GOVERNING MARINE PROTECTED AREAS RESILIENCE THROUGH DIVERSITY EARTHSCAN OCEANS

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Governing Marine Protected Areas

Author : Peter J.S. Jones
ISBN : 9781136455223
Genre : Science
File Size : 28.6 MB
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In this innovative volume, the author addresses some important challenges related to the effective and equitable governance of marine protected areas (MPAs). These challenges are explored through a study of 20 MPA case studies from around the world. A novel governance analysis framework is employed to address some key questions: How can top-down and bottom-up approaches to MPA governance be combined? What does this mean, in reality, in different contexts? How can we develop and implement governance approaches that are both effective in achieving conservation objectives and equitable in fairly sharing associated costs and benefits? The author explores the many issues that these questions raise, as well as exploring options for addressing them. A key theme is that MPA governance needs to combine people, state and market approaches, rather than being based on one approach and its related ideals. Building on a critique of the governance analysis framework developed for common-pool resources, the author puts forward a more holistic and less prescriptive framework for deconstructing and analyzing the governance of MPAs. This inter-disciplinary analysis is aimed at supporting the development of MPA governance approaches that build social-ecological resilience through both institutional and biological diversity. It will also make a significant contribution to wider debates on natural resource governance, as it poses some critical questions for contemporary approaches to related research and offers an alternative theoretical and empirical approach.
Category: Science

Marine Protected Areas

Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
ISBN : 9789251096062
Genre : Science
File Size : 45.91 MB
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Building on work presented at the IUCN World Parks Congress (WPC) held in Australia in 2014, this document outlines experiences with aquatic protected areas (PAs), marine protected areas (MPAs) and protected areas in inland waters in the context of livelihoods and food security. It provides a general overview of MPAs and reports on their interface with livelihoods and food security, based on case studies in Africa, Asia, Latin America and Oceania. It also synthesizes the papers conclusions and discusses the observed outcomes of aquatic PAs, together with problems and solutions.
Category: Science

Marine Transboundary Conservation And Protected Areas

Author : Peter Mackelworth
ISBN : 9781317530459
Genre : Nature
File Size : 78.8 MB
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The marine environment does not naturally respect arbitrary international boundaries. The establishment and management of transboundary marine protected areas therefore presents major governance challenges. This book analyses a series of marine transboundary conservation initiatives embedded in varying contextual situations to examine the underlying reasons for their success or failure. Utilising an adapted ‘pathways of influence’ framework, it provides insights into the development of marine transboundary conservation initiatives looking at the effectiveness of international rules, international norms and discourse, market forces and direct access to policy making. Examples come from a wide range of jurisdictions, including territorial seas, continental shelves, exclusive economic zones and areas beyond national jurisdiction. Case studies include initiatives in the Coral Triangle, West Africa, Central America, the Wadden Sea, the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. In addition the authors assess the potential for developing wider international cooperation as a result of relationships forged though involvement within these marine transboundary conservation initiatives.
Category: Nature

Social Ecological Resilience And Law

Author : Ahjond S. Garmestani
ISBN : 9780231536356
Genre : Nature
File Size : 43.80 MB
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Environmental law envisions ecological systems as existing in an equilibrium state, reinforcing a rigid legal framework unable to absorb rapid environmental changes and innovations in sustainability. For the past four decades, "resilience theory," which embraces uncertainty and nonlinear dynamics in complex adaptive systems, has provided a robust, invaluable foundation for sound environmental management. Reforming American law to incorporate this knowledge is the key to sustainability. This volume features top legal and resilience scholars speaking on resilience theory and its legal applications to climate change, biodiversity, national parks, and water law.
Category: Nature

Governing The Coastal Commons

Author : Derek Armitage
ISBN : 9781317421283
Genre : Nature
File Size : 28.94 MB
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Coastal communities depend on the marine environment for their livelihoods, but the common property nature of marine resources poses major challenges for the governance of such resources. Through detailed cases and consideration of broader global trends, this volume examines how coastal communities are adapting to environmental change, and the attributes of governance that foster deliberate transformations and help to build resilience of social and ecological systems. Governance here reflects how communities, societies and organisations (e.g. fisher cooperatives, government agencies) choose to organise themselves to make decisions about important issues, such as the use and protection of coastal commons (e.g. fishery resources). The book shows how a governance approach generates insights into the specific forms and arrangements that enable coastal communities to steer away from unsustainable pathways. It also provides an analytical lens to consider important questions of power, knowledge and legitimacy in linked social-ecological systems. Chapters highlight examples in which communities are engaging in deliberative transformations to build resilience and enhance their well-being. These transformations and efforts to build resilience are emerging through multi-level collaboration, shared learning, innovative policies and institutional arrangements (such as new property rights regimes and co-management), methodologies that engage with indigenous cultural practices, and entrepreneurial activities, including income and livelihood diversification. Case studies are included from a range of countries including Canada, Japan, Brazil, Indonesia, Mexico, South Africa, Thailand, the South Pacific and Europe. The authors integrate theory with practical examples to improve coastal marine policy and governance, and draw upon emerging concepts from social-ecological resilience and transformations, adaptive governance and the scholarship on the commons.
Category: Nature

Parke F R Das Leben

Author : Iucn Commission On National Parks And Protected Areas Cnppa
ISBN : 2831702445
Genre :
File Size : 21.40 MB
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Gaia

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105213167955
Genre : Environmental sciences
File Size : 88.73 MB
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Category: Environmental sciences

Kologie

Author : Colin R. Townsend
ISBN : 3540006745
Genre :
File Size : 33.92 MB
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Das renommierte Autorenteam Begon, Harper und Townsend konzentriert sich in diesem Lehrbuch auf das Wesentliche in der A-kologie. In anschaulicher, durchgehend vierfarbig gestalteter und leicht verstAndlicher Form wird ein ausgewogener Aoeberblick vermittelt, der die terrestrische und aquatische A-kologie gleichermaAen berA1/4cksichtigt und auf die Vielfalt an Organismentypen eingeht. Als EinfA1/4hrung konzipiert, eignet sich dieses Buch besonders fA1/4r den Einstieg in die Thematik. Zahlreiche didaktische Elemente und eine groAzA1/4gige Illustration erleichtern den Zugang und ermAglichen ein Lernen auf verschiedenen Ebenen. So gibt es SchlA1/4sselkonzepte am Kapitelanfang, "Fenster" fA1/4r historische EinschA1/4be und mathematische HintergrA1/4nde, ethische Fragen als DenkanstAAe, hervorgehobene offene Fragen, Zusammenfassungen und Quiz-Fragen am Kapitelende. FA1/4r den Praxisbezug wurde groAes Gewicht auf angewandte Aspekte gelegt. Und aktuelle Internetadressen sorgen fA1/4r eine leichte Recherche beim Studium. Das ideale RA1/4stzeug fA1/4r Ihr Studium!
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