HANDBOOK OF BIOLOGICAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT DESIGN AND OPTIMISATION OF ACTIVATED SLUDGE SYSTEMS

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Handbook Of Biological Wastewater Treatment

Author : Adrianus C. van Haandel
ISBN : 9781780400006
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 84.96 MB
Format : PDF
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Handbook of Biological Wastewater Treatment: Second Edition deals with the optimized design of biological and chemical nutrient removal. It presents the state-of-the-art theory concerning the various aspects of the activated sludge system and develops procedures for optimized cost based design and operation.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Advanced Water Supply And Wastewater Treatment A Road To Safer Society And Environment

Author : Petr Hlavinek
ISBN : 9789400702790
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 55.30 MB
Format : PDF
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Stable, safe, secure and readily available water supply is one of the key factors in ensuring a good level of the public health and a stable society. Scientific assessments show that about 80 % of diseases and one-third of the total death toll in the developing countries are caused by the low quality of the drinking water. Other countries are also suffering from water shortages and insufficient quality of the drinking water. Many rivers in Europe and in other parts of the world are significantly polluted by insufficiently treated or untreated wastewater discharge. This book is based on the discussions and papers prepared for the NATO Advanced Research Workshop that took place in Lviv, Ukraine, and addressed recent advances in water supply and wastewater treatment as a prerequisite for a safer society and environment. The contributions critically assess the existing knowledge on urban water management and provide an overview of the current water management issues, especially in the countries in transition in Central and Eastern Europe and in the Mediterranean Dialogue countries.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Biological Wastewater Treatment In Warm Climate Regions

Author : Marcos Von Sperling
ISBN : 9781843390022
Genre : Science
File Size : 74.75 MB
Format : PDF
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Biological Wastewater Treatment in Warm Climate Regions gives a state-of-the-art presentation of the science and technology of biological wastewater treatment, particularly domestic sewage. The book covers the main treatment processes used worldwide with wastewater treatment in warm climate regions given a particular emphasis where simple, affordable and sustainable solutions are required. This comprehensive book presents in a clear and informative way the basic principles of biological wastewater treatment, including theory and practice, and covering conception, design and operation. In order to ensure the practical and didactic view of the book, 371 illustrations, 322 summary tables and 117 examples are included. All major wastewater treatment processes are covered by full and interlinked design examples which are built up throughout the book, from the determination of wastewater characteristics, the impact of discharge into rivers and lakes, the design of several wastewater treatment processes and the design of sludge treatment and disposal units. The 55 chapters are divided into 7 parts over two volumes: Volume One: (1) Introduction to wastewater characteristics, treatment and disposal; (2) Basic principles of wastewater treatment; (3) Stabilisation ponds; (4) Anaerobic reactors; Volume Two: (5) Activated sludge; (6) Aerobic biofilm reactors; (7) Sludge treatment and disposal. As well as being an ideal textbook, Biological Wastewater Treatment in Warm Climate Regions is an important reference for practising professionals such as engineers, biologists, chemists and environmental scientists, acting in consulting companies, water authorities and environmental agencies.
Category: Science

Experimental Methods In Wastewater Treatment

Author : Mark C. M. van Loosdrecht
ISBN : 9781780404745
Genre : Science
File Size : 40.37 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Over the past twenty years, the knowledge and understanding of wastewater treatment has advanced extensively and moved away from empirically based approaches to a fundamentally-based first principles approach embracing chemistry, microbiology, and physical and bioprocess engineering, often involving experimental laboratory work and techniques. Many of these experimental methods and techniques have matured to the degree that they have been accepted as reliable tools in wastewater treatment research and practice. For sector professionals, especially a new generation of young scientists and engineers entering the wastewater treatment profession, the quantity, complexity and diversity of these new developments can be overwhelming, particularly in developing countries where access to advanced level laboratory courses in wastewater treatment is not readily available. In addition, information on innovative experimental methods is scattered across scientific literature and only partially available in the form of textbooks or guidelines. This book seeks to address these deficiencies. It assembles and integrates the innovative experimental methods developed by research groups and practitioners around the world. Experimental Methods in Wastewater Treatment forms part of the internet-based curriculum in wastewater treatment at UNESCO-IHE and, as such, may also be used together with video records of experimental methods performed and narrated by the authors including guidelines on what to do and what not to do. The book is written for undergraduate and postgraduate students, researchers, laboratory staff, plant operators, consultants, and other sector professionals.
Category: Science

