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Iron Age Households

Author : Leo Webley
ISBN : 8788415511
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 39.46 MB
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Iron Age Households - Structure & Practice in Western Denmark, 500 BC-AD 200
Category: Social Science

Prehistoric Rock Art In Scandinavia

Author : Courtney Nimura
ISBN : 9781785701207
Genre : Art
File Size : 83.41 MB
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Scandinavia is home to prolific and varied rock art images among which the ship motif is prominent. Because of this, the rock art of Scandinavia has often been interpreted in terms of social ritual, cosmology, and religion associated with the maritime sphere. This comprehensive review is based on the creation of a Scandinavia-wide GIS database for prehistoric rock art and reexamines theoretical approaches and interpretations, in particular with regard to the significance of the ship and its relationship to a maritime landscape Discussion focuses on material agency as a means to understanding the role of rock art within society. Two main theories are developed. The first is that the sea was fundamental to the purpose and meaning of rock art, especially in the Bronze Age and, therefore, that sea-level/shoreline changes would have inspired a renegotiation of the relationship between the rock art sites and their intended purpose. The fundamental question posed is: would such changes to the landscape have affected the purpose and meaning of rock art for the communities that made and used these sites? Various theories from within and outside of archaeology are drawn on to examine environmental change and analyze the rock art, led to second theory: that the purpose of rock art might have been altered to have an effect on the disappearing sea. The general theory that rock art would have been affected by environmental change was discussed in tandem with existing interpretations of the meaning and purpose of rock art. Imbuing rock art with agency means that it could be intertwined in an active web of relations involving maritime landscapes, shoreline displacement and communities. Though created in stone and fixed in time and place, rock art images have propagated belief systems that would have changed over time as they were re-carved, abandoned and used by different groups of inhabitants. In the thousands of years rock art was created, it is likely that shoreline displacement would have inspired a renegotiation of the purpose and meaning of the imagery situated alongside the Scandinavian seas. This journey through a prehistoric Scandinavian landscape will lead us into a world of ancient beliefs and traditions revolving around this extraordinary art form.
Category: Art

Atlantic Europe In The First Millennium Bc

Author : Tom Moore
ISBN : 9780199567959
Genre : History
File Size : 61.6 MB
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This volume of 33 papers on the Atlantic region of Western Europe in the first millennium BC reflects a diverse range of theoretical approaches, techniques, and methodologies across current research, and is an opportunity to compare approaches to the first millennium BC from different national and theoretical perspectives.
Category: History

The Heuneburg And The Early Iron Age Princely Seats

Author : Dirk Krausse
ISBN : 9639911844
Genre : History
File Size : 78.31 MB
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The Heuneburg on the Upper Danube is one of the best-studied sites of the European Iron Age. Recent research has radically changed our traditional understanding of this central place, which in the 6th century BC covered an area of about 100 hectares. As we argue in the book, the settlement can be classified as the first city north of the Alps. This volume has two main, interconnected aims: to provide the first synthesis in English on the archaeology of the Heuneburg and its surroundings, including the rich burial evidence and the hillforts in the vicinity; and to set the development of this important Early Iron Age site into the broader context of the centralisation and urbanisation processes of the Late Hallstatt period. The final chapter includes an overview of the main contemporaneous sites in Temperate Europe, from Bourges and Mont Lassois in France to Zavist in the Czech Republic. "
Category: History

Burial Society

Author : Claus Kjeld Jensen
ISBN : IND:30000056851102
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 42.37 MB
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These papers encompass the theoretical and methodological aspects of burial archaeology. The contributors to the book are concerned with several trends in modern archaeology, such as: computer analyses for the study of chronological, territorial and social structure; the current re-analysis of old excavations brought on by a renewed interest in artefacts; and the growing importance of the study of family groups, social organisation and political structures. Archaeology today recognises research in burials for its broad portrait of society: the evidence which graves provide can clarify regional, ethnic and political differences, as well as the economic class of the individual. The evidence within a burial site clarifies the ritual life within a culture. Also discussed in the book is foreign influences during the early-medieval and Viking periods, and the impact of Christianity on burial practices.
Category: Social Science

