IN THE MIDST OF JORDAN THE JORDAN VALLEY DURING THE MIDDLE BRONZE AGE CIRCA 2000 1500 BCE ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND HISTORICAL CORRELATES CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE CHRONOLOGY OF THE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN

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In The Midst Of The Jordan

Author : Aren M. Maeir
ISBN : 3700166028
Genre : History
File Size : 38.77 MB
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This volume is a study of the archaeology and history of the Jordan Valley of the Southern Levant (from Dan in the north till the Dead Sea in the south) during the Middle Bronze Age (ca. 2000-1500 BCE). The study attempts to summarize a large body of relevant materials bringing together a variety of types of finds and approaches, to form a coherent picture on the role, and significance of this region during this period. Starting from a general regional overview (including an in-depth geographical, ecological and environmental summary), a critical review of the finds from the various sites in the region are presented, followed by a discussion of various aspects of the material culture (including a detailed discussion of the pottery of region throughout the various phases of this period), the historical sources, trade and chronology, and an attempt to synthesize the settlement pattern and processes, from the beginning of the Middle Bronze Age until the onset of the Late Bronze Age. While including traditional aspects of analysis such as comparative stratigraphy, pottery typology, and the discussion of the historical sources, this study also attempts to incorporate a wide range of other perspectives, including extensive pottery provenience studies (Neutron Activation Analysis), the study of settlement ecology and population dynamics, and attempts to classify the production patterns, and political and economic structures in these and adjacent regions during this time frame. In addition to dealing specifically with the finds from within the Jordan Valley, the ramifications of these finds on other regions (and issues) in the Middle Bronze Age, and vice-a-versa, influences of other regions and sites on the Jordan Valley. Thus, general questions such as the underlying mechanisms behind the beginning, development and end of the Middle Bronze Age are discusses, as well as controversial topics such as the chronology of the period and the role of the city of Hazor. The volume concludes with an appendix with a detailed list on all MB sites in the Jordan Valley, and a list and discussion of all 14C dates from the Jordan Valley (by Ezra Marcus). The volume should be of interest to scholars dealing the Bronze and Iron Ages of the Eastern Mediterranean, as those connected to the study of material culture, production, pottery provenience, chronology, trade, settlement patterns and cultural interactions, both in the ancient near east but in archaeology and ancient history in general as well.
Category: History

Plain Pottery Traditions Of The Eastern Mediterranean And Near East

Author : Claudia Glatz
ISBN : 9781315422558
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 29.67 MB
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The evolution and proliferation of plain and predominantly wheel-made pottery presents a characteristic feature of the societies of the Near East and Eastern Mediterranean since the fourth millennium B.C. This plain pottery has received little detailed archaeological attention in comparison to aesthetically more pleasing and chronologically sensitive decorated traditions. Yet, their simplicity and standardization suggest they are products of craft specialists, the result of high-volume production, and therefore important in understanding the social systems in early complex societies. This volume-reevaluates the role and significance of plain pottery traditions from both historically specific perspectives and from a comparative point of view;-examines the uses and functions of this pottery in relation to social negotiation and group identity formation;-helps scholars understand cross-regional similarities in development and use.
Category: Social Science

Textile Production And Consumption In The Ancient Near East

Author : Marie-Louise Nosch
ISBN : 9781782971115
Genre : History
File Size : 51.73 MB
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In the past, textile production was a key part of all ancient societies. The Ancient Near East stands out in this respect with the overwhelming amount of documentation both in terms of raw materials, line of production, and the distribution of finished products. The thirteen intriguing chapters in Textile Production and Consumption in the Ancient Near East describe the developments and changes from household to standardised, industrialised and centralised productions which take place in the region. They discuss the economic, social and cultural impact of textiles on ancient society through the application of textile tool studies, experimental testing, context studies and epigraphical as well as iconographical sources. Together they demonstrate that the textile industries, production, technology, consumption and innovations are crucial to, and therefore provide an in-depth view of ancient societies during this period. Geographically the contributions cover Anatolia, the Levant, Syria, the Assyrian heartland, Sumer, and Egypt.
Category: History