Basic Principles Of Wastewater Treatment

Author : Marcos von Sperling
ISBN : 9781843391623
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 52.42 MB
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Basic Principles of Wastewater Treatment is the second volume in the Biological Wastewater Treatment series, and focus on the unit operations and processes associated with biological wastewater treatment. The major topics covered are: .microbiology and ecology of wastewater treatment .reaction kinetics and reactor hydraulics .conversion of organic and inorganic matter .sedimentation .aeration. The theory presented in this volume forms the basis upon which the other books in the series are built. The Biological Wastewater Treatment series is based on the book Biological Wastewater Treatment in Warm Climate Regions and on a highly acclaimed set of best selling textbooks. This international version is comprised by six textbooks giving a state-of-the-art presentation of the science and technology of biological wastewater treatment. Other books in the Biological Wastewater Treatment series: Volume 1: Wastewater characteristics, treatment and disposal Volume 3: Waste stabilisation ponds Volume 4: Anaerobic reactors Volume 5: Activated sludge and aerobic biofilm reactors Volume 6: Sludge treatment and disposal
Category: Technology & Engineering

Faecal Sludge Management

Author : Linda Strande
ISBN : 9781780404738
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 75.17 MB
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It is estimated that literally billions of residents in urban and peri-urban areas of Africa, Asia, and Latin America are served by onsite sanitation systems (e.g. various types of latrines and septic tanks). Until recently, the management of faecal sludge from these onsite systems has been grossly neglected, partially as a result of them being considered temporary solutions until sewer-based systems could be implemented. However, the perception of onsite or decentralized sanitation technologies for urban areas is gradually changing, and is increasingly being considered as long-term, sustainable options in urban areas, especially in low- and middle-income countries that lack sewer infrastructures. This is the first book dedicated to faecal sludge management. It compiles the current state of knowledge of the rapidly evolving field of faecal sludge management, and presents an integrated approach that includes technology, management, and planning based on Sandecs 20 years of experience in the field. Faecal Sludge Management: Systems Approach for Implementation and Operation addresses the organization of the entire faecal sludge management service chain, from the collection and transport of sludge, and the current state of knowledge of treatment options, to the final end use or disposal of treated sludge. The book also presents important factors to consider when evaluating and upscaling new treatment technology options. The book is designed for undergraduate and graduate students, and engineers and practitioners in the field who have some basic knowledge of environmental and/or wastewater engineering.
Category: Technology & Engineering

The Mbr Book

Author : Simon Judd
ISBN : 0080465102
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 65.52 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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The use of membranes is increasing throughout industry, and particularly the water industry.The municipal water industry, which is concerned with the provision of clean drinking water to the population, is a big user and developer of membrane technology which helps it to provide water free of pathogens, chemicals, odours and unwanted tastes. Municipal authorities also have to process sewage and waste water, and membranes are used extensively in these processes. The MBR Book covers all important aspects of Membrane BioReactors in water and waste water treatment, from the fundamentals of the processes via design principles to MBR technologies. Industrial case studies help interpret actual results and give pointers for best practice. Useful appendices provide data on commercial membranes and international membrane organisations. * Major growth area in the water industries * Internationally-known author * Principles and practice, backed by case studies
Category: Technology & Engineering

