LANDSCAPES OF CLEARANCE

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Landscapes Of Clearance

Author : Angele Smith
ISBN : 9781315425597
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 40.82 MB
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This volume examines landscapes that have been cleared of inhabitants—for economic, environmental, or socio-political reasons, by choice or by force—and the social impacts of clearance on their populations. Using cases from five continents, and ranging from prehistoric, through colonial and post-colonial times, the contributors show landscapes as meaningful points of contestation when populations abandon them or are exiled from them. Acts of resistance and revitalization are also explored, demonstrating the social and political meaning of specific landscapes to individuals, groups, and nations, and how they help shape cultural identity and ideology.Sponsored by the World Archaeological Congress
Category: Social Science

Landscapes Of Clearance

Author : Amy Gazin-Schwartz
ISBN : 1844721574
Genre :
File Size : 84.63 MB
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In all times people have abandoned places. Archaeology is commonly ascribed the role of analysing the traces left behind, but this volume shifts the focus more strongly to the leaving. Presenting a selection of innovative and challenging new work from leading scholars around this world, the editors have chosen to place a particular emphasis on colonial and post-colonial experiences of forced removal or abandonment. Through the studies, themes such as the politics of memory and forgetting, and the complex web linking place, ideology, Diaspora and identity emerge from such diverse settings as medieval Ireland, 19th-century Scotland, South Africa, Australia, Canada, USA and Palestine.
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Bulldozer

Author : Francesca Russello Ammon
ISBN : 9780300200683
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 38.85 MB
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The first history of the bulldozer and its transformation from military weapon to essential tool for creating the post World War II American landscape"
Category: Business & Economics

Woodland In The Neolithic Of Northern Europe

Author : Gordon Noble
ISBN : 9781316721032
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 77.18 MB
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The Neolithic period is one of the great transformations in human history - when agriculture first began and dramatic changes occurred in human society. These changes occurred in environments that were radically different to those that exist today, and in northern Europe many landscapes would have been dominated by woodland. Yet wood and woodland rarely figures in the minds of many archaeologists, and it plays no part in the traditional Three Age system that has defined the frameworks of European prehistory. This book explores how human-environment relations altered with the beginnings of farming, and how the Neolithic in northern Europe was made possible through new ways of living in and understanding the environment. Drawing on a broad range of evidence, from pollen data and stone axes to the remains of timber monuments and settlements, the book analyzes the relationship between people, their material culture, and their woodland environment.
Category: Social Science

Landscape Balance And Landscape Assessment

Author : Rudolf Krönert
ISBN : 9783662045329
Genre : Science
File Size : 26.29 MB
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The book's aim is to present recommendations for sustainable land use and management. The authors follow a hierarchical approach that is inherent in landscape structures and processes as well as in planning practice. During the last decades, landscape ecology has developed tremendously. Future research tendencies are also covered. All methodological approaches are explained with examples from different regions.
Category: Science

Political Landscapes Of Capital Cities

Author : Jessica Joyce Christie
ISBN : 9781607324690
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 26.27 MB
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Political Landscapes of Capital Cities investigates the processes of transformation of the natural landscape into the culturally constructed and ideologically defined political environments of capital cities. In this spatially inclusive, socially dynamic interpretation, an interdisciplinary group of authors including archaeologists, anthropologists, and art historians uses the methodology put forth in Adam T. Smith’s The Political Landscape: Constellations of Authority in Early Complex Polities to expose the intimate associations between human-made environments and the natural landscape that accommodate the sociopolitical needs of governmental authority. Political Landscapes of Capital Cities blends the historical, political, and cultural narratives of capital cities such as Bangkok, Cusco, Rome, and Tehran with a careful visual analysis, hinging on the methodological tools of not only architectural and urban design but also cultural, historiographical, and anthropological studies. The collection provides further ways to conceive of how processes of urbanization, monumentalization, ritualization, naturalization, and unification affected capitals differently without losing grasp of local distinctive architectural and spatial features. The essays also articulate the many complex political and ideological agendas of a diverse set of sovereign entities that planned, constructed, displayed, and performed their societal ideals in the spaces of their capitals, ultimately confirming that political authority is profoundly spatial. Contributors: Jelena Bogdanović, Jessica Joyce Christie, Talinn Grigor, Eulogio Guzmán, Gregor Kalas, Stephanie Pilat, Melody Rod-ari, Anne Parmly Toxey, Alexei Vranich
Category: Social Science

Encyclopedic Dictionary Of Landscape And Urban Planning

Author : Klaus-Jürgen Evert
ISBN : 9783540764557
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 48.57 MB
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The revised and expanded edition of this one-of-a-kind dictionary offers a multilingual, practice-oriented resource for a worldwide readership of professionals working in landscape architecture and planning, landscape design and conservation.
Category: Architecture

Landscape Disturbance And Biodiversity In Mediterranean Type Ecosystems

Author : Philip W. Rundel
ISBN : 9783662035436
Genre : Science
File Size : 45.92 MB
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Human impact on natural landscapes through urbanization and agricultural expansion are becoming more and more dramatic and are the cause of serious environmental problems. This volume examines the effect of landscape disturbance on plant and animal diversity in the five mediterranean-climate regions of the world. It begins with three introductory chapters broadly reviewing the issues of landscape degradation. Further contributions describe regional land use conflicts in each of the five regions. Landscape disturbance and plant diversity, and landscape disturbance and animal diversity are treated in separate chapters. Four contributions deal with demography and ecophysiology in vegetation succession following disturbance. The volume closes with a consideration of the future addressing aspects of environmental politics.
Category: Science

Bulldozer

Author : Francesca Russello Ammon
ISBN : 9780300220544
Genre : History
File Size : 83.1 MB
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Although the decades following World War II stand out as an era of rapid growth and construction in the United States, those years were equally significant for large-scale destruction. In order to clear space for new suburban tract housing, an ambitious system of interstate highways, and extensive urban renewal development, wrecking companies demolished buildings while earthmoving contractors leveled land at an unprecedented pace and scale. In this pioneering history, Francesca Russello Ammon explores how postwar America came to equate this destruction with progress. The bulldozer functioned as both the means and the metaphor for this work. As the machine transformed from a wartime weapon into an instrument of postwar planning, it helped realize a landscape-altering “culture of clearance.” In the hands of the military, planners, politicians, engineers, construction workers, and even children’s book authors, the bulldozer became an American icon. Yet social and environmental injustices emerged as clearance projects continued unabated. This awareness spurred environmental, preservationist, and citizen participation efforts that have helped to slow, though not entirely stop, the momentum of the postwar bulldozer.
Category: History