GOLD NANOPARTICLES FOR PHYSICS CHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGY

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Gold Nanoparticles For Physics Chemistry And Biology Second Edition

Author : Louis Catherine
ISBN : 9781786341266
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 66.88 MB
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Gold Nanoparticles for Physics, Chemistry and Biology offers an overview of recent research into gold nanoparticles, covering their discovery, usage and contemporary practical applications. This Second Edition begins with a history of over 2000 years of the use of gold nanoparticles, with a review of the specific properties which make gold unique. Updated chapters include gold nanoparticle preparation methods, their plasmon resonance and thermo-optical properties, their catalytic properties and their future technological applications. New chapters have been included, and reveal the growing impact of plasmonics in research, with an introduction to quantum plasmonics, plasmon assisted catalysis and electro-photon conversion. The growing field of nanoparticles for health is also addressed with a study of gold nanoparticles as radiosensibiliser for radiotherapy, and of gold nanoparticle functionalisation. This new edition also considers the relevance of bimetallic nanoparticles for specific applications. World-class scientists provide the most up-to-date findings for an introduction to gold nanoparticles within the related areas of chemistry, biology, material science, optics and physics. It is perfectly suited to advanced level students and researchers looking to enhance their knowledge in the study of gold nanoparticles.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Gold Nanoparticles

Author : P. E. Chow
ISBN : 1616680091
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 82.10 MB
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Due to their attractive electronic, optical, and thermal properties; gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have emerged with great interest, as well as catalytic properties, in the fields of physics, chemistry, biology, medicine, material science and some interdisciplinary fields. This book examines a broad range of applications of gold nanoparticles such as: gold nanoparticles as an antigen carrier and as an adjuvant; laser synthesis of gold nanoparticles and the control over their properties; gold on carbon catalysts; gold nanoparticles as a delivery vehicle in biomedical applications; solution and solid-state methods to prepare Au nanoparticles; gold nanoparticles and their in-vitro property, the usefulness of gold nanoparticles in emerging infectious disease situations and a host of others.
Category: Technology & Engineering

X Ray Nanochemistry

Author : Ting Guo
ISBN : 9783319780047
Genre : Science
File Size : 90.43 MB
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This book describes the latest developments in the new research discipline of X-ray nanochemistry, which uses nanomaterials to enhance the effectiveness of X-ray irradiation. Nanomaterials now can be synthesized in such a way as to meet the demand for complex functions that enhance the X-ray effect. Innovative methods of delivering the X-rays, which can interact with those nanomaterials much more strongly than energetic electrons and gamma rays, also create new opportunities to enhance the X-ray effect. As a result, new concepts are conceived and new developments are made in the last decade, which are discussed and summarized in this book. This book will help define the discipline and encourage more students and scientists to work in this discipline. These efforts will eventually lead to formation of a full set of physical, chemical and materials principles for this new research field.
Category: Science

Inorganic Nanoprobes For Biological Sensing And Imaging

Author : Hedi Mattoussi
ISBN : 9781596931978
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 44.49 MB
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This groundbreaking resource offers you an up-to-date account of the pioneering activity pushing new boundaries in the emerging area of inorganic nanoprobes and their use in biology and medicine. Written and edited by leading experts in the field, this unique book places particular emphasis nanoprobes made of luminescent semiconductor nanocrystals (quantum dots or QDs) and magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs). You find an insightful discussion on the synthesis, characterization, and analysis of the unique properties of luminescent QDs and MNPs.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Comprehensive Nanoscience And Technology

Author :
ISBN : 0123743966
Genre : Science
File Size : 64.6 MB
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From the Introduction: Nanotechnology and its underpinning sciences are progressing with unprecedented rapidity. With technical advances in a variety of nanoscale fabrication and manipulation technologies, the whole topical area is maturing into a vibrant field that is generating new scientific research and a burgeoning range of commercial applications, with an annual market already at the trillion dollar threshold. The means of fabricating and controlling matter on the nanoscale afford striking and unprecedented opportunities to exploit a variety of exotic phenomena such as quantum, nanophotonic and nanoelectromechanical effects. Moreover, researchers are elucidating new perspectives on the electronic and optical properties of matter because of the way that nanoscale materials bridge the disparate theories describing molecules and bulk matter. Surface phenomena also gain a greatly increased significance; even the well-known link between chemical reactivity and surface-to-volume ratio becomes a major determinant of physical properties, when it operates over nanoscale dimensions. Against this background, this comprehensive work is designed to address the need for a dynamic, authoritative and readily accessible source of information, capturing the full breadth of the subject. Its six volumes, covering a broad spectrum of disciplines including material sciences, chemistry, physics and life sciences, have been written and edited by an outstanding team of international experts. Addressing an extensive, cross-disciplinary audience, each chapter aims to cover key developments in a scholarly, readable and critical style, providing an indispensible first point of entry to the literature for scientists and technologists from interdisciplinary fields. The work focuses on the major classes of nanomaterials in terms of their synthesis, structure and applications, reviewing nanomaterials and their respective technologies in well-structured and comprehensive articles with extensive cross-references. It has been a constant surprise and delight to have found, amongst the rapidly escalating number who work in nanoscience and technology, so many highly esteemed authors willing to contribute. Sharing our anticipation of a major addition to the literature, they have also captured the excitement of the field itself in each carefully crafted chapter. Along with our painstaking and meticulous volume editors, full credit for the success of this enterprise must go to these individuals, together with our thanks for (largely) adhering to the given deadlines. Lastly, we record our sincere thanks and appreciation for the skills and professionalism of the numerous Elsevier staff who have been involved in this project, notably Fiona Geraghty, Megan Palmer and Greg Harris, and especially Donna De Weerd-Wilson who has steered it through from its inception. We have greatly enjoyed working with them all, as we have with each other.
Category: Science

