HYDROGEN AND FUEL CELLS EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES AND APPLICATIONS SUSTAINABLE WORLD

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Hydrogen And Fuel Cells

Author : Bent Sørensen
ISBN : 9780123877093
Genre : Science
File Size : 63.53 MB
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A hydrogen economy, in which this one gas provides the source of all energy needs, is often touted as the long-term solution to the environmental and security problems associated with fossil fuels. However, before hydrogen can be used as fuel on a global scale we must establish cost effective means of producing, storing, and distributing the gas, develop cost efficient technologies for converting hydrogen to electricity (e.g. fuel cells), and creating the infrastructure to support all this. Sorensen is the only text available that provides up to date coverage of all these issues at a level appropriate for the technical reader. The book not only describes the "how" and "where" aspects of hydrogen fuels cells usage, but also the obstacles and benefits of its use, as well as the social implications (both economically and environmental). Written by a world-renowned researcher in energy systems, this thoroughly illustrated and cross-referenced book is an excellent reference for researchers, professionals and students in the field of renewable energy. Updated sections on PEM fuel cells, Molten carbonate cells, Solid Oxide cells and Biofuel cells Updated material to reflect the growing commercial acceptance of stationary and portable fuel cell systems, while also recognizing the ongoing research in automotive fuel cell systems A new example of a regional system based on renewable energy sources reflects the growing international attention to uses of renewable energy as part of the energy grid Examples of life cycle analysis of environmental and social impacts
Category: Science

Renewable Energy

Author : Bent Sørensen
ISBN : 0080890660
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 34.31 MB
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This volume is a true shelf reference, providing a thorough overview of the entire renewable energy sphere, while still functioning as a go-to information source for professionals and students when they need answers about a specific technical issue. Crafted over the last 15 years into a problem-solving tool for engineers, researchers, consultants and planners currently working in the field, as well as a detailed map of the renewables universe for those looking to expand into new technological specialties, Renewable Energy by Sorensen offers the most comprehensive coverage of the subject available. The book has been structured around three parts in order to assist readers in focusing on the issues that impact them the most for a given project or question. PART I covers the basic scientific principles behind all major renewable energy resources, such as solar, wind and biomass. PART II provides in-depth information about how these raw renewable sources can actually be converted into useful forms, transmitted into the grid and stored for future utilization. Finally, PART III undertakes the aspects of energy planning, environmental impacts and socio-economic issues on regional and global levels. In this fourth edition update, new material includes expanded coverage of biofuels, solar conversion, biomass and fuel cells, storage and transmission, and a new chapter on integrated technologies to introduce the hybrid systems now being explored. New surveys and the most recent research findings are included throughout. New, thoroughly updated fourth edition of the authoritative field guide to the entire Renewable Energy universe The only books to scientific principles and implementation methods, technologies and socio-economics, environmental impacts and cutting-edge advances, all in one volume New material includes expanded coverage of biofuels, solar conversion, biomass and fuel cells, storage and transmission, and a new chapter on integrated systems
Category: Technology & Engineering

Electrocatalysis Of Direct Methanol Fuel Cells

Author : Jiujun Zhang
ISBN : 9783527323777
Genre : Science
File Size : 90.66 MB
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This first book to focus on a comprehensive description on DMFC electrocatalysis draws a clear picture oft he current status of DMFC technology, especially the advances, challenges and perspectives in the field. Leading researchers from universities, government laboratories and fuel cell industries in North America, Europe and Asia share their knowledge and information on recent advances in the fundamental theories, experimental methodologies and research achievements. In order to help readers better understand the science and technology of the subject, some important and representative figures, tables, photos, and comprehensive lists of reference papers are also included, such that all the information needed on this topic may be easily located. An indispensable source for physical, catalytic, electro- and solid state chemists, as well as materials scientists and chemists in industry.
Category: Science

