JUST BABIES THE ORIGINS OF GOOD AND EVIL

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Just Babies

Author : Paul Bloom
ISBN : 9780307886866
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 62.18 MB
Format : PDF
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A leading cognitive scientist argues that a deep sense of good and evil is bred in the bone. From John Locke to Sigmund Freud, philosophers and psychologists have long believed that we begin life as blank moral slates. Many of us take for granted that babies are born selfish and that it is the role of society—and especially parents—to transform them from little sociopaths into civilized beings. In Just Babies, Paul Bloom argues that humans are in fact hardwired with a sense of morality. Drawing on groundbreaking research at Yale, Bloom demonstrates that, even before they can speak or walk, babies judge the goodness and badness of others’ actions; feel empathy and compassion; act to soothe those in distress; and have a rudimentary sense of justice. Still, this innate morality is limited, sometimes tragically. We are naturally hostile to strangers, prone to parochialism and bigotry. Bringing together insights from psychology, behavioral economics, evolutionary biology, and philosophy, Bloom explores how we have come to surpass these limitations. Along the way, he examines the morality of chimpanzees, violent psychopaths, religious extremists, and Ivy League professors, and explores our often puzzling moral feelings about sex, politics, religion, and race. In his analysis of the morality of children and adults, Bloom rejects the fashionable view that our moral decisions are driven mainly by gut feelings and unconscious biases. Just as reason has driven our great scientific discoveries, he argues, it is reason and deliberation that makes possible our moral discoveries, such as the wrongness of slavery. Ultimately, it is through our imagination, our compassion, and our uniquely human capacity for rational thought that we can transcend the primitive sense of morality we were born with, becoming more than just babies. Paul Bloom has a gift for bringing abstract ideas to life, moving seamlessly from Darwin, Herodotus, and Adam Smith to The Princess Bride, Hannibal Lecter, and Louis C.K. Vivid, witty, and intellectually probing, Just Babies offers a radical new perspective on our moral lives. From the Hardcover edition.
Category: Psychology

Just Babies

Author : Paul Bloom
ISBN : 1847921620
Genre : Australia
File Size : 88.51 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Psychologists have long believed that we begin life as moral blank slates. Most of us take it for granted that babies are born selfish and that it is the role of society - and especially parents - to transform them from little sociopaths into civilised beings. Now, in Just Babies, Paul Bloom argue that humans are in fact hardwired with a sense of morality. Drawing on groundbreaking research, Bloom demonstrates that even before they can speak or walk, babies judge the goodness and badness of others' actions; act to soothe those in distress; and feel empathy, guilt, pride and righteous anger. Still, this innate morality is limited. We are naturally hostile to strangers, prone to parochialism and bigotry. Drawing on insights from psychology, behavioural economics, evolutionary biology and philosophy, Bloom explores how we have come to surpass these limitations. Along the way, he examines the morality of chimpanzees, criminals, religious extremists and Ivy League professors, and explores out often puzzling moral feelings about sex, politics, religion and race. Bloom rejects the fashionable view that adult morality is driven mainly by gut feelings and unconscious biases. Just as reason has driven our great scientific discoveries, it is reason and deliberation that makes possible our moral discoveries. Ultimately, it is through our imagination, our compassion and our uniquely human capacity for rational thought that we can transcend the primitive sense of morality we were born with, becoming more than just babies. Vivid, witty, and intellectually probing, Just Babies offers a radical new perspective on our moral lives.
Category: Australia

Author :
ISBN : 9789772937554
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 89.13 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
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أجل إننا لسنا نوافق أفلاطون في كل نظرياته, وقد نشرناها على مسؤوليته، ولكننا معجبون وأكثر من معجبين, بنظام تفكيره, ورحابة صدره, وضبطه في الإحكام, وفيض بلاغته وبيانه. ونشاركه في غرض التأليف العام وهو((السعادة)) وفي الوسيلة الخاصة المؤدية إلى ذلك الغرض وهي ((الفضيلة)) ونافقه في أن الفضيلة تراد لذاتها ونتائجها. وفي أن الفرد دولة مصغرة والدولة جسـم كبير, وأن ما يسعد الدولة يسـعد الفرد، وأن الرجل الكـامل – المثـل الأعلى – هو الذي تحكم عقله في شهواته, وانقادت حماسته إلى حكمته, وعاش ومات في خدمة المجموع. body,div,table,thead,tbody,tfoot,tr,th,td,p { font-family:"Calibri"; font-size:x-small } a.comment-indicator:hover + comment { background:#ffd; position:absolute; display:block; border:1px solid black; padding:0.5em; } a.comment-indicator { background:red; display:inline-block; border:1px solid black; width:0.5em; height:0.5em; } comment { display:none; }
Category: Philosophy

Mad Nat All H

Author : Augustinus,
ISBN : 2721449915
Genre : Apologetics
File Size : 37.68 MB
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Category: Apologetics

