Immaterialism

Author : Graham Harman
ISBN : 9781509501007
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 75.69 MB
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What objects exist in the social world and how should we understand them? Is a specific Pizza Hut restaurant as real as the employees, tables, napkins and pizzas of which it is composed, and as real as the Pizza Hut corporation with its headquarters in Wichita, the United States, the planet Earth and the social and economic impact of the restaurant on the lives of its employees and customers? In this book the founder of object-oriented philosophy develops his approach in order to shed light on the nature and status of objects in social life. While it is often assumed that an interest in objects amounts to a form of materialism, Harman rejects this view and develops instead an “immaterialist” method. By examining the work of leading contemporary thinkers such as Bruno Latour and Levi Bryant, he develops a forceful critique of ‘actor-network theory’. In an extended discussion of Leibniz’s famous example of the Dutch East India Company, Harman argues that this company qualifies for objecthood neither through ‘what it is’ or ‘what it does’, but through its irreducibility to either of these forms. The phases of its life, argues Harman, are not demarcated primarily by dramatic incidents but by moments of symbiosis, a term he draws from the biologist Lynn Margulis. This book provides a key counterpoint to the now ubiquitous social theories of constant change, holistic networks, performative identities, and the construction of things by human practice. It will appeal to anyone interested in cutting-edge debates in philosophy and social and cultural theory.
Category: Philosophy

The Playstation Dreamworld

Author : Alfie Bown
ISBN : 9781509518067
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 56.3 MB
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From mobile phones to consoles, tablets and PCs, we are now a generation of gamers. The PlayStation Dreamworld is – to borrow a phrase from Slavoj Zizek – the pervert's guide to videogames. It argues that we can only understand the world of videogames via Lacanian dream analysis. It also argues that the Left needs to work inside this dreamspace – a powerful arena for constructing our desires – or else the dreamworld will fall entirely into the hands of dominant and reactionary forces. While cyberspace is increasingly dominated by corporate organization, gaming, at its most subversive, can nevertheless produce radical forms of enjoyment which threaten the capitalist norms that are created and endlessly repeated in our daily relationships with mobile phones, videogames, computers and other forms of technological entertainment. Far from being a book solely for dedicated gamers, this book dissects the structure of our relationships to all technological entertainment at a time when entertainment has become ubiquitous. We can no longer escape our fantasies but rather live inside their digital reality.
Category: Social Science

Narcocapitalism

Author : Laurent de Sutter
ISBN : 9781509506873
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 35.13 MB
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What do the invention of anaesthetics in the middle of the nineteenth century, the Nazis' use of cocaine, and the development of Prozac have in common? The answer is that they're all products of the same logic that defines our contemporary era: 'the age of anaesthesia'. Laurent de Sutter shows how large aspects of our lives are now characterised by the management of our emotions through drugs, ranging from the everyday use of sleeping pills to hard narcotics. Chemistry has become so much a part of us that we can’t even see how much it has changed us. In this era, being a subject doesn't simply mean being subjected to powers that decide our lives: it means that our very emotions have been outsourced to chemical stimulation. Yet we don't understand why the drugs that we take are unable to free us from fatigue and depression, and from the absence of desire that now characterizes our psychopolitical condition. We have forgotten what it means to be excited because our only excitement has become drug-induced. We have to abandon the narcotic stimulation that we’ve come to rely on and find a way back to the collective excitement that is narcocapitalism’s greatest fear.
Category: Philosophy

Platform Capitalism

Author : Nick Srnicek
ISBN : 9781509504909
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 36.11 MB
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What unites Google and Facebook, Apple and Microsoft, Siemens and GE, Uber and Airbnb? Across a wide range of sectors, these firms are transforming themselves into platforms: businesses that provide the hardware and software foundation for others to operate on. This transformation signals a major shift in how capitalist firms operate and how they interact with the rest of the economy: the emergence of ?platform capitalism?. This book critically examines these new business forms, tracing their genesis from the long downturn of the 1970s to the boom and bust of the 1990s and the aftershocks of the 2008 crisis. It shows how the fundamental foundations of the economy are rapidly being carved up among a small number of monopolistic platforms, and how the platform introduces new tendencies within capitalism that pose significant challenges to any vision of a post-capitalist future. This book will be essential reading for anyone who wants to understand how the most powerful tech companies of our time are transforming the global economy."
Category: Philosophy

