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Greek Thought Arabic Culture

Author : Dimitri Gutas
ISBN : 9781134926343
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 50.27 MB
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From the middle of the eighth century to the tenth century, almost all non-literary and non-historical secular Greek books, including such diverse topics as astrology, alchemy, physics, botany and medicine, that were not available throughout the eastern Byzantine Empire and the Near East, were translated into Arabic. Greek Thought, Arabic Culture explores the major social, political and ideological factors that occasioned the unprecedented translation movement from Greek into Arabic in Baghdad, the newly founded capital of the Arab dynasty of the 'Abbasids', during the first two centuries of their rule. Dimitri Gutas draws upon the preceding historical and philological scholarship in Greco-Arabic studies and the study of medieval translations of secular Greek works into Arabic and analyses the social and historical reasons for this phenomenon. Dimitri Gutas provides a stimulating, erudite and well-documented survey of this key movement in the transmission of ancient Greek culture to the Middle Ages.
Category: Social Science

Greek Thought

Author : Jacques Brunschwig
ISBN : 067400261X
Genre : History
File Size : 46.5 MB
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In more than 60 essays by an international team of scholars, this volume explores the full breadth and reach of Greek thought, investigating what the Greeks knew as well as what they thought they knew, and what they believed, invented, and understood about the possibilities of knowing. 65 color illustrations. Maps.
Category: History

The Origins Of Greek Thought

Author : Jean-Pierre Vernant
ISBN : 0801492939
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 86.30 MB
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Jean-Pierre Vernant's concise, brilliant essay on the origins of Greek thought relates the cultural achievement of the ancient Greeks to their physical and social environment and shows that what they believed in was inseparable from the way they lived. The emergence of rational thought, Vernant claims, is closely linked to the advent of the open-air politics that characterized life in the Greek polis. Vernant points out that when the focus of Mycenaean society gave way to the agora, the change had profound social and cultural implications. "Social experience could become the object of pragmatic thought for the Greeks," he writes, "because in the city-state it lent itself to public debate. The decline of myth dates from the day the first sages brought human order under discussion and sought to define it. . . . Thus evolved a strictly political thought, separate from religion, with its own vocabulary, concepts, principles, and theoretical aims."
Category: Philosophy

A Guide To Greek Thought

Author : Jacques Brunschwig
ISBN : 0674021568
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 36.2 MB
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The philosophers, historians and scientists of ancient Greece inaugurated and nourished the tradition of Western thought. This volume, drawn from the reference work Greek Thought: A Guide to Classical Knowledge, gives fresh insight into the originality of major figures and the legacy of important currents of thought. Aristotle, Democritus, Empedocles, Epicurus, Euclid, Galen, Heraclitus, Herodotus, Hippocrates, Parmenides, Plato, Plotinus, Plutarch, Polybius, Protagoras, Ptolemy, Pyrrhon, Socrates, Thucydides, Xenophon and Zeno. The currents of thoughts include: the Academy, Aristotelianism, cynicism, Hellenism and Christianity, Hellenism and Judaism, the Milesians, Platonism, Pythagoreanism, scepticism, Sophists and stoicism.
Category: Fiction

Greek Thought

Author : Christopher Gill
ISBN : 0199220743
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 83.3 MB
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Four related themes in Greek thought are examined in this book: (1) personality and self, (2) ethics and values (3) individuals and communities, and (4) the idea of nature as a moral norm. Although the focus is on Greek philosophy (the Presocratics, Plato, Aristotle, and the Hellenistic period), links between philosophy and literature or the wider culture are also explored. The book combines a survey of recent scholarship on these topics with the author's own interpretations. It can be used by students or teachers of classical studies or philosophy as an introduction to key themes and issues in Greek ethics or psychology. One aspect of the subject given special emphasis is the relationship between ancient and modern ideas on the issues treated here. The book closes with a selective bibliography on modern work on Greek philosophy.
Category: Philosophy

Concepts Of Space In Greek Thought

Author : K. a. Algra
ISBN : 9004101721
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 42.79 MB
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This book provides detailed information about the theories of place and space of the ancient atomists, Plato, Aristotle, Peripatetics, Stoics and others, about the historical and philosophical context of these theories and about the nature of the relevant sources.
Category: Philosophy

Cause And Explanation In Ancient Greek Thought

Author : R. J. Hankinson
ISBN : 9780199246564
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 53.33 MB
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R. J. Hankinson traces the history of ancient Greek thinking about causation and explanation, from its earliest beginnings around 600 BC through to the middle of the first millennium of the Christian era. The ancient Greeks were the first Western civilization to subject the ideas of cause and explanation to rigorous and detailed analysis, and to attempt to construct theories about them on the basis of logic and experience. Hankinson examines the ways in which they dealt with questions about how and why things happen as and when they do, about the basic constitution and structure of things, about function and purpose, laws of nature, chance, coincidence, and responsibility. Such diverse questions are unified by the fact that they are all demands for an account of the world that will render it amenable to prediction and control; they are therefore at the root of both philosophical and scientific enquiry. Hankinson draws on a wide range of original sources, in philosophy, naturalsciences, medicine, history, and the law, in order to create a synoptic picture of the growth and development of these central concepts in the Graeco-Roman world.
Category: Philosophy

The Unity Of Mankind In Greek Thought

Author : Baldry
ISBN : 9780521040914
Genre : History
File Size : 26.14 MB
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In this book Professor Baldry describes the development of the unity of mankind amongst the Greeks from Homer to Cicero when, although the traditional divisions and prejudices still remained string, the idea of unity had become part of the outlook of civilised man.
Category: History

Was Greek Thought Religious

Author : L. Ruprecht
ISBN : 9780312299194
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 82.46 MB
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The Greeks are on trial. They have been for generations, if not millennia, from Rome in the First century, to Romanticism in the Nineteenth. We debate the place of the Greeks in the university curriculum, in New World culture - we even debate the place of the Greeks in the European Union. This book notices the lingering and half-hidden presence of the Greeks in some strange places - everywhere from the U.S. Supreme Court to the Modern Olympic Games - and in doing so makes an important new contribution to a very old debate.
Category: Philosophy