GENETICALLY ENGINEERED ORGANISMS ASSESSING ENVIRONMENTAL AND HUMAN HEALTH EFFECTS

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Genetically Engineered Organisms

Author : Deborah K. Letourneau
ISBN : 9781420042030
Genre : Nature
File Size : 74.35 MB
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Genetic engineering suggests new avenues for constructing useful products, but it also poses hazards to the health of the environment and the public. Delineating those hazards is complicated, difficult, and important at every level of risk assessment and risk management decision-making. Risk assessment and risk management may be further complicated by the need to discover more detailed information than is usually available. Genetically Engineered Organisms: Assessing Environmental and Human Health Effects gives credence to good science and to the notion that we do not have to argue about the ecological and human health effects of genetic engineering. Instead, it supports the position that we can undertake the painstaking science necessary to identify and understand those effects. Written by researchers who have done cutting edge research in disciplines such as botany, entomology, plant pathology, and other agricultural and environmental sciences, this book elaborates critical research on pollen movement, spread of transgenes in natural communities, fitness effects, resistance development, and unpredicted impacts on target and non-target organisms. These topics are explored in contexts ranging from Bt corn events and viral resistant oats to transgenic salmon and altered malarial vectors. Many chapters address theoretical and informational gaps that research presents to questions of biosafety, and some offer historical insights into factors that may affect risk assessment and risk management decision-making at the community, national, and international levels.
Category: Nature

The Gmo Handbook

Author : Sarad R. Parekh
ISBN : 9781592598014
Genre : Science
File Size : 70.33 MB
Format : PDF
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A comprehensive and accessible survey of the best current accomplishments of GMO research in all their complexity and ramifications. The authors introduce the fundamentals of biotechnology as a scientific discipline, show how GMO research is conducted today, discuss the problems that have arisen from genetic technology and the tools needed to resolve them, and describes how GMO-derived technology may impact our lives in the future. On the technical side, the authors examine a wide range of current technologies employed for constructing GMOs, and describe approaches to novel research, appropriate protocols, and the process of constructing and screening a GMO. The discussion of plant and animal cells covers new strategies employed and the large-scale expression and purification of recombinant products in cultured cells. Social political, and legal issues are also discussed.
Category: Science

Environmental Risk Assessment Of Genetically Modified Organisms

Author : A. R. Kapuscinski
ISBN : 9781845932961
Genre : Aquaculture
File Size : 27.30 MB
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The decline of many individual and wild fish stocks has commanded an increase in aquaculture production to meet the protein demands of a growing population. Alongside selective breeding schemes and expanding facilities, transgenic methods have received increasing attention as a potential factor in meeting these demands. With a focus on developing countries, this third text in the series provides detailed information on environmental biosafety policy and regulation and presents methodologies for assessing ecological risks associated with transgenic fish --Publisher website, http://www.cabi.org/bk_BookDisplay.asp?PID=2054, viewed 6 December, 2007.
Category: Aquaculture

Environmental Risk Assessment Of Genetically Modified Organisms Methodologies For Assessing Bt Cotton In Brazil

Author : Angelika Hilbeck
ISBN : 9781845930004
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 88.59 MB
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Improving the scientific basic for environmental risk assessment through the case study of Bt cotton Brazil; The cotton agricultural context in Brazil; Consideration of problem formulation and option assessment for Bt cotton Brazil; Transgene expression and locus structure of Bt cotton; Methodology to support non-target and biodiversity risk Assessment; Non-target and biodiversity impacts on non-target herbivorous pests; Non-target and biodiversity impacts on pollinators and flower-visiting insects; Assessing the effects of Bt cotton on generalist arthropod predators; Non-target and biodiversity impacts on Parasitoids; Non-target and biodiversity impacts in soil; Assessing gene from Bt cotton in Brazil and its possible consequences; Resistance risks of Bt cotton and their managementi in Brazil; Supporting riskn assessment of Bt cotton in Brazil: synthesis and recommendations.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Introgression From Genetically Modified Plants Into Wild Relatives

