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Hazardous Air Pollutants

Author : Jeffrey W. Bradstreet
ISBN : 9780815517825
Genre : Science
File Size : 44.4 MB
Format : PDF
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State and federal regulations affecting hazardous air pollutants have produced an escalating dilemma for industrial facilities. While struggling to remain competitive and in compliance with environmental regulations, industry faces increasing requirements and potential liabilities due to emissions of hazardous air pollutants. Many states began establishing regulations governing the emissions of hazardous air pollutants after the 1984 accidental release of methyl isocyanate in Bhopal, India. After thirteen years of extended debate, the US Congress passed significant amendments to the Clean Air Act in 1990. These various regulations require industrial facilities to evaluate, control, monitor, permit and assess risk for a variety of listed chemicals considered hazardous air pollutants. Title III of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments provides for the permitting and control of sources emitting as little as ten tons per year of one of 189 federally listed hazardous air pollutants. In addition, sources emitting lesser quantities of 100 of these 189 hazardous air pollutants have to develop risk management plans to prevent accidental releases. This requirement is very similar to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration regulation for protecting workers from accidental releases. Approximately ten other federal regulations also deal with emissions of hazardous pollutants. In addition, state regulations address up to 460 hazardous air pollutants. Deadlines for establishing compliance with the federal requirements are currently being implemented for some industry categories and are scheduled to be completed by 2003. To effectively respond to this myriad of hazardous air pollutant regulations and maintain a viable business, owners and operators of industrial facilities need to understand: the pollutants that are regulated as hazardous, applicable state and federal requirements, sources of hazardous air pollutants, the quantification of hazardous air pollutant emissions, potential risks and liabilities, and the best means to establish a compliance program. This book provides a review of the regulatory requirements affecting sources of hazardous air pollutants, the methods for inventorying and measuring emissions, methods for evaluating potential risks and liabilities due to hazardous air pollutant emissions, and approaches available to reduce emissions and establish a hazardous air pollutant compliance program.
Category: Science

Hardening Semiconductor Components Against Radiation And Temperature

Author : William R. Dawes
ISBN : 0815512120
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 77.38 MB
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This book describes hardening of semiconductor components against radiation and temperature. Basic mechanisms of radiation effects on electronic materials and devices are discussed first, followed by such practical topics as hardening technologies, circuit design for hardening, and, finally, hardness assurance. Discussions center mainly on silicon technology.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Battleground Environment 2 Volumes

Author : Robin Morris Collin
ISBN : 9780313082405
Genre : Science
File Size : 30.58 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The environment inflames passions in people on all points of the political spectrum. Controversies over such issues as the rise of cancer in industrialized countries, climate change, and urban sprawl have skyrocketed as we recognize the impact that humans have on the environment. Many people become immersed in these controversies at a local level before they know much about the topic - the nuances of many environmental conflicts are often overlooked as the media focuses on the adversarial nature of the conflict. This reference resource provides students, teachers, librarians, and citizens as a whole with the necessary first step in understanding these hot-button issues. Each entry identifies the issue involved, who was holding various points of view or positions, where and when the conflict occurred, and explains the cultural, social, and political context and dimensions of the conflict. Battleground: Environment provides in-depth analysis of over 100 of the most controversial topics involving the environment, including childhood asthma, the Kyoto Summit and Treaty, smart growth, the Three Gorges Dam in China, and genetically modified food. Entries include descriptions of public policies and discussions of the future of the controversy. Each entry concludes with cross references and a short, relevant bibliography suitable for student research. The resource includes numerous sidebars that discuss in detail particular local controversies that illuminate the complexity of the topics discussed.
Category: Science

The Code Of Federal Regulations Of The United States Of America

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105063541838
Genre : Administrative law
File Size : 67.56 MB
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The Code of Federal Regulations is the codification of the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the executive departments and agencies of the Federal Government.
Category: Administrative law

