JOHN LLOYD STEPHENS AND FREDERICK CATHERWOOD PIONEERS OF MAYAN ARCHAEOLOGY

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John Lloyd Stephens And Frederick Catherwood

Author : Peter O. Koch
ISBN : 9780786471072
Genre : Art
File Size : 59.14 MB
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"John Lloyd Stephens, a New York lawyer and best-selling author, and Frederick Catherwood, a London architect and renowned topographical artist, endured many life-threatening obstacles in a determined effort that led to the discovery of nearly fifty forgotten Mayan cities buried deep in the jungles of Central America and Mexico. "--Provided by publisher.
Category: Art

Jungle Of Stone

Author : William Carlsen
ISBN : 9780062407429
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 21.34 MB
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“Thrilling. …A captivating history of two men who dramatically changed their contemporaries’ view of the past.” — Kirkus (starred review) In 1839 rumors of extraordinary yet baffling stone ruins buried within the unmapped jungles of Central America reached two of the world’s most intrepid travelers. Seized by the reports, American diplomat John Lloyd Stephens and British artist Frederick Catherwood—each already celebrated for their adventures in Egypt, the Holy Land, Greece, and Rome—sailed together out of New York Harbor on an expedition into the forbidding rainforests of present-day Honduras, Guatemala, and Mexico. What they found would re-write the West’s understanding of human history. In the tradition of Lost City of Z and In the Kingdom of Ice, former San Francisco Chronicle journalist and Pulitzer Prize finalist William Carlsen reveals the unforgettable true story of the discovery of the ancient Maya. Enduring disease, war, and the torments of nature and terrain, Stephens and Catherwood meticulously uncovered and documented the remains of an astonishing civilization that had flourished in the Americas at the same time as classic Greece and Rome—and had been its rival in art, architecture, and power. Their remarkable book about the experience, written by Stephens and illustrated by Catherwood, became a sensation, hailed by Edgar Allen Poe as “perhaps the most interesting book of travel ever published” and recognized today as the birth of American archeology. Most importantly, Stephens and Catherwood were the first to grasp the significance of the Maya remains, recognizing that their antiquity and sophistication overturned the West’s assumptions about the development of civilization. By the time of the flowering of classical Greece (400 B.C.), the Maya were already constructing pyramids and temples around central plazas. Within a few hundred years the structures took on a monumental scale that required millions of man-hours of labor, technical and organizational expertise. Over the next millennium dozens of city-states evolved, each governed by powerful lords, some with populations larger than any city in Europe at the time, and connected by road-like causeways of crushed stone. The Maya developed a cohesive, unified cosmology, an array of common gods, a creation story, and a shared artistic and architectural vision. They created dazzling stucco and stone monuments and bas reliefs, sculpting figures and hieroglyphs with refined artistic skill. At their peak, an estimated ten million people occupied the Maya’s heartland on the Yucatan Peninsula, a region where only half a million now live. And yet, by the time the Spanish reached the “New World,” the classic-era Maya had all but disappeared; they would remain a mystery for the next three hundred years. Today, the tables are turned: the Maya are justly famous, if sometimes misunderstood, while Stephens and Catherwood have been all but forgotten. Based on Carlsen’s rigorous research and his own 1,500-mile journey throughout the Yucatan and Central America, Jungle of Stone is equally a thrilling adventure narrative and a revelatory work of history that corrects our understanding of the Maya and the two remarkable men who set out in 1839 to find them.
Category: Biography & Autobiography

The Aztecs The Conquistadors And The Making Of Mexican Culture

Author : Peter O Koch
ISBN : 9781476621067
Genre : History
File Size : 52.29 MB
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Tracing events from the discovery of the New World through the fall of the Aztec empire in 1521, this book discusses the battles between the Spanish explorers and the Aztecs - battles that culminated in the ruin of a civilization. The first half of the work alternates between Aztec and Spanish history, discussing events and motivations on each side as the two cultures expanded toward one another on their way to inevitable conflict. Placing special emphasis on Aztec mythology and religious beliefs, the author explains how the Spanish exploited the Aztecs' own cultural practices to insure the success of their invasion. The gold-and-glory engines driving the Spanish Crown and the actions of contemporary Spanish explorers such as Juan Ponce de Leon and Francisco Cordoba are examined. The concluding chapters give a thorough account of the struggle between Hernan Cortes and the Aztec ruler Montezuma,
Category: History

