KNOW THIS TODAYS MOST INTERESTING AND IMPORTANT SCIENTIFIC IDEAS DISCOVERIES AND DEVELOPMENTS

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Know This

Author : Mr. John Brockman
ISBN : 9780062562074
Genre : Science
File Size : 72.17 MB
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Today's most visionary thinkers reveal the cutting-edge scientific ideas and breakthroughs you must understand. Scientific developments radically change and enlighten our understanding of the world -- whether it's advances in technology and medical research or the latest revelations of neuroscience, psychology, physics, economics, anthropology, climatology, or genetics. And yet amid the flood of information today, it's often difficult to recognize the truly revolutionary ideas that will have lasting impact. In the spirit of identifying the most significant new theories and discoveries, John Brockman, publisher of Edge.org ("The world's smartest website" -- The Guardian), asked 198 of the finest minds What do you consider the most interesting recent scientific news? What makes it important? Pulitzer Prize-winning author of Guns, Germs, and Steel Jared Diamond on the best way to understand complex problems * author of Seven Brief Lessons on Physics Carlo Rovelli on the mystery of black holes * Harvard psychologist Steven Pinker on the quantification of human progress * TED Talks curator Chris J. Anderson on the growth of the global brain * Harvard cosmologist Lisa Randall on the true measure of breakthrough discoveries * Nobel Prize-winning physicist Frank Wilczek on why the twenty-first century will be shaped by our mastery of the laws of matter * philosopher Rebecca Newberger Goldstein on the underestimation of female genius * music legend Peter Gabriel on tearing down the barriers between imagination and reality * Princeton physicist Freeman Dyson on the surprising ability of small (and cheap) upstarts to compete with billion-dollar projects. Plus Nobel laureate John C. Mather, Sun Microsystems cofounder Bill Joy, Wired founding editor Kevin Kelly, psychologist Alison Gopnik, Genome author Matt Ridley, Harvard geneticist George Church, Why Does the World Exist? author Jim Holt, anthropologist Helen Fisher, and more.
Category: Science

Was Macht Uns Schlauer

Author : John Brockman
ISBN : 9783104026619
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 76.26 MB
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Der große Visionär, Wissenschaftsaktivist und Literaturagent John Brockmann hat den führenden Köpfen aus unterschiedlichsten Disziplinen die Frage gestellt, welche neuen wissenschaftlichen Konzepte und Ideen unser Wissen wesentlich erweitern werden. Hierbei sind die Naturwissenschaften ebenso wie die Philosophie, die Künste und die Rechts- und die Wirtschaftswissenschaften angesprochen. Eine spannende Debatte u. a. mit Daniel Kahneman, Richard Dawkins, Brian Eno, J. Craig Venter, Martin Rees, Ernst Pöppel, Gerd Gigerenzer, Nicholas Christakis, Lisa Randall, Hans Ulrich Obrist, Steven Pinker und George Dyson. »Man muss Brockman und den Wissenschaftlern dankbar sein. Viel zu selten werden Fragen diskutiert, die an unserem Selbstverständnis als Mensch rütteln oder Überzeugungen und mit ihnen Deutungshoheiten und Herrschaftsstrukturen in Frage stellen.« Deutschlandradio Kultur
Category: Social Science

The Rise Of Science

Author : Peter Shaver
ISBN : 9783319918129
Genre : Science
File Size : 64.50 MB
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How did science rise up to so dramatically change our world, and where will it take us in the future? This book gives a unique and broad overview. A brief history reveals the major phases and turning points in the rise of science from the earliest civilizations to the present: How was science ‘discovered’? Why did it disappear a few times? When did it become ‘modern’? A critical assessment examines how science actually ‘happens’: the triumphs, the struggles, the mistakes and the luck. Science today is endlessly fascinating, and this book explores the current exponential growth, curiosity-driven vs. goal-oriented research, big and small science, the support of science, the relation of science to society, philosophy and religion, and the benefits and dangers of science. Finally a glimpse into the future: Will the current pace of science continue? Will we ever go backwards (again)? What remains to be discovered? Can science ever be complete? What can we imagine for the distant future? This book will be of wide interest to the general reader as well as to students and working scientists. This book provides a fresh, unique and insightful coverage of the processes of science, its impact on society and our understanding of the world, based on the author’s experience gained from a lifetime in science. Ron Ekers, FRS, CSIRO Fellow, CSIRO Astronomy & Space Science, former President of the International Astronomical Union Peter Shaver's comprehensive and lively survey deserves a wide readership. Scientific discoveries are part of our global culture and heritage, and they underpin our lives. It's fascinating to learn how they were made, and how they fit into the grand scheme. This book isn't just for scientists - it's written for all of us. Martin Rees, FRS, Astronomer Royal, former President of the Royal Society and former Master of Trinity College, Cambridge This book offers a wonderfully concise and accessible insight into science – its history, breadth and future prospects. Peter Shaver gives a feeling for what it actually means to be a practicing scientist. Stephen Simpson, FRS, Academic Director, Charles Perkins Centre, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Sydney
Category: Science

