LANGUAGES IN THE WORLD HOW HISTORY CULTURE AND POLITICS SHAPE LANGUAGE

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Languages In The World

Author : Julie Tetel Andresen
ISBN : 9781118531280
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 77.66 MB
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This innovative introduction outlines the structure and distribution of the world s languages, charting their evolution over the past 200,000 years. Balances linguistic analysis with socio–historical and political context, offering a cohesive picture of the relationship between language and society Provides an interdisciplinary introduction to the study of language by drawing not only on the diverse fields of linguistics (structural, linguist anthropology, historical, sociolinguistics), but also on history, biology, genetics, sociology, and more Includes nine detailed language profiles on Kurdish, Arabic, Tibetan, Hawaiian, Vietnamese, Tamil, !Xóõ (Taa), Mongolian, and Quiché A companion website offers a host of supplementary materials including, sound files, further exercises, and detailed introductory information for students new to linguistics
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Through The Language Glass

Author : Guy Deutscher
ISBN : 1429970111
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 63.83 MB
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A masterpiece of linguistics scholarship, at once erudite and entertaining, confronts the thorny question of how—and whether—culture shapes language and language, culture Linguistics has long shied away from claiming any link between a language and the culture of its speakers: too much simplistic (even bigoted) chatter about the romance of Italian and the goose-stepping orderliness of German has made serious thinkers wary of the entire subject. But now, acclaimed linguist Guy Deutscher has dared to reopen the issue. Can culture influence language—and vice versa? Can different languages lead their speakers to different thoughts? Could our experience of the world depend on whether our language has a word for "blue"? Challenging the consensus that the fundaments of language are hard-wired in our genes and thus universal, Deutscher argues that the answer to all these questions is—yes. In thrilling fashion, he takes us from Homer to Darwin, from Yale to the Amazon, from how to name the rainbow to why Russian water—a "she"—becomes a "he" once you dip a tea bag into her, demonstrating that language does in fact reflect culture in ways that are anything but trivial. Audacious, delightful, and field-changing, Through the Language Glass is a classic of intellectual discovery.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Language Shock

Author : Michael Agar
ISBN : 9780688149499
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 57.68 MB
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A linguistic anthropologist takes readers on a personal and humorous journey through language, showing them how to understand differences between cultures, while using anecdotes from his own experiences in foreign lands
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

A Cultural History Of The Arabic Language

Author : Sharron Gu
ISBN : 9781476602943
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 21.28 MB
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This history of literary Arabic describes the evolution of Arabic poetry and prose in the context of music, ritual performance, the arts and architecture. The thousands-of-years-old language is perhaps more highly developed and refined than any other on earth. This book focuses on what is unique about Arabic compared to other major languages of the world (Greek, Latin, Hebrew, English and Spanish) and how the distinct characteristics of Arabic took shape at various points in its history. The book provides a cultural background for understanding social and political institutions and religious beliefs--more influenced by the rhythms and depths of poetic language than other cultures--in the Middle East today.
Category: Literary Criticism

The Language Of The Gods In The World Of Men

Author : Sheldon Pollock
ISBN : 9780520260030
Genre : History
File Size : 42.18 MB
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"The scholarship exhibited here is not only superior; it is in many ways staggering. The author's control of an astonishing range of primary and secondary texts from many languages, eras, and disciplines is awe-inspiring. This is a learned, original, and important work."—Robert Goldman, Sanskrit and India Studies, University of California, Berkeley
Category: History

Multilingual Brazil

Author : Marilda C. Cavalcanti
ISBN : 9781317227311
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 55.19 MB
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This book brings together cutting edge work by Brazilian researchers on plurilingualism in Brazil for an English-speaking readership in one comprehensive volume. Divided into four sections, each with its own introduction, tying together the themes of the book, the volume charts a course for a new sociolinguistics of multilingualism, challenging long-held perceptions about a monolingual Brazil by exploring the different policies, language resources, ideologies and social identities that have emerged in the country’s contemporary plurilingual landscape. The book elucidates the country’s linguistic history to demonstrate its evolution to its present state, a country shaped by political, economic, and cultural forces both locally and globally, and explores different facets of today’s plurilingual Brazil, including youth on the margins and their cultural and linguistic practices; the educational challenges of socially marginalized groups; and minority groups’ efforts to strengthen languages of identity and belonging. In addition to assembling linguistic research done in Brazil previously little known to an English-speaking readership, the book incorporates theoretical frameworks from other disciplines to provide a comprehensive picture of the social, political, and cultural dynamics at play in multilingual Brazil. This volume is key reading for researchers in linguistic anthropology, sociolinguistics, applied linguistics, cultural studies, and Latin American studies.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Language And Power

