HANDBOOK OF RECYCLING STATE OF THE ART FOR PRACTITIONERS ANALYSTS AND SCIENTISTS

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Handbook Of Recycling

Author : Ernst Worrell
ISBN : 9780123965066
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 87.34 MB
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Winner of the International Solid Waste Association's 2014 Publication Award, Handbook of Recycling is an authoritative review of the current state-of-the-art of recycling, reuse and reclamation processes commonly implemented today and how they interact with one another. The book addresses several material flows, including iron, steel, aluminum and other metals, pulp and paper, plastics, glass, construction materials, industrial by-products, and more. It also details various recycling technologies as well as recovery and collection techniques. To completely round out the picture of recycling, the book considers policy and economic implications, including the impact of recycling on energy use, sustainable development, and the environment. With contemporary recycling literature scattered across disparate, unconnected articles, this book is a crucial aid to students and researchers in a range of disciplines, from materials and environmental science to public policy studies. Portrays recent and emerging technologies in metal recycling, by-product utilization and management of post-consumer waste Uses life cycle analysis to show how to reclaim valuable resources from mineral and metallurgical wastes Uses examples from current professional and industrial practice, with policy and economic implications
Category: Technology & Engineering

Economies Of Recycling

Author : Catherine Alexander
ISBN : 9781780321974
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 83.84 MB
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For some, recycling is a big business; for others a moralised way of engaging with the world. But, for many, this is a dangerous way of earning a living. With scrap now being the largest export category from the US to China, the sheer scale of this global trade has not yet been clearly identified or analysed. Combining fine-grained ethnographic analysis with overviews of international material flows, Economies of Recycling radically changes the way we understand global and local economies as well as the new social relations and identities created by recycling processes. Following global material chains, this groundbreaking book reveals astonishing connections between persons, households, cities and global regions as objects are reworked, taken to pieces and traded. With case studies from Africa, Latin America, South Asia, China, the former Soviet Union, North America and Europe, this timely collection debunks common linear understandings of production, exchange and consumption and argues for a complete re-evaluation of North-South economic relationships.
Category: Political Science

Occupational Outlook Handbook 2009

Author : U. S. Department of Labor
ISBN : 9781602393202
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 89.35 MB
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A directory for up-and-coming jobs in the near-future employment market includes recommendations for finding or advancing a career and draws on statistics from the U.S. Department of Labor, in a guide that includes coverage of more than 250 occupations. Original.
Category: Business & Economics

Practical Handbook Of Material Flow Analysis

Author : Paul H. Brunner
ISBN : 0203507207
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 36.26 MB
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The first-ever book on this subject establishes a rigid, transparent and useful methodology for investigating the material metabolism of anthropogenic systems. Using Material Flow Analysis (MFA), the main sources, flows, stocks, and emissions of man-made and natural materials can be determined. By demonstrating the application of MFA, this book reveals how resources can be conserved and the environment protected within complex systems. The fourteen case studies presented exemplify the potential for MFA to contribute to sustainable materials management. Exercises throughout the book deepen comprehension and expertise. The authors have had success in applying MFA to various fields, and now promote the use of MFA so that future engineers and planners have a common method for solving resource-oriented problems.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Handbook Of Fitting Statistical Distributions With R

Author : Zaven A. Karian
ISBN : 9781584887126
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 27.80 MB
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With the development of new fitting methods, their increased use in applications, and improved computer languages, the fitting of statistical distributions to data has come a long way since the introduction of the generalized lambda distribution (GLD) in 1969. Handbook of Fitting Statistical Distributions with R presents the latest and best methods, algorithms, and computations for fitting distributions to data. It also provides in-depth coverage of cutting-edge applications. The book begins with commentary by three GLD pioneers: John S. Ramberg, Bruce Schmeiser, and Pandu R. Tadikamalla. These leaders of the field give their perspectives on the development of the GLD. The book then covers GLD methodology and Johnson, kappa, and response modeling methodology fitting systems. It also describes recent additions to GLD and generalized bootstrap methods as well as a new approach to goodness-of-fit assessment. The final group of chapters explores real-world applications in agriculture, reliability estimation, hurricanes/typhoons/cyclones, hail storms, water systems, insurance and inventory management, and materials science. The applications in these chapters complement others in the book that deal with competitive bidding, medicine, biology, meteorology, bioassays, economics, quality management, engineering, control, and planning. New results in the field have generated a rich array of methods for practitioners. Making sense of this extensive growth, this comprehensive and authoritative handbook improves your understanding of the methodology and applications of fitting statistical distributions. The accompanying CD-ROM includes the R programs used for many of the computations.
Category: Mathematics

