INTERNATIONALIZATION OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

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Internationalization Of Research And Development

Author : Klaus Brockhoff
ISBN : 9783642589591
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 23.49 MB
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Research and development is no longer a headquarters function. More and more companies internationalize their R&D activities. The pros and cons of this approach are discussed in this book. The organizational alternatives for international R&D as well as the consequences that they have for decision making and performing R&D are also of great interest. Furthermore, measuring success of international R&D is a very difficult problem that is not yet fully understood. However, suggestions are made to improve present day practise. They are based on a large body of empirical research and management literature.
Category: Business & Economics

Transnational Corporations And The Internationalization Of R D

Author : United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
ISBN : 9211126673
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 48.8 MB
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This annual report examines changing trends in foreign direct investment (FDI) flows worldwide, at the regional and country levels and emerging measures to improve its contribution to development. The 2005 edition focuses on the internationalisation of research and development by transnational corporations and its policy implications for innovation, economic growth and development. Findings for the year 2004 show that, after three years of decline in global investment flows, there was a rise of two per cent overall compared to the previous year. This growth was led by the increase in FDI flows to developing countries of 40 per cent, whilst developed countries experienced a 14 per cent drop in their inward FDI. As a result, the share of developing countries in world FDI inflows reached 36 per cent, the highest level since 1997.
Category: Business & Economics

Internationalization Of Research And Development By Multinational Enterprises

Author : Robert D. Pearce
ISBN : 9781349104963
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 89.16 MB
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Providing a broadly based survey of existing knowledge of the important emerging phenomenon of internationalized research and development operations by multinational enterprises, this book argues that these enterprises are recognizing the need for a global perspective on the creation of technology.
Category: Business & Economics

Internationalization Of Research And Development

Author : Alberto Di Minn
ISBN : UCAL:C3507706
Genre :
File Size : 57.41 MB
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Contrary to expectations, the results clearly support the case for "non-globalization", and suggest that in spite of growing internationalization of operations, there is no convincing evidence to reject the hypothesis that core technology activities remain homebound.
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The Role Of Innovations Created In The Internationalization Process For Company Performance

Author : Adam Dymitrowski
ISBN : 9788301179540
Genre :
File Size : 69.97 MB
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It is commonly believed that innovations are crucial in company's activity. The significance of the role that is assigned to the issue of innovation is confirmed by numerous scientific research studies that indicate the existence of a link between innovativeness and company performance. In terms of the dynamically progressing process of globalization it seems that the relationship between innovation and company performance should be examined in the context of entities participating in international expansion. The process of internationalization may influence the creation of innovations by enterprises and at the same time the achieved results. Despite many literature publications in the field of economics and management, concerning internationalization and innovations, there is a small number of publications describing the influence of internationalization on the innovation activities of enterprises in a comprehensive manner. Likewise, there is no answer to the question on how the innovations created in the process of internationalization influence the results of companies. Due to the identification of a substantial research gap, this book undertakes an attempt at determining the manner in which internationalization affects the process of enterprises creating innovations and ascertaining their impact on company results. The conclusions presented in the book may be used by researchers representing many fields of science and be the subject of interest to the representatives of business practice. In addition, it is one of the few domestic and foreign studies concerning the innovations created in the process of internationalization.
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Changing Innovation In The Pharmaceutical Industry

Author : Andre Jungmittag
ISBN : 9783662041529
Genre : Science
File Size : 79.14 MB
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The internationalization of research and technology is one key component of the globalization of trade and business, with potentially major impacts on patterns of economic development and public policies worldwide. Although certain aspects of this internationalization trend are well documented, and some effects can be quantified, the overall processes are extremely complex and the outcomes are highly uncertain. The existence of the phenomenon is generally accepted, but its importance and the trends are currently the topic of a lively debate. This study on "New Ways in Drug Development in Pharmaceuticals" is part of a three year project which aims at investigating how new concepts of industrial knowledge creation are implemented in the different environ ments of the innovation systems of the United States and Germany. The main focus of the overall project is a series of case studies of innovation practice in different national and sectoral contexts. The following sectors and technological fields are investigated: pharmaceuticals and new ways in drug development by the Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research (ISI), advanced materials by the University Hohenheim, Insti tute of International Management and Innovation (Alexander Gerybadze), financial services and home banking by the Massachusetts Institute of Tech nology (MIT), Center for Industrial Performance (Richard Lester) and the Sloan School of Management (Edward Roberts). Financially the project was supported by the German-American Academic Council, the German Federal Minstry of Education, Science Research and Technology and the Fraunhofer Society.
Category: Science

Management Of Technology And Innovation In Japan

Author : Cornelius Herstatt
ISBN : 9783540312482
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 54.70 MB
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What Makes this Book Unique? No crystal ball is required to safely predict, that in the future – even more than in the past – mastered innovativeness will be a primary criterion distinguishing s- cessful from unsuccessful companies. At the latest since Michael Porter’s study on the competitiveness of nations, the same criterion holds even for the evaluation of entire countries and national economies. Despite the innumerable number of p- lications and recommendations on innovation, competitive innovativeness is still a rare competency. The latest publication of UNICE – the European Industry - ganization representing 20 million large, midsize and small companies – speaks a clear language: Europe qualifies to roughly 60% (70%) of the innovation strength of the US (Japan). The record unemployment in many EU countries does not c- tradict this message. A main reason may be given by the fact that becoming an innovative organi- tion means increased openness towards the new and more tolerance towards risks and failures, both challenging the inherently difficult management art of cultural change. Further, lacking innovativeness is often related to legal and fiscal barriers which rather hinder than foster innovative activities. Yet another reason to explain Europe’s notorious innovation gap refers to insufficient financial R&D resources on the company as well as on the national level. As a result, for example, hi- ranking decisions on the level of the European Commission are taken to increase R&D expenditures in the European Union from roughly 2% to 3% of GNP.
Category: Business & Economics