Evidential Reasoning In Archaeology

Author : Robert Chapman
ISBN : 9781472534699
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 79.29 MB
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How do archaeologists work with the data they identify as a record of the cultural past? How are these data collected and construed as evidence? What is the impact on archaeological practice of new techniques of data recovery and analysis, especially those imported from the sciences? To answer these questions, the authors identify close-to-the-ground principles of best practice based on an analysis of examples of evidential reasoning in archaeology that are widely regarded as successful, contested, or instructive failures. They look at how archaeologists put old evidence to work in pursuit of new interpretations, how they construct provisional foundations for inquiry as they go, and how they navigate the multidisciplinary ties that make archaeology a productive intellectual trading zone. This case-based approach is predicated on a conviction that archaeological practice is a repository of considerable methodological wisdom, embodied in tacit norms and skilled expertise Â? wisdom that is rarely made explicit except when contested, and is often obscured when questions about the status and reach of archaeological evidence figure in high-profile crisis debates.
Category: Social Science

The Earlier Iron Age In Britain And The Near Continent

Author : Colin Haselgrove
ISBN : IND:30000110548249
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 54.27 MB
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Seeks to establish what we now know (and do not know) about Earlier Iron Age communities in Britain and their neighbours on the Continent. The authors look at how communities of the Late Bronze Age transform into those of the Earlier Iron Age, and how we understand the social changes of the later first millennium BC.
Category: Social Science

Wealth And Complexity

Author : Ernst Stidsing
ISBN : 8771243240
Genre : Archaeology
File Size : 54.62 MB
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Over the course of the last 30 years, many new settlements, in particular from the Late Iron Age, have been discovered in Denmark as a result of energetic and persistent surveying of the landscape by metal-detector enthusiasts. Only a few metal-rich settlements have been subjected to ... LAes mere extensive investigation with large excavations and research projects. Stavnsager, located within Museum Ostjyllands area of archaeological responsibility, is one of the metal-rich sites that has, for several years now, yielded metal finds across a large area. Over the last decade, a number of trials with various non-destructive survey methods have been carried out at Stavnsager and in adjacent areas, in collaboration with the University of Nottingham. These have been followed up by trial excavations in order to establish a connection between the various survey data and the actual archaeological evidence present beneath the soil. Contributions to this volume includes presentations of new finds and sites, discussions of the term central place and of social conditions in the Iron Age and introductions to a number of non-destructive survey methods.
Category: Archaeology

History And Climate Change

Author : Neville Brown
ISBN : 9781134977581
Genre : History
File Size : 76.53 MB
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History and Climate Change is a balanced and comprehensive overview of the links between climate and man's advance from early to modern times. It draws upon demographic, economic, urban, religious and military perspectives. It is a synthesis of the many historical and scientific theories, which have arisen regarding man's progress through the ages. Central to the book is the question of whether climate variation is a fundamental trigger mechanism from which other historical sequences develop, or one amongst a number of other factors, decisive only when a regime/society is poised for change. Evidence for prolonged climate change is not that extensive. But it is clear that climatic variation has regularly played a part in historical development. Paricular attention is here paid to Europe since AD 211. Cold and warmth, wetness and aridity can create contrary reactions within societies, which can be interpreted in vary different ways by scholars from differenct disciplines. Does climate change exacerbate famine and epidemics? Did climate fluctuation play a part in pivotal historical events such as the mass exodus of Hsuing-nu from China, the pressure of the Huns on the Romans and the genesis of the Crusades? Did the bitter Finnish winter of 1939-40 ensure the ultimate defeat of Hitler? These episodes, and many others are discussed throughout the book in the authors distinctive style, with maps and photographs to illustrate the examples given.
Category: History

Symbol And Image In Celtic Religious Art

Author : Miranda Green
ISBN : 9781134893935
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 78.70 MB
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First published in 1992. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Category: Social Science