INTRODUCTORY STATISTICAL INFERENCE WITH THE LIKELIHOOD FUNCTION

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Author : Charles A. Rohde
ISBN : 9783319104614
Genre : Medical
File Size : 42.47 MB
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This textbook covers the fundamentals of statistical inference and statistical theory including Bayesian and frequentist approaches and methodology possible without excessive emphasis on the underlying mathematics. This book is about some of the basic principles of statistics that are necessary to understand and evaluate methods for analyzing complex data sets. The likelihood function is used for pure likelihood inference throughout the book. There is also coverage of severity and finite population sampling. The material was developed from an introductory statistical theory course taught by the author at the Johns Hopkins University’s Department of Biostatistics. Students and instructors in public health programs will benefit from the likelihood modeling approach that is used throughout the text. This will also appeal to epidemiologists and psychometricians. After a brief introduction, there are chapters on estimation, hypothesis testing, and maximum likelihood modeling. The book concludes with sections on Bayesian computation and inference. An appendix contains unique coverage of the interpretation of probability, and coverage of probability and mathematical concepts.

Author : Leonhard Held
ISBN : 9783642378874
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 31.95 MB
Format : PDF
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This book covers modern statistical inference based on likelihood with applications in medicine, epidemiology and biology. Two introductory chapters discuss the importance of statistical models in applied quantitative research and the central role of the likelihood function. The rest of the book is divided into three parts. The first describes likelihood-based inference from a frequentist viewpoint. Properties of the maximum likelihood estimate, the score function, the likelihood ratio and the Wald statistic are discussed in detail. In the second part, likelihood is combined with prior information to perform Bayesian inference. Topics include Bayesian updating, conjugate and reference priors, Bayesian point and interval estimates, Bayesian asymptotics and empirical Bayes methods. Modern numerical techniques for Bayesian inference are described in a separate chapter. Finally two more advanced topics, model choice and prediction, are discussed both from a frequentist and a Bayesian perspective. A comprehensive appendix covers the necessary prerequisites in probability theory, matrix algebra, mathematical calculus, and numerical analysis.

This gracefully organized text reveals the rigorous theory of probability and statistical inference in the style of a tutorial, using worked examples, exercises, figures, tables, and computer simulations to develop and illustrate concepts. Drills and boxed summaries emphasize and reinforce important ideas and special techniques. Beginning with a review of the basic concepts and methods in probability theory, moments, and moment generating functions, the author moves to more intricate topics. Introductory Statistical Inference studies multivariate random variables, exponential families of distributions, and standard probability inequalities. It develops the Helmert transformation for normal distributions, introduces the notions of convergence, and spotlights the central limit theorems. Coverage highlights sampling distributions, Basu's theorem, Rao-Blackwellization and the Cramér-Rao inequality. The text also provides in-depth coverage of Lehmann-Scheffé theorems, focuses on tests of hypotheses, describes Bayesian methods and the Bayes' estimator, and develops large-sample inference. The author provides a historical context for statistics and statistical discoveries and answers to a majority of the end-of-chapter exercises. Designed primarily for a one-semester, first-year graduate course in probability and statistical inference, this text serves readers from varied backgrounds, ranging from engineering, economics, agriculture, and bioscience to finance, financial mathematics, operations and information management, and psychology.

Author : Larry Wasserman
ISBN : 9780387217369
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 75.80 MB
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Taken literally, the title "All of Statistics" is an exaggeration. But in spirit, the title is apt, as the book does cover a much broader range of topics than a typical introductory book on mathematical statistics. This book is for people who want to learn probability and statistics quickly. It is suitable for graduate or advanced undergraduate students in computer science, mathematics, statistics, and related disciplines. The book includes modern topics like non-parametric curve estimation, bootstrapping, and classification, topics that are usually relegated to follow-up courses. The reader is presumed to know calculus and a little linear algebra. No previous knowledge of probability and statistics is required. Statistics, data mining, and machine learning are all concerned with collecting and analysing data.

