INTERPRETING PROBABILITY CONTROVERSIES AND DEVELOPMENTS IN THE EARLY TWENTIETH CENTURY CAMBRIDGE STUDIES IN PROBABILITY INDUCTION AND DECISION THEORY

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Interpreting Probability

Author : David Howie
ISBN : 1139434373
Genre : Science
File Size : 54.33 MB
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The term probability can be used in two main senses. In the frequency interpretation it is a limiting ratio in a sequence of repeatable events. In the Bayesian view, probability is a mental construct representing uncertainty. This 2002 book is about these two types of probability and investigates how, despite being adopted by scientists and statisticians in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, Bayesianism was discredited as a theory of scientific inference during the 1920s and 1930s. Through the examination of a dispute between two British scientists, the author argues that a choice between the two interpretations is not forced by pure logic or the mathematics of the situation, but depends on the experiences and aims of the individuals involved. The book should be of interest to students and scientists interested in statistics and probability theories and to general readers with an interest in the history, sociology and philosophy of science.
Category: Science

Forthcoming Books

Author : R.R. Bowker Company. Department of Bibliography
ISBN : 00158119
Genre :
File Size : 87.99 MB
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Books In Print

Author : R.R. Bowker Company
ISBN : UOM:39015054035236
Genre : American literature
File Size : 68.19 MB
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Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.
Category: American literature

Probability Theory

Author : E. T. Jaynes
ISBN : 9781139435161
Genre : Science
File Size : 64.51 MB
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The standard rules of probability can be interpreted as uniquely valid principles in logic. In this book, E. T. Jaynes dispels the imaginary distinction between 'probability theory' and 'statistical inference', leaving a logical unity and simplicity, which provides greater technical power and flexibility in applications. This book goes beyond the conventional mathematics of probability theory, viewing the subject in a wider context. New results are discussed, along with applications of probability theory to a wide variety of problems in physics, mathematics, economics, chemistry and biology. It contains many exercises and problems, and is suitable for use as a textbook on graduate level courses involving data analysis. The material is aimed at readers who are already familiar with applied mathematics at an advanced undergraduate level or higher. The book will be of interest to scientists working in any area where inference from incomplete information is necessary.
Category: Science

Conjectures And Refutations

Author : Karl Popper
ISBN : 9781135971373
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 42.6 MB
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Conjectures and Refutations is one of Karl Popper's most wide-ranging and popular works, notable not only for its acute insight into the way scientific knowledge grows, but also for applying those insights to politics and to history. It provides one of the clearest and most accessible statements of the fundamental idea that guided his work: not only our knowledge, but our aims and our standards, grow through an unending process of trial and error.
Category: Philosophy

The Oxford Handbook Of Perceptual Organization

Author : Johan Wagemans
ISBN : 9780191510472
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 25.32 MB
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Perceptual organization comprises a wide range of processes such as perceptual grouping, figure-ground organization, filling-in, completion, perceptual switching, etc. Such processes are most notable in the context of shape perception but they also play a role in texture perception, lightness perception, color perception, motion perception, depth perception, etc. Perceptual organization deals with a variety of perceptual phenomena of central interest, studied from many different perspectives, including psychophysics, experimental psychology, neuropsychology, neuroimaging, neurophysiology, and computational modeling. Given its central importance in phenomenal experience, perceptual organization has also figured prominently in classic Gestalt writings on the topic, touching upon deep philosophical issues regarding mind-brain relationships and consciousness. In addition, it attracts a great deal of interest from people working in applied areas like visual art, design, architecture, music, and so forth. The Oxford Handbook of Perceptual Organization provides a broad and extensive review of the current literature, written in an accessible form for scholars and students. With chapter written by leading researchers in the field, this is the state-of-the-art reference work on this topic, and will be so for many years to come.
Category: Psychology

Nuncius

Author :
ISBN : IND:30000092998214
Genre : Science
File Size : 54.83 MB
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Annali di storia della scienza.
Category: Science

Information Theory Inference And Learning Algorithms

Author : David J. C. MacKay
ISBN : 0521642981
Genre : Computers
File Size : 59.32 MB
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Fun and exciting textbook on the mathematics underpinning the most dynamic areas of modern science and engineering.
Category: Computers