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Hirnforschung Und Klinische Sozialarbeit

Author : Sven Bahlmann
ISBN : 9783836695534
Genre : Education
File Size : 57.24 MB
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Dieses Buch fragt nach den neurobiologischen Grundlagen von wirkungsvollen Betreuungsbeziehungen in der klinischen Sozialarbeit. In einer interdisziplin r angelegten Untersuchung werden dabei drei Perspektiven verkn pft: Hirnforschung, Philosophie und die Fallbeschreibung eines Schlaganfallpatienten. Seit einigen Jahren werden geistige Aktivit ten im Gehirn in bisher nicht gekannter Qualit t beobachtet. Denken, F hlen und Handeln scheinen sich genau visualisieren und lokalisieren zu lassen. Die Fortschritte der modernen Bildgebung vermitteln jedoch nicht die subjektive Bedeutung des Erlebten. Der Autor ersetzt daher rein naturalistische Deutungen des Gehirns durch eine subjektorientierte und kologische Konzeption des Zusammenhangs von Gehirn, Psyche und Umwelt. Das "Gehirn als Beziehungsorgan" wird in seiner entwicklungspsychologischen Bedeutung dargestellt. Die Interaktion von Organismus und Umwelt in der fr hen Mutter-Kind-Bindung ver ndert die plastischen neuronalen Strukturen und erm glicht so kindliches Lernen. Auch bei Erwachsenen f hren soziale Interventionen zu Anpassungen in der Hirnstruktur und praktischen Erfahrungsprozessen. Es wird erl utert, wie die neurobiologischen Konzepte der Spiegelneurone und des autobiographischen Ged chtnisses das Verst ndnis f r Empathie und Intersubjektivit t vertiefen k nnen. Zum Abschluss werden Folgerungen der Hirnforschung f r Theorie und Praxis der klinischen Sozialarbeit dargestellt sowie ethische Fragestellungen aufgeworfen. Am klinischen Beispiel von Klaus O., der nach einen Schlaganfall kognitiv und affektiv erheblich beeintr chtigt ist, wird der Anspruch gesellschaftlicher Teilhabe diskutiert. Wie lassen sich Hilfeziele gemeinsam aushandeln und umsetzen, wenn Reflexionsverm gen und Motivation stark eingeschr nkt sind? Gibt es eine aufgekl rte Einwilligung, einen "informed consent" und wie m sste er aussehen? Das Buch richtet sich an Lehrende und Studierende der Sozial- und Geisteswissenschaften sowie der Neur
Category: Education

Alcohol And Tobacco

Author : Otto-Michael Lesch
ISBN : 3709101468
Genre : Medical
File Size : 73.24 MB
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Alcohol and nicotine addiction mostly occur together. Over the last ten years therapeutic aspects and motivational strategies have been considerably improved. Hence, groups and subgroups have been defined and can be treated with specific medication and tailor-made psychotherapies, leading in the long term to considerably better and more effective results than the once broadly applied, rigorous abstinence -based therapies. However, alcohol and nicotine addiction still represent major medical and social problems. In this book, new therapeutic approaches are comprehensively described, outlining the different interactions between personality, environment and the effects of the substance. In addition to prevention-based therapies and diagnosis, essential psychological and sociological strategies, as well as medication-based therapies, are also presented in detail. All of these therapies have realistic aims and are of global validity. In addition, the book provides a broad overview of the American and European epidemiology of alcohol and nicotine addictions. The book is written for all those who care for and offer professional therapy for alcohol and nicotine-addicted patients.
Category: Medical