Author : Benedict Richard O'Gorman Anderson
ISBN : 0801497582
Genre : History
File Size : 20.22 MB
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In this lively book, Benedict R. O'G Anderson explores the cultural and political contradictions that have arisen from two critical facts in Indonesian history—that while the Indonesian nation is young, the Indonesian state is ancient, originating in the early seventeenth-century Dutch conquests; and that contemporary politics are conducted in a new language, Bahasa Indonesia, by peoples (especially the Javanese) whose cultures are rooted in medieval times. Analyzing a spectrum of examples from classical poetry to public monuments and cartoons, Anderson deepens our understanding of the interaction between modern and traditional notions of power, the meditation of power by language, and the development of national consciousness.This volume brings together eight of Anderson's most influential essays written over the past two decades. Most of the essays address aspects of Javanese political culture—from the early nineteenth century, when the Javanese did not yet have words for politics, colonialism, society, or class, through the early nationalism of the 1900s, to the era of independence after World War II, when deep internal tensions exploded into large-scale massacres. In the first group of essays Anderson considers how power was imagined in traditional Javanese society, and how these imaginings shaped Indonesia's modern politics. Other essays focus on the significance of the incongruences between the egalitarian, ironizing national language through which modern Indonesia has been imagined and the powerful influence of the hierarchical, authoritarian Javanese official culture. Finally, two essays on consciousness illuminate the crucial eras before and after the rise of Indonesia's nationalist movement. One reflects on Javanese intellectuals' phantasmagoric efforts to keep imagining "Java" as the island was overrun by colonial capitalism and absorbed into the huge, heterogeneous Netherlands East Indies; the second traces the transition from old culture to new nation through the autobiography of an eminent Javanese first-generation nationalist politician.
Category: History

The Hidden Brain

Author : Shankar Vedantam
ISBN : 1588369390
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 83.74 MB
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The hidden brain is the voice in our ear when we make the most important decisions in our lives—but we’re never aware of it. The hidden brain decides whom we fall in love with and whom we hate. It tells us to vote for the white candidate and convict the dark-skinned defendant, to hire the thin woman but pay her less than the man doing the same job. It can direct us to safety when disaster strikes and move us to extraordinary acts of altruism. But it can also be manipulated to turn an ordinary person into a suicide terrorist or a group of bystanders into a mob. In a series of compulsively readable narratives, Shankar Vedantam journeys through the latest discoveries in neuroscience, psychology, and behavioral science to uncover the darkest corner of our minds and its decisive impact on the choices we make as individuals and as a society. Filled with fascinating characters, dramatic storytelling, and cutting-edge science, this is an engrossing exploration of the secrets our brains keep from us—and how they are revealed.
Category: Social Science

Language And Languages

Author : Christina Gitsaki
ISBN : 9781443806442
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 44.9 MB
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The emergence of globalisation is bringing massive changes to all aspects of life, including language. In an effort to raise awareness on the effects of globalisation on language learning and teaching, the Applied Linguistics Association of Australia (ALAA) devoted its 31st Annual Congress to this theme. This volume represents a collection of papers by academics in Australia, South-East Asia, New Zealand, Europe and North America, which synthesize language learning and teaching theories and current research to present the views of applied linguists and language educators on a variety of issues with regards to the tensions that globalisation and internationalisation bring on language and languages. A total of twenty-two articles discuss issues related to the status of the ELT profession in a globalised world, issues of ESL teaching and language assessment, the ever increasing use of ICTs for foreign language learning, and the effects of globalisation on minority languages. This collection of articles attempts to integrate theoretical issues, research findings, and practical applications on different aspects of TESOL to provide academics, researchers, students and language educators with a discussion of the current state of affairs in the field of applied linguistics with regards to globalisation.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Languages Of The World

Author : Asya Pereltsvaig
ISBN : 9781316764480
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 21.20 MB
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What do all human languages have in common and in what ways are they different? How can language be used to trace different peoples and their past? Assuming no prior knowledge of linguistics, the new edition of this engaging textbook introduces readers to the rich diversity of human languages, familiarizing students with the variety and typology of languages around the world. Linguistic terms and concepts are explained, in the text and in the glossary, and illustrated with simple, accessible examples. Numerous language family charts enable students to place a language geographically or genealogically. Updated and revised throughout, the second edition includes two new chapters and new pedagogical features, such as 'Advanced' sections, textboxes and 'Did you know?' boxes. Important websites are integrated into the text, and each chapter includes a 'Do it yourself' section, comprising assignments, questions and problem sets. Supplementary online resources include illustrations, key term flashcards and useful links. This introduction is an essential resource for undergraduate courses on language typology, historical linguistics and general linguistics.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines