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Combatants Of Muslim Origin In European Armies In The Twentieth Century

Author : Xavier Bougarel
ISBN : 9781474249447
Genre : History
File Size : 75.67 MB
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During the two World Wars that marked the 20th century, hundreds of thousands of non-European combatants fought in the ranks of various European armies. The majority of these soldiers were Muslims from North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Central Asia, or the Indian Subcontinent. How are these combatants considered in existing historiography? Over the past few decades, research on war has experienced a wide-reaching renewal, with increased emphasis on the social and cultural dimensions of war, and a desire to reconstruct the experience and viewpoint of the combatants themselves. This volume reintroduces the question of religious belonging and practice into the study of Muslim combatants in European armies in the 20th century, focusing on the combatants' viewpoint alongside that of the administrations and military hierarchy.
Category: History

French Colonialism Unmasked

Author : Ruth Ginio
ISBN : 9780803253803
Genre : History
File Size : 78.36 MB
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Before the Vichy regime, there was ostensibly only one France and one form of colonialism for French West Africa (FWA). World War II and the division of France into two ideological camps, each asking for legitimacy from the colonized, opened for Africans numerous unprecedented options. French Colonialism Unmasked analyzes three dramatic years in the history of FWA, from 1940 to 1943, in which the Vichy regime tried to impose the ideology of the National Revolution in the region. Ruth Ginio shows how this was a watershed period in the history of the region by providing an in-depth examination of the Vichy colonial visions and practices in fwa. She describes the intriguing encounters between the colonial regime and African society along with the responses of different sectors in the African population to the Vichy policy. Although French Colonialism Unmasked focuses on one region within the French Empire, it has relevance to French colonial history in general by providing one of the missing pieces in research on Vichy colonialism. Ruth Ginio is a research fellow at the Harry S. Truman Research Institute for the Advancement of Peace in the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. She is the author of articles in International Journal of African Historical Studies, Revue d'histoire moderne et contemporaine, Cahiers d'etudes africaines, and several other journals.
Category: History

Immigration And National Identity

Author : Rabah Aissaoui
ISBN : 9780857713469
Genre : History
File Size : 73.84 MB
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Immigration is at the heart of social, cultural and political debate in France, a country still struggling to come to terms with its postcolonial legacy. Popular opinion and political and media discourse view postcolonial immigration in France as presenting new challenges to the French model of integration and national identity, as exemplified by the Maghrebis who are believed to be relatively recent arrivals with social, cultural and religious practices that are ‘irreconcilably’ different from those of the French. This perspective ignores the long history of complex ties between France and North Africa since the colonial era, and the fact that Maghrebis have lived in France since the early twentieth century. _x000D_ _x000D_ ‘Immigration and National Identity’ challenges these widely held beliefs by presenting the migrants’ perspective and a pathbreaking account of their political mobilisation from the colonial to the postcolonial period. Here Aissaoui shows us how these immigrants were able to forge a sense of national identity shaped by ethnicity, class, culture, religion and memory. While the Maghrebis have been generally viewed as passive and largely invisible workers they were, in fact, able to construct a powerful and consistent political tradition which has had a lasting impact on the politics of France and North Africa. The Algerian nationalist movement in France - the Etoile nord-africaine (ENA) and the Parti du peuple algérien (PPA) - emerged during the inter-war period and played an important role in the Algerian anti-colonial struggle after the Second World War. Aissaoui also discusses the emergence, in the postcolonial period, of new forms of political activism such as the Mouvement des travailleurs arabes (MTA) and the mobilisation of Maghrebi immigrants in the 1970s. Combining insights from the archive and interviews with political activists, he examines the diaspora’s voice, their struggle against racism and oppression and their often complex relationship with French political parties and other immigrant groups. _x000D_ _x000D_ ‘Immigration and National Identity’ foregrounds the migrants’ perspective and the necessary historical background to the fraught contemporary context of immigrant communities in France. Emphasizing the links between earlier forms of political discourse and organisation and the present tensions of immigrant life in a postcolonial world, this book will be valuable for all those concerned with immigration, colonialism and postcolonialism, cultural studies, sociology and the study of contemporary France. _x000D_
Category: History

