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Hirnforschung Und Klinische Sozialarbeit

Author : Sven Bahlmann
ISBN : 9783836695534
Genre : Education
File Size : 87.63 MB
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Dieses Buch fragt nach den neurobiologischen Grundlagen von wirkungsvollen Betreuungsbeziehungen in der klinischen Sozialarbeit. In einer interdisziplin r angelegten Untersuchung werden dabei drei Perspektiven verkn pft: Hirnforschung, Philosophie und die Fallbeschreibung eines Schlaganfallpatienten. Seit einigen Jahren werden geistige Aktivit ten im Gehirn in bisher nicht gekannter Qualit t beobachtet. Denken, F hlen und Handeln scheinen sich genau visualisieren und lokalisieren zu lassen. Die Fortschritte der modernen Bildgebung vermitteln jedoch nicht die subjektive Bedeutung des Erlebten. Der Autor ersetzt daher rein naturalistische Deutungen des Gehirns durch eine subjektorientierte und kologische Konzeption des Zusammenhangs von Gehirn, Psyche und Umwelt. Das "Gehirn als Beziehungsorgan" wird in seiner entwicklungspsychologischen Bedeutung dargestellt. Die Interaktion von Organismus und Umwelt in der fr hen Mutter-Kind-Bindung ver ndert die plastischen neuronalen Strukturen und erm glicht so kindliches Lernen. Auch bei Erwachsenen f hren soziale Interventionen zu Anpassungen in der Hirnstruktur und praktischen Erfahrungsprozessen. Es wird erl utert, wie die neurobiologischen Konzepte der Spiegelneurone und des autobiographischen Ged chtnisses das Verst ndnis f r Empathie und Intersubjektivit t vertiefen k nnen. Zum Abschluss werden Folgerungen der Hirnforschung f r Theorie und Praxis der klinischen Sozialarbeit dargestellt sowie ethische Fragestellungen aufgeworfen. Am klinischen Beispiel von Klaus O., der nach einen Schlaganfall kognitiv und affektiv erheblich beeintr chtigt ist, wird der Anspruch gesellschaftlicher Teilhabe diskutiert. Wie lassen sich Hilfeziele gemeinsam aushandeln und umsetzen, wenn Reflexionsverm gen und Motivation stark eingeschr nkt sind? Gibt es eine aufgekl rte Einwilligung, einen "informed consent" und wie m sste er aussehen? Das Buch richtet sich an Lehrende und Studierende der Sozial- und Geisteswissenschaften sowie der Neur
Category: Education

Psychosis As A Personal Crisis

Author : Marius Romme
ISBN : 9781136620980
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 61.77 MB
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Psychosis as a Personal Crisis seeks to challenge the way people who hear voices are both viewed and treated. This book emphasises the individual variation between people who suffer from psychosis and puts forward the idea that hearing voices is not in itself a sign of mental illness. In this book the editors bring together an international range of expert contributors, who in their daily work, their research or their personal acquaintance, focus on the personal experience of psychosis. Further topics of discussion include: accepting and making sense of hearing voices the relation between trauma and paranoia the limitations of contemporary psychiatry the process of recovery. This book will be essential reading for all mental health professionals, in particular those wanting to learn more about the development of the hearing voices movement and applying these ideas to better understanding those in the voice hearing community.
Category: Psychology

Gesammelte Abhandlungen

Author : Hermann Weyl
ISBN : 3540043888
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 38.26 MB
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From the Preface: “The name of Hermann Weyl is enshrined in the history of mathematics. A thinker of exceptional depth, and a creator of ideas, Weyl possessed an intellect which ranged far and wide over the realm of mathematics, and beyond. His mind was sharp and quick, his vision clear and penetrating. Whatever he touched he adorned. His personality was suffused with humanity and compassion, and a keen aesthetic sensibility. Its fullness radiated charm. He was young at heart to the end. By precept and example, he inspired many mathematicians, and influenced their lives. The force of his ideas has affected the course of science. He ranks among the few universalists of our time. This collection of papers is a tribute to his genius. It is intended as a service to the mathematical community....These papers will no doubt be a source of inspirations to scholars through the ages.” Volume I comprises 29 Articles written between 1908 and 1917.
Category: Mathematics

