INTERMOLECULAR AND SURFACE FORCES REVISED THIRD EDITION

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Intermolecular And Surface Forces

Author : Jacob N. Israelachvili
ISBN : 0080923631
Genre : Science
File Size : 63.33 MB
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This reference describes the role of various intermolecular and interparticle forces in determining the properties of simple systems such as gases, liquids and solids, with a special focus on more complex colloidal, polymeric and biological systems. The book provides a thorough foundation in theories and concepts of intermolecular forces, allowing researchers and students to recognize which forces are important in any particular system, as well as how to control these forces. This third edition is expanded into three sections and contains five new chapters over the previous edition. · starts from the basics and builds up to more complex systems · covers all aspects of intermolecular and interparticle forces both at the fundamental and applied levels · multidisciplinary approach: bringing together and unifying phenomena from different fields · This new edition has an expanded Part III and new chapters on non-equilibrium (dynamic) interactions, and tribology (friction forces)
Category: Science

Surface Chemistry Essentials

Author : K. S. Birdi
ISBN : 9781439871799
Genre : Science
File Size : 24.8 MB
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Surface chemistry plays an important role in everyday life, as the basis for many phenomena as well as technological applications. Common examples range from soap bubbles, foam, and raindrops to cosmetics, paint, adhesives, and pharmaceuticals. Additional areas that rely on surface chemistry include modern nanotechnology, medical diagnostics, and drug delivery. There is extensive literature on this subject, but most chemistry books only devote one or two chapters to it. Surface Chemistry Essentials fills a need for a reference that brings together the fundamental aspects of surface chemistry with up-to-date references and data from real-world examples. This book enables readers to better understand many natural phenomena and industrial processes. Mathematical treatment is mainly given as references to make the material accessible to individuals with a broader range of scientific backgrounds. The book begins by introducing basic considerations with respect to liquid and solid surfaces and describes forces in curved versus flat liquid surfaces. Chapters cover properties of surface active substances, such as surfactants and soaps; lipid films and Langmuir-Blodgett films; and adsorption and desorption on solid surfaces. The author discusses processes involved in liquid–solid interface phenomena, which are utilized in washing, coatings, lubrication, and more, and colloid chemistry systems and related industrial applications such as wastewater treatment. The author also addresses bubbles, films, and foams and the principles of oil–water emulsion science, used in detergents, paints, and skin creams. The final chapter considers more complex applications, for example, food emulsions, scanning probe miscroscopy, the cement industry, and gas and oil recovery.
Category: Science

Principles Of Colloid And Surface Chemistry Third Edition Revised And Expanded

Author : Paul C. Hiemenz
ISBN : 9781351990738
Genre : Science
File Size : 79.36 MB
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This work aims to familiarize students with the fundamentals of colloid and surface science, from various types of colloids and colloidal phenomena, and classical and modern characterization/measurement techniques to applications of colloids and surface science in engineering, technology, chemistry, physics and biological and medical sciences. The Journal of Textile Studies proclaims "High praise from peers . . .contains valuable information on many topics of interest to food rheologists and polymer scientists ...[The book] should be in the libraries of academic and industrial food research organizations" and Chromatographia describes the book as "...an excellent textbook, excellently organised, clearly written and well laid out."
Category: Science

Physics And Chemistry Of Interfaces

Author : Hans-Jürgen Butt
ISBN : 9783527606405
Genre : Science
File Size : 23.12 MB
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Serving as a general introduction to surface and interface science, this book focuses on basic concepts rather than specific details, and on intuitive understanding rather than merely learning facts. The text reflects the fact that the physics and chemistry of surfaces is a diverse area of research that involves classical scientific and engineering disciplines. As such, it discusses fundamental subjects, such as thermodynamics of interfaces, as well as applied topics including wetting, friction, and lubrication. Following an introduction to the most important techniques and methods, readers will be able to apply simple models to their own scientific problems. Furthermore, manifold high end technological applications are shown together with the basic scientific treatment, for example AFM, surface technology, biotechnology, microelectronics, and biomaterials. The book is written with advanced students of chemistry, physics, materials science, chemical engineering and related subjects who have a basic knowledge of natural sciences and mathematics in mind. In addition, scientists and engineers who are not yet specialists in surface science but want to learn more about this important subject will equally benefit.
Category: Science

