HOW WE REMEMBER BRAIN MECHANISMS OF EPISODIC MEMORY MIT PRESS

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How We Remember

Author : Michael E. Hasselmo
ISBN : 9780262016353
Genre : Medical
File Size : 87.86 MB
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Episodic memory proves essential for daily function, allowing us to remember where we parked the car, what time we walked the dog, or what a friend said earlier. In How We Remember, Michael Hasselmo draws on recent developments in neuroscience to present a new model describing the brain mechanisms for encoding and remembering such events as spatiotemporal trajectories. He reviews physiological breakthroughs on the regions implicated in episodic memory, including the discovery of grid cells, the cellular mechanisms of persistent spiking and resonant frequency, and the topographic coding of space and time. These discoveries inspire a theory for understanding the encoding and retrieval of episodic memory not just as discrete snapshots but as a dynamic replay of spatiotemporal trajectories, allowing us to "retrace our steps" to recover a memory. In the main text of the book, he presents the model in narrative form, accessible to scholars and advanced undergraduates in many fields. In the appendix, he presents the material in a more quantitative style, providing mathematical descriptions appropriate for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in neuroscience or engineering.
Category: Medical

Brain Computation As Hierarchical Abstraction

Author : Dana H. Ballard
ISBN : 9780262028615
Genre : Computers
File Size : 59.81 MB
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An argument that the complexities of brain function can be understood hierarchically, in terms of different levels of abstraction, as silicon computing is.
Category: Computers

The Routledge Handbook Of Philosophy Of Memory

Author : Sven Bernecker
ISBN : 9781317417774
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 32.55 MB
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Memory occupies a fundamental place in philosophy, playing a central role not only in the history of philosophy but also in philosophy of mind, epistemology, and ethics. Yet the philosophy of memory has only recently emerged as an area of study and research in its own right. The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Memory is an outstanding reference source on the key topics, problems, and debates in this exciting area, and is the first philosophical collection of its kind. The forty-eight chapters are written by an international team of contributors, and divided into nine parts: The nature of memory The metaphysics of memory Memory, mind, and meaning Memory and the self Memory and time The social dimension of memory The epistemology of memory Memory and morality History of philosophy of memory. Within these sections, central topics and problems are examined, including: truth, consciousness, imagination, emotion, self-knowledge, narrative, personal identity, time, collective and social memory, internalism and externalism, and the ethics of memory. The final part examines figures in the history of philosophy, including Aristotle, Augustine, Freud, Bergson, Wittgenstein, and Heidegger, as well as perspectives on memory in Indian and Chinese philosophy. Essential reading for students and researchers in philosophy, particularly philosophy of mind and psychology, the Handbook will also be of interest to those in related fields, such as psychology and anthropology.
Category: Philosophy

The Oxford Handbook Of Music Psychology

Author : Susan Hallam
ISBN : 9780191034459
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 55.60 MB
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The 2nd edition of the Oxford Handbook of Music Psychology updates the original landmark text and provides a comprehensive review of the latest developments in this fast growing area of research. Covering both experimental and theoretical perspectives, each of the 11 sections is edited by an internationally recognised authority in the area. The first ten parts present chapters that focus on specific areas of music psychology: the origins and functions of music; music perception, responses to music; music and the brain; musical development; learning musical skills; musical performance; composition and improvisation; the role of music in everyday life; and music therapy. In each part authors critically review the literature, highlight current issues and explore possibilities for the future. The final part examines how, in recent years, the study of music psychology has broadened to include a range of other disciplines. It considers the way that research has developed in relation to technological advances, and points the direction for further development in the field. With contributions from internationally recognised experts across 55 chapters, it is an essential resource for students and researchers in psychology and musicology.
Category: Psychology

Handbook Of Episodic Memory

Author : Ekrem Dere
ISBN : 0080932363
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 32.19 MB
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Episodic memory is the name of the kind of memory that records personal experiences instead of the mere remembering of impersonal facts and rules. This type of memory is extremely sensitive to ageing and disease so an understanding of the mechanisms of episodic memory might lead to the development of therapies suited to improve memory in some patient populations. Episodic memory is unique in that it includes an aspect of self-awareness and helps us to remember who we are in terms of what we did and what we have been passed through and what we should do in the future. This book brings together a renowned team of contributors from the fields of cognitive psychology, neuropsychology and behavioural and molecular neuroscience. It provides a detailed and comprehensive overview of recent developments in understanding human episodic memory and animal episodic-like memory in terms of concepts, methods, mechanisms, neurobiology and pathology. The work presented within this book will have a profound effect on the direction that future research in this topic will take. - The first and most current comprehensive handbook on what we know about episodic memory, the memory of events, time, place, and emotion, and a key feature of awareness and consciousness - Articles summarize our understanding of the mechanisms of episodic memory as well as surveying the neurobiology of epsidodic memory in patients, animal studies and functional imaging work - Includes 34 heavily illustrated chapters in two sections by the leading scientists in the field
Category: Psychology

