GLOBAL CAPITALISM

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Global Capitalism

Author : Miguel A. Centeno
ISBN : 9780745655949
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 52.52 MB
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The global financial crisis has challenged many of our most authoritative economic ideologies and policies. After thirty years of reshaping the world to conform to the market, governments and societies are now calling for a retreat to a yet undefined new economic order. In order to provide a guide to what the twenty-first-century economy might look like, this book revisits the great project of Global Capitalism. What did it actually entail? How far did it go? What were its strengths and failings? By deconstructing its core ideas and examining its empirical record, can we gain clues about how to move forward after the crisis? Miguel Centeno and Joseph Cohen define capitalism as a historically-evolving and socially-constructed institution, rooted in three core economic activities trade, finance and marketing and identify the three key challenges that any new economic system will need to surmount inequality, governance, and environmental sustainability. This accessible and engaging book will be essential reading for students of economic sociology, and all those interested in the construction of our economic future.
Category: Political Science

A Theory Of Global Capitalism

Author : William I. Robinson
ISBN : 0801879272
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 28.55 MB
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In this book, sociologist William Robinson offers a theory of globalization that follows the rise of a new capitalist class - and a new type of state formation. He explains how global capital mobility has allowed capital to reorganize production worldwide in accordance with a whole range of considerations that allow for maximizing profit-making opportunities. This worldwide decentralization and fragmentation of the production process has taken place alongside the centralization of command and control of the global economy in transnational capital. In turn, this economic reorganization finds a political counterpart in the rise of the transnational state. In the future, Robinson argues, hegemony will be exercised not by a particular nation-state but by the new global ruling class who, regardless of their nationality, tend to share similar lifestyles and interact through expanding networks of this transnational state. In this way, the process of globalization is unifying the world into a single mode of production that is increasingly integrating different countries and regions into a new global economy and society. Robinson concludes that, because the new global capitalism is rife wit
Category: Business & Economics

Latin America And Global Capitalism

Author : William I. Robinson
ISBN : 9780801896361
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 63.57 MB
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This ambitious volume chronicles and analyzes from a critical globalization perspective the social, economic, and political changes sweeping across Latin America from the 1970s through the present day. Sociologist William I. Robinson summarizes his theory of globalization and discusses how Latin America’s political economy has changed as the states integrate into the new global production and financial system, focusing specifically on the rise of nontraditional agricultural exports, the explosion of maquiladoras, transnational tourism, and the export of labor and the import of remittances. He follows with an overview of the clash among global capitalist forces, neoliberalism, and the new left in Latin America, looking closely at the challenges and dilemmas resistance movements face and their prospects for success. Through three case studies—the struggles of the region's indigenous peoples, the immigrants rights movement in the United States, and the Bolivarian Revolution in Venezuela—Robinson documents and explains the causes of regional socio-political tensions, provides a theoretical framework for understanding the present turbulence, and suggests possible outcomes to the conflicts. Based on years of fieldwork and empirical research, this study elucidates the tensions that globalization has created and shows why Latin America is a battleground for those seeking to shape the twenty-first century’s world order. -- Sean Burges
Category: Political Science

The Making Of Global Capitalism

Author : Sam Gindin
ISBN : 9781844679454
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 83.41 MB
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The all-encompassing embrace of world capitalism at the beginning of the twenty-first century was generally attributed to the superiority of competitive markets. Globalization had appeared to be the natural outcome of this unstoppable process. But today, with global markets roiling and increasingly reliant on state intervention to stay afloat, it has become clear that markets and states aren’t straightforwardly opposing forces. In this groundbreaking work, Leo Panitch and Sam Gindin demonstrate the intimate relationship between modern capitalism and the American state, including its role as an “informal empire” promoting free trade and capital movements. Through a powerful historical survey, they show how the US has superintended the restructuring of other states in favor of competitive markets and coordinated the management of increasingly frequent financial crises. The Making of Global Capitalism, through its highly original analysis of the first great economic crisis of the twenty-first century, identifies the centrality of the social conflicts that occur within states rather than between them. These emerging fault lines hold out the possibility of new political movements transforming nation states and transcending global markets.
Category: Political Science

Commodity Chains And Global Capitalism

Author : Gary Gereffi
ISBN : 9780275945732
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 82.55 MB
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Commodity chains link the processes of manufacturing that result in a final product available for individual consumption. This book explores the global commodity chains approach, which reformulates the basic conceptual categories for analysing patterns of global organisation and change.
Category: Business & Economics

Spaces Of Global Capitalism

Author : David Harvey
ISBN : 1844670651
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 30.35 MB
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An essential introduction to the field of historical geography, which offers a radical new way of understanding global capitalism.
Category: Political Science

Global Capitalism And The Crisis Of Humanity

Author : William I. Robinson
ISBN : 9781107067479
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 89.14 MB
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This book discusses the nature of the new global capitalism, the rise of a globalized production and financial system, a transnational capitalist class, and a transnational state and warns of the rise of a global police state to contain the explosive contradictions of a global capitalist system that is crisis-ridden and out of control.
Category: Business & Economics

Tin And Global Capitalism 1850 2000

Author : Mats Ingulstad
ISBN : 9781317816119
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 33.2 MB
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For most of the twentieth century tin was fundamental for both warfare and welfare. The importance of tin is most powerfully represented by the tin can - an invention which created a revolution in food preservation and helped feed both the armies of the great powers and the masses of the new urban society. The trouble with tin was that economically viable deposits of the metal could only be found in a few regions of the world, predominantly in the southern hemisphere, while the main centers of consumption were in the industrialized north. The tin trade was therefore a highly politically charged economy in which states and private enterprise competed and cooperated to assert control over deposits, smelters and markets. Tin provides a particularly telling illustration of how the interactions of business and governments shape the evolution of the global economic trade; the tin industry has experienced extensive state intervention during times of war, encompasses intense competition and cartelization, and has seen industry centers both thrive and fail in the wake of decolonization. The history of the international tin industry reveals the complex interactions and interdependencies between local actors and international networks, decolonization and globalization, as well as government foreign policies and entrepreneurial tactics. By highlighting the global struggles for control and the constantly shifting economic, geographical and political constellations within one specific industry, this collection of essays brings the state back into business history, and the firm into the history of international relations.
Category: Business & Economics

Global Capitalism

Author : Robert J. S. Ross
ISBN : 0791403394
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 37.86 MB
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Cites case studies from US metropolitan areas to argue that the traditional theories of monopoly capitalism and world systems are inadequate to analyze the emerging international capitalist economy. Also examines the new relationships between economics, politics, and governments. Paper edition (unseen), $16.95. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
Category: Business & Economics