Author : Hans C. M. den Nijs
ISBN : 9781845933425
Genre : Plant hybridization
File Size : 45.28 MB
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Introgression is the incorporation of a gene from one organism complex into another as a result of hybridization. A major concern with the use of genetically modified plants is the unintentional spread of the new genes from cultivated plants to their wild relatives and the subsequent impacts on the ecology of wild plants and their associated flora and fauna.The book reviews these issues, focusing on the ecological and evolutionary effects of introducing GM cultivars. It presents current knowledge of crop-wild relatives hybridization and introgression, and the measurement and prediction of their consequences. As a result it represents a major contribution to the debate about the risks of GM crops and measures, such as post commercialisation monitoring, required to determine the longer term impacts of GM crops on ecosystems.The book presents edited and revised presentations given at a conference of the same name, organised in January 2003 by the University of Amsterdam (Netherlands) and the Robert Koch Institute (Germany), on behalf of the European Science Foundation funded program for Assessment of the Impacts of Genetically Modified Plants (AIGM ).
Category: Plant hybridization

Safety Assurance For Environmental Introductions Of Genetically Engineered Organisms

Author : Joseph Fiksel
ISBN : 9783642731693
Genre : Science
File Size : 47.35 MB
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The purpose of this book is to investigate the suitability and applicability of available methods for analyzing the human and ecological risks involved in the release of genetically-modified microorganisms. Main topics include: - risk analysis and assessment; approach to safety assurance; - inventory of available scientific risk assessment methods for biotechnology; - identification of methodology gaps and research needs in biology, ecology or other disciplines; - development of a general framework to guide future biotechnology risk assessment efforts; - international regulatory activities.
Category: Science

Gm Crops

Author : Jennifer Thomson
ISBN : 9780643098978
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 89.21 MB
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Genetically modified crops – are they monsters of nature or could they provide answers to some of our most pressing environmental concerns? Will they create superweeds, run amock and change life as we know it, or are these fears greatly exaggerated? Internationally respected microbiologist Jennifer Thomson takes us through the issues and concerns surrounding the development of genetically modified crops and their impacts on the environment. She explains how such crops are developed and assessed and discusses the likelihood of negative effects on biodiversity, pollen spread, and organic farming. GM crops may have tremendous potential for addressing some of the world’s environmental problems and protecting the planet, particularly in developing countries – in fact we could face more harm if some of these technologies are not adopted.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Environmental Risk Assessment Of Genetically Modified Organisms Electronic Resource

Author : Angelika Hilbeck
ISBN : 0851998615
Genre : Corn
File Size : 73.43 MB
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The case study is a product of the international GMO Guidelines Project, which addresses the environmental and agricultural impacts of transgenic organisms but does not evaluate human health effects or ethical implications. The volume is not a full risk assessment of Bt maize in Kenya, but rather reports on the agricultural and sociocultural context of maize production in that nation and sets out a methodology for conducting an environmental risk assessment of Bt maize there. It includes the participating public-sector scientists' recommendations for completing a risk assessment and for improving the scientific basis for risk assessment. Distributed in the US by Oxford U. Press. Annotation : 2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
Category: Corn

Environmental Risk Assessment Of Genetically Modified Organisms Electronic Resource

Author : Angelika Hilbeck
ISBN : 0851998615
Genre : Corn
File Size : 51.12 MB
Format : PDF
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The case study is a product of the international GMO Guidelines Project, which addresses the environmental and agricultural impacts of transgenic organisms but does not evaluate human health effects or ethical implications. The volume is not a full risk assessment of Bt maize in Kenya, but rather reports on the agricultural and sociocultural context of maize production in that nation and sets out a methodology for conducting an environmental risk assessment of Bt maize there. It includes the participating public-sector scientists' recommendations for completing a risk assessment and for improving the scientific basis for risk assessment. Distributed in the US by Oxford U. Press. Annotation : 2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
Category: Corn

Safety Of Genetically Engineered Foods

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 0309166152
Genre : Science
File Size : 67.95 MB
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Assists policymakers in evaluating the appropriate scientific methods for detecting unintended changes in food and assessing the potential for adverse health effects from genetically modified products. In this book, the committee recommended that greater scrutiny should be given to foods containing new compounds or unusual amounts of naturally occurring substances, regardless of the method used to create them. The book offers a framework to guide federal agencies in selecting the route of safety assessment. It identifies and recommends several pre- and post-market approaches to guide the assessment of unintended compositional changes that could result from genetically modified foods and research avenues to fill the knowledge gaps.
Category: Science