Weltentwerfen

Author : Friedrich von Borries
ISBN : 9783518748961
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 85.31 MB
Format : PDF
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Früher entwarfen Designer Gegenstände. Heute wird praktisch alles designt: das Klima, Prozesse, Flüchtlingslager. Wenn jedoch alles designt wird, ist es höchste Zeit, Design nicht länger allein nach ästhetischen Gesichtspunkten zu bewerten. Wir brauchen, so Friedrich von Borries, eine politische Designtheorie. Der Mensch ist gezwungen, die Bedingungen, unter denen er lebt, zu gestalten. Geschieht dies so, dass Handlungsoptionen reduziert werden, haben wir es mit Unterwerfung zu tun. In seinem Manifest plädiert von Borries für ein entwerfendes Design (des Überlebens, der Gesellschaft, des Selbst), das sich der totalitären Logik der Versicherheitlichung entzieht und gegen die Ideologie der Alternativlosigkeit neue Formen des Zusammenlebens imaginiert.
Category: Political Science

Die Rztliche Sicht Auf Menschen Mit Down Syndrom

Author : Katja Weiske
ISBN : 9783899715255
Genre : Medical
File Size : 51.83 MB
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The situation of persons with Down syndrome has changed dramatically in the last years. On the one hand, their lifespan and quality of life have risen considerably; on the other hand, the chance of their very survival has fallen because of modern methods of prenatally diagnosing their disability. How did the modern defect-oriented view of things come to assume the place it has in medical affairs? The author seeks out the historical roots of this particular medical vantage point - the phenomenon of mongolism is well known since the 19th century - and also points out how far the race-biolological evaluation of Down syndrome has survived even to the present day and influenced not only the medical vantage point. The volume thus represents an important contribution to medical ethics and grants the other side, namely, the position of the persons involved, a special venue. German text.
Category: Medical

Kindler Kompakt Philosophie 18 Jahrhundert

Author : Johannes Rohbeck
ISBN : 9783476055408
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 33.61 MB
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In diesem Band werden Leben und Werk von Philosophinnen und Philosophen des 18. Jahrhunderts dargestellt. Thematische Schwerpunkte sind die Natur des Menschen, Erkenntnis und Sprache, Staat und Gesellschaft, Recht und Moral sowie die Kritik an der Religion und die Idee einer Universalgeschichte. In der Einleitung zeichnet der Herausgeber ein Gesamtbild dieser philosophiehistorischen Epoche und diskutiert die Aktualität der europäischen Aufklärung im 21. Jahrhundert.
Category: Philosophy

Softwareentwicklung F R R 3

Author : Ulrich Mende
ISBN : 9783642588365
Genre : Computers
File Size : 89.41 MB
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Das von SAP entwickelte weltweit größte betriebswirtschaftliche DV-System R/3 besitzt eine eigene Entwicklungsumgebung auf der Grundlage der Sprache ABAP/4. Diese Workbench setzt auf dem Datenmodell von R/3 auf und bietet alle Werkzeuge zur effektiven Entwicklung großer Programmsysteme in verteilten Teams. SAP nutzt zur Entwicklung der R/3-Module ausschließlich ABAP/4. Die praxisnahe Einführung beschreibt Möglichkeiten, Methoden und Anwendung der R/3-Entwicklungsumgebung für Nutzer und Berater und erklärt verständlich die ABAP/4-Sprache. Ein Schwerpunkt ist die Schnittstellenproblematik, insbesondere die Anbindung von PCs an R/3 (Desktop Integration). Beispiele aus Banken, Versicherungen und öffentlichem Dienst veranschaulichen die Praxis.
Category: Computers

Die Metamorphose Der Welt

Author : Ulrich Beck
ISBN : 9783518747773
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 54.2 MB
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Als 1986 Risikogesellschaft erschien, machte das Ulrich Beck schlagartig berühmt. Der Soziologe wies nicht nur auf die Nebenfolgen der Industriemoderne hin, er betonte zugleich, dass die Welt sich auch dann permanent verändert, wenn wir meinen, einen vorübergehenden Zustand mit Institutionen und Konzepten einfrieren zu können. Mit beispielloser Neugier spürte Beck den Indizien des Wandels nach und öffnete uns mit der Lust an der terminologischen Innovation die Augen für Individualisierung, Globalisierung und die Transformation der Arbeitswelt. Am 1. Januar 2015 verstarb Ulrich Beck überraschend und viel zu früh. Bis zu seinem Tod arbeitete er an einem Buch, das beides ist: Summe und radikale Weiterführung seiner Theorie. Während es früher Fixpunkte gab, an denen wir erkennen konnten, was stabil blieb und was nicht, erleben wir heute eine allumfassende Verwandlung, die uns orientierungslos werden lässt. Die Metamorphose der Welt ist der Versuch, diese Globalisierung des Wandels zu verstehen und hochaktuelle Herausforderungen wie Erderwärmung und Migration auf den Begriff zu bringen.
Category: Political Science