Psychosis As A Personal Crisis

Author : Marius Romme
ISBN : 9781136620980
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 64.75 MB
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Psychosis as a Personal Crisis seeks to challenge the way people who hear voices are both viewed and treated. This book emphasises the individual variation between people who suffer from psychosis and puts forward the idea that hearing voices is not in itself a sign of mental illness. In this book the editors bring together an international range of expert contributors, who in their daily work, their research or their personal acquaintance, focus on the personal experience of psychosis. Further topics of discussion include: accepting and making sense of hearing voices the relation between trauma and paranoia the limitations of contemporary psychiatry the process of recovery. This book will be essential reading for all mental health professionals, in particular those wanting to learn more about the development of the hearing voices movement and applying these ideas to better understanding those in the voice hearing community.
Category: Psychology

My Learned Friends

Author : Adam Raphael
ISBN : UVA:X001664977
Genre : English newspapers
File Size : 48.35 MB
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Category: English newspapers

Policies And Practices For Mental Health In Europe

Author :
ISBN : 9789289042796
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 89.52 MB
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This WHO report, co-funded by the European Commission, gives an overview of policies and practices for mental health in 42 Member States in the WHO European Region. Nearly all countries have made significant progress over the past few years, and several are among the leaders in the world in such areas as mental health promotion, mental disorder prevention, service reform and human rights. Nevertheless, this report also identifies weaknesses in Europe: some systematic, such as the lack of consensus on definitions and the absence of compatible data collection, and others that show great variation across countries, such as the stage of community services development and the level of investment in various areas. It also identifies gaps in information in areas of strategic importance for the development of mental health policies. This report is a baseline against which progress can be measured towards the vision and the milestones of the Mental Health Declaration for Europe.
Category: Business & Economics


Author : Andrew T. Scull
ISBN : 9780745697246
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 77.51 MB
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"Decarceration" is a word which has not yet entered the dictionary. But it is increasingly being used to designate a process with momentous implications for all of us. It is shorthand for a state-sponsored policy of closing down asylums, prisons, and reformatories. Mad people, criminals, and delinquents are being discharged or refused admission to the dumps in which they have been traditionally housed. Instead, they are to be left at large, to be coped with "in the community." We are told by those who run programs of this sort that keeping the criminal and the mentally disturbed in our midst is "humane." We are informed that it is a "more effective" means of curing or rehabilitating such people. And, miracle of miracles, we learn that this approach is also "cheaper"! With an alternative which embraces such an array of virtues, who can be surprised to learn that mental hospitals are emptying faster and faster, and that with each passing day the convicted felon's chances of going to prison grow more remote? On closer examination, it turns out that this whole enterprise is built on a foundation of sand. The claim that leaving deviants at large "cures" or "rehabilitates" them is just that - a claim. Little or no solid evidence can be offered in its support. Instead, it rests uneasily on a cloud of rhetoric and wishful thinking. Most people's conception of the "humane" does not embrace placing senile men and women in the hands of rapacious nursing home operators or turning loose the perpetrators of violent crimes, under conditions which guarantee that they will receive little or no supervision. Yet, as decarceration has been implemented, this is what has been happening. Much of the time, it appears as if the policy makers simply do not know what will happen when their schemes are put into effect. Nor do they seem very concerned to find out. Often, they do not even know where those they have dumped back on the rest of us are to be found.
Category: Political Science

Therapy Within Adventure

Author : Kaye Richards
ISBN : 3934214894
Genre : Adventure therapy
File Size : 29.62 MB
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Category: Adventure therapy

Effective Leadership In Adventure Programming 3e

Author : Priest, Simon
ISBN : 9781492547860
Genre : Sports & Recreation
File Size : 43.19 MB
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Effective Leadership in Adventure Programming, Third Edition, details the art and science of adventure leadership. This thorough update of the groundbreaking text covers the latest research, issues, and trends in adventure education and provides a new model for building core competencies.
Category: Sports & Recreation

Adventure Programming

Author : John C. Miles
ISBN : 1892132095
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 76.23 MB
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This book looks at all aspects of adventure programming. As the editors admit, "adventure programming is the deliberate use of adventurous experiences to create learning in individuals and groups, that results in change for society and communities." - page XIII.
Category: Business & Economics