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Geopolitics And Security In The Arctic

Author : Rolf Tamnes
ISBN : 9781317801580
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 80.86 MB
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Written by a group of leading experts on Artic affairs, this book offers a historically informed and comprehensive study of the geopolitics and security challenges of the Arctic. The key aim of the work is to identify the conditions for cooperation, stability and peace in the Arctic and to reach beyond simple description and expectation in order to explore in depth some of the main factors that will determine the future of international relations in the region. Furthermore, it addresses key topics such as the geopolitical significance of the Arctic and the importance of oil and gas resources in the Arctic. The book also investigates what the main characteristics of governance in the Arctic are, and how institutions and regimes can promote stability and security in the region. The volume maintains two layers of focus. The first relates to the dynamics within the Arctic and the second to developments outside the region, highlighting that we cannot understand the Arctic in isolation from global developments such as energy markets, security conflicts and NATO-Russian antagonism. This book will be of much interest to students of Arctic politics, security studies, geopolitics, Russian and Scandinavian politics, and international relations in general.
Category: Political Science

Northern Sustainabilities Understanding And Addressing Change In The Circumpolar World

Author : Gail Fondahl
ISBN : 9783319461502
Genre : Science
File Size : 79.83 MB
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This edited volume examines the multiple dimensions of sustainability in the Circumpolar North, a territory facing unprecedented environmental and social challenges at the start of the 21st century. The chapters explore the cultural, economic, political and environmental aspects of sustainability, as well as examples of successful research collaboration with northern and indigenous communities. By examining a wide range of issues and places, the contributions highlight the diversity of the Circumpolar North, the challenges and opportunities it faces, and the ways in which people and communities are adapting to and influencing the changing circumstances of this dynamic region. Contributors include both Indigenous and non-Indigenous researchers from eleven different countries and from across the career spectrum. This book will appeal to an academic audience interested in the manifold facets of sustainability in the Arctic and sub-arctic regions of the world.
Category: Science

The Polar Regions

Author : Adrian Howkins
ISBN : 9781509502011
Genre : History
File Size : 89.59 MB
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The environmental histories of the Arctic and Antarctica are characterised by contrast and contradiction. These are places that have witnessed some of the worst environmental degradation in recent history. But they are also the locations of some of the most farsighted measures of environmental protection. They are places where people have sought to conquer nature through exploration and economic development, but in many ways they remain wild and untamed. They are the coldest places on Earth, yet have come to occupy an important role in the science and politics of global warming. Despite being located at opposite ends of the planet and being significantly different in many ways, Adrian Howkins argues that the environmental histories of the Arctic and Antarctica share much in common and have often been closely connected. This book also argues that the Polar Regions are strongly linked to the rest of the world, both through physical processes and through intellectual and political themes. As places of inherent contradiction, the Polar Regions have much to contribute to the way we think about environmental history and the environment more generally.
Category: History

Global Challenges In The Arctic Region

Author : Elena Conde
ISBN : 9781317128045
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 48.23 MB
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Bringing together interconnected discussions to make explicit the complexity of the Arctic region, this book offers a legal discussion of the ongoing territorial disputes and challenges in order to frame their impact into the viability of different governance strategies that are available at the national, regional and international level. One of the intrinsic features of the region is the difficulty in the determination of boundaries, responsibilities and interests. Against this background, sovereignty issues are intertwined with environmental and geopolitical issues that ultimately affect global strategic balances and international trade and, at the same time, influence national approaches to basic rights and organizational schemes regarding the protection of indigenous peoples and inhabitants of the region. This perspective lays the ground for further discussion, revolving around the main clusters of governance (focusing on the Arctic Council and the European Union, with the particular roles and interest of Arctic and non-Arctic states, and the impact on indigenous populations), environment (including the relevance of national regulatory schemes, and the intertwinement with concerns related to energy, or migration), strategy (concentrating in geopolitical realities and challenges analysed from different perspectives and focusing on different actors, and covering security and climate change related challenges). This collection provides an avenue for parallel and converging research of complex realities from different disciplines, through the expertise of scholars from different latitudes.
Category: Political Science

Environmental Security In The Arctic Ocean

Author : Paul Arthur Berkman
ISBN : 9780855161538
Genre : History
File Size : 41.41 MB
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The North Pole is being transformed from a sea-ice cap to a seasonally ice-free sea within the next few decades. This fundamental shift in the boundary conditions of the Arctic Ocean will create a new natural system with different dynamics than anything previously experienced by humans in the region. With the diminishing ice cover, interests are awakening globally to take advantage of extensive energy, shipping, fishing and tourism prospects in the Arctic Ocean. A range of states, including the major Arctic powers, are increasingly asserting their sovereignty seawards. National security policies are being declared and nuclear-capable states are adjusting their strategic deployments in the Arctic Ocean. There are forums for international cooperation in the Arctic, most notably the Arctic Council, but peace in the Arctic Ocean has yet to be explicitly established as a common interest because of the long-standing military presence. Risks of political, economic and cultural instabilities are inherent consequences. This volume proposes environmental security as providing a holistic framework to assess these security risks and then identify the appropriate adaptation and mitigation responses. Only after shared risk assessment and understanding of the appropriate responses, will there be sufficient clarity about the governance paths to pursue within the international legal framework of the law of the sea.
Category: History