History Of Strength Of Materials

Author : Stephen Timoshenko
ISBN : 0486611876
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 49.95 MB
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Strength of materials is that branch of engineering concerned with the deformation and disruption of solids when forces other than changes in position or equilibrium are acting upon them. The development of our understanding of the strength of materials has enabled engineers to establish the forces which can safely be imposed on structure or components, or to choose materials appropriate to the necessary dimensions of structures and components which have to withstand given loads without suffering effects deleterious to their proper functioning. This excellent historical survey of the strength of materials with many references to the theories of elasticity and structures is based on an extensive series of lectures delivered by the author at Stanford University, Palo Alto, California. Timoshenko explores the early roots of the discipline from the great monuments and pyramids of ancient Egypt through the temples, roads, and fortifications of ancient Greece and Rome. The author fixes the formal beginning of the modern science of the strength of materials with the publications of Galileo's book, "Two Sciences," and traces the rise and development as well as industrial and commercial applications of the fledgling science from the seventeenth century through the twentieth century. Timoshenko fleshes out the bare bones of mathematical theory with lucid demonstrations of important equations and brief biographies of highly influential mathematicians, including: Euler, Lagrange, Navier, Thomas Young, Saint-Venant, Franz Neumann, Maxwell, Kelvin, Rayleigh, Klein, Prandtl, and many others. These theories, equations, and biographies are further enhanced by clear discussions of the development of engineering and engineering education in Italy, France, Germany, England, and elsewhere. 245 figures.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Electronic Properties Of Materials

Author : Rolf E. Hummel
ISBN : 9783642865381
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 32.43 MB
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Books are seldom finished. At best, they are abandoned. The second edition of "Electronic Properties of Materials" has been in use now for about seven years. During this time my publisher gave me ample opportunities to update and improve the text whenever the Ibook was reprinted. There were about six of these reprinting cycles. Eventually, however, it became clear that substantially more new material had to be added to account for the stormy developments which occurred in the field of electrical, optical, and magnetic materials. In particular, expanded sections on flat-panel displays (liquid crystals, electroluminescence devices, field emission displays, and plasma dis. : plays) were added. Further, the recent developments in blue- and green emitting LED's and in photonics are included. Magnetic storage devices also underwent rapid development. Thus, magneto-optical memories, magneto resistance devices, and new' magnetic materials needed to be covered. The sections on dielectric properties, ferroelectricity, piezoelectricity, electrostric tion, and thermoelectric properties have been expanded. Of course, the entire text was critically reviewed, updated, and improved. However, the most extensive change I undertook was the conversion of all equations to SI units throughout. In most of the world and in virtually all of the interna tional scientific journals use of this system of units is required. If today's students do not learn to utilize it, another generation is "lost" on this matter. In other words, it is important that students become comfortable with SI units.
Category: Technology & Engineering

The Colloidal Domain

Author : D. Fennell Evans
ISBN : 0471242470
Genre : Science
File Size : 89.6 MB
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This new edition provides students and professionals with a comprehensive and up-to-date treatment of colloid science theory, methods, and applications. Emphasizing the molecular interactions that determine the properties of colloidal systems, the authors provide an authoritative account of critical developments in colloid science that have occurred over the past several decades. Combining all of the best features of a professional reference and a student text, the Second Edition features: * Concept maps preceding each chapter that put subject matter into perspective. * Numerous worked examples - many new to this edition - illustrating key concepts. * More than 250 high-quality illustrations that help clarify processes described. * A new chapter that integrates the development of colloid science and technology in the twentieth century with challenges facing the field today. The Colloidal Domain, Second Edition is an indispensable professional resource for chemists and chemical engineers working in an array of industries, including petrochemicals, food, agricultural, ceramic, coatings, forestry, and paper products. It is also a superb educational tool for advanced undergraduate and graduate-level students of physical chemistry and chemical engineering.
Category: Science

Asm Metals Reference Book 3rd Edition

Author : Michael Bauccio
ISBN : 0871704781
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 47.46 MB
Format : PDF
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This reference book makes it easy for anyone involved in materials selection, or in the design and manufacture of metallic structural components to quickly screen materials for a particular application. Information on practically all ferrous and nonferrous metals including powder metals is presented in tabular form for easy review and comparison between different materials. Included are chemical compositions, physical and mechanical properties, manufacturing processes, applications, pertinent specifications and standards, and test methods. Contents Overview: Glossary of metallurgical terms Selection of structural materials (specifications and standards, life cycle and failure modes, materials properties and design, and properties and applications) Physical data on the elements and alloys Testing and inspection Chemical composition and processing characteristics
Category: Technology & Engineering