The Catherwood Project

Author : Leandro Katz
ISBN : 9780826358509
Genre : Art
File Size : 39.29 MB
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The work of Argentine photographer Leandro Katz is presented here in dialogue with the nineteenth-century artist Frederick Catherwood, whose images of Maya ruins have fascinated viewers for more than a century. Catherwood’s daguerreotypes and sketches, originally published to illustrate the travel narratives of John Lloyd Stephens, are among the most accurate depictions of important Maya sites before the advent of modern archaeology. Katz’s photos of the same sites, most of which are previously unpublished, are presented alongside Jesse Lerner’s essay, which explores their connections to the history of archaeology, their resonance in contemporary art, and the evolution of an artist who seamlessly integrates form and content.
Category: Art

The Great Archaeologists

Author : Brian M. Fagan
ISBN : 9780500772379
Genre : History
File Size : 51.46 MB
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The story of how lost civilizations, buried cities, and ancient scripts were rediscovered for the modern age, as seen through the lives and exploits of the great archaeologists who made these phenomenal finds The Great Archaeologists takes the reader on a journey from the first attempt to establish just how ancient the "ancient past" really was, through the revelatory discovery of lost civilizations and unknown cultures, right up to today’s search for explanations about the past. We meet Thomsen and Worsaae, Danish researchers and rivals, and Sanz de Sautuola and Abbé Breuil, who astonished the world with their discoveries of cave art. Controversial figures such as Heinrich Schliemann and the Hungarian Aurel Stein, plunderer of ancient manuscripts from Central Asia, are given new assessments. Little-known pioneers such as Max Uhle in Peru and Li Chi in China are set beside the giants in the field—from Koldewey, Dörpfeld, and Woolley in the Near East, to Louis and Mary Leakey, who transformed knowledge of our African ancestry. Other indomitable women include Gertrude Bell, Kathleen Kenyon, and the script-decipherer Tatiana Proskouriakoff. Brian Fagan has assembled a team of some of the world’s greatest living archaeologists to write knowledgeably and entertainingly about their distinguished predecessors in this handsome volume, full of fascinating anecdotes, personal accounts, and unexpected insights.
Category: History

The Man Who Found The Maya

Author : Steven Frimmer
ISBN : 9781453508497
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 40.35 MB
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Starting as a typical tourist, John Lloyd Stephens developed into an adventurous traveler and popular author, hailed as our greatest travel writer. Then he blossomed into an intrepid explorer who found over forty sites of the virtually forgotten Maya, pioneering archaeology in the Americas, and rescuing from obscurity a lost civilization. His incredible travels, first in Europe, the Near East, and the Holy Land, and then in the jungles of Central America and Mexico, mark him as a kind of nineteenth-century Indiana Jones. How he transformed from the wandering tourist who scrawled his name on ancient monuments to the dedicated discoverer whose theories about the Maya were often years ahead of the scholars is as fascinating as the exploits he chronicled in his books. Based largely on Stephens's own writings, this biography presents the man in the widely different settings that marked his colorful career the society of his beloved nineteenth-century New York, the forbidding desert of Arabia, plague-ridden Constantinople, and the uncharted mountains and steaming jungles where the hidden Maya temples and cities lay under centuries of almost impenetrable vegetation. Readers will see through Stephens's eyes the hieroglyphic covered temples of ancient Luxor, the hidden city of Petra, carved out of living rock, and the moment he comes upon the walls of Copan, one of the great moments in archaeology. From his childhood in a booming young New York City, to his years as a lawyer dabbling in politics, to his travels and his four successful books about those travels, to his subsequent career as a businessman, Stephens was a fascinating figure and an interesting one to read about. STEVEN FRIMMER is a retired editor, with more than thirty years experience in book publishing, and is the author of three previously published books on archaeology.
Category: Biography & Autobiography

William Hickling Prescott

Author : Peter O. Koch
ISBN : 9781476665337
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 27.26 MB
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William Hickling Prescott (1796-1859) was one of those rare historians who effectively melded history and literature in an elegant, compelling writing style that appealed to the casual reader, while still meeting the strict criteria of the scholar. Prescott was the first American historian to achieve international recognition with his critically acclaimed History of the Reign of Ferdinand and Isabella. Plagued by poor vision and chronic health issues, he was determined to make his mark as a historian. His follow-up work, The History of the Conquest of Mexico, is considered his masterpiece. Prescott went on to write A History of the Conquest of Peru, History of the Reign of Philip II and a 200-page addendum to William Robertson's History of the Reign of the Emperor Charles V. Drawing on correspondence and journal entries, this book traces the life of one of America's most celebrated historians.
Category: Biography & Autobiography