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Introductory Statistical Inference With The Likelihood Function

Author : Charles A. Rohde
ISBN : 9783319104614
Genre : Medical
File Size : 51.58 MB
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This textbook covers the fundamentals of statistical inference and statistical theory including Bayesian and frequentist approaches and methodology possible without excessive emphasis on the underlying mathematics. This book is about some of the basic principles of statistics that are necessary to understand and evaluate methods for analyzing complex data sets. The likelihood function is used for pure likelihood inference throughout the book. There is also coverage of severity and finite population sampling. The material was developed from an introductory statistical theory course taught by the author at the Johns Hopkins University’s Department of Biostatistics. Students and instructors in public health programs will benefit from the likelihood modeling approach that is used throughout the text. This will also appeal to epidemiologists and psychometricians. After a brief introduction, there are chapters on estimation, hypothesis testing, and maximum likelihood modeling. The book concludes with sections on Bayesian computation and inference. An appendix contains unique coverage of the interpretation of probability, and coverage of probability and mathematical concepts.
Category: Medical

Introductory Statistical Inference

Author : Nitis Mukhopadhyay
ISBN : 9781420017403
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 61.43 MB
Format : PDF
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This gracefully organized text reveals the rigorous theory of probability and statistical inference in the style of a tutorial, using worked examples, exercises, figures, tables, and computer simulations to develop and illustrate concepts. Drills and boxed summaries emphasize and reinforce important ideas and special techniques. Beginning with a review of the basic concepts and methods in probability theory, moments, and moment generating functions, the author moves to more intricate topics. Introductory Statistical Inference studies multivariate random variables, exponential families of distributions, and standard probability inequalities. It develops the Helmert transformation for normal distributions, introduces the notions of convergence, and spotlights the central limit theorems. Coverage highlights sampling distributions, Basu's theorem, Rao-Blackwellization and the Cramér-Rao inequality. The text also provides in-depth coverage of Lehmann-Scheffé theorems, focuses on tests of hypotheses, describes Bayesian methods and the Bayes' estimator, and develops large-sample inference. The author provides a historical context for statistics and statistical discoveries and answers to a majority of the end-of-chapter exercises. Designed primarily for a one-semester, first-year graduate course in probability and statistical inference, this text serves readers from varied backgrounds, ranging from engineering, economics, agriculture, and bioscience to finance, financial mathematics, operations and information management, and psychology.
Category: Mathematics

Applied Statistical Inference

Author : Leonhard Held
ISBN : 9783642378874
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 58.34 MB
Format : PDF
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This book covers modern statistical inference based on likelihood with applications in medicine, epidemiology and biology. Two introductory chapters discuss the importance of statistical models in applied quantitative research and the central role of the likelihood function. The rest of the book is divided into three parts. The first describes likelihood-based inference from a frequentist viewpoint. Properties of the maximum likelihood estimate, the score function, the likelihood ratio and the Wald statistic are discussed in detail. In the second part, likelihood is combined with prior information to perform Bayesian inference. Topics include Bayesian updating, conjugate and reference priors, Bayesian point and interval estimates, Bayesian asymptotics and empirical Bayes methods. Modern numerical techniques for Bayesian inference are described in a separate chapter. Finally two more advanced topics, model choice and prediction, are discussed both from a frequentist and a Bayesian perspective. A comprehensive appendix covers the necessary prerequisites in probability theory, matrix algebra, mathematical calculus, and numerical analysis.
Category: Mathematics

Unifying Political Methodology

Author : Gary King
ISBN : 0472085549
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 79.11 MB
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DIVArgues that likelihood theory is a unifying approach to statistical modeling in political science /div
Category: Political Science

Introduction To The Theory Of Statistical Inference

Author : Hannelore Liero
ISBN : 9781466503205
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 40.8 MB
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Based on the authors’ lecture notes, Introduction to the Theory of Statistical Inference presents concise yet complete coverage of statistical inference theory, focusing on the fundamental classical principles. Suitable for a second-semester undergraduate course on statistical inference, the book offers proofs to support the mathematics. It illustrates core concepts using cartoons and provides solutions to all examples and problems. Highlights Basic notations and ideas of statistical inference are explained in a mathematically rigorous, but understandable, form Classroom-tested and designed for students of mathematical statistics Examples, applications of the general theory to special cases, exercises, and figures provide a deeper insight into the material Solutions provided for problems formulated at the end of each chapter Combines the theoretical basis of statistical inference with a useful applied toolbox that includes linear models Theoretical, difficult, or frequently misunderstood problems are marked The book is aimed at advanced undergraduate students, graduate students in mathematics and statistics, and theoretically-interested students from other disciplines. Results are presented as theorems and corollaries. All theorems are proven and important statements are formulated as guidelines in prose. With its multipronged and student-tested approach, this book is an excellent introduction to the theory of statistical inference.
Category: Mathematics