Epistemology For The Rest Of The World

Author : Stephen Stich
ISBN : 9780190865108
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 32.68 MB
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Since the heyday of ordinary language philosophy, Anglophone epistemologists have devoted a great deal of attention to the English word 'know' and to English sentences used to attribute knowledge. Even today, many epistemologists, including contextualists and subject-sensitive invariantists are concerned with the truth conditions of "S knows that p," or the proposition it expresses. In all of this literature, the method of cases is used, where a situation is described in English, and then philosophers judge whether it is true that S knows that p, or whether saying "S knows that p" is false, deviant, etc. in that situation. However, English is just one of over 6000 languages spoken around the world, and is the native language of less than 6% of the world's population. When Western epistemology first emerged, in ancient Greece, English did not even exist. So why should we think that facts about the English word "know," the concept it expresses, or subtle semantic properties of "S knows that p" have important implications for epistemology? Are the properties of the English word "know" and the English sentence 'S knows that p' shared by their translations in most or all languages? If that turned out to be true, it would be a remarkable fact that cries out for an explanation. But if it turned out to be false, what are the implications for epistemology? Should epistemologists study knowledge attributions in languages other than English with the same diligence they have shown for the study of English knowledge attributions? If not, why not? In what ways do the concepts expressed by 'know' and its counterparts in different languages differ? And what should epistemologists make of all this? The papers collected here discuss these questions and related issues, and aim to contribute to this important topic and epistemology in general.
Category: Philosophy

Science Fiction And The Imitation Of The Sacred

Author : Richard Grigg
ISBN : 9781350065659
Genre : Religion
File Size : 51.70 MB
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This book examines science fiction's relationship to religion and the sacred through the lens of significant books, films and television shows. It provides a clear account of the larger cultural and philosophical significance of science fiction, and explores its potential sacrality in today's secular world by analyzing material such as Ray Bradbury's classic novel The Martian Chronicles, films The Abyss and 2001: A Space Odyssey, and also the Star Trek universe. Richard Grigg argues that science fiction is born of nostalgia for a truly 'Other' reality that is no longer available to us, and that the most accurate way to see the relationship between science fiction and traditional approaches to the sacred is as an imitation of true sacrality; this, he suggests, is the best option in a secular age. He demonstrates this by setting forth five definitions of the sacred and then, in consecutive chapters, investigating particular works of science fiction and showing just how they incarnate those definitions. Science Fiction and the Imitation of the Sacred also considers the qualifiers that suggest that science fiction can only imitate the sacred, not genuinely replicate it, and assesses the implications of this investigation for our understanding of secularity and science fiction.
Category: Religion

The 100 Most Outrageous Hoaxes And Mistakes

Author : Susan Elkin
ISBN : 9781502632890
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 79.83 MB
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Scientific breakthroughs are often regarded with suspicion, especially those that diverge substantially from established theories. New ideas are tested by scientists around the world to ensure that they hold up to scrutiny. This book takes a look at the instances when, despite these precautions, the scientific community got it wrong. The book includes the most infamous cases of fraud and famous mistakes that initially had scientists fooled.
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Sieben Kurze Lektionen Ber Physik

Author : Carlo Rovelli
ISBN : 9783644052215
Genre : Science
File Size : 63.87 MB
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Hundert schmale Seiten reichen, um die Physik der Moderne zu erklären Wo kommen wir her? Was können wir wissen? Seit ihren umwälzenden Entdeckungen im zwanzigsten Jahrhundert spüren Physiker den Kräften und Teilchen nach, die die Welt im Innersten und Äußersten zusammenhalten. Für jedermann verständlich, hat Carlo Rovelli dieses zauberhafte Buch darüber geschrieben. Es stürmte in wenigen Wochen an die Spitze der italienischen Bestsellerliste und wird derzeit in fast zwanzig Sprachen übersetzt. In eleganten, klaren Sätzen erklärt Rovelli die Physik der Moderne: Einstein und die Relativitätstheorie, Max Planck und die Quantenmechanik, die Entstehung des Universums, Schwarze Löcher, die Elementarteilchen, die Beschaffenheit von Raum und Zeit – und die Loop-Theorie, sein ureigenstes Arbeitsfeld. Ein Buch, das jeder verstehen kann – ein Lesevergnügen zum Staunen, Genießen und Mitreden können. «Von Natur aus wollen wir immer mehr wissen und immer weiter lernen. Unser Wissen über die Welt wächst. Uns treibt der Drang nach Erkenntnis und lernend stoßen wir an Grenzen. In den tiefsten Tiefen des Raumgewebes, im Ursprung des Kosmos, im Wesen der Zeit, im Schicksal der Schwarzen Löcher und im Funktionieren unseres eigenen Denkens. Hier, an den Grenzen unseres Wissens, wo sich das Meer unseres Nichtwissens vor uns auftut, leuchten das Geheimnis der Welt, die Schönheit der Welt, und es verschlägt uns den Atem.», schreibt Carlo Rovelli.
Category: Science

Eine Kurze Geschichte Der Menschheit

Author : Yuval Noah Harari
ISBN : 9783641104986
Genre : History
File Size : 82.74 MB
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
Category: History