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Introductory Statistical Inference With The Likelihood Function

Author : Charles A. Rohde
ISBN : 9783319104614
Genre : Medical
File Size : 61.90 MB
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This textbook covers the fundamentals of statistical inference and statistical theory including Bayesian and frequentist approaches and methodology possible without excessive emphasis on the underlying mathematics. This book is about some of the basic principles of statistics that are necessary to understand and evaluate methods for analyzing complex data sets. The likelihood function is used for pure likelihood inference throughout the book. There is also coverage of severity and finite population sampling. The material was developed from an introductory statistical theory course taught by the author at the Johns Hopkins University’s Department of Biostatistics. Students and instructors in public health programs will benefit from the likelihood modeling approach that is used throughout the text. This will also appeal to epidemiologists and psychometricians. After a brief introduction, there are chapters on estimation, hypothesis testing, and maximum likelihood modeling. The book concludes with sections on Bayesian computation and inference. An appendix contains unique coverage of the interpretation of probability, and coverage of probability and mathematical concepts.
Category: Medical

Applied Statistical Inference

Author : Leonhard Held
ISBN : 9783642378874
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 83.47 MB
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This book covers modern statistical inference based on likelihood with applications in medicine, epidemiology and biology. Two introductory chapters discuss the importance of statistical models in applied quantitative research and the central role of the likelihood function. The rest of the book is divided into three parts. The first describes likelihood-based inference from a frequentist viewpoint. Properties of the maximum likelihood estimate, the score function, the likelihood ratio and the Wald statistic are discussed in detail. In the second part, likelihood is combined with prior information to perform Bayesian inference. Topics include Bayesian updating, conjugate and reference priors, Bayesian point and interval estimates, Bayesian asymptotics and empirical Bayes methods. Modern numerical techniques for Bayesian inference are described in a separate chapter. Finally two more advanced topics, model choice and prediction, are discussed both from a frequentist and a Bayesian perspective. A comprehensive appendix covers the necessary prerequisites in probability theory, matrix algebra, mathematical calculus, and numerical analysis.
Category: Mathematics

Introductory Statistical Inference

Author : Nitis Mukhopadhyay
ISBN : 9781574446135
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 40.98 MB
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This gracefully organized text reveals the rigorous theory of probability and statistical inference in the style of a tutorial, using worked examples, exercises, figures, tables, and computer simulations to develop and illustrate concepts. Drills and boxed summaries emphasize and reinforce important ideas and special techniques. Beginning with a review of the basic concepts and methods in probability theory, moments, and moment generating functions, the author moves to more intricate topics. Introductory Statistical Inference studies multivariate random variables, exponential families of distributions, and standard probability inequalities. It develops the Helmert transformation for normal distributions, introduces the notions of convergence, and spotlights the central limit theorems. Coverage highlights sampling distributions, Basu's theorem, Rao-Blackwellization and the Cramér-Rao inequality. The text also provides in-depth coverage of Lehmann-Scheffé theorems, focuses on tests of hypotheses, describes Bayesian methods and the Bayes' estimator, and develops large-sample inference. The author provides a historical context for statistics and statistical discoveries and answers to a majority of the end-of-chapter exercises. Designed primarily for a one-semester, first-year graduate course in probability and statistical inference, this text serves readers from varied backgrounds, ranging from engineering, economics, agriculture, and bioscience to finance, financial mathematics, operations and information management, and psychology.
Category: Mathematics

All Of Statistics

Author : Larry Wasserman
ISBN : 9780387217369
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 84.4 MB
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Taken literally, the title "All of Statistics" is an exaggeration. But in spirit, the title is apt, as the book does cover a much broader range of topics than a typical introductory book on mathematical statistics. This book is for people who want to learn probability and statistics quickly. It is suitable for graduate or advanced undergraduate students in computer science, mathematics, statistics, and related disciplines. The book includes modern topics like non-parametric curve estimation, bootstrapping, and classification, topics that are usually relegated to follow-up courses. The reader is presumed to know calculus and a little linear algebra. No previous knowledge of probability and statistics is required. Statistics, data mining, and machine learning are all concerned with collecting and analysing data.
Category: Mathematics

Statistical Inference Based On The Likelihood

Author : Adelchi Azzalini
ISBN : 9781351414463
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 26.66 MB
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The Likelihood plays a key role in both introducing general notions of statistical theory, and in developing specific methods. This book introduces likelihood-based statistical theory and related methods from a classical viewpoint, and demonstrates how the main body of currently used statistical techniques can be generated from a few key concepts, in particular the likelihood. Focusing on those methods, which have both a solid theoretical background and practical relevance, the author gives formal justification of the methods used and provides numerical examples with real data.
Category: Mathematics

Probability And Statistical Inference

Author : J. G. Kalbfleisch
ISBN : 0387961445
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 57.70 MB
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A carefully written text, suitable as an introductory course for second or third year students. The main scope of the text guides students towards a critical understanding and handling of data sets together with the ensuing testing of hypotheses. This approach distinguishes it from many other texts using statistical decision theory as their underlying philosophy. This volume covers concepts from probability theory, backed by numerous problems with selected answers.
Category: Mathematics