Introductory Statistics And Random Phenomena

Author : Manfred Denker
ISBN : 9781461220282
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 78.51 MB
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The present book is based on a course developed as partofthe large NSF-funded GatewayCoalitionInitiativeinEngineeringEducationwhichincludedCaseWest ern Reserve University, Columbia University, Cooper Union, Drexel University, Florida International University, New Jersey Institute ofTechnology, Ohio State University, University ofPennsylvania, Polytechnic University, and Universityof South Carolina. The Coalition aimed to restructure the engineering curriculum by incorporating the latest technological innovations and tried to attract more and betterstudents to engineering and science. Draftsofthis textbookhave been used since 1992instatisticscoursestaughtatCWRU, IndianaUniversity, Bloomington, and at the universities in Gottingen, Germany, and Grenoble, France. Another purpose of this project was to develop a courseware that would take advantage ofthe Electronic Learning Environment created by CWRUnet-the all fiber-optic Case Western Reserve University computer network, and its ability to let students run Mathematica experiments and projects in their dormitory rooms, and interactpaperlessly with the instructor. Theoretically, onecould try togothroughthisbook withoutdoing Mathematica experimentsonthecomputer, butitwouldbelikeplayingChopin's Piano Concerto in E-minor, or Pink Floyd's The Wall, on an accordion. One would get an idea ofwhatthe tune was without everexperiencing the full richness andpowerofthe entire composition, and the whole ambience would be miscued.
Category: Mathematics

Probability And Statistical Inference

Author : Nitis Mukhopadhyay
ISBN : 0824703790
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 82.81 MB
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Priced very competitively compared with other textbooks at this level! This gracefully organized textbook reveals the rigorous theory of probability and statistical inference in the style of a tutorial, using worked examples, exercises, numerous figures and tables, and computer simulations to develop and illustrate concepts. Beginning with an introduction to the basic ideas and techniques in probability theory and progressing to more rigorous topics, Probability and Statistical Inference studies the Helmert transformation for normal distributions and the waiting time between failures for exponential distributions develops notions of convergence in probability and distribution spotlights the central limit theorem (CLT) for the sample variance introduces sampling distributions and the Cornish-Fisher expansions concentrates on the fundamentals of sufficiency, information, completeness, and ancillarity explains Basu's Theorem as well as location, scale, and location-scale families of distributions covers moment estimators, maximum likelihood estimators (MLE), Rao-Blackwellization, and the Cramér-Rao inequality discusses uniformly minimum variance unbiased estimators (UMVUE) and Lehmann-Scheffé Theorems focuses on the Neyman-Pearson theory of most powerful (MP) and uniformly most powerful (UMP) tests of hypotheses, as well as confidence intervals includes the likelihood ratio (LR) tests for the mean, variance, and correlation coefficient summarizes Bayesian methods describes the monotone likelihood ratio (MLR) property handles variance stabilizing transformations provides a historical context for statistics and statistical discoveries showcases great statisticians through biographical notes Employing over 1400 equations to reinforce its subject matter, Probability and Statistical Inference is a groundbreaking text for first-year graduate and upper-level undergraduate courses in probability and statistical inference who have completed a calculus prerequisite, as well as a supplemental text for classes in Advanced Statistical Inference or Decision Theory.
Category: Mathematics

An Introduction To Probability And Statistical Inference

Author : George G. Roussas
ISBN : 9780128004371
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 24.54 MB
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An Introduction to Probability and Statistical Inference, Second Edition, guides you through probability models and statistical methods and helps you to think critically about various concepts. Written by award-winning author George Roussas, this book introduces readers with no prior knowledge in probability or statistics to a thinking process to help them obtain the best solution to a posed question or situation. It provides a plethora of examples for each topic discussed, giving the reader more experience in applying statistical methods to different situations. This text contains an enhanced number of exercises and graphical illustrations where appropriate to motivate the reader and demonstrate the applicability of probability and statistical inference in a great variety of human activities. Reorganized material is included in the statistical portion of the book to ensure continuity and enhance understanding. Each section includes relevant proofs where appropriate, followed by exercises with useful clues to their solutions. Furthermore, there are brief answers to even-numbered exercises at the back of the book and detailed solutions to all exercises are available to instructors in an Answers Manual. This text will appeal to advanced undergraduate and graduate students, as well as researchers and practitioners in engineering, business, social sciences or agriculture. Content, examples, an enhanced number of exercises, and graphical illustrations where appropriate to motivate the reader and demonstrate the applicability of probability and statistical inference in a great variety of human activities Reorganized material in the statistical portion of the book to ensure continuity and enhance understanding A relatively rigorous, yet accessible and always within the prescribed prerequisites, mathematical discussion of probability theory and statistical inference important to students in a broad variety of disciplines Relevant proofs where appropriate in each section, followed by exercises with useful clues to their solutions Brief answers to even-numbered exercises at the back of the book and detailed solutions to all exercises available to instructors in an Answers Manual
Category: Mathematics

Introduction To Statistical Inference

Author : E. S. Keeping
ISBN : 0486685020
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 56.44 MB
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This excellent text emphasizes the inferential and decision-making aspects of statistics. The first chapter is mainly concerned with the elements of the calculus of probability. Additional chapters cover the general properties of distributions, testing hypotheses, and more.
Category: Mathematics

Statistical Inference

Author : S.D. Silvey
ISBN : 0412138204
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 38.76 MB
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Statistics is a subject with a vast field of application, involving problems which vary widely in their character and complexity.However, in tackling these, we use a relatively small core of central ideas and methods. This book attempts to concentrateattention on these ideas: they are placed in a general settingand illustrated by relatively simple examples, avoidingwherever possible the extraneous difficulties of complicatedmathematical manipulation.In order to compress the central body of ideas into a smallvolume, it is necessary to assume a fair degree of mathematicalsophistication on the part of the reader, and the book is intendedfor students of mathematics who are already accustomed tothinking in rather general terms about spaces and functions
Category: Mathematics