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Homegrown Violent Extremism

Author : Erroll Southers
ISBN : 9781317522423
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 39.63 MB
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In the country’s changing threat environment, homegrown violent extremism (HVE) represents the next challenge in counterterrorism. Security and public policy expert Erroll Southers examines post-9/11 HVE – what it is, the conditions enabling its existence, and the community-based approaches that can reduce the risk of homegrown terrorism. Drawing on scholarly insight and more than three decades on the front lines of America’s security efforts, Southers challenges the misplaced counterterrorism focus on foreign individuals and communities. As Southers shows, there is no true profile of a terrorist. The book challenges how Americans think about terrorism, recruitment, and the homegrown threat. It contains essential information for communities, security practitioners, and policymakers on how violent extremists exploit vulnerabilities in their communities and offers approaches to put security theory into practice.
Category: Social Science

Sifting Domestic Terrorism From Hate Crime And Homegrown Violent Extremism

Author : Jerome P. Bjelopera
ISBN : OCLC:1055250730
Genre :
File Size : 73.18 MB
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This report examines the differences between domestic terrorism, hate crime, and homegrown violent extremism. Federal law enforcement agencies use these three distinct concepts to categorize key types of criminals whose illegal activities are at least partly ideologically motivated.

Countering Violent Extremism Through Public Health Practice

Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
ISBN : 9780309453684
Genre : Medical
File Size : 59.6 MB
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Countering violent extremism consists of various prevention and intervention approaches to increase the resilience of communities and individuals to radicalization toward violent extremism, to provide nonviolent avenues for expressing grievances, and to educate communities about the threat of recruitment and radicalization to violence. To explore the application of health approaches in community-level strategies to countering violent extremism and radicalization, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine held a public workshop in September 2016. Participants explored the evolving threat of violent extremism and radicalization within communities across America, traditional versus health-centered approaches to countering violent extremism and radicalization, and opportunities for cross-sector and interdisciplinary collaboration and learning among domestic and international stakeholders and organizations. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.
Category: Medical

Violent Islamist Extremism The Internet And The Homegrown Terrorist Threat

Author : Joseph Lieberman
ISBN : 9781437918700
Genre :
File Size : 44.48 MB
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Details how violent Islamist terrorist groups like al-Qaeda are using the Internet to enlist followers into the global violent Islamist terrorist movement and to increase support for the movement, ranging from ideological support, to fundraising, and ultimately to planning and executing terrorist attacks. Also examines the increasing number of homegrown incidents. Explores the four-step radicalization process through which an individual can be enticed to adopt a violent Islamist extremist mindset and act on the ideology¿s call to violence. Identifies the disturbingly broad array of materials available on the Internet that promote the violent Islamist extremist ideology. Examines how these materials facilitate and encourage the radicalization process. Illustrations.

Domestic Terrorism

Author : Brett Schultz
ISBN : 1536146102
Genre :
File Size : 65.77 MB
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Since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 (9/11), domestic terroristspeople who commit crimes within the homeland and draw inspiration from U.S.-based extremist ideologies and movementshave not received as much attention from federal law enforcement as their violent jihadist counterparts. The first chapter discusses how domestic terrorists broadly fit into the counterterrorism landscape, a terrain that since 9/11 has been largely shaped in response to terrorists inspired by foreign ideologies. This chapter focuses especially on how domestic terrorism is conceptualized by the federal government and issues involved in assessing this threats significance. Recent events of domestic terrorism which have been either perpetrated by active duty United States military personnel, or have been indirectly linked to active duty and ex-military persons, have caused significant concern and alarm over the extent to which extremists and hate-groups are present in the military services. The Rise of Domestic Terrorism and Its Relation to United States Armed Forces is discussed in chapter 2. In light of the violence related to protests in Charlottesville, VA, on August 12, 2017, policymakers may be interested in how the concepts of domestic terrorism, hate crime, and homegrown violent extremism compare with one another as described in chapter 3. They are fairly distinct ideas that federal law enforcement agencies use to categorize key types of criminals whose illegal activities are at least partly ideologically motivated. November 1998 the FBI activated NICS for the purposes of determining an individual's firearms transfer and possession eligibility whenever an unlicensed individual seeks to acquire a firearm from a federally licensed gun dealer. Federal law enumerates several grounds that disqualify someone from firearms eligibility. However, being a known or suspected terrorist is not a federal firearms eligibility disqualifier as reported in chapter 4.