Painting Practices In White Painted And White Slip Wares

Author : Louise C. Maguire
ISBN : 3700169965
Genre : History
File Size : 31.33 MB
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This volume presents the results of a detailed analysis of Middle-Late Cypriot white slip ware, taking the new approach of determining and analysing patterns of brush stroke behaviour.
Category: History

Management Planning For Archaeological Sites

Author : Jeanne Marie Teutonico
ISBN : 9780892366910
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 40.81 MB
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Archaeological sites around the world are threatened by forces including population growth, development, urbanization, pollution, tourism, vandalism and looting. Site management planning is emerging as a critical element not only for the conservation of this heritage, but also to address issues such as tourism and sustainable development. This book reports on the proceedings of a workshop held in Greece, where an international group of professionals gathered to discuss challenges faced by archaeological sites in the Mediterranean and to examine management planning methods that might generate effective conservation strategies.
Category: Social Science

Israel S Exodus In Transdisciplinary Perspective

Author : Thomas E. Levy
ISBN : 9783319047683
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 78.51 MB
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The Bible's grand narrative about Israel's Exodus from Egypt is central to Biblical religion, Jewish, Christian, and Muslim identity and the formation of the academic disciplines studying the ancient Near East. It has also been a pervasive theme in artistic and popular imagination. Israel's Exodus in Transdisciplinary Perspective is a pioneering work surveying this tradition in unprecedented breadth, combining archaeological discovery, quantitative methodology and close literary reading. Archaeologists, Egyptologists, Biblical Scholars, Computer Scientists, Geoscientists and other experts contribute their diverse approaches in a novel, transdisciplinary consideration of ancient topography, Egyptian and Near Eastern parallels to the Exodus story, the historicity of the Exodus, the interface of the Exodus question with archaeological fieldwork on emergent Israel, the formation of biblical literature, and the cultural memory of the Exodus in ancient Israel and beyond. This edited volume contains research presented at the groundbreaking symposium "Out of Egypt: Israel’s Exodus Between Text and Memory, History and Imagination" held in 2013 at the Qualcomm Institute of the University of California, San Diego. The combination of 44 contributions by an international group of scholars from diverse disciplines makes this the first such transdisciplinary study of ancient text and history. In the original conference and with this new volume, revolutionary media, such as a 3D immersive virtual reality environment, impart innovative, Exodus-based research to a wider audience. Out of archaeology, ancient texts, science and technology emerge an up-to-date picture of the Exodus for the 21st Century and a new standard for collaborative research.
Category: Social Science

Tell Abu Al Kharaz In The Jordan Valley

Author : Peter M. Fischer
ISBN : 3700138806
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 25.30 MB
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This volume is one in a series of three which presents the results of the excavations of the multiperiod settlement of Tell Abu al-Kharaz in the Central Transjordanian Jordan Valley (Volume II on the Middle and Late Bronze Ages was published in 2006; Volume III on the Iron Age is in preparation). The present publication is the first final publication of an Early Bronze Age town in the Transjordanian Jordan Valley. The site was excavated between 1989 and 2001 under the direction of the author. The Early Bronze Age town, which belongs to the conventional EB IB and II, was the largest of all settlements. Excavation and processing methods are described in Chapter 1. Stratigraphy, architecture and pottery are presented as an integrated entity in Chapter 2. Chapter 3 presents typo-chronological conclusions on locally produced and imported ceramic wares, the latter including metal ware from Lebanon and the rare finds of cylindrical jars from the Egyptian Naqada III culture. Chapter 4 deals with the lithics, and Chapters 5 to 7 with atomic-absorption spectroscopy of copper objects, the climate, the fauna and flora, and radiocarbon datings. In Chapter 8, Discussions and Conclusions, the general and specific environment, the settlement, the people and their administration, population statistics, economy and communication routes are discussed. This chapter also contains analyses of the architectural features and installations and the small finds. Problems related to synchronization and terminology are debated. The section which deals with relative chronology presents the correlation of the established local six sub-periods with the regional and interregional evidence. An absolute time frame between c. 3150 and 2950/2900 B.C. is suggested for the duration of the Early Bronze Age settlement at Tell Abu al-Kharaz. Finally, a number of hypotheses on the rise and fall of the Early Bronze Age societies of Tell Abu al-Kharaz are offered. Special studies are presented in four appendices: Appendix 1 describes various analytical methods applied to the beads of a complete necklace, Appendix 2 offers a typology and possible meaning of numerous potmarks from the site, and Appendices 3 and 4 deal with textiles and their production.
Category: Social Science

