INNOVATION CONTESTED THE IDEA OF INNOVATION OVER THE CENTURIES ROUTLEDGE STUDIES IN SOCIAL AND POLITICAL THOUGHT

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Innovation Contested

Author : Benoît Godin
ISBN : 9781317928188
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 81.80 MB
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Innovation is everywhere. In the world of goods (technology), but also in the world of words: innovation is discussed in the scientific and technical literature, but also in the social sciences and humanities. Innovation is also a central idea in the popular imaginary, in the media and in public policy. Innovation has become the emblem of the modern society and a panacea for resolving many problems. Today, innovation is spontaneously understood as technological innovation because of its contribution to economic "progress". Yet for 2,500 years, innovation had nothing to do with economics in a positive sense. Innovation was pejorative and political. It was a contested idea in philosophy, religion, politics and social affairs. Innovation only got de-contested in the last century. This occurred gradually beginning after the French revolution. Innovation shifted from a vice to a virtue. Innovation became an instrument for achieving political and social goals. In this book, Benoît Godin lucidly examines the representations and meaning(s) of innovation over time, its diverse uses, and the contexts in which the concept emerged and changed. This history is organized around three periods or episteme: the prohibition episteme, the instrument episteme, and the value episteme.
Category: Political Science

The Political Economy Of Innovation Development

Author : Iurii Bazhal
ISBN : 9783319548524
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 52.96 MB
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This book finds that the R&D and technological innovation of a country is not a result, but a factor, of sustained economic growth. Bazhal develops Schumpeter's theory to argue that genuine economic growth - especially in transitioning and developing countries - is only possible with innovation. With a particular focus on the work of Ukrainian economists, Tugan-Batanobvsky and Vernadsky, the text seeks to move the discipline forward and explain why innovation has become a primary factor of economic development in recent decades and why its role will become even more dominant in the future. Chapters interrogate whether modern economic theory can explain how we ensure the effective functioning of the market economy. The book shows that explanations of economists and politicians regarding the nature of the current economic and financial crisis, and the causes of huge gaps in levels of wealth in market economies, demonstrates that there are not enough satisfactory answers to this question.
Category: Business & Economics

Futures Visions And Responsibility

Author : Martin Sand
ISBN : 9783658226848
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 70.21 MB
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Martin Sand explores the problems of responsibility at the early, visionary stages of technological development. He discusses the increasingly dominant concept of innovation and outlines how narratives about the future are currently used to facilitate technological change, to foster networks, and to raise public awareness for innovations. This set of activities is under increasing scrutiny as a form of “visioneering”. The author discusses intentionality and freedom as important, albeit fuzzy, preconditions for being responsible. He distinguishes being from holding responsible and explores this distinction’s effects on the problem of moral luck. Finally, he develops a virtue ethical framework to discuss visioneers’ and innovators’ responsibilities.​
Category: Philosophy

Innovation Contested

Author : Benoit Godin
ISBN : 1317928172
Genre : Electronic books
File Size : 50.46 MB
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Category: Electronic books

Trees On Mars

Author : Hal Niedzviecki
ISBN : 9781609806385
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 70.71 MB
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The future is big right now—for perhaps the first time, our society is more focused on what is going to happen in the future than what is happening right now. In Trees on Mars: Our Obsession with the Future, cultural critic and indie entrepreneur Hal Niedzviecki asks how and when we started believing we could and should “create the future.” What is it like to live in a society utterly focused on what is going to happen next? Through visits to colleges, corporations, tech conferences, factories and more, Niedzviecki traces the story of how owning the future has become irresistible to us. In deep conversation with both the beneficiaries and victims of our relentless obsession with the future, Niedzviecki asks crucial questions: Where are we actually heading? How will we get there? And whom may we be leaving behind?
Category: Social Science