Author : اريك هوفر
ISBN : 9789960549477
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 31.9 MB
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قالت (وول ستريت جورنال): «إذا أردتَ معلوماتٍ صحيحة مختصرة عن الدوافع التي تعمل في عقول المتعصبين وعن آليات الحركات الجماهيرية في أشد مستوياتها البدائية فأقترح عليك أن تقرأ هذا الكتاب». - بينما كان إريك هوفر يعمل على أرصفة تحميل السفن وتفريغها في سان فرانسيسكو في الأربعينيات من القرن الماضي كان يشغل وقت فراغه في كتابة البحوث الفلسفية، وهذا الكتاب (المؤمن الصادق) هو أول كتبه وأهمها، وقد قفز إلى قائمة أفضل الكتب مبيعاً، عندما استشهد به الرئيس أيزنهاور في إحدى ندواته التلفزيونية. إن الكتاب لا يزال منسجماً تمام الانسجام مع ظروف العالم اليوم، وهو وضروري لفهم مجريات الأحداث فيه؛ إذ يقدم صورة مثيرة للعقل المتعصب، ودراسة عميقة للطريقة التي يتحول بها الإنسان ليصبح متطرفاً. العبيكان للنشر
Category: Psychology

The Role Playing Society

Author : Andrew Byers
ISBN : 9780786498833
Genre : Games
File Size : 70.94 MB
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Since the release of Dungeons & Dragons in 1974, role-playing games (RPGs) have spawned a vibrant industry and subculture whose origins, characteristics, cultures and player experiences have been well explored. Yet there has been little attention devoted to the meaningful ways RPGs have shaped society at large over the last four decades. RPGs were influential on video game design and have been widely represented in film, television and other media. They have made their mark on other areas of society, as well, including education, social media, corporate training and the military. This collection of new essays illustrates the broad appeal and impact of RPGs. Topics range from a critical reexamination of the Satanic Panic of the 1980s, to the growing significance of RPGs in education, to the potential for "serious" RPGs to provoke awareness and social change. The contributors discuss the myriad subtle (and not-so-subtle) ways in which the values, concepts and mechanics of RPGs have infiltrated popular culture.
Category: Games

Hansel Et Gretel

Author : Joan Cameron
ISBN : 0721412823
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 88.59 MB
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A retelling of the familiar tale in which two children abandoned in the forest find their way home despite an encounter with a wicked witch.
Category: Fiction

Author : هربرت جورج ويلز
ISBN :
Genre : Comics & Graphic Novels
File Size : 35.18 MB
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الرجل الخفي ، هي رواية خيال علمي كتبها هربرت جورج ويلز ونشرت في عام 1897. ونشرت في البداية كمسلسل في جريدة بيرسون الأسبوعية في عام 1897، ونشرت كرواية في نفس العام. تدور الرواية حول غريفين، وهو عالم كرس نفسه لأبحاث البصريات، حيث يخترع وسيلة لتغيير معامل الانكسار في الجسم إلى معامل الهواء بحيث يمتص ويعكس أي ضوء، وبالتالي يصبح غير مرئي. ينجح في التجربة بعد أن طبقها على نفسه، ولكنه يفشل في عكس المفعول ، خلافا لسابقاتها، آلة الزمن وجزيرة الدكتور مورو، التي استخدم فيها ويلز رواية الشخص الأول، فقد تبنى ويلز يتبنى منظور الشخص الثالث في هذه الرواية.
Category: Comics & Graphic Novels

Author : فريدريك نيتشه
ISBN :
Genre :
File Size : 36.87 MB
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إن نيتشه مفكر جبار يفتح أمام الفرد آفاقًا وسيعة في مجال القوة والثقة بالنفس وتحرير الحياة من المسكنة والذل، تائقًّا إلى إيجاد إنسان يتفوق على إنسانيته بالمجاهدة والتغلب على العناصر والعادات والتقاليد وما توارثته الأجيال من العقائد الموهنة للعزم؛ يقف وقفة الحائر المتردد عندما يحاول إقامة مجتمعٍ لأفراده المتفوقين بل هو يضطر إلى نقض أوليَّاته القائمة على احتقار الرحمة والرحماء حتى ينتهي إلى قوله: "إن العالم الذي يتفوق على الإنسانية إنما يعود بها بعد هذا الجنوح إلى بذل حبه للأصاغر ".. وهكذا ترى زرادشت الداعي إلى تحطيم ألواح الوصايا جميعها، وإلى إنكار الشريعة الأدبية لإقامة شرعة جديدة ما وراء الخير والشر.
Category:

The Moral Arc

Author : Michael Shermer
ISBN : 9780805096934
Genre : Science
File Size : 69.19 MB
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Bestselling author Michael Shermer's exploration of science and morality that demonstrates how the scientific way of thinking has made people, and society as a whole, more moral From Galileo and Newton to Thomas Hobbes and Martin Luther King, Jr., thinkers throughout history have consciously employed scientific techniques to better understand the non-physical world. The Age of Reason and the Enlightenment led theorists to apply scientific reasoning to the non-scientific disciplines of politics, economics, and moral philosophy. Instead of relying on the woodcuts of dissected bodies in old medical texts, physicians opened bodies themselves to see what was there; instead of divining truth through the authority of an ancient holy book or philosophical treatise, people began to explore the book of nature for themselves through travel and exploration; instead of the supernatural belief in the divine right of kings, people employed a natural belief in the right of democracy. In The Moral Arc, Shermer will explain how abstract reasoning, rationality, empiricism, skepticism--scientific ways of thinking--have profoundly changed the way we perceive morality and, indeed, move us ever closer to a more just world.
Category: Science