Quaternary Of The Levant

Author : Yehouda Enzel
ISBN : 9781107090460
Genre : History
File Size : 59.27 MB
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Over eighty contributions from leading researchers review 2.5 million years of environmental change and human cultural evolution in the Levant.
Category: History

The Philistines And Aegean Migration At The End Of The Late Bronze Age

Author : Assaf Yasur-Landau
ISBN : 9781139485876
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 70.74 MB
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In this study, Assaf Yasur-Landau examines the early history of the biblical Philistines who were among the 'Sea Peoples' who migrated from the Aegean area to the Levant during the early twelfth century BC. Creating an archaeological narrative of the migration of the Philistines, he combines an innovative theoretical framework on the archaeology of migration with new data from excavations in Greece, Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, and Israel and thereby reconstructs the social history of the Aegean migration to the southern Levant. The author follows the story of the migrants from the conditions that caused the Philistines to leave their Aegean homes, to their movement eastward along the sea and land routes, to their formation of a migrant society in Philistia and their interaction with local populations in the Levant. Based on the most up-to-date evidence, this book offers a new and fresh understanding of the arrival of the Philistines in the Levant.
Category: Social Science

Egyptian Type Pottery In The Late Bronze Age Southern Levant

Author : Mario Martin
ISBN : 3700171366
Genre : Art
File Size : 50.41 MB
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This volume presents a group of Late Bronze Age (ca. 1500-1130 BCE; 18th-20th Egyptian Dynasties) ceramics in the southern Levant that can be linked to the Egyptian pottery tradition (imported and locally produced). It should be of interest to scholars dealing with the Late Bronze Age in the Eastern Mediterranean in general, and with the Egyptian impact in the southern Levant in particular. The volume is divided into four main parts: Part I provides the reader with a typology of the relevant Egyptian forms. Part II explores the technological traits of the material under review, including fabric analyses, as well as formation techniques. Part III is a site by site presentation of the Egyptian assemblages to offer a broad canvas of the phenomenon under review (mainly Beth-Shean, Megiddo, Tell es-Sacidiyeh, Tel Dor, Tel Aphek, Tel Mor, Ashkelon, Tell el-cAjjul, Deir el-Balah, Lachish, Tel Serac and Tell el-Farcah [South]). Part IV presents a concluding discussion. Among other issues it collates a combined chronological framework, an analysis of the repertoire and function of the Egyptian assemblages and a reflection on the role of (locally-made) Egyptian-style pottery as ethnic marker. The volume closes with 68 plates, showing drawings of the vessels discussed throughout the study. A number of authors contributed chapters on various issues. This is the first time that a full, complex picture is presented on the reviewed topic. The two cardinal issues concern (1) the nature of the Egyptian involvement in Late Bronze Age Canaan in general and in Ramesside Canaan in particular (keywords: ethnicity, "direct rule" versus "elite emulation"), on which the Egyptian-type pottery sheds light; (2) the chronological value of the reviewed ceramic shapes, many of which function as sensible chronological markers and, in combination with Aegean and Cypriot imports, allow for a refined chronological framework, including revisions of traditional dating.
Category: Art