HUMANITARIAN CRISES AND MIGRATION CAUSES CONSEQUENCES AND RESPONSES

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Humanitarian Crises And Migration

Author : Susan F. Martin
ISBN : 9781135085544
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 30.56 MB
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Whether it is the stranding of tens of thousands of migrant workers at the Libyan–Tunisian border, or the large-scale displacement triggered by floods in Pakistan and Colombia, hardly a week goes by in which humanitarian crises have not precipitated human movement. While some people move internally, others internationally, some temporarily and others permanently, there are also those who become "trapped" in place, unable to move to greater safety. Responses to these "crisis migrations" are varied and inadequate. Only a fraction of "crisis migrants" are protected by existing international, regional or national law. Even where law exists, practice does not necessarily guarantee safety and security for those who are forced to move or remain trapped. Improvements are desperately needed to ensure more consistent and effective responses. This timely book brings together leading experts from multi-disciplinary backgrounds to reflect on diverse humanitarian crises and to shed light on a series of exploratory questions: In what ways do people move in the face of crisis situations? Why do some people move, while others do not? Where do people move? When do people move, and for how long? What are the challenges and opportunities in providing protection to crisis migrants? How might we formulate appropriate responses and sustainable solutions, and upon what factors should these depend? This volume is divided into four parts, with an introductory section outlining the parameters of "crisis migration," conceptualizing the term and evaluating its utility. This section also explores the legal, policy and institutional architecture upon which current responses are based. Part II presents a diverse set of case studies, from the earthquake in Haiti and the widespread violence in Mexico, to the ongoing exodus from Somalia, and environmental degradation in Alaska and the Carteret Islands, among others. Part III focuses on populations that may be at particular risk, including non-citizens, migrants at sea, those displaced to urban areas, and trapped populations. The concluding section maps the global governance of crisis migration and highlights gaps in current provisions for crisis-related movement across multiple levels. This valuable book brings together previously diffuse research and policy issues under the analytical umbrella of "crisis migration." It lays the foundations for assessing and addressing real challenges to the status quo, and will be of interest to scholars, policy makers, and practitioners committed to seeking out improved responses and ensuring the dignity and safety of millions who move in the context of humanitarian crises.
Category: Political Science

The Oxford Handbook Of Migration Crises

Author : Dr. Cecilia Menjívar
ISBN : 9780190856922
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 75.35 MB
Format : PDF
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The objective of The Oxford Handbook of Migration Crises is to deconstruct, question, and redefine through a critical lens what is commonly understood as "migration crises." The volume covers a wide range of historical, economic, social, political, and environmental conditions that generate migration crises around the globe. At the same time, it illuminates how the media and public officials play a major role in framing migratory flows as crises. The volume brings together an exceptional group of scholars from around the world to critically examine migration crises and to revisit the notion of crisis through the context in which permanent and non-permanent migration flows occur. The Oxford Handbook of Migration Crises offers an understanding of individuals in societies, socio-economic structures, and group processes. Focusing on migrants' departures and arrivals in all continents, this comprehensive handbook explores the social dynamics of migration crises, with an emphasis on factors that propel these flows as well as the actors that play a role in classifying them and in addressing them. The volume is organized into nine sections. The first section provides a historical overview of the link between migration and crises. The second looks at how migration crises are constructed, while the third section contextualizes the causes and effects of protracted conflicts in producing crises. The fourth focuses on the role of climate and the environment in generating migration crises, while the fifth section examines these migratory flows in migration corridors and transit countries. The sixth section looks at policy responses to migratory flows, The last three sections look at the role media and visual culture, gender, and immigrant incorporation play in migration crises.
Category: Social Science

The Uprooted

Author : Susan F. Martin
ISBN : 0739110837
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 82.27 MB
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The Uprooted is the first volume to methodically examine the progress and persistent shortcomings of the current humanitarian regime. The authors, all experts in the field of forced migration, describe the organizational, political, and conceptual shortcomings that are creating the gaps and inefficiencies of international and national agencies to reach entire categories of forced migrants. They make policy-based recommendations to improve international, regional, national, and local responses in areas including organization, security, funding, and durability of response.
Category: Political Science

