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Plain Pottery Traditions Of The Eastern Mediterranean And Near East

Author : Claudia Glatz
ISBN : 9781315422558
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 40.19 MB
Format : PDF
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The evolution and proliferation of plain and predominantly wheel-made pottery presents a characteristic feature of the societies of the Near East and Eastern Mediterranean since the fourth millennium B.C. This plain pottery has received little detailed archaeological attention in comparison to aesthetically more pleasing and chronologically sensitive decorated traditions. Yet, their simplicity and standardization suggest they are products of craft specialists, the result of high-volume production, and therefore important in understanding the social systems in early complex societies. This volume-reevaluates the role and significance of plain pottery traditions from both historically specific perspectives and from a comparative point of view;-examines the uses and functions of this pottery in relation to social negotiation and group identity formation;-helps scholars understand cross-regional similarities in development and use.
Category: Social Science

In The Midst Of The Jordan

Author : Aren M. Maeir
ISBN : 3700166028
Genre : History
File Size : 26.14 MB
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This volume is a study of the archaeology and history of the Jordan Valley of the Southern Levant (from Dan in the north till the Dead Sea in the south) during the Middle Bronze Age (ca. 2000-1500 BCE). The study attempts to summarize a large body of relevant materials bringing together a variety of types of finds and approaches, to form a coherent picture on the role, and significance of this region during this period. Starting from a general regional overview (including an in-depth geographical, ecological and environmental summary), a critical review of the finds from the various sites in the region are presented, followed by a discussion of various aspects of the material culture (including a detailed discussion of the pottery of region throughout the various phases of this period), the historical sources, trade and chronology, and an attempt to synthesize the settlement pattern and processes, from the beginning of the Middle Bronze Age until the onset of the Late Bronze Age. While including traditional aspects of analysis such as comparative stratigraphy, pottery typology, and the discussion of the historical sources, this study also attempts to incorporate a wide range of other perspectives, including extensive pottery provenience studies (Neutron Activation Analysis), the study of settlement ecology and population dynamics, and attempts to classify the production patterns, and political and economic structures in these and adjacent regions during this time frame. In addition to dealing specifically with the finds from within the Jordan Valley, the ramifications of these finds on other regions (and issues) in the Middle Bronze Age, and vice-a-versa, influences of other regions and sites on the Jordan Valley. Thus, general questions such as the underlying mechanisms behind the beginning, development and end of the Middle Bronze Age are discusses, as well as controversial topics such as the chronology of the period and the role of the city of Hazor. The volume concludes with an appendix with a detailed list on all MB sites in the Jordan Valley, and a list and discussion of all 14C dates from the Jordan Valley (by Ezra Marcus). The volume should be of interest to scholars dealing the Bronze and Iron Ages of the Eastern Mediterranean, as those connected to the study of material culture, production, pottery provenience, chronology, trade, settlement patterns and cultural interactions, both in the ancient near east but in archaeology and ancient history in general as well.
Category: History

Israel S Exodus In Transdisciplinary Perspective

Author : Thomas E. Levy
ISBN : 9783319047683
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 88.23 MB
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The Bible's grand narrative about Israel's Exodus from Egypt is central to Biblical religion, Jewish, Christian, and Muslim identity and the formation of the academic disciplines studying the ancient Near East. It has also been a pervasive theme in artistic and popular imagination. Israel's Exodus in Transdisciplinary Perspective is a pioneering work surveying this tradition in unprecedented breadth, combining archaeological discovery, quantitative methodology and close literary reading. Archaeologists, Egyptologists, Biblical Scholars, Computer Scientists, Geoscientists and other experts contribute their diverse approaches in a novel, transdisciplinary consideration of ancient topography, Egyptian and Near Eastern parallels to the Exodus story, the historicity of the Exodus, the interface of the Exodus question with archaeological fieldwork on emergent Israel, the formation of biblical literature, and the cultural memory of the Exodus in ancient Israel and beyond. This edited volume contains research presented at the groundbreaking symposium "Out of Egypt: Israel’s Exodus Between Text and Memory, History and Imagination" held in 2013 at the Qualcomm Institute of the University of California, San Diego. The combination of 44 contributions by an international group of scholars from diverse disciplines makes this the first such transdisciplinary study of ancient text and history. In the original conference and with this new volume, revolutionary media, such as a 3D immersive virtual reality environment, impart innovative, Exodus-based research to a wider audience. Out of archaeology, ancient texts, science and technology emerge an up-to-date picture of the Exodus for the 21st Century and a new standard for collaborative research.
Category: Social Science