Locating The Soul

Author : Rolf Brüggemann
ISBN : 3938304480
Genre : Art and mental illness
File Size : 39.31 MB
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Category: Art and mental illness

The Manufacture Of Madness

Author : Thomas Stephen Szasz
ISBN : 0815604610
Genre : Medical
File Size : 76.6 MB
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Every age, labels others to a particular fate, such as the witch consigned to the fire. The priest has now been replaced by the psychiatrist and this text examines the role of medicine as a more insidious tyrant than religion, as it claims to be beneficial to both the patient and the commonwealth.
Category: Medical

Policies And Practices For Mental Health In Europe

Author :
ISBN : 9789289042796
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 32.83 MB
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This WHO report, co-funded by the European Commission, gives an overview of policies and practices for mental health in 42 Member States in the WHO European Region. Nearly all countries have made significant progress over the past few years, and several are among the leaders in the world in such areas as mental health promotion, mental disorder prevention, service reform and human rights. Nevertheless, this report also identifies weaknesses in Europe: some systematic, such as the lack of consensus on definitions and the absence of compatible data collection, and others that show great variation across countries, such as the stage of community services development and the level of investment in various areas. It also identifies gaps in information in areas of strategic importance for the development of mental health policies. This report is a baseline against which progress can be measured towards the vision and the milestones of the Mental Health Declaration for Europe.
Category: Business & Economics

Transitions In The Early Years

Author : Hilary Fabian
ISBN : 9780415276405
Genre : Education
File Size : 29.57 MB
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By the time young children enter statutory education, they may have already attended a number of different educational settings, from entry to group settings outside home, to joining playgroup or nursery school. Each of these experiences is likely to affect children's capacity to adjust and to learn. This book focuses on children's experiences of personal and curricular transitions in early childhood. The authors are all academics with international reputations in the field of early childhood education. They draw on their research in Europe, Australasia and the USA to consider issues such as: *the optimum environment and appropriate pedagogy for young children's learning *how children, parents and educators cope with the transition from home to the first educational settings *the ways in which professionals can better support and empower children in transition The perspectives of children, parents and early years educators are all considered and case study examples are used throughout. This book will be essential reading for anyone involved in working with young children and their families, including students on early years courses, early years practitioners and early years policy makers.
Category: Education

Therapy Within Adventure

Author : Kaye Richards
ISBN : 3934214894
Genre : Adventure therapy
File Size : 57.51 MB
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Category: Adventure therapy


Author : Andrew T. Scull
ISBN : 9780745697246
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 85.17 MB
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"Decarceration" is a word which has not yet entered the dictionary. But it is increasingly being used to designate a process with momentous implications for all of us. It is shorthand for a state-sponsored policy of closing down asylums, prisons, and reformatories. Mad people, criminals, and delinquents are being discharged or refused admission to the dumps in which they have been traditionally housed. Instead, they are to be left at large, to be coped with "in the community." We are told by those who run programs of this sort that keeping the criminal and the mentally disturbed in our midst is "humane." We are informed that it is a "more effective" means of curing or rehabilitating such people. And, miracle of miracles, we learn that this approach is also "cheaper"! With an alternative which embraces such an array of virtues, who can be surprised to learn that mental hospitals are emptying faster and faster, and that with each passing day the convicted felon's chances of going to prison grow more remote? On closer examination, it turns out that this whole enterprise is built on a foundation of sand. The claim that leaving deviants at large "cures" or "rehabilitates" them is just that - a claim. Little or no solid evidence can be offered in its support. Instead, it rests uneasily on a cloud of rhetoric and wishful thinking. Most people's conception of the "humane" does not embrace placing senile men and women in the hands of rapacious nursing home operators or turning loose the perpetrators of violent crimes, under conditions which guarantee that they will receive little or no supervision. Yet, as decarceration has been implemented, this is what has been happening. Much of the time, it appears as if the policy makers simply do not know what will happen when their schemes are put into effect. Nor do they seem very concerned to find out. Often, they do not even know where those they have dumped back on the rest of us are to be found.
Category: Political Science