HISTORY AND CLIMATE CHANGE A EUROCENTRIC PERSPECTIVE ROUTLEDGE STUDIES IN PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY AND ENVIRONMENT

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History And Climate Change

Author : Neville Brown
ISBN : 9781134977598
Genre : History
File Size : 73.60 MB
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History and Climate Change is a balanced and comprehensive overview of the links between climate and man's advance from early to modern times. It draws upon demographic, economic, urban, religious and military perspectives. It is a synthesis of the many historical and scientific theories, which have arisen regarding man's progress through the ages. Central to the book is the question of whether climate variation is a fundamental trigger mechanism from which other historical sequences develop, or one amongst a number of other factors, decisive only when a regime/society is poised for change. Evidence for prolonged climate change is not that extensive. But it is clear that climatic variation has regularly played a part in historical development. Paricular attention is here paid to Europe since AD 211. Cold and warmth, wetness and aridity can create contrary reactions within societies, which can be interpreted in vary different ways by scholars from differenct disciplines. Does climate change exacerbate famine and epidemics? Did climate fluctuation play a part in pivotal historical events such as the mass exodus of Hsuing-nu from China, the pressure of the Huns on the Romans and the genesis of the Crusades? Did the bitter Finnish winter of 1939-40 ensure the ultimate defeat of Hitler? These episodes, and many others are discussed throughout the book in the authors distinctive style, with maps and photographs to illustrate the examples given.
Category: History

Aviation And Climate Change

Author : Alice Bows
ISBN : 9781134153763
Genre : Science
File Size : 39.62 MB
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It is generally accepted – the US administration excepted - that the emissions reduction targets agreed in the Kyoto Protocol are only the beginning of what needs to be achieved in international climate negotiations. While studies suggest that major emission reductions by industrialized countries can be achieved at low economic cost, both these and early reductions by developing countries are inevitably a major political challenge. This book focuses on European policy toward climate change, specifically its ramifications for the aviation industry. With air travel predicted to grow enormously in the coming years, the issue of climate change is hugely topical for this important industry. Accessible to students, academics and practioners, this book is useful reading for all those with an interest in climate change, the aviation industry, or both.
Category: Science

Environmental Issues In The Mediterranean

Author : John B. Thornes
ISBN : 9781134729852
Genre : Science
File Size : 82.15 MB
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The Mediterranean has been subject to changing human settlement and land use patterns for millennia, and has a history of human exploitation in an inherently unstable landscape. Environmental Issues in the Mediterranean reviews both physical and social aspects of this region, in relation to its environment. Ideal for students who are studying a range of environmental issues, but want to see them linked within one regional context. The book begins with an introduction to the Mediterranean region, its history, physical and human geography and its environmental problems. It then goes on to examine: * The Dynamic Environment - climate variables and fluctuations, vegetation, the hydrological cycle of the basin and its watershed, processes of erosion, fire and the Mediterranean Sea *The Human Impact on the Environment - prehistoric and historic land use, traditional agriculture, rural and urban settlement and use of mineral resources * The Mediterranean Environment Under Increasing Pressure - the present human landscape, changes in agriculture in the 20th century, the impact of depopulation, pollution, water resources, desertification and potential climatic change. It then concludes with a discussion of the region's on-going environmental issues of water resources, land degradation, agricultural intensification and tourism, and considers how these can be approached using management techniques and national and regional policies.
Category: Science