American Jihadist Terrorism Combating A Complex Threat

Author :
ISBN : 9781437940237
Genre :
File Size : 66.50 MB
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From May 2009 through October 2011, arrests were made for 32 "homegrown," jihadist-inspired terrorist plots by American citizens or legal permanent residents of the United States. Two of these resulted in attacks--U.S. Army Major Nidal Hasan's alleged assault at Fort Hood in Texas and Abdulhakim Muhammed's shooting at the U.S. Army-Navy Career Center in Little Rock, AR--and produced 14 deaths. By comparison, in more than seven years from the September 11, 2001, terrorist strikes (9/11) through April 2009, there were 21 such plots. Two resulted in attacks, and no more than six plots occurred in a single year (2006). The apparent spike in such activity from May 2009 to October 2011 suggests that at least some Americans--even if a tiny minority--continue to be susceptible to ideologies supporting a violent form of jihad. This report describes homegrown violent jihadists and the plots and attacks that have occurred since 9/11. For this report, "homegrown" and "domestic" are terms that describe terrorist activity or plots perpetrated within the United States or abroad by American citizens, legal permanent residents, or visitors radicalized largely within the United States. The term "jihadist" describes radicalized individuals using Islam as an ideological and/or religious justification for their belief in the establishment of a global caliphate, or jurisdiction governed by a Muslim civil and religious leader known as a caliph. The term "violent jihadist" characterizes jihadists who have made the jump to illegally supporting, plotting, or directly engaging in violent terrorist activity. The report also discusses the radicalization process and the forces driving violent extremist activity. It analyzes post-9/11 domestic jihadist terrorism and describes law enforcement and intelligence efforts to combat terrorism and the challenges associated with those efforts. It also outlines actions underway to build trust and partnership between community groups and government agencies and the tensions that may occur between law enforcement and engagement activities. Appendix A provides details about each of the post-9/11 homegrown jihadist terrorist plots and attacks. Finally, the report offers policy considerations for Congress.

Application Of Big Data For National Security

Author : Babak Akhgar
ISBN : 9780128019733
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 90.71 MB
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Application of Big Data for National Security provides users with state-of-the-art concepts, methods, and technologies for Big Data analytics in the fight against terrorism and crime, including a wide range of case studies and application scenarios. This book combines expertise from an international team of experts in law enforcement, national security, and law, as well as computer sciences, criminology, linguistics, and psychology, creating a unique cross-disciplinary collection of knowledge and insights into this increasingly global issue. The strategic frameworks and critical factors presented in Application of Big Data for National Security consider technical, legal, ethical, and societal impacts, but also practical considerations of Big Data system design and deployment, illustrating how data and security concerns intersect. In identifying current and future technical and operational challenges it supports law enforcement and government agencies in their operational, tactical and strategic decisions when employing Big Data for national security Contextualizes the Big Data concept and how it relates to national security and crime detection and prevention Presents strategic approaches for the design, adoption, and deployment of Big Data technologies in preventing terrorism and reducing crime Includes a series of case studies and scenarios to demonstrate the application of Big Data in a national security context Indicates future directions for Big Data as an enabler of advanced crime prevention and detection
Category: Political Science

Understanding The Homeland Threat Landscape Considerations For The 112th Congress

Author : Janet Napolitano
ISBN : 9781437981995
Genre :
File Size : 21.74 MB
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Testimony of Janet Napolitano, Secretary, Department of Homeland Security (DHS), about the changing terrorist threat that the United States faces, and how DHS is responding. Topics include: (1) The Response to a Changing Threat; (2) Countering Violent Extremism; (3) Supporting Law Enforcement with the Information and Resources They Need: Joint Terrorism Task Forces; Fusion Centers; Nationwide Suspicious Activity Reporting Initiative; "If You See Something, Say Something"; (4) Strengthening Vulnerable Sectors: Commercial Aviation; The Global Supply Chain; Surface Transportation; Cybersecurity; (5) Conclusion. This is a print on demand edition of an important, hard-to-find publication.

Nine Years After 9 11

Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs
ISBN : UCSD:31822038354445
Genre : National security
File Size : 81.6 MB
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Category: National security