Das Nordatlantische B Ndnis 1949 1956

Author : Klaus A. Maier
ISBN : 9783486595697
Genre : History
File Size : 65.36 MB
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Das Nordatlantische Bündnis war immer auch ein politischer und wirtschaftlicher Staatenverbund, der auf eine Kooperation angelegt war, die weit über den Bereich der eigentlichen Sicherheitspolitik hinausstrebte. Neben dem weltpolitischen Umfeld, dem Ost-West-Konflikt und den darin wirksamen Bedrohungsperzeptionen verdient daher die innere, atlantische Perspektive in der Formationsphase des Bündnisses besondere historische Beachtung. Diese interne Perspektive des Bündnisses kann als Verstrickung von europäischer und amerikanischer Politik unter Aufgabe nationaler Souveränitätsrechte definiert werden. In diese Perspektive muß der zur nordamerikanisch westeuropäischen Sicherheitsintegration parallel und nicht immer spannungsfrei verlaufende Prozeß der westeuropäischen Integration einbezogen werden. Diese breite historische Aufarbeitung der Formationsphase des Nordatlantischen Bündnisses erscheint nicht zuletzt aus aktuellen politischen Gründen bedeutsam. Mit Blick auf die dramatischen Umbrüche in den Staaten Mittel- und Osteuropas, die die internationale Nachkriegsordnung in Frage stellen, eröffnen sich Perspektiven für die Rückkehr dieser Staaten nach Europa.
Category: History

Saudi Arabia In A Multipolar World

Author : Zakir Hussain
ISBN : 9781317247586
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 77.24 MB
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The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has established itself as the twelfth-largest economy in the world, the largest West Asian economic power, world’s largest oil producer, and a strong and capable force in international politics, particularly in the Sunni Islamic world. However, at present it is at crossroads. Should it continue as a ‘kingdom’ or usher in the process of inclusive political representation? This volume answers such questions and explores how the state is coping with domestic, regional and global developments to remain relevant in the changing times. It provides a holistic overview of a slew of economic, political, cultural, military and security policy measures that have been initiated by the government. The work also offers a detailed analysis of Saudi Arabia’s relations with three significant powers — USA, China and India — and how they are evolving under new geopolitical and geostrategic dynamics. This book will interest strategists, policymakers, researchers and students of international relations, geopolitics, political science and political economy as well as the informed reader.
Category: Political Science

The Routledge Research Companion To Border Studies

Author : Doris Wastl-Walter
ISBN : 9781317043980
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 60.66 MB
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Throughout history, the functions and roles of borders have been continuously changing. They can only be understood in their context, shaped as they are by history, politics and power, as well as cultural and social issues. Borders are therefore complex spatial and social phenomena which are not static or invariable, but which are instead highly dynamic. This comprehensive volume brings together a multidisciplinary team of leading scholars to provide an authoritative, state-of-the-art review of all aspects of borders and border research. It is truly global in scope and, besides embracing the more traditional strands of the field including geopolitics, migration and territorial identities, it also takes in recently emerging topics such as the role of borders in a seemingly borderless world; creating neighbourhoods, and border enforcement in the post-9/11 era.
Category: Social Science

Superpower Rivalry And Conflict

Author : Chandra Chari
ISBN : 9781135225001
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 70.10 MB
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Variously described by historians and thinkers as the ‘most terrible century in Western history’, ‘a century of massacres and wars’ and the ‘most violent century in human history’, the 20th century – and in particular the period between the First World War and the collapse of the USSR – forms a coherent historical period which changed the entire face of human history within a few decades. This book examines the trajectory of the Cold War and the fallouts for the rest of the world to seek lessons for the 21st century to manage international relations today and avoid conflict. Written by experts in their field, the chapters provide an alternative perspective to the Western-paradigm dominated international relations theory. The book examines for example whether now in the 21st century the unipolar moment has passed and if the changing economic balance of power, thrown up by globalization, has led to the emergence of a multipolar world capable of economic and multilateral cooperation. It discusses the potential of new cooperative security frameworks, which would provide an impetus to disarmament and protection of the environment globally and asks if nuclear disarmament is feasible and necessary. The book highlights areas in which the potential for conflict is ingrained. Offering Asian perspectives on these issues – perspectives from countries like Afganistan, Vietnam, West Asia and Pakistan which were embroiled in the Cold War as mere pawns and which have become flashpoints for conflict in our century – this book is an important contribution to the ongoing debate.
Category: Political Science

Regional Guide To International Conflict And Management From 1945 To 2003

Author : Jacob Bercovitch
ISBN : UCSC:32106017507861
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 41.40 MB
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This work provides information on the over 350 international conflicts that have occurred since World War II. Includes sections on each regional context, chronological summaries of each conflict and covering history, circumstances, players, management, and outcome. Introduction examines global patterns and trends in international conflict.
Category: Political Science