The Philistines And Aegean Migration At The End Of The Late Bronze Age

Author : Assaf Yasur-Landau
ISBN : 9781139485876
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 83.20 MB
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In this study, Assaf Yasur-Landau examines the early history of the biblical Philistines who were among the 'Sea Peoples' who migrated from the Aegean area to the Levant during the early twelfth century BC. Creating an archaeological narrative of the migration of the Philistines, he combines an innovative theoretical framework on the archaeology of migration with new data from excavations in Greece, Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, and Israel and thereby reconstructs the social history of the Aegean migration to the southern Levant. The author follows the story of the migrants from the conditions that caused the Philistines to leave their Aegean homes, to their movement eastward along the sea and land routes, to their formation of a migrant society in Philistia and their interaction with local populations in the Levant. Based on the most up-to-date evidence, this book offers a new and fresh understanding of the arrival of the Philistines in the Levant.
Category: Social Science

Painting Practices In White Painted And White Slip Wares

Author : Louise C. Maguire
ISBN : 3700169965
Genre : History
File Size : 55.59 MB
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This volume presents the results of a detailed analysis of Middle-Late Cypriot white slip ware, taking the new approach of determining and analysing patterns of brush stroke behaviour.
Category: History

Quaternary Of The Levant

Author : Yehouda Enzel
ISBN : 9781107090460
Genre : History
File Size : 39.7 MB
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Over eighty contributions from leading researchers review 2.5 million years of environmental change and human cultural evolution in the Levant.
Category: History

Letters Of The Great Kings Of The Ancient Near East

Author : Trevor Bryce
ISBN : 9781134575862
Genre : History
File Size : 72.37 MB
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Offering fascinating insights into the people and politics of the ancient near Eastern kingdoms, Trevor Bryce uses the letters of the five Great Kings of Egypt, Babylon, Hatti, Mitanni and Assyria as the focus of a fresh look at this turbulent and volatile region in the late Bronze Age. Numerous extracts from the letters are constantly interwoven into the fabric of narrative and discussion, and this lively approach allows us to witness history through the eyes of the people who lived it, revealing the personalities and reactions of kings, queens, princes, princesses and royal officials more than 3500 years ago to the current events of the day.
Category: History

Pottery Production And Supply At Bronze Age Kolonna Aegina

Author : Walter Gauss
ISBN : 3700168012
Genre : Art
File Size : 82.17 MB
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Aegina has long been recognised as a major production centre of a variety of widely exported ceramic containers not only in the relatively recent past but also in Classical antiquity and especially during the Middle and Late Bronze Age. Moreover, the prehistoric ceramic industry based on Aegina has become an increasingly important phenomenon in recent scholarship dealing with the rise of complex societies in the Aegean world during 2nd millennium BC. Such persistence on pottery production on Aegina through time renders obvious that a combination of factors, such as socio-economic, historical and geographical ones, as well as the locally available raw materials and the attraction of Aeginetan ceramics at other sites, must be taken into consideration in addressing the development of a specialized potting centre on the island. This study is the first to undertake a comprehensive look at the Aeginetan ceramic industry during much of the Bronze Age (ca. 2500-1200 BC), aiming at shedding light upon the factors influencing transformations in potting traditions, and the growth and decline of a specialised pottery production centre on Aegina. Advocating a landscape approach, it concentrates not only on pottery production but also on supply and consumption of ceramic vessels on the island. The systematic stylistic study of the formal attributes of local products and imports at the site of Kolonna is combined with the investigation of their manufacturing technology and the compositional characterisation of their fabrics through petrographic and chemical analysis. This integrated archaeological and scientific examination of the pottery, together with research on the island's resources, replication experiments and ethnoarchaeology, provides the ground for the reconstruction of the local potting traditions and the understanding variability observed within and across certain periods of the Bronze Age.
Category: Art

Popular Controversies In World History Investigating History S Intriguing Questions 4 Volumes

Author : Steven L. Danver
ISBN : 9781598840780
Genre : History
File Size : 29.57 MB
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Covering prehistoric times to the modern era, this fascinating resource presents pro-and-con arguments regarding unresolved, historic controversies throughout the development of the world. • Includes 58 chapters in four volumes that address significant historical questions focused upon topics such as the Old Testament, the Roman Empire, the historic Buddha, William Shakespeare, the assassination of John F. Kennedy, and weapons of mass destruction • Provides a pro-and-con debate format that encourages readers to evaluate the validity of arguments and evidence
Category: History