Fundamental Statistical Inference

Author : Marc S. Paolella
ISBN : 9781119417873
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 63.79 MB
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A hands-on approach to statistical inference that addresses the latest developments in this ever-growing field This clear and accessible book for beginning graduate students offers a practical and detailed approach to the field of statistical inference, providing complete derivations of results, discussions, and MATLAB programs for computation. It emphasizes details of the relevance of the material, intuition, and discussions with a view towards very modern statistical inference. In addition to classic subjects associated with mathematical statistics, topics include an intuitive presentation of the (single and double) bootstrap for confidence interval calculations, shrinkage estimation, tail (maximal moment) estimation, and a variety of methods of point estimation besides maximum likelihood, including use of characteristic functions, and indirect inference. Practical examples of all methods are given. Estimation issues associated with the discrete mixtures of normal distribution, and their solutions, are developed in detail. Much emphasis throughout is on non-Gaussian distributions, including details on working with the stable Paretian distribution and fast calculation of the noncentral Student's t. An entire chapter is dedicated to optimization, including development of Hessian-based methods, as well as heuristic/genetic algorithms that do not require continuity, with MATLAB codes provided. The book includes both theory and nontechnical discussions, along with a substantial reference to the literature, with an emphasis on alternative, more modern approaches. The recent literature on the misuse of hypothesis testing and p-values for model selection is discussed, and emphasis is given to alternative model selection methods, though hypothesis testing of distributional assumptions is covered in detail, notably for the normal distribution. Presented in three parts—Essential Concepts in Statistics; Further Fundamental Concepts in Statistics; and Additional Topics—Fundamental Statistical Inference: A Computational Approach offers comprehensive chapters on: Introducing Point and Interval Estimation; Goodness of Fit and Hypothesis Testing; Likelihood; Numerical Optimization; Methods of Point Estimation; Q-Q Plots and Distribution Testing; Unbiased Point Estimation and Bias Reduction; Analytic Interval Estimation; Inference in a Heavy-Tailed Context; The Method of Indirect Inference; and, as an appendix, A Review of Fundamental Concepts in Probability Theory, the latter to keep the book self-contained, and giving material on some advanced subjects such as saddlepoint approximations, expected shortfall in finance, calculation with the stable Paretian distribution, and convergence theorems and proofs.
Category: Mathematics

Statistical Inference In Science

Author : D.A. Sprott
ISBN : 9780387227665
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 57.20 MB
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A treatment of the problems of inference associated with experiments in science, with the emphasis on techniques for dividing the sample information into various parts, such that the diverse problems of inference that arise from repeatable experiments may be addressed. A particularly valuable feature is the large number of practical examples, many of which use data taken from experiments published in various scientific journals. This book evolved from the authors own courses on statistical inference, and assumes an introductory course in probability, including the calculation and manipulation of probability functions and density functions, transformation of variables and the use of Jacobians. While this is a suitable text book for advanced undergraduate, Masters, and Ph.D. statistics students, it may also be used as a reference book.
Category: Mathematics

An Introduction To Probability And Statistical Inference

Author : George G. Roussas
ISBN : 9780080495750
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 59.71 MB
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Roussas introduces readers with no prior knowledge in probability or statistics, to a thinking process to guide them toward the best solution to a posed question or situation. An Introduction to Probability and Statistical Inference provides a plethora of examples for each topic discussed, giving the reader more experience in applying statistical methods to different situations. "The text is wonderfully written and has the most comprehensive range of exercise problems that I have ever seen." — Tapas K. Das, University of South Florida "The exposition is great; a mixture between conversational tones and formal mathematics; the appropriate combination for a math text at [this] level. In my examination I could find no instance where I could improve the book." — H. Pat Goeters, Auburn, University, Alabama * Contains more than 200 illustrative examples discussed in detail, plus scores of numerical examples and applications * Chapters 1-8 can be used independently for an introductory course in probability * Provides a substantial number of proofs
Category: Mathematics

An Introduction To Probability And Mathematical Statistics

Author : Howard G. Tucker
ISBN : 9781483225142
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 77.11 MB
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An Introduction to Probability and Mathematical Statistics provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of probability and mathematical statistics. This book covers a variety of topics, including random variables, probability distributions, discrete distributions, and point estimation. Organized into 13 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the definition of function. This text then examines the notion of conditional or relative probability. Other chapters consider Cochran's theorem, which is of extreme importance in that part of statistical inference known as analysis of variance. This book discusses as well the fundamental principles of testing statistical hypotheses by providing the reader with an idea of the basic problem and its relation to practice. The final chapter deals with the problem of estimation and the Neyman theory of confidence intervals. This book is a valuable resource for undergraduate university students who are majoring in mathematics. Students who are majoring in physics and who are inclined toward abstract mathematics will also find this book useful.
Category: Mathematics