ISIS A HISTORY

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Isis

Author : Fawaz A. Gerges
ISBN : 9781400885596
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 36.1 MB
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The Islamic State has stunned the world with its savagery, destructiveness, and military and recruiting successes. What explains the rise of ISIS and what does it portend for the future of the Middle East? In this book, one of the world's leading authorities on political Islam and jihadism sheds new light on these questions as he provides a unique history of the rise and growth of ISIS. Moving beyond journalistic accounts, Fawaz Gerges provides a clear and compelling account of the deeper conditions that fuel ISIS. The book describes how ISIS emerged in the chaos of Iraq following the 2003 U.S. invasion, how the group was strengthened by the suppression of the Arab Spring and by the war in Syria, and how ISIS seized leadership of the jihadist movement from Al Qaeda. Part of a militant Sunni revival, ISIS claims its goals are to resurrect a caliphate and rid "Islamic lands" of all Shia and other minorities. In contrast to Al Qaeda, ISIS initially focused on the "near enemy"—Shia, the Iraqi and Syrian regimes, and secular, pro-Western states in the Middle East. But in a tactical shift ISIS has now taken responsibility for spectacular attacks in Europe and other places beyond the Middle East, making it clear that the group is increasingly interested in targeting the "far enemy" as well. Ultimately, the book shows how decades of dictatorship, poverty, and rising sectarianism in the Middle East, exacerbated by foreign intervention, led to the rise of ISIS—and why addressing those problems is the only way to ensure its end. An authoritative introduction to arguably the most important conflict in the world today, this is an essential book for anyone seeking a deeper understanding of the social turmoil and political violence ravaging the Arab-Islamic world.
Category: Political Science

Das Digitale Kalifat

Author : Abdel Bari Atwan
ISBN : 9783406697289
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 83.89 MB
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Der "Islamische Staat“ beruht auf zwei Pfeilern: auf seinem Territorium und auf einer digitalen Infrastruktur, mit der er hocheffizient organisiert wird. Abdel Bari Atwan, der das IS-Gebiet bereist und zahllose Interviews mit Jihadisten geführt hat, bietet in seinem Buch erstmals Einblicke in die digitalen Institutionen und Kommandostrukturen des IS und stellt dessen führende Köpfe vor. Viele Computerspiele faszinieren durch die Verbindung von mittelalterlichem Ambiente und Hightech. Genau hier liegt für viele Jihadisten auch die Faszination des IS, der eine "mittelalterliche“ Ordnung mit Hilfe des Internets aufrechterhält. Das Steuersystem orientiert sich am Koran, wird aber digital organisiert. Das Finanzwesen beruht auf dem Zinsverbot, verwaltet aber den Staatshaushalt und die Einnahmen aus Ölexport, Antiquitätenhandel und Entführung mit elektronischen Krypto-Währungen. Das Bildungswesen sorgt für Koranlektüre, aber auch für digital kompetenten Nachwuchs – auch weiblichen. Der Propagandaapparat setzt auf die Inszenierung von Gewalt und beschäftigt dafür eine ganze Armee von Fotografen, Video-Filmern und Spiele-Entwicklern. Atwan beschreibt die Rolle des Darknet und erklärt, warum die Cyber-Jihadisten dem elektronischen "Counter-Jihad“ immer eine Nasenlänge voraus sein werden. Sein alarmierender Bericht sollte allen zu denken geben, die den IS mit militärischen Mitteln besiegen wollen.
Category: Political Science

Schwarze Flaggen

Author : Joby Warrick
ISBN : 3806234779
Genre :
File Size : 67.33 MB
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Ich Bin Eure Stimme

Author : Nadia Murad
ISBN : 9783426450123
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 51.77 MB
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Am 3. August 2014 endet das Leben, wie Nadia Murad es kannte. Truppen des IS überfallen ihr jesidisches Dorf Kocho im Norden Iraks. Sie töten die Älteren und verschleppen die Jüngeren. Kleine Jungen sollen als Soldaten ausgebildet werden. Die Mädchen werden verschleppt und als Sklavinnen verkauft. An diesem Tag verliert Nadia Murad 44 Angehörige. Für sie beginnt ein beispielloses Martyrium: Drei Monate ist sie in der Gewalt des IS, wird Opfer von Demütigung, Folter, Vergewaltigung. Nur mit Glück und unvorstellbarem Mut gelingt ihr die Flucht vor ihren Peinigern. Sie schafft es in ein Flüchtlingslager und kommt von dort aus nach Deutschland. Tausende andere junge Frauen befinden sich bis heute in der Gewalt des IS. Deren Stimme zu sein und sie zu befreien hat Nadia Murad sich zur Aufgabe gemacht. Heute kämpft sie dafür, dass das Verbrechen des IS als Völkermord anerkannt wird und die Verantwortlichen vor den Internationalen Strafgerichtshof gestellt werden. Die Vereinten Nationen ernannten Nadia Murad zur Sonderbotschafterin, darüber hinaus wurde sie für den Friedensnobelpreis nominiert und mit dem Vaclav-Havel-Preises für Menschenrecht ausgezeichnet. Nun erzählt sie ihre bewegende Geschichte.
Category: Biography & Autobiography