Improving Markets For Recycled Plastics Trends Prospects And Policy Responses

Author : OECD
ISBN : 9789264301016
Genre :
File Size : 64.38 MB
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Plastics have become one of the most prolific materials on the planet: in 2015 we produced about 380 million tonnes of plastics globally, up from 2 million tonnes in the 1950s. Yet today only 15% of this plastic waste is collected and recycled into secondary plastics globally each year. This ...
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Routledge Handbook Of Ecological Economics

Author : Clive L. Spash
ISBN : 9781317395102
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 70.44 MB
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Since becoming formally established with an international academic society in the late 1980s, ecological economics has advanced understanding of the interactions between social and biophysical reality. It initially combined questioning of the basis of mainstream economics with a concern for environmental degradation and limits to growth, but has now advanced well beyond critique into theoretical, analytical and policy alternatives. Social ecological economics and transformation to an alternative future now form core ideas in an interdisciplinary approach combining insights from a range of disciplines including heterodox economics, political ecology, sociology, political science, social psychology, applied philosophy, environmental ethics and a range of natural sciences. This handbook, edited by a leading figure in the field, demonstrates the dynamism of ecological economics in a wide-ranging collection of state-of-the-art essays. Containing contributions from an array of international researchers who are pushing the boundaries of the field, the Routledge Handbook of Ecological Economics showcases the diversity of the field and points the way forward. A critical analytical perspective is combined with realism about how economic systems operate and their essential connection to the natural world and society. This provides a rich understanding of how biophysical reality relates to and integrates with social reality. Chapters provide succinct overviews of the literature covering a range of subject areas including: heterodox thought on the environment; society, power and politics, markets and consumption; value and ethics; science and society; methods for evaluation and policy analysis; policy challenges; and the future post-growth society. The rich contents dispel the myth of there being no alternatives to current economic thought and the political economy it supports. The Routledge Handbook of Ecological Economics provides a guide to the literature on ecological economics in an informative and easily accessible form. It is essential reading for those interested in exploring and understanding the interactions between the social, ecological and economic and is an important resource for those interested in fields such as: human ecology, political ecology, environmental politics, human geography, environmental management, environmental evaluation, future and transition studies, environmental policy, development studies and heterodox economics.
Category: Business & Economics

The Carbon Footprint Handbook

Author : Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu
ISBN : 9781482262230
Genre : Nature
File Size : 69.16 MB
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Thorough and detailed, The Carbon Footprint Handbook encompasses all areas of carbon footprint, including the scientific elements, methodological and technological aspects, standards, industrial case studies, and communication of carbon footprint results. Written and edited by an international group of experts, the far-ranging topics on carbon footprinting are divided into three sections comprising chapters focused on methodology, modeling, and case studies. The concepts of carbon footprint and climate change are no longer new to the world. As a result, there is increasing interest in quantifying and reducing the carbon footprint around the world, from industrial to individual levels. This book describes modeling aspects and calculations of carbon footprint in organizations and production. It emphasizes the importance of locating non-polluting energy sources as well as sustainability. The book also provides case studies offering a wealth of information on practices and methods in detecting and addressing carbon footprint. The Carbon Footprint Handbook is an important reference that discusses, in depth, the essential details of carbon footprint assessment. It uses research and case studies on methods and practices from locations around the world including China, India, Spain, and Latin America. It demonstrates that the problems of carbon footprint are indeed worldwide while showing how they can be addressed in myriad areas of life, from industrial to personal action.
Category: Nature

Waste Electrical And Electronic Equipment Recycling

Author : Francesco Vegliò
ISBN : 9780081020586
Genre : Science
File Size : 22.87 MB
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Water Electrical and Electronic Equipment Recycling: Aqueous Recovery Methods provides data regarding the implementation of aqueous methods of processing of WEEEs at the industrial level. Chapters explore points-of-view of worldwide researchers and research project managers with respect to new research developments and how to improve processing technologies. The text is divided into two parts, with the first section addressing the new research regarding the hydrometallurgical procedures adopted from minerals processing technologies. Other sections cover green chemistry, bio-metallurgy applications for WEEE treatment and the current developed aqueous methods at industrial scale. A conclusion summarizes existing research with suggestions for future actions. Provides a one-stop reference for hydrometallurgical processes of metal recovery from WEEE Includes methods presented through intended applications, including waste printed circuit boards, LCD panels, lighting and more Contains suggestions and recommendations for future actions and research prospects
Category: Science

Handbook Of Transdisciplinary Research

Author : Gertrude Hirsch Hadorn
ISBN : 1402066996
Genre : Science
File Size : 49.51 MB
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Transdisciplinary Research (TR) is an emerging field in the knowledge society for relating science and policy in addressing issues such as new technologies, migration, and public health. This handbook provides a structured overview of the manifold experiences gained in these fields. In the first part, 21 projects from all over the world present their research approaches. In the second part, cross-cutting challenges of TR are discussed in reference to the same projects.
Category: Science