Mecca Of Revolution

Author : Jeffrey James Byrne
ISBN : 9780199899159
Genre : History
File Size : 76.50 MB
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Mecca of Revolution traces the ideological and methodological evolution of the Algerian Revolution, showing how an anticolonial nationalist struggle culminated in independent Algeria's ambitious agenda to reshape not only its own society, but international society too. In this work, Jeffrey James Byrne first examines the changing politics and international strategies of the Algerian National Liberation Front (FLN) during its war with France, including the embrace of more encompassing visions of "decolonization" that necessitated socio-economic transformation on a global scale along Marxist/Leninist/Fanonist/Maoist/Guevarian lines. After independence, the Algerians played a leading role in Arab-African affairs as well as the far-reaching Third World project that challenged structural inequalities in the international system and the world economy, including initiatives such as the Non-Aligned Movement, the G77, and the Afro-Asian movement. At the same time, Algiers, nicknamed the "Mecca of Revolution," became a key nexus in an intercontinental transnational network of liberation movements, revolutionaries, and radical groups of various kinds. Drawing on unprecedented access to archival materials from the FLN, the independent Algerian state, and half a dozen other countries, Byrne narrates a postcolonial, or "South-South," international history. He situates dominant paradigms such as the Cold War in the larger context of decolonization and sheds new light on the relationships between the emergent elites of Africa, the Middle East, Asia, and Latin America. Mecca of Revolution shows how Third Worldism evolved from a subversive transnational phenomenon into a mode of elite cooperation that reinforced the authority of the post-colonial state. In so doing, the Third World movement played a key role in the construction of the totalizing international order of the late-twentieth century.
Category: History

La Construction Du Discours Colonial L Empire Fran Ais Aux Xixe Et Xxe Si Cles

Author :
ISBN : 9782811130589
Genre :
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La question de la colonisation est redevenue un enjeu d'actualité et l'objet d'une demande sociale. Les controverses actuelles s'inscrivent dans des continuités qui expliquent en partie leur acuité et dont l'historicité est pourtant niée par certains acteurs. Au-delà des polémiques immédiates, l'ouvrage entend retracer le fil de l'élaboration de cette histoire des relations contemporaines entre la France et les mondes extra-européens, qualifiée d'histoire de la colonisation, d'histoire de l'impérialiste, d'histoire du fait colonial, etc. La multiplicité des expressions atteste de l'évolution des discours pour désigner une histoire qui a été plurielle, complexe et évolutive, tant dans sa perception que dans son écriture.

Images D Afrique Et Sciences Sociales

Author :
ISBN : 2865373975
Genre : Birifor (African people)
File Size : 41.24 MB
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L'image est-elle un outil de la recherche pour l'historien, l'anthropologue, l'archéologue, le géographe, l'économiste ? Depuis toujours, l'image est pour certains à la base de la méthode d'observation et d'analyse et donc d'une construction du réel ; pour d'autres, elle est au mieux un élément d'illustration d'un travail achevé, quand elle n'est pas complètement superflue. Les auteurs ont voulu prendre ici le pari de lancer une interrogation sur le statut de l'image dans le travail d'un groupe de chercheurs et d'universitaires réunis par un même champ d'intérêt, la recherche dans le domaine des sciences sociales en " pays lobi " (Lobi-Birifor-Dagara) du Burkina Faso, de Côte-d'Ivoire et du Ghana. Plus de 50 chercheurs originaires d'Afrique de l'Ouest et d'un grand nombre de pays européens se sont réunis pendant une semaine dans le principal pays concerné, à Ouagadougou au Burkina Faso, pour aborder sous cet éclairage particulier des domaines très divers (histoire, religion, art, économie, développement). Cet ouvrage donne un aperçu de l'état des recherches et de la très riche documentation iconographique (photographies, films, vidéo, dessins) couvrant près d'un siècle, réunie à cette occasion et qui a servi de " matière " aux débats.
Category: Birifor (African people)

Algeria France 1800 2000

Author : Patricia M. E. Lorcin
ISBN : 0815630743
Genre : History
File Size : 64.88 MB
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This is a cohesive collection that brings together the most recent and innovative scholarship on the subject of memory and identity in the France-Algeria colonial and postcolonial relationship, exploring topics from history and photography to culture and religion. The relationship between Algeria and France that formed during the 132 years of colonial rule did not end in 1962 when Algeria gained its independence. This long period of occupation left an indelible mark on the social fabric of both societies, one that continues to influence their cultures, identities, and politics. Wide-ranging in scope yet complementary in focus, the essays deftly convey the extent to which the French colonial experience in Algeria resonates on both sides of the Mediterranean. Young and established scholars shed light on the linguistic, cultural, and social mechanisms of violence, remembrance, forgetting, fantasy, nostalgia, prejudice, mythmaking, and fractured identity.
Category: History

The Colonial Legacy In France

Author : Nicolas Bancel
ISBN : 9780253026514
Genre : History
File Size : 29.30 MB
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Debates about the legacy of colonialism in France are not new, but they have taken on new urgency in the wake of recent terrorist attacks. Responding to acts of religious and racial violence in 2005, 2010, and 2015 and beyond, the essays in this volume pit French ideals against government-sponsored revisionist decrees that have exacerbated tensions, complicated the process of establishing and recording national memory, and triggered divisive debates on what it means to identify as French. As they document the checkered legacy of French colonialism, the contributors raise questions about France and the contemporary role of Islam, the banlieues, immigration, race, history, pedagogy, and the future of the Republic. This innovative volume reconsiders the cultural, economic, political, and social realities facing global French citizens today and includes contributions by Achille Mbembe, Benjamin Stora, Françoise Vergès, Alec Hargreaves,Elsa Dorlin,and Alain Mabanckou, among others.
Category: History