Remembering

Author : D. Stephen Lindsay
ISBN : 9781317619239
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 83.90 MB
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In the 22 chapters in this volume, many of the world’s foremost memory scientists report on their cutting-edge research on the nature of human memory, with several chapters reporting new empirical studies that are being published for the first time. All the contributions are inspired by the work of Larry Jacoby on human memory, with his emphasis on episodic memory -- that is, the processes and mechanisms that enable us to remember our own past experiences. In addition, the volume reflects Jacoby's appreciation that memory enters into a wide range of psychological phenomena, including perceiving, attending, and performing. The stellar list of contributors and the breadth of coverage makes this volume essential reading for researchers and graduate students in cognitive psychology and cognitive neuroscience, as well as being a tribute and celebration of the inspirational, groundbreaking -- and ongoing -- work of Larry Jacoby.
Category: Psychology

Memory Brain And Belief

Author : Daniel L. Schacter
ISBN : 0674007190
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 38.41 MB
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This work brings together scholars from neuroscience, cognitive psychology, literature, and medicine to discuss such provocative issues as "false memories", in which people can develop vivid recollections of events that never happened and retrospective biases and implicit memory.
Category: Psychology

Sleep Memory And Learning An Issue Of Sleep Medicine Clinics E Book

Author : Robert Stickgold
ISBN : 9781455709540
Genre : Medical
File Size : 53.97 MB
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This issue dives into the study of sleep function, particularly as it relates to memory and cognition. Any clinician who sees patients with sleep disorders, or in particular any sleep medicine specialist, will find this information enlightening and invaluable, as it discusses the current state of understanding of how sleep affects humans’ waking cognitive functions. These review articles describe the research that has taken place, and the lessons that can be taken away from them, so that clinicians can confidently advise their patients on the functional importance of adequate sleep, and recognize cognitive symptoms of inadequate sleep. Articles discuss such topics as animal and human research on sleep and memory, various imaging techniques to describe brain activity during sleep, and the role of dreams.
Category: Medical

Memory

Author : Jonathan K. Foster
ISBN : 0198524072
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 46.10 MB
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A fascinating and illuminating debate on the cognitive architecture of long term memory. Is memory best regarded as comprising multiple independent systems, as a processing framework, tapped via different levels of processing, or as a complex function which can be used in a flexible task-appropriate manner? Also, how do researchers and theoreticians explain why certain individuals have better memories for some types of information such as names, faces, auditory, and visual information, than other individuals? In Memory: Systems, Process, or Function? international researchers and theorists present stimulating, self-contained, and balanced summaries of the various theoretical and empirical positions that shape the most controversial and contested areas of psychology research today. Students and researchers alike in cognitive psychology, neuropsychology, and neuroanatomy will find this volume in The Oxford Debates in Psychology series and interesting and informative work. The book concludes with an integrated synopsis and appraisal of the different facets of this fascinating debate.
Category: Psychology

Specific Learning Disabilities

Author : Yitzchak Frank
ISBN : 9780199342044
Genre : Medical
File Size : 24.73 MB
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This book is a concise but comprehensive review of Specific Learning Disabilities, with a special attention to the biology of these diverse conditions. The reader will get a review of most aspects of SLD, including the different clinical syndromes (mostly dyslexia and dyscalculia), the clinical manifestations and the therapeutic approaches. It is unique in the proportion of its content dedicated to the biological aspects of SLD. It attempts to assemble and present the biological knowledge which has been accumulated on these conditions. This knowledge includes the neurological anatomy of dyslexia and dyscalculia, demonstrated with the help of modern neuro-imaging studies, and the physiology and the genetics of these conditions, again demonstrated by recently available technologies. These new technologies produced major discoveries related to SLD including the importance of phonological processing in reading, the presence of "number center?in the brain, and the rain networks involved in reading. We recognize that many dyslexic subjects have a deficit in aspects of language processing, specifically phonological processing; that dyscalculia can be the result of a number of distinct cognitive impairments, and that the basic underlying deficit in many cases of SLD may be a genetic variation. The same new biological investigative techniques can, like never before, measure the outcome of therapeutic techniques and learning methods. Such measurements will, in the future, be the "gold standard?in assessing the efficacy of different methods of classroom teaching in regular and different learners. Last, unlike many other publications on SLD, this book discusses the relatively unrecognized emotional aspects of SLD, and the sometime devastating effects that these conditions have on the life of affected subjects and their families, in and out of the classroom.
Category: Medical