Himalayan Perceptions

Author : Jack Ives
ISBN : 9781134369072
Genre : Science
File Size : 84.1 MB
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In the 1970s and 1980s many institutions, agencies and scholars believed that the Himalayan region was facing severe environmental disaster, due primarily to rapid growth in population that has caused extensive deforestation, which in turn has led to massive landsliding and soil erosion. This series of assumptions was first challenged in the book: The Himalayan Dilemma (1989: Ives and Messerli, Routledge). Nevertheless, the environmental crisis paradigm still commands considerable support, including logging bans in the mountain watersheds of China, India, and Thailand, and is constantly being promoted by the news media. Himalayan Perceptions identifies the confusion of misunderstanding, vested interests, changing perceptions, and institutional unwillingness to base development policy on sound scientific knowledge. It analyzes the large amount of new research published since 1989 and totally refutes the entire construct. It examines recent social and economic developments in the region and identifies warfare, guerrilla activities, and widespread oppression of poor ethnic minorities as the primary cause for the instability that pervades the entire region. It is argued that the development controversy is further confounded by exaggerated reporting, even falsification, by news media, environmental publications, and agency reports alike.
Category: Science

Maps Myths And Men

Author : Kirsten A. Seaver
ISBN : STANFORD:36105118028740
Genre : History
File Size : 20.20 MB
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The "Vínland Map" first surfaced on the antiquarian market in 1957 and the map's authenticity has been hotly debated ever since—in controversies ranging from the anomalous composition of the ink and the map's lack of provenance to a plethora of historical and cartographical riddles. Maps, Myths, and Men is the first work to address the full range of this debate. Focusing closely on what the map in fact shows, the book contains a critique of the 1965 work The Vinland Map and the Tartar Relation; scrutinizes the marketing strategies used in 1957; and covers many aspects of the map that demonstrate it is a modern fake, such as literary evidence and several scientific ink analyses performed between 1967 and 2002. The author explains a number of the riddles and provides evidence for both the identity of the mapmaker and the source of the parchment used, and she applies current knowledge of medieval Norse culture and exploration to counter widespread misinformation about Norse voyages to North America and about the Norse world picture.
Category: History

Annales

Author :
ISBN : MINN:31951P007866000
Genre : Economics
File Size : 63.69 MB
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Category: Economics

Wohlstand Und Armut Der Nationen

Author : David Landes
ISBN : 9783641051112
Genre : History
File Size : 66.66 MB
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Das Standardwerk zur Wirtschaftsgeschichte Kaum eine Frage ist umstrittener und stärker mit Ideologie befrachtet als die, warum manche Länder wirtschaftlich äußerst erfolgreich sind, während andere unfähig scheinen, aus ihrer Armut herauszufinden. Liegt es am Klima? An der Kultur? An der Politik? In seiner umfassenden Geschichte über die Weltwirtschaft der letzten sechshundert Jahre entwickelt David Landes Antworten auf diese Fragen und bietet zugleich ein Standardwerk zur Geschichte der Weltwirtschaft.
Category: History

Kulturgeschichte Des Klimas

Author : Wolfgang Behringer
ISBN : 9783406625053
Genre : History
File Size : 81.85 MB
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Zum Buch Alle sprechen vom Wetter. Darüber, wie es werden wird, gibt es derzeit mehr Voraussagen als je zuvor. Aber was wissen wir über Klimaschwankungen vor 500 oder vor 5000 Jahren? Wie können wir überhaupt etwas über die Geschichte des Wetters herausfinden? Schließlich: Wie haben sich die Klimaschwankungen der Vergangenheit auf den Menschen, seine Lebensweise und seine Kultur ausgewirkt? Der Historiker Wolfgang Behringer erschließt uns in einem faszinierenden Streifzug, was wir über Klimaänderungen und ihre kulturellen Konsequenzen vom Holozän bis ins 21. Jahrhundert wissen. Er führt uns ein in die historische Forschung zur Klimaentwicklung und zeigt uns, welche Schwankungen es gab und wie sie das Fortkommen des Homo sapiens behinderten oder beförderten. Sein spannendes Buch führt uns plastisch vor Augen, mit welchen Schwierigkeiten, manchmal aber auch mit welch angenehmen Wetterepochen unsere Vorfahren konfrontiert waren und wie sie damit umgingen. Das lehrt uns nicht zuletzt Mut zu fassen, den Klimawandel als die Herausforderung unserer Gegenwart zu begreifen und in einem besseren Sinne als bisher zu beeinflussen.
Category: History