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Geometric Discrepancy

Author : Jiri Matousek
ISBN : 9783642039423
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 67.66 MB
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What is the "most uniform" way of distributing n points in the unit square? How big is the "irregularity" necessarily present in any such distribution? This book is an accessible and lively introduction to the area of geometric discrepancy theory, with numerous exercises and illustrations. In separate, more specialized parts, it also provides a comprehensive guide to recent research.
Category: Mathematics

The Discrepancy Method

Author : Bernard Chazelle
ISBN : 0521003571
Genre : Computers
File Size : 20.40 MB
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The discrepancy method is the glue that binds randomness and complexity. It is the bridge between randomized computation and discrepancy theory, the area of mathematics concerned with irregularities in distributions. The discrepancy method has played a major role in complexity theory; in particular, it has caused a mini-revolution of sorts in computational geometry. This book tells the story of the discrepancy method in a few short independent vignettes. It is a varied tale which includes such topics as communication complexity, pseudo-randomness, rapidly mixing Markov chains, points on the sphere and modular forms, derandomization, convex hulls, Voronoi diagrams, linear programming and extensions, geometric sampling, VC-dimension theory, minimum spanning trees, linear circuit complexity, and multidimensional searching. The mathematical treatment is thorough and self-contained. In particular, background material in discrepancy theory is supplied as needed. Thus the book should appeal to students and researchers in computer science, operations research, pure and applied mathematics, and engineering.
Category: Computers

Approximation Randomization And Combinatorial Optimization Algorithms And Techniques

Author : Anupam Gupta
ISBN : 9783642325120
Genre : Computers
File Size : 29.38 MB
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This book constitutes the joint refereed proceedings of the 15th International Workshop on Approximation Algorithms for Combinatorial Optimization Problems, APPROX 2012, and the 16th International Workshop on Randomization and Computation, RANDOM 2012, held in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, in August 2011. The volume contains 28 contributed papers, selected by the APPROX Program Committee out of 70 submissions, and 28 contributed papers, selected by the RANDOM Program Committee out of 67 submissions. APPROX focuses on algorithmic and complexity issues surrounding the development of efficient approximate solutions to computationally difficult problems. RANDOM is concerned with applications of randomness to computational and combinatorial problems.
Category: Computers

Handbook Of Data Structures And Applications Second Edition

Author : Dinesh P. Mehta
ISBN : 9781351645645
Genre : Computers
File Size : 76.47 MB
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The Handbook of Data Structures and Applications was first published over a decade ago. This second edition aims to update the first by focusing on areas of research in data structures that have seen significant progress. While the discipline of data structures has not matured as rapidly as other areas of computer science, the book aims to update those areas that have seen advances. Retaining the seven-part structure of the first edition, the handbook begins with a review of introductory material, followed by a discussion of well-known classes of data structures, Priority Queues, Dictionary Structures, and Multidimensional structures. The editors next analyze miscellaneous data structures, which are well-known structures that elude easy classification. The book then addresses mechanisms and tools that were developed to facilitate the use of data structures in real programs. It concludes with an examination of the applications of data structures. Four new chapters have been added on Bloom Filters, Binary Decision Diagrams, Data Structures for Cheminformatics, and Data Structures for Big Data Stores, and updates have been made to other chapters that appeared in the first edition. The Handbook is invaluable for suggesting new ideas for research in data structures, and for revealing application contexts in which they can be deployed. Practitioners devising algorithms will gain insight into organizing data, allowing them to solve algorithmic problems more efficiently.
Category: Computers

Einf Hrung In Die Geometrie Und Topologie

Author : Werner Ballmann
ISBN : 9783034809016
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 60.5 MB
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Das Buch bietet eine Einführung in die Topologie, Differentialtopologie und Differentialgeometrie. Es basiert auf Manuskripten, die in verschiedenen Vorlesungszyklen erprobt wurden. Im ersten Kapitel werden grundlegende Begriffe und Resultate aus der mengentheoretischen Topologie bereitgestellt. Eine Ausnahme hiervon bildet der Jordansche Kurvensatz, der für Polygonzüge bewiesen wird und eine erste Idee davon vermitteln soll, welcher Art tiefere topologische Probleme sind. Im zweiten Kapitel werden Mannigfaltigkeiten und Liesche Gruppen eingeführt und an einer Reihe von Beispielen veranschaulicht. Diskutiert werden auch Tangential- und Vektorraumbündel, Differentiale, Vektorfelder und Liesche Klammern von Vektorfeldern. Weiter vertieft wird diese Diskussion im dritten Kapitel, in dem die de Rhamsche Kohomologie und das orientierte Integral eingeführt und der Brouwersche Fixpunktsatz, der Jordan-Brouwersche Zerlegungssatz und die Integralformel von Stokes bewiesen werden. Das abschließende vierte Kapitel ist den Grundlagen der Differentialgeometrie gewidmet. Entlang der Entwicklungslinien, die die Geometrie der Kurven und Untermannigfaltigkeiten in Euklidischen Räumen durchlaufen hat, werden Zusammenhänge und Krümmung, die zentralen Konzepte der Differentialgeometrie, diskutiert. Den Höhepunkt bilden die Gaussgleichungen, die Version des theorema egregium von Gauss für Untermannigfaltigkeiten beliebiger Dimension und Kodimension. Das Buch richtet sich in erster Linie an Mathematik- und Physikstudenten im zweiten und dritten Studienjahr und ist als Vorlage für ein- oder zweisemestrige Vorlesungen geeignet.
Category: Mathematics

Fst Tcs 2000 Foundations Of Software Technology And Theoretical Science

Author : Sanjiv Kapoor
ISBN : UOM:39015047808731
Genre : Computers
File Size : 56.9 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 20th international Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science, FST TCS 2000, held in New Delhi, India in December 2000. The 36 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 141 submissions; also included are six invited papers. The volume provides broad coverage of the logical and mathematical foundations of computer science and spans the whole range of theoretical computer science.
Category: Computers

Distribution Of Sequences

Author : Oto Strauch
ISBN : CORNELL:31924103858316
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 72.2 MB
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The monograph covers material scattered throughout books and journals and focuses on the distribution properties of sequences which may be expressed in terms of distribution function, upper and lower distribution function, the discrepancy, diaphony, dispersion etc. The individual character of sequences reflected in their distribution properties may be an object of study from various points of view, and as such they are often the primary goal of investigation. In that case the studied properties are caught in separate results and are consequently accessible in a displayed form. On the other hand, the various distribution properties of sequences play only a subsidiary role in proofs and thus remain often hidden and are not manifested in a visible form. The enormous wealth of information contained in both cases may be of value not only to those working directly in the field, but also to those working in related branches of number theory, combinatorics, real or numerical analysis in the process of finding sequence possessing the required properties. Last, but not least browsing throughout the book may provide the impetus for prospective further research. This is what we hope may address a wide class of working mathematicians.
Category: Mathematics

Theorie Der Gleichverteilung

Author : Edmund Hlawka
ISBN : UOM:39015017312698
Genre : Distribution, Uniform (Probability theory)
File Size : 77.19 MB
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Category: Distribution, Uniform (Probability theory)

Mathematical Reviews

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015082440887
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 38.29 MB
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Category: Mathematics