The History Of Terrorism

Author : Gérard Chaliand
ISBN : 9780520966000
Genre : History
File Size : 56.60 MB
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This authoritative work provides an essential perspective on terrorism by offering a rare opportunity for analysis and reflection at a time of ongoing violence, threats, and reprisals. Some of the best international specialists on the subject examine terrorism’s complex history from antiquity to the present day and find that terror, long the weapon of the weak against the strong, is a tactic as old as warfare itself. Beginning with the Zealots of the first century CE, contributors go on to discuss the Assassins of the Middle Ages, the 1789 Terror movement in Europe, Bolshevik terrorism during the Russian Revolution, Stalinism, “resistance” terrorism during World War II, and Latin American revolutionary movements of the late 1960s. Finally, they consider the emergence of modern transnational terrorism, focusing on the roots of Islamic terrorism, al Qaeda, and the contemporary suicide martyr. Along the way, they provide a groundbreaking analysis of how terrorism has been perceived throughout history. What becomes powerfully clear is that only through deeper understanding can we fully grasp the present dangers of a phenomenon whose repercussions are far from over. This updated edition includes a new chapter analyzing the rise of ISIS and key events such as the 2015 Paris attacks.
Category: History

The Veil Of Isis

Author : Pierre Hadot
ISBN : 0674023161
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 24.9 MB
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Nearly twenty-five hundred years ago the Greek thinker Heraclitus supposedly uttered the cryptic words "Phusis kruptesthai philei." How the aphorism, usually translated as "Nature loves to hide," has haunted Western culture ever since is the subject of this engaging study by Pierre Hadot. Taking the allegorical figure of the veiled goddess Isis as a guide, and drawing on the work of both the ancients and later thinkers such as Goethe, Rilke, Wittgenstein, and Heidegger, Hadot traces successive interpretations of Heraclitus' words. Over time, Hadot finds, "Nature loves to hide" has meant that all that lives tends to die; that Nature wraps herself in myths; and (for Heidegger) that Being unveils as it veils itself. Meanwhile the pronouncement has been used to explain everything from the opacity of the natural world to our modern angst. From these kaleidoscopic exegeses and usages emerge two contradictory approaches to nature: the Promethean, or experimental-questing, approach, which embraces technology as a means of tearing the veil from Nature and revealing her secrets; and the Orphic, or contemplative-poetic, approach, according to which such a denuding of Nature is a grave trespass. In place of these two attitudes Hadot proposes one suggested by the Romantic vision of Rousseau, Goethe, and Schelling, who saw in the veiled Isis an allegorical expression of the sublime. "Nature is art and art is nature," Hadot writes, inviting us to embrace Isis and all she represents: art makes us intensely aware of how completely we ourselves are not merely surrounded by nature but also part of nature.
Category: Philosophy

The Isis Apocalypse

Author : William McCants
ISBN : 9781466892705
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 55.84 MB
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The Islamic State is one of the most lethal and successful jihadist groups in modern history, surpassing even al-Qaeda. Thousands of its followers have marched across Syria and Iraq, subjugating millions, enslaving women, beheading captives, and daring anyone to stop them. Thousands more have spread terror beyond the Middle East under the Islamic State's black flag. How did the Islamic State attract so many followers and conquer so much land? By being more ruthless, more apocalyptic, and more devoted to state-building than its competitors. The shrewd leaders of the Islamic State combined two of the most powerful yet contradictory ideas in Islam-the return of the Islamic Empire and the end of the world-into a mission and a message that shapes its strategy and inspires its army of zealous fighters. They have defied conventional thinking about how to wage wars and win recruits. Even if the Islamic State is defeated, jihadist terrorism will never be the same. Based almost entirely on primary sources in Arabic-including ancient religious texts and secret al-Qaeda and Islamic State letters that few have seen - William McCants' The ISIS Apocalypse explores how religious fervor, strategic calculation, and doomsday prophecy shaped the Islamic State's past and foreshadow its dark future.
Category: Political Science

