GOOD JOBS BAD JOBS

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Good Jobs Bad Jobs

Author : Arne L. Kalleberg
ISBN : 9781610447478
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 39.78 MB
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The economic boom of the 1990s veiled a grim reality: in addition to the growing gap between rich and poor, the gap between good and bad quality jobs was also expanding. The postwar prosperity of the mid-twentieth century had enabled millions of American workers to join the middle class, but as author Arne L. Kalleberg shows, by the 1970s this upward movement had slowed, in part due to the steady disappearance of secure, well-paying industrial jobs. Ever since, precarious employment has been on the rise—paying low wages, offering few benefits, and with virtually no long-term security. Today, the polarization between workers with higher skill levels and those with low skills and low wages is more entrenched than ever. Good Jobs, Bad Jobs traces this trend to large-scale transformations in the American labor market and the changing demographics of low-wage workers. Kalleberg draws on nearly four decades of survey data, as well as his own research, to evaluate trends in U.S. job quality and suggest ways to improve American labor market practices and social policies. Good Jobs, Bad Jobs provides an insightful analysis of how and why precarious employment is gaining ground in the labor market and the role these developments have played in the decline of the middle class. Kalleberg shows that by the 1970s, government deregulation, global competition, and the rise of the service sector gained traction, while institutional protections for workers—such as unions and minimum-wage legislation—weakened. Together, these forces marked the end of postwar security for American workers. The composition of the labor force also changed significantly; the number of dual-earner families increased, as did the share of the workforce comprised of women, non-white, and immigrant workers. Of these groups, blacks, Latinos, and immigrants remain concentrated in the most precarious and low-quality jobs, with educational attainment being the leading indicator of who will earn the highest wages and experience the most job security and highest levels of autonomy and control over their jobs and schedules. Kalleberg demonstrates, however, that building a better safety net—increasing government responsibility for worker health care and retirement, as well as strengthening unions—can go a long way toward redressing the effects of today’s volatile labor market. There is every reason to expect that the growth of precarious jobs—which already make up a significant share of the American job market—will continue. Good Jobs, Bad Jobs deftly shows that the decline in U.S. job quality is not the result of fluctuations in the business cycle, but rather the result of economic restructuring and the disappearance of institutional protections for workers. Only government, employers and labor working together on long-term strategies—including an expanded safety net, strengthened legal protections, and better training opportunities—can help reverse this trend. A Volume in the American Sociological Association’s Rose Series in Sociology.
Category: Political Science

Good Jobs Bad Jobs

Author : Economic Council of Canada
ISBN : STANFORD:36105035121883
Genre : Canada
File Size : 51.57 MB
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Category: Canada

Good Jobs Bad Jobs No Jobs

Author : L. Josh Bivens
ISBN : STANFORD:36105131977253
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 66.98 MB
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Category: Business & Economics

Are Bad Jobs Inevitable

Author : Chris Warhurst
ISBN : 9780230370234
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 76.45 MB
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Job quality matters. It contributes to economic competitiveness, social cohesion and personal well-being. Focusing on 'bad jobs', this book outlines debates, developments, issues and trends in job quality whilst asking the question are bad jobs inevitable?. Bringing together an internationally renowned group of academics, the book defines and measures bad jobs; explains variation and change in job quality; and identifies workplace practices and broader non-workplace strategies for making bad jobs better. Key Benefits: - An essential collection for the study of labour and job quality - Written by leading experts - Contains cutting edge research on contemporary topics relating to work and employment Are Bad Jobs Inevitable? is an ideal companion for upper level undergraduate and postgraduate students of Sociology, Labour Relations, Labour Economics, Organization Studies, HRM and Employee Relations.
Category: Business & Economics

Good Jobs Bad Jobs No Jobs

Author : Roy J. Adams
ISBN : UOM:35128001827110
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 23.60 MB
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Category: Business & Economics

Conflict Order And Action

Author : Edward Ksenych
ISBN : 155130192X
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 88.99 MB
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This engaging collection of classic and contemporary readings is designed to complement introductory sociology texts by offering students a lively variety of examples of the practice of sociological inquiry. The authors bring together selections of seminal sociological thought, current North American formulations of the sociological imagination, as well as applications of sociology to contemporary topics and issues with a Canadian focus. The aim of the reader is to provide selections that are compelling, relatively accessible, and reflect the diversity of theoretical approaches and methodologies that constitute sociological inquiry within the limitations of having an affordable book. It provides rich supplementary resource material for the main topics usually taken up in introductory courses: the sociological perspective, culture, action and interaction, socialisation, work and the economy, social inequality, gender relations, family, deviance and social control, and social change. In addition, the reader is an excellent resource for courses with fieldwork assignments. It provides a section on selected field projects that can be done in a one or two semester course, and contains articles that can serve as examples of each project.
Category: Social Science

When Good Jobs Go Bad

Author : Jeffrey S. Rothstein
ISBN : 9780813576084
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 78.18 MB
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From Chinese factories making cheap toys for export, to sweatshops in Bangladesh where name-brand garments are sewn—studies on the impact of globalization on workers have tended to focus on the worst jobs and the worst conditions. But in When Good Jobs Go Bad, Jeffrey Rothstein looks at the impact of globalization on a major industry—the North American auto industry—to reveal that globalization has had a deleterious effect on even the most valued of blue-collar jobs. Rothstein argues that the consolidation of the Mexican and U.S.-Canadian auto industries, the expanding number of foreign automakers in North America, and the spread of lean production have all undermined organized labor and harmed workers. Focusing on three General Motors plants assembling SUVs—an older plant in Janesville, Wisconsin; a newer and more viable plant in Arlington, Texas; and a “greenfield site” (a brand-new, state-of-the-art facility) in Silao, Mexico—When Good Jobs Go Bad shows how global competition has made nonstop, monotonous, standardized routines crucial for the survival of a plant, and it explains why workers and their local unions struggle to resist. For instance, in the United States, General Motors forced workers to accept intensified labor by threatening to close plants, which led local unions to adopt “keep the plant open” as their main goal. At its new factory in Silao, GM had hand-picked the union—one opposed to strikes and committed to labor-management cooperation—before it hired the first worker. Rothstein’s engaging comparative analysis, which incorporates the viewpoints of workers, union officials, and management, sheds new light on labor’s loss of bargaining power in recent decades, and highlights the negative impact of globalization on all jobs, both good and bad, from the sweatshop to the assembly line.
Category: Business & Economics

Good Jobs Bad Jobs And Trade Liberalization

Author : Donald Ray Davis
ISBN : OCLC:144512709
Genre : Free trade
File Size : 53.66 MB
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How do labor markets adjust to trade liberalization? Leading models of intraindustry trade (Krugman (1981), Melitz (2003)) assume homogeneous workers and full employment, and thus predict that all workers win from trade liberalization, a conclusion that is at odds with the public debate. Our paper develops a new model that merges Melitz (2003) with Shapiro and Stiglitz (1984), so also links product market churning to labor market churning. Workers care about their jobs because the model features aggregate unemployment and jobs that pay different wages to identical workers. Simulations show that for reasonable parameter values as many as one-fourth of "good jobs" (those with above average wage) may be destroyed in a liberalization. This is true even as the model shows minimal impact on aggregate unemployment and quite substantial aggregate gains from trade
Category: Free trade