Nanostructures And Nanoconstructions Based On Dna

Author : Yuri M. Yevdokimov
ISBN : 9781466505704
Genre : Science
File Size : 69.52 MB
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Evolutionally optimized biomolecules and their complexes present attractive objects in the production of functionalized nanoobjects. Indeed, nucleic acid-based molecules are primary candidates as building blocks for development of nanoscale systems and devices. Written for chemists, physicists, molecular biologists, and students in related fields, Nanostructures and Nanoconstructions Based on DNA covers specific properties of metallic nanoparticles, and compares their properties with those related to nanoobjects formed by biological molecules. It also discloses details of formation and physicochemical peculiarities of the DNA nanostructures and DNA-based nanoconstructions. Furthermore, the book considers: The peculiarities of two approaches to structural DNA nanotechnology, i.e. to creation of spatial nanoobjects formed by DNA molecules and their complexes: (i) the hybridization approach and (ii) the liquid-crystalline approach The physicochemical properties of DNA nanostructures as well as "liquid" and "rigid" DNA-based nanoconstructions The connection of liquid crystalline phase formation in DNA with possible nanotechnological applications This timely reference covers more DNA physics and molecular biology than any other published title. The authors discuss how nucleic acid molecules and their complexes with chemical and biologically active compounds are an area of increasing significance in the development of various nanoscale systems and devices of practical importance.
Category: Science

Spectrophotometry

Author :
ISBN : 9780123860231
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 36.42 MB
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This volume is an essential handbook for anyone interested in performing the most accurate spectrophotometric or other optical property of materials measurements. The chapter authors were chosen from the leading experts in their respective fields and provide their wisdom and experience in measurements of reflectance, transmittance, absorptance, emittance, diffuse scattering, color, and fluorescence. The book provides the reader with the theoretical underpinning to the methods, the practical issues encountered in real measurements, and numerous examples of important applications. Written by the leading international experts from industry, government, and academia Written as a handbook, with in depth discussion of the topics Focus on making the most accurate and reproducible measurements Many practical applications and examples
Category: Technology & Engineering

Computational Nanotechnology

Author : Sarhan M. Musa
ISBN : 9781439841761
Genre : Science
File Size : 59.33 MB
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Applications of nanotechnology continue to fuel significant innovations in areas ranging from electronics, microcomputing, and biotechnology to medicine, consumer supplies, aerospace, and energy production. As progress in nanoscale science and engineering leads to the continued development of advanced materials and new devices, improved methods of modeling and simulation are required to achieve a more robust quantitative understanding of matter at the nanoscale. Computational Nanotechnology: Modeling and Applications with MATLAB® provides expert insights into current and emerging methods, opportunities, and challenges associated with the computational techniques involved in nanoscale research. Written by, and for, those working in the interdisciplinary fields that comprise nanotechnology—including engineering, physics, chemistry, biology, and medicine—this book covers a broad spectrum of technical information, research ideas, and practical knowledge. It presents an introduction to computational methods in nanotechnology, including a closer look at the theory and modeling of two important nanoscale systems: molecular magnets and semiconductor quantum dots. Topics covered include: Modeling of nanoparticles and complex nano and MEMS systems Theory associated with micromagnetics Surface modeling of thin films Computational techniques used to validate hypotheses that may not be accessible through traditional experimentation Simulation methods for various nanotubes and modeling of carbon nanotube and silicon nanowire transistors In regard to applications of computational nanotechnology in biology, contributors describe tracking of nanoscale structures in cells, effects of various forces on cellular behavior, and use of protein-coated gold nanoparticles to better understand protein-associated nanomaterials. Emphasizing the importance of MATLAB for biological simulations in nanomedicine, this wide-ranging survey of computational nanotechnology concludes by discussing future directions in the field, highlighting the importance of the algorithms, modeling software, and computational tools in the development of efficient nanoscale systems.
Category: Science

Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering

Author : Katrin Kneipp
ISBN : 9783540335672
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 40.2 MB
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Almost 30 years after the first reports on surface-enhanced Raman signals, the phenomenon of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) is now well established. SERS gained particular interest after single-molecule Raman spectroscopy had been demonstrated. This book summarizes and discusses present theoretical approaches that explain the phenomenon of SERS and reports on new and exciting experiments and applications of the fascinating spectroscopic effect.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Soft Nanoparticles For Biomedical Applications

Author : José Callejas-Fernández
ISBN : 9781849738118
Genre : Science
File Size : 78.49 MB
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Nanoparticles are attractive for many biomedical applications such as imaging, therapeutics and diagnostics. This new book will look at different soft nanoparticles and their current and potential uses in medicine and health including magnetoliposomes, micro/nanogels, polymeric micelles, DNA particles, dendrimers and bicelles. Each chapter will provide a description of the synthesis of the particles and focus on the techniques used to characterize the size, shape, surface charge, internal structure, and surface microstructure of the nanoparticles together with modeling and simulation methods. By giving a strong physical-chemical approach to the topic, readers will gain a good background into the subject and an overview of recent developments. The multidisciplinary point of view makes the book suitable for postgraduate students and researchers in physics, chemistry, and biology interested in soft matter and its uses.
Category: Science