercial Arbitration. It offers a comprehensive approach to international commercial arbitration (focused on the New York Convention and UNCITRAL Model Law), while providing comparative examples drawn from state-to-state and investment arbitration. An easy-to-use chronological structure follows the course of an international arbitration. Features: Thoroughly revised to reflect amendments to UNCITRAL Rules, ICC Rules and other institutional arbitration rules New sections addressing IBA Guidelines on Party Representation in International Arbitration Revised to reflect amendments to representative national arbitration legislation in France, Singapore and elsewhere Streamlined excerpts of cases and awards; added excerpts of new arbitral awards on selected topics.
Category: Law

Regulation Of Energy In International Trade Law

Author : Julia Selivanova
ISBN : 9789041132642
Genre : Law
File Size : 34.60 MB
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Starting from the premise that a multilateral legal framework is the surest way to achieve predictability and transparency under conditions of increasing reliance on internationally traded energy, the essays gathered in this book treat the many complex in
Category: Law