Author : Harold J. Larson
ISBN : CORNELL:31924001937600
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 59.79 MB
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Discusses probability theory and to many methods used in problems of statistical inference. The Third Edition features material on descriptive statistics. Cramer-Rao bounds for variance of estimators, two-sample inference procedures, bivariate normal probability law, F-Distribution, and the analysis of variance and non-parametric procedures. Contains numerous practical examples and exercises.

Priced very competitively compared with other textbooks at this level! This gracefully organized textbook reveals the rigorous theory of probability and statistical inference in the style of a tutorial, using worked examples, exercises, numerous figures and tables, and computer simulations to develop and illustrate concepts. Beginning with an introduction to the basic ideas and techniques in probability theory and progressing to more rigorous topics, Probability and Statistical Inference studies the Helmert transformation for normal distributions and the waiting time between failures for exponential distributions develops notions of convergence in probability and distribution spotlights the central limit theorem (CLT) for the sample variance introduces sampling distributions and the Cornish-Fisher expansions concentrates on the fundamentals of sufficiency, information, completeness, and ancillarity explains Basu's Theorem as well as location, scale, and location-scale families of distributions covers moment estimators, maximum likelihood estimators (MLE), Rao-Blackwellization, and the Cramér-Rao inequality discusses uniformly minimum variance unbiased estimators (UMVUE) and Lehmann-Scheffé Theorems focuses on the Neyman-Pearson theory of most powerful (MP) and uniformly most powerful (UMP) tests of hypotheses, as well as confidence intervals includes the likelihood ratio (LR) tests for the mean, variance, and correlation coefficient summarizes Bayesian methods describes the monotone likelihood ratio (MLR) property handles variance stabilizing transformations provides a historical context for statistics and statistical discoveries showcases great statisticians through biographical notes Employing over 1400 equations to reinforce its subject matter, Probability and Statistical Inference is a groundbreaking text for first-year graduate and upper-level undergraduate courses in probability and statistical inference who have completed a calculus prerequisite, as well as a supplemental text for classes in Advanced Statistical Inference or Decision Theory.

This book is in two volumes, and is intended as a text for introductory courses in probability and statistics at the second or third year university level. It emphasizes applications and logical principles rather than math ematical theory. A good background in freshman calculus is sufficient for most of the material presented. Several starred sections have been included as supplementary material. Nearly 900 problems and exercises of varying difficulty are given, and Appendix A contains answers to about one-third of them. The first volume (Chapters 1-8) deals with probability models and with mathematical methods for describing and manipulating them. It is similar in content and organization to the 1979 edition. Some sections have been rewritten and expanded-for example, the discussions of independent random variables and conditional probability. Many new exercises have been added. In the second volume (Chapters 9-16), probability models are used as the basis for the analysis and interpretation of data. This material has been revised extensively. Chapters 9 and 10 describe the use of the like lihood function in estimation problems, as in the 1979 edition. Chapter 11 then discusses frequency properties of estimation procedures, and in troduces coverage probability and confidence intervals. Chapter 12 de scribes tests of significance, with applications primarily to frequency data.

Statistics is a subject with a vast field of application, involving problems which vary widely in their character and complexity.However, in tackling these, we use a relatively small core of central ideas and methods. This book attempts to concentrateattention on these ideas: they are placed in a general settingand illustrated by relatively simple examples, avoidingwherever possible the extraneous difficulties of complicatedmathematical manipulation.In order to compress the central body of ideas into a smallvolume, it is necessary to assume a fair degree of mathematicalsophistication on the part of the reader, and the book is intendedfor students of mathematics who are already accustomed tothinking in rather general terms about spaces and functions

Author : T. Seidenfeld
ISBN : 9027709653
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 28.8 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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Probability and inverse inference; Neyman-Pearson theory; Fisherian significance testing; The fiducial argument: one parameter; The fiducial argument: several parameters; Ian hacking's theory; Henry Kyburg's theory; Relevance and experimental design.