Basic Human Rights And The Humanitarian Crises In Sub Saharan Africa

Author : Gabriel Andrew Msoka
ISBN : 9781630878696
Genre : Religion
File Size : 67.65 MB
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For decades, post-independence Africa has been marked by conflicts, violence, and civil wars leading to a displacement of civilian populations and numerous humanitarian crises. For example, the Somali war, the 1994 Rwandan genocide, and the Darfur conflict in Western Sudan illustrate this phenomenon. In these situations, protecting the basic human rights of security, subsistence, the liberties of social participation, and the physical movement of refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs)--particularly women, children, and young people--has been seen as inadequate. This book offers the following: a systematic presentation of the nature and scope of the crises; an evaluative description of the achievements and failures of governments, organizations, and the international community in responding to the crises; a critical analysis of the rationale for such an inadequate response; and a philosophical and theological study of basic human rights that seeks to redress these failures by envisioning an appropriate response and a lasting solution to the conflicts, displacement, and humanitarian crises in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Category: Religion

The Oxford Handbook Of Refugee And Forced Migration Studies

Author : Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh
ISBN : 9780191645884
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 89.53 MB
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Refugee and Forced Migration Studies has grown from being a concern of a relatively small number of scholars and policy researchers in the 1980s to a global field of interest with thousands of students worldwide studying displacement either from traditional disciplinary perspectives or as a core component of newer programmes across the Humanities and Social and Political Sciences. Today the field encompasses both rigorous academic research which may or may not ultimately inform policy and practice, as well as action-research focused on advocating in favour of refugees' needs and rights. This authoritative Handbook critically evaluates the birth and development of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies, and analyses the key contemporary and future challenges faced by academics and practitioners working with and for forcibly displaced populations around the world. The 52 state-of-the-art chapters, written by leading academics, practitioners, and policymakers working in universities, research centres, think tanks, NGOs and international organizations, provide a comprehensive and cutting-edge overview of the key intellectual, political, social and institutional challenges arising from mass displacement in the world today. The chapters vividly illustrate the vibrant and engaging debates that characterize this rapidly expanding field of research and practice.
Category: Political Science

Catching Fire

Author : Nicholas Van Hear
ISBN : 0739112449
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 48.45 MB
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Catching Fire provides for the first time an in-depth analysis of political and humanitarian catastrophes in which forced migration characterizes the complexity of both the emergency and the response. The book examines forced migration both within borders and beyond borders, giving attention to the complex combination of circumstances in which refugees often find themselves and the impact of relief programs.
Category: Political Science

Research Ethics In Complex Humanitarian Emergencies

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 0309169178
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 35.11 MB
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Situations involving conflict and forced migration have become increasingly commonplace in today's world. The need to understand the causes, consequences, and characteristics of these situations is creating a burgeoning field of research. But given the nature of complex emergency settings, traditional research guidelines may be inappropriate. The research and policy community has recognized this problem and has begun to address issues surrounding the ethics of doing research in emergency settings and among conflict-affected and displaced populations. The Roundtable on the Demography of Forced Migration, under the aegis of the Committee on Population of the National Research Council, held a workshop to examine some of these issues. This report to the roundtable summarizes the workshop presentations and discussion.
Category: Social Science

U S Immigration Policy On Haitian Migrants

Author : Ruth Ellen Wasem
ISBN : 9781437932843
Genre :
File Size : 80.10 MB
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The devastation caused by the 1/12/10 earthquake in Haiti has led DHS to grant Temp. Protected Status to Haitians in the U.S. Contents of this report: (1) Immigration Trends: Migration by Sea; Haitians Currently Living in the U.S.; (2) Policy Evolution; Post-Mariel Policy; Interdiction Agree.; Crisis After the Coup; Pre-Screening and Repatriation; Safe Haven and Refugee Processing; Haitian Refugee Immigration Fairness Act; Removal; Procedural Practices and Controversies; (3) Temporary Protected Status; (4) Fed. Assist. to Haitian Migrants; Cuban-Haitian Entrants; Refugee Resettle. Assist.; (5) Issues in Congress: Haitian Families with Approved Petitions; Adoption of Haitian Orphans; Possible Mass Migration. Illus. A print on demand pub.
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