The Islamic State Of Iraq And Syria

Author : Charles River Charles River Editors
ISBN : 1985645033
Genre :
File Size : 24.66 MB
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*Includes pictures *Explains the formation, influences, ideology, and goals of the group *Includes footnotes and a bibliography for further reading Also known as ISIS, Da'esh, al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI), and a host of other names, the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) has increasingly gained attention over the years for its brutal tactics and seemingly blatant disregard for human rights, but it has recently dominated the global media spotlight and made headlines when it attacked and seized control of Mosul, the second largest city in Iraq, and drove out an Iraqi army force that was more than five times its size in June 2014. It has since laid claim to various territories throughout Iraq and the Levant, and it has established operational control and maintained administrative structures on both sides of the Iraqi-Syrian border. Most recently, it declared the restoration of a caliphate and renamed itself the Islamic State. The ever-deteriorating crises in Iraq and Syria have continued to highlight the prolific activities of ISIS, but as a unified organization, ISIS is believed to consist of only a few thousand militants led by a shadowy and secretive leader named Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. Nonetheless, despite its relatively small size, the group has taken on and at times successfully battled U.S. and Coalition forces, the Iraqi army, and other rival Iraqi and Syrian militant groups. The ferocity and fanaticism with which it fights, and the absolute commitment it has to the jihad in Iraq and the Levant, continue to set ISIS apart from other known terrorist organizations in the region. One of the reasons ISIS has gone by so many different names is because it has rebranded itself numerous times in the past. After starting as an al-Qaeda-inspired Sunni Islamist brigade that emerged from the ashes of the jihadist struggle against foreign forces in Iraq, the group grew into a full-fledged al-Qaeda branch, then evolved into a religiously motivated army, then finally separated from al-Qaeda to become the organization it is today. The frequent name changes are hardly cosmetic; they represent the multiple transformations the group has undergone and symbolize its flexibility and adaptability, which is also how the ISIL has not only survived for over a decade but even flourished as one of the most influential groups in the region. Today, the group attracts fighters who wish to join its ranks not just from across Iraq and the region but from all over the world. The group has also experienced many periods of withdrawal and reemergence, further confounding the true nature and structure of the organization, which has been littered with in-fighting, rivalries, and leadership shuffles. But the group's terrorism and violent capabilities have been made quite clear in the Syrian civil war, the fighting in Iraq, and even attacks into other countries within the region. Operatives have claimed bombings and attacks in Lebanon and Jordan, and there are known recruiting cells in places as far away as Egypt, Morocco, and the U.K. The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria: The History of ISIS/ISIL chronicles the birth and growth of the group, including the key figures and events that impacted its formation, as well as the ideology of the group and the historical context and environment that strengthened it. This book also looks at the various tactics and strategies the group has employed to achieve its goals and further its ideology, especially its notorious terrorist attacks. Along with pictures of important people, places, and events, you will learn about ISIS like never before, in no time at all.
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Isis Und Ihre Dienerinnen In Der Kunst Der R Mischen Kaiserzeit

Author : Johannes Eingartner
ISBN : 9004093125
Genre : Art
File Size : 76.21 MB
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Das Buch behandelt den Isiskult wahrend der romischen Kaiserzeit, wie er in zahlreichen Darstellungen der agyptischen Gottin und solcher ihr angeglichener Frauen zum Ausdruck kommt und somit zwei Problemkreise, namlich die Stellung jener Frauen im Kult sowie die damit verbundene Frage nach Sinn und Bedeutung der fur die Angleichung verbindlichen Isisbilder. Das Buch bietet mit einem Katalog und einem volstandigen Abbildungsteil zugleich eine ikonographische und ikonologische Untersuchung des Themas. This book treats the cult of Isis in the Roman imperial era, as it comes to expression in the many representations made of the Egyptian goddess, and of the portrayal of mortal women who are made to resemble Isis in features, clothing and attributes. Thus, two issues are dealt with: the position of these women in the cult on the one hand and the related question of the meaning and interpretation of the images of Isis used in such identification with mortals on the other hand. With a catalogue and a complete set of illustrations this book offers also an iconographic and an iconological examination of the theme.
Category: Art

The Rise Of Isis

Author : Caroline Kennon
ISBN : 9781534560567
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 78.80 MB
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ISIS is a significant threat to modern society—it has caused the deaths of thousands and the rise of anti-Muslim sentiment around the world, despite the fact that prominent Muslim leaders have denounced the group’s actions. Understanding ISIS is vital to defeating it. Readers learn about the creation of this terrorist group, its rise to power, and what is being done by nations around the world to stop its members from taking more lives. Full-color photographs and a timeline of key events contribute to a comprehensive overview of this chapter in the story of modern terrorism.
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction