HOMOSEXUALITY IN MODERN FRANCE

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Homosexuality In Modern France

Author : Jeffrey Merrick
ISBN : 9780195093032
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 60.18 MB
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This volume explores the realities and representations of same-sex sexuality in France in the eighteenth, nineteenth, and twentieth centuries, the period that witnessed the emergence of "homosexuality" in the modern sense of the word. Based on archival research and textual analysis, the articles examine the development of homosexual subcultures and illustrate the ways in which philosophes, pamphleteers, police, novelists, scientists, and politicians conceptualized same-sex relations and connected them with more general concerns about order and disorder. The contributors--Elizabeth Colwill, Michael David Sibalis, Victoria Thompson, William Peniston, Vernon Rosario II, Francesca Canade-Sautman, Martha Hanna, Robert A. Nye, and the editors Bryant T. Ragan, Jr. and Jeffrey Merrick--use the methods of intellectual and cultural history, the history of science, literary studies, legal and social history, and microhistory. This collection shows how the subject of homosexuality is related to important topics in French history: the Enlightenment, the revolutionary tradition, social discipline, positivism, elite and popular culture, nationalism, feminism, and the construction of identity. Given the role of gays and lesbians in modern French culture and the work of French scholars on the history of sexuality, this collection fills an important gap in the literature and represents the first attempt in any language to explore this subject over three centuries from a variety of perspectives.
Category: Social Science

Homosexuality In Early Modern France

Author : Jeffrey Merrick
ISBN : STANFORD:36105028632474
Genre : History
File Size : 36.16 MB
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Homosexuality in Early Modern France is an edited volume of translated documents about male and female homosexuality in France from the Renaissance to the Revolution. As such, this book is the first documentary collection in English about homosexuality in any Continental country during the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries. The authors use a wide variety of materials -- religious, legal, criminal, polemical, literary, and philosophical -- to present everything from the arrest records of men accused of sodomy to the writings of Voltaire, Montesquieu, and Diderot. The sources provide empirical evidence about the ways in which same-sex relations were condemned by theologians, jurists, and doctors, experienced by people of both sexes and different classes, regulated by police and magistrates, and represented and manipulated by contemporaries for polemical and political purposes. This collection will give scholars, students, and other readers access to texts and documents not previously available in English and provide them with raw material for understanding the questions about subcultures and identities that are at the heart of current debates in the history of sexuality.
Category: History

Living In Arcadia

Author : Julian Jackson
ISBN : 9780226389288
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 71.75 MB
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In Paris in 1954, a young man named André Baudry founded Arcadie, an organization for “homophiles” that would become the largest of its kind that has ever existed in France, lasting nearly thirty years. In addition to acting as the only public voice for French gays prior to the explosion of radicalism of 1968, Arcadie—with its club and review—was a social and intellectual hub, attracting support from individuals as diverse as Jean Cocteau and Michel Foucault and offering support and solidarity to thousands of isolated individuals. Yet despite its huge importance, Arcadie has largely disappeared from the historical record. The main cause of this neglect, Julian Jackson explains in Living in Arcadia, is that during the post-Stonewall era of queer activism, Baudry’s organization fell into disfavor, dismissed as conservative, conformist, and closeted. Through extensive archival research and numerous interviews with the reclusive Baudry, Jackson challenges this reductive view, uncovering Arcadie’s pioneering efforts to educate the European public about homosexuality in an era of renewed repression. In the course of relating this absorbing history, Jackson offers a startlingly original account of the history of homosexuality in modern France.
Category: Social Science

Homosexuality In French History And Culture

Author : Jeffrey Merrick
ISBN : 9781317992585
Genre : History
File Size : 22.20 MB
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Deconstruct changing representations of homosexuality with this important new work of cultural criticism! Homosexuality in French History and Culture explores episodes, patterns, and images of same-sex attraction in France from the sixteenth to the twenty-first century, from the essays of Michel de Montaigne to pride parades in contemporary Paris. This groundbreaking book documents the ways homosexuality has been named, experienced, regulated, understood, and imagined. During these centuries, homosexuality has been stigmatized as a sin, crime, or disease, and denounced as a threat to social order and national identity. Yet the rhetoric of condemnation has always co-existed with the reality of toleration. This groundbreaking collection analyzes the ways in which persecutions, as well as differences within minority sexual subcultures, have highlighted stereotypes and anxieties about class and age differences, gendered roles, and separatism. Homosexuality in French History and Culture offers historical and literary studies based on a wide variety of sources, including: novels, plays, and poetry gossip and satires police reports medical texts travel literature newspapers and periodicals memoirs Homosexuality in French History and Culture combines fresh, creative re-interpretation of familiar texts with exciting new explorations of neglected historical episodes and cultures. It is a landmark of meticulous scholarship and rigorous theoretical analysis, and a vital resource for scholars of queer theory, French history and culture, and literary criticism.
Category: History

Queer Re Readings In The French Renaissance

Author : Gary Ferguson
ISBN : 9781351907187
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 41.59 MB
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Focusing on multiple aspects of Renaissance culture, and in particular its preoccupation with the reading and rewriting of classical sources, this book examines representations of homosexuality in sixteenth-century France. Analysing a wide range of texts and topics, it presents an assessment of queer theory that is grounded in historical examples, including French translations of Boccaccio's Decameron, the poetry of Ronsard, works in praise of and satirising Henri III and his mignons, Montaigne's Essais, Brantôme's Dames galantes, the figures of the androgyne and the hermaphrodite, and religious discourses and practices of penance and confession. Close comparison with the ancient models on which they drew - the elegy and epic, the works of Plato, Ovid, Lucian, and others - reveals Renaissance writers redeploying an established set of cultural understandings and assumptions at once congruent and at odds with their own society's socio-sexual norms. Throughout this study, emphasis is placed on the coexistence of different models of homosexuality during the Renaissance - homosexual desire was simultaneously universal and individual, neither of these views excluding the other. Insisting equally on points of convergence and difference between Renaissance and modern understandings of homosexuality, this book works towards a historicisation of the concept of queerness.
Category: Literary Criticism

The Pink And The Black

Author : Frédéric Martel
ISBN : 0804732744
Genre : History
File Size : 29.40 MB
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[While acknowledging that the development of France's homosexual communities was influenced by America, Martel highlights the differences arising from the fact that homosexuality has not been criminalised in France as in the United States] -- back cover.
Category: History

Colonialism And Homosexuality

Author : Robert Aldrich
ISBN : 0415196167
Genre : History
File Size : 34.40 MB
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Colonial lands provided a haven for many Europeans whose sexual inclinations did not fit neatly into the constraints of European society. This book offers a thorough investigation of the connections between homosexuality and European colonialism.
Category: History

Judging Homosexuals

Author : Patrice Corriveau
ISBN : 9780774859684
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 38.69 MB
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In 2004, the first same-sex couple married in Quebec. How did homosexuality � an act that had for centuries been defined as criminal and abominable � come to be sanctioned by law? In Judging Homosexuals, Patrice Corriveau finds answers in a comparative analysis of gay persecution in France and Quebec. By tracing over time how various groups � family and clergy, doctors and jurists � tried to manage people who were defined in turn as sinners, as criminals, as inverts, and as citizens deserving of protection, this book shows how the law helped construct the crime.
Category: Social Science

The Elastic Closet

Author : S. Gunther
ISBN : 9780230595101
Genre : History
File Size : 22.72 MB
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A history of French homosexuals since 1942 in the interconnected realms of law, politics and the media, with a focus on the complex relationship between French republican values and the possibilities they have offered for change in each of these three spheres.
Category: History

Strangers

Author : Graham Robb
ISBN : 0393326497
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 78.27 MB
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A fresh examination of the development of homosexual culture during the nineteenth century in Europe and America describes the lives of gay men and women, how they discovered their sexuality, how they made contact with like-minded people, the relationship of gay culture to religion, and how homosexuals were treated by society. Reprint. 15,000 first printing.
Category: Social Science