Natural Wastewater Treatment Systems Second Edition

Author : Ronald W. Crites
ISBN : 9781466583269
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 89.60 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Calling for ecologically and economically sound wastewater treatment systems, the authors of Natural Wastewater Treatment Systems explore the use of wetlands, sprinkler or deep irrigation, groundwater recharge, and other natural systems as sustainable methods for the treatment and management of wastewater. Based on work by prominent experts in natural waste treatment, this text provides a thorough explanation on how soil and plants can successfully sustain microbial populations in the treatment of wastewater. Determining that natural systems cost less to construct and operate, and require less energy than mechanical treatment alternatives, this book also explains how these processes produce lower amounts of residual solids, and use little or no chemicals. What’s New in the Second Edition: This revised edition includes current design and regulatory and operational developments in the natural wastewater treatment field. It provides detailed examples and analyses along with significant operational data in each chapter. It also considers how processes provide passive treatment with a minimum of mechanical elements, and describes new approaches to partially mixed ponds, including dual-powered aeration ponds. Introduces the planning procedures and treatment mechanisms responsible for treatment in ponds, wetlands, land application, and soil absorption systems Provides new case studies of constructed wetlands and water reuse systems Presents design criteria and methods of pond treatment and pond effluent upgrading Describes constructed wetlands design procedures, process applications, treatment performance data, and land treatment concepts and design equations Includes information on constituents of emerging concern (CEC) and their fate in natural systems The text discusses wastewater pond systems, free water surface constructed wetlands, subsurface and vertical flow constructed wetlands, land treatment, sludge management, and onsite wastewater systems. It describes residuals and biosolids management, including nitrogen removal pretreatment methods, and uses U.S. customary and metric units in all chapters. It presents case studies of new applications of natural systems and includes worked examples of design equations for ponds and land treatment. It also provides a biosolids regulatory update from a top EPA scientist, and algae reduction technologies for ponds and wetlands. Designed for practicing wastewater engineers and scientists involved in the planning, design, and operation of ponds, wetlands, land treatment, biosolids, and onsite soil-based treatment systems, the book integrates many natural treatment systems into one single source.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Guidelines For Using Activated Sludge Models

Author : Sylvie Gillot
ISBN : 9781843391746
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 24.80 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Mathematical modelling of activated sludge systems is used widely for plant design, optimisation, training, controller design and research. The quality of simulation studies varies depending on the project objectives, finances and expertise available. Consideration has to be given to the model accuracy and the amount of time required to carry out a simulation study to produce the desired accuracy. Inconsistent approaches and insufficient documentation make quality assessment and comparison of simulation results difficult or almost impossible. A general framework for the application of activated sludge models is needed in order to overcome these obstacles. The genesis of the Good Modelling Practice (GIMP) Task Group lies in a workshop held at the 4th IWA World Water Congress in Marrakech, Morocco where members of research groups active in wastewater treatment modelling came together to develop plans to synthesize the best practices of modellers from all over the world. The most cited protocols were included in the work: HSG (Hochschulgruppe), STOWA, BIOMATH and WERF. The goal of the group was to set up an internationally accepted framework to deal with the ASM type models in practice. This framework makes modelling more straightforward and systematic to use especially for practitioners and consultants. Additionally, it helps to define quality levels for simulation results, provides a procedure to assess this quality and assists in the proper use of the models. The framework describes a methodology for goal-oriented application of activated sludge models demonstrated by means of a concise guideline about the procedure of a simulation study and some illustrative case studies. Case studies give examples for the required data quality and quantity and the effort for calibration/validation with respect to a defined goal. Additional features in Guidelines for Using Activated Sludge Models include a chapter on modelling industrial wastewater, an overview on the history, current practice and future of activated sludge modelling and several explanatory case studies. It can be used as an introductory book to learn about Good Modelling Practice (GMP) in activated sludge modelling and will be of special interest for process engineers who have no prior knowledge of modelling or for lecturers who need a textbook for their students. The STIR can also be used as a modelling reference book and includes an extended appendix with additional information and details of methodologies.
Category: Technology & Engineering