Meer Wind Strom

Author : Michael Durstewitz
ISBN : 9783658097837
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 37.48 MB
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Die Offshore-Windenergie wird in der zukünftigen Stromversorgung eine entscheidende Rolle spielen. Diese Entwicklung steht aber gerade erst an ihrem Anfang. Ein großes Team aus Forschung, Industrie, Verwaltung und Politik hat sich deshalb zum Ziel gesetzt, die aktuellen und grundlegenden Fragen der Offshore-Windenergienutzung zu bearbeiten. Über 100 Forscher der RAVE-Initiative (Research at alpha ventus) arbeiteten in interdisziplinären Forschungsprojekten daran, unser Wissen zu erweitern und anwendungsorientierte Lösungen für die Offshore-Windenergie zu finden. Damit tragen sie dazu bei, die Offshore-Windenergie als eine zuverlässige, nachhaltige und kostengünstige Energiequelle auf Dauer zu etablieren. Im Testfeld alpha ventus, Deutschlands erstem Offshore-Windpark, wurden die Voraussetzungen für diese Forschung geschaffen. Der Windpark wurde mit umfangreicher Messtechnik ausgestattet: Über 1200 Messgrößen werden aufgezeichnet und sind über ein zentrales Forschungsarchiv zugänglich. Die Forscher der RAVE-Initiative haben somit die weltweit einmalige Möglichkeit, eine Vielzahl von Messdaten aus einem operativen Windpark zu nutzen. Die Auswertungen erfolgen dezentral an Forschungseinrichtungen im gesamten Bundesgebiet. Über Ziele, Methoden und Schwierigkeiten der RAVE-Forschungsprojekte wird in allgemeinverständlicher Form berichtet und die Ergebnisse sowie ihre Bedeutung für die weitere Nutzung der Offshore-Windenergie dargestellt. Der Leser erhält somit einen Überblick über den aktuellen Stand der Offshore-Windenergieforschung und die Ergebnisse der Forschungsarbeiten.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Technologies And Applications For Smart Charging Of Electric And Plug In Hybrid Vehicles

Author : Ottorino Veneri
ISBN : 9783319436517
Genre : Science
File Size : 65.37 MB
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This book outlines issues related to massive integration of electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles into power grids. Electricity is becoming the preferred energy vector for the next new generation of road vehicles. It is widely acknowledged that road vehicles based on full electric or hybrid drives can mitigate problems related to fossil fuel dependence. This book explains the emerging and understanding of storage systems for electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles. The recharging stations for these types of vehicles might represent a great advantage for the electric grid by facilitating integration of renewable and distributed energy production. This book presents a broad review from analyzing current literature to on-going research projects about the new power technologies related to the various charging architectures for electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles. Specifically focusing on DC fast charging operations, as well as, grid-connected power converters and the full range of energy storage systems. These key components are analyzed for distributed generation and charging system integration into micro-grids. The authors demonstrate that these storage systems represent effective interfaces for the control and management of renewable and sustainable distributed energy resources. New standards and applications are emerging from micro-grid pilot projects around the world and case studies demonstrate the convenience and feasibility of distributed energy management. The material in this unique volume discusses potential avenues for further research toward achieving more reliable, more secure and cleaner energy.
Category: Science

Materials For Sustainable Energy

Author : Vincent Dusastre
ISBN : 9789814317641
Genre : Science
File Size : 26.58 MB
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The search for cleaner, cheaper, smaller and more efficient energy technologies has to a large extent been motivated by the development of new materials. The aim of this collection of articles is therefore to focus on what materials-based solutions can offer and show how the rationale design and improvement of their physical and chemical properties can lead to energy-production alternatives that have the potential to compete with existing technologies. In terms of alternative means to generate electricity that utilize renewable energy sources, the most dramatic breakthroughs for both mobile (i.e., transportation) and stationary applications are taking place in the fields of solar and fuel cells. And from an energy-storage perspective, exciting developments can be seen emerging from the fields of rechargeable batteries and hydrogen storage.
Category: Science

Solid State Electrochemistry Ii

Author : Vladislav V. Kharton
ISBN : 3527635572
Genre : Science
File Size : 58.75 MB
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The ideal addition to the companion volume on fundamentals, methodologies, and applications, this second volume combines fundamental information with an overview of the role of ceramic membranes, electrodes and interfaces in this important, interdisciplinary and rapidly developing field. Written primarily for specialists working in solid state electrochemistry, this first comprehensive handbook on the topic focuses on the most important developments over the last decade, as well as the methodological and theoretical aspects and practical applications. This makes the contents equally of interest to material, physical and industrial scientists, and to physicists. Also available as a two-volume set.
Category: Science