An Introduction To Political Theory

Author : John Hoffman
ISBN : 9781317863427
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 56.2 MB
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"This book provides an engaging and intellectually challenging introduction to political ideologies, while at the same time giving an accessible route into the subject for those new to politics. Supported by an outstanding companion website, it has strong claims to be the best undergraduate textbook on ideologies on the market." Dr. Mike Gough, University of East Anglia Introduction to Political Theory is a text for the 21st century. It shows students why an understanding of theory is crucial to an understanding of issues and events in a rapidly shifting global political landscape. Bringing together classic and contemporary political concepts and ideologies into one book, this new text introduces the major approaches to political issues that have shaped the modern world, and the ideas that form the currency of political debate. Introduction to Political Theory relates political ideas to political realities through effective use of examples and cases studies making theory lively, contentious and relevant. This thoroughly revised and updated second edition contains new chapters on global justice and political violence, as well as an expanded treatment of globalisation and the state. A wide range of pedagogical features helps to clarify, extend and apply students’ understanding of the fundamental ideologies and concepts. This is comprised of: · Case studies demonstrate how political ideas, concepts and issues manifest in the real world · ‘Focus' boxes encourage students to appreciate alternative viewpoints · A range of thought provoking photographs challenge students to examine concepts from a different angle · Suggestions for further reading and weblinks are also provided to help students to further their understanding Introduction to Political Theory is accompanied by an innovative website with multiple choice questions, biographies of key figures in political theory, further case studies and an innovative ‘how to read’ feature which helps students get to grips with difficult primary texts.
Category: Political Science

Innovationsgesellschaft Heute

Author : Werner Rammert
ISBN : 9783658108748
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 77.9 MB
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Innovation als dauerhafte kreative Anstrengung und systematische Durchsetzung des Neuen gilt als Kerninstitution moderner Wirtschaft. Gegenwärtig beobachten wir eine Ausweitung auf alle Felder, Arten und Phasen der Innovation: Innovationsprozesse – so die These – werden zunehmend reflexiv im Lichte von Informationen über Innovationen gesehen, breiter verteilt von mehr Akteuren und heterogenen Instanzen gestaltet und situativ orientiert an wechselnden und gemischten Leitreferenzen vollzogen. Reflexive Innovation in diesem Sinne wird zur treibenden Kraft der Innovationsgesellschaft. Die Beiträge wurden von Antragstellern, Gästen und Gutachtern des DFG-Graduiertenkollegs „Innovationsgesellschaft heute: Die reflexive Herstellung des Neuen“ verfasst.
Category: Social Science

Von Windhuk Nach Auschwitz

Author : Jürgen Zimmerer
ISBN : 9783825890551
Genre : Genocide
File Size : 65.83 MB
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"Vierzig Jahre vor dem 'Vernichtungskrieg im Osten' und dem Holocaust verübten deutsche Kolonialtruppen in Deutsch-Südwestafrika den ersten Genozid des 20. Jahrhunderts. 'Von Windhuk nach Auschwitz?' fragt nach dem Verhältnis von Kolonialismus und Nationalsozialismus und nimmt Genozid, 'Rassenstaat' und Zwangsarbeitsregime als Ausgangspunkt einer vergleichenden Betrachtung. Der Band ist ein unverzichtbares Dokument einer Debatte um eine postkoloniale Erweiterung der deutschen Geschichte, wie sie innerhalb der deutschen wie der internationalen Geschichtswissenschaft intensiv geführt wird, und erlaubt einen frischen Blick sowohl auf die Geschichte des Kolonialismus wie des 'Dritten Reiches.'"--Cover.
Category: Genocide

Information Technology Development And Social Change

Author : Fay Patel
ISBN : 9780415502689
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 48.48 MB
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"The speed and cost effectiveness of new information technology has prompted many to view these innovations as a panacea for social and economic development. However, such a view flies in the face of continuing inequities in education, health, food, and infrastructure. This volume explores these issues - along with questions of access, privilege, literacy, training, and the environmental and health effects of information technologies in the developing world - arguing that a higher level of development does not always result from a higher level of technologization."--Provided by publisher.
Category: Social Science