Code Of Federal Regulations

Author :
ISBN : OSU:32437121308288
Genre : Administrative law
File Size : 54.6 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Special edition of the Federal Register, containing a codification of documents of general applicability and future effect ... with ancillaries.
Category: Administrative law


Author :
ISBN : 00462284
Genre : Environmental law
File Size : 29.69 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Category: Environmental law

Environmental Laws

Author : Susan R. Fletcher
ISBN : 1604561351
Genre : Law
File Size : 63.73 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
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Several major statutes form the legal basis for the programs of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Many of these have been amended several times. The current provisions of each are briefly summarised in this report. The Pollution Prevention Act (PPA) seeks to prevent pollution through reduced generation of pollutants at their point of origin. The Clean Air Act (CAA) requires EPA to set mobile source limits, ambient air quality standards, hazardous air pollutant emission standards, standards for new pollution sources, and significant deterioration requirements; and to focus on areas that do not attain standards. The Clean Water Act (CWA) establishes a sewage treatment construction grants program, and a regulatory and enforcement program for discharges of wastes into U.S. waters. Focusing on the regulation of the intentional disposal of materials into ocean waters and authorising related research is the Ocean Dumping Act. The Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) establishes primary drinking water standards, regulates underground injection disposal practices, and establishes a groundwater control program. The Solid Waste Disposal Act and Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) provide regulation of solid and hazardous waste, while the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), or Superfund, provides authority for the federal government to respond to releases of hazardous substances, and established a fee-maintained fund to clean up abandoned hazardous waste sites. The authority to collect fees has expired, and funding is now provided from general revenues. The Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act requires industrial reporting of toxic releases and encourages planning to respond to chemical emergencies. The Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) regulates the testing of chemicals and their use, and the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) governs pesticide products and their use.
Category: Law

Environmental Law And Enforcement

Author : Gregor I. McGregor
ISBN : 0873717457
Genre : Law
File Size : 28.86 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
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Amid all the laws and regulations on environmental protection and worker safety, what is the responsible business or landowner to do? What should the responsible consultant advise? Environmental Law and Enforcement provides you with a practical guide that takes the mystery out of environmental law and related land use controls. The author provides a synopsis of major environmental topics from A to Z and features citations to the major federal statutes in the United States Code (USC) and the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) so you can easily find governing statutes and regulations. Special sections discuss the use of experts in case preparation and how to be an effective case witness. A checklist for compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act is included. The book covers strategies to cope with landowner liability for hazardous waste, consultant liability for mistakes in hazardous waste site assessments, and guidelines for emergency managers to minimize legal liability. The section on insurance liability provides practical approaches to dealing with insurance companies on hazardous waste claims. The successful organization will manage for environmental protection as a corporate goal, and consequently stays ahead of new government requirements-away from lawyers and lawsuits-and ahead of the competition. Environmental Law and Enforcement gives you the tools you need to achieve this mission.
Category: Law

6th Annual Report On Carcinogens 1991

Author : DIANE Publishing Company
ISBN : 0788104233
Genre :
File Size : 78.40 MB
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Many scientists believe that from 1/3 to 2/3 of all cancers may be associated with the environment in which we live and work. This report lists: all substances which are known to be carcinogens or may reasonably be anticipated to be carcinogens, and to which a significant number of persons residing in the U.S. are exposed; information concerning the nature of such exposure and the estimated number of persons exposed to such substances, and much, more. Sections include: carcinogenicity, properties, use, production, exposure and regulations. Encyclopedic!!

The U S Environmental Industry

Author : David R. Berg
ISBN : 0788184016
Genre :
File Size : 75.74 MB
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Executives of environmental companies and their customers, regulators, and financiers have directly contributed their experience and insights to the first comprehensive study of the U.S. environmental industry, suggesting a framework for government policy that explicitly reflects their concerns and perspectives. The study shows that the environmental industry faces competitive challenges that have been widely unrecognized, particularly in Wash., DC. Also, the government policies that produced significant environmental gains in the past are now at the point that many industry spokespersons believe fundamental changes are necessary.