GENETICALLY ENGINEERED ORGANISMS ASSESSING ENVIRONMENTAL AND HUMAN HEALTH EFFECTS

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Genetically Engineered Organisms

Author : Deborah K. Letourneau
ISBN : 9781420042030
Genre : Nature
File Size : 62.45 MB
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Genetic engineering suggests new avenues for constructing useful products, but it also poses hazards to the health of the environment and the public. Delineating those hazards is complicated, difficult, and important at every level of risk assessment and risk management decision-making. Risk assessment and risk management may be further complicated by the need to discover more detailed information than is usually available. Genetically Engineered Organisms: Assessing Environmental and Human Health Effects gives credence to good science and to the notion that we do not have to argue about the ecological and human health effects of genetic engineering. Instead, it supports the position that we can undertake the painstaking science necessary to identify and understand those effects. Written by researchers who have done cutting edge research in disciplines such as botany, entomology, plant pathology, and other agricultural and environmental sciences, this book elaborates critical research on pollen movement, spread of transgenes in natural communities, fitness effects, resistance development, and unpredicted impacts on target and non-target organisms. These topics are explored in contexts ranging from Bt corn events and viral resistant oats to transgenic salmon and altered malarial vectors. Many chapters address theoretical and informational gaps that research presents to questions of biosafety, and some offer historical insights into factors that may affect risk assessment and risk management decision-making at the community, national, and international levels.
Category: Nature

The Gmo Handbook

Author : Sarad R. Parekh
ISBN : 9781592598014
Genre : Science
File Size : 47.68 MB
Format : PDF
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A comprehensive and accessible survey of the best current accomplishments of GMO research in all their complexity and ramifications. The authors introduce the fundamentals of biotechnology as a scientific discipline, show how GMO research is conducted today, discuss the problems that have arisen from genetic technology and the tools needed to resolve them, and describes how GMO-derived technology may impact our lives in the future. On the technical side, the authors examine a wide range of current technologies employed for constructing GMOs, and describe approaches to novel research, appropriate protocols, and the process of constructing and screening a GMO. The discussion of plant and animal cells covers new strategies employed and the large-scale expression and purification of recombinant products in cultured cells. Social political, and legal issues are also discussed.
Category: Science

Environmental Risk Assessment Of Genetically Modified Organisms

Author : A. R. Kapuscinski
ISBN : 9781845932961
Genre : Aquaculture
File Size : 67.86 MB
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The decline of many individual and wild fish stocks has commanded an increase in aquaculture production to meet the protein demands of a growing population. Alongside selective breeding schemes and expanding facilities, transgenic methods have received increasing attention as a potential factor in meeting these demands. With a focus on developing countries, this third text in the series provides detailed information on environmental biosafety policy and regulation and presents methodologies for assessing ecological risks associated with transgenic fish --Publisher website, http://www.cabi.org/bk_BookDisplay.asp?PID=2054, viewed 6 December, 2007.
Category: Aquaculture

Environmental Risk Assessment Of Genetically Modified Organisms Methodologies For Assessing Bt Cotton In Brazil

Author : Angelika Hilbeck
ISBN : 9781845930004
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 29.81 MB
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Improving the scientific basic for environmental risk assessment through the case study of Bt cotton Brazil; The cotton agricultural context in Brazil; Consideration of problem formulation and option assessment for Bt cotton Brazil; Transgene expression and locus structure of Bt cotton; Methodology to support non-target and biodiversity risk Assessment; Non-target and biodiversity impacts on non-target herbivorous pests; Non-target and biodiversity impacts on pollinators and flower-visiting insects; Assessing the effects of Bt cotton on generalist arthropod predators; Non-target and biodiversity impacts on Parasitoids; Non-target and biodiversity impacts in soil; Assessing gene from Bt cotton in Brazil and its possible consequences; Resistance risks of Bt cotton and their managementi in Brazil; Supporting riskn assessment of Bt cotton in Brazil: synthesis and recommendations.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Introgression From Genetically Modified Plants Into Wild Relatives

Author : Hans C. M. den Nijs
ISBN : 9781845933425
Genre : Plant hybridization
File Size : 36.26 MB
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Introgression is the incorporation of a gene from one organism complex into another as a result of hybridization. A major concern with the use of genetically modified plants is the unintentional spread of the new genes from cultivated plants to their wild relatives and the subsequent impacts on the ecology of wild plants and their associated flora and fauna.The book reviews these issues, focusing on the ecological and evolutionary effects of introducing GM cultivars. It presents current knowledge of crop-wild relatives hybridization and introgression, and the measurement and prediction of their consequences. As a result it represents a major contribution to the debate about the risks of GM crops and measures, such as post commercialisation monitoring, required to determine the longer term impacts of GM crops on ecosystems.The book presents edited and revised presentations given at a conference of the same name, organised in January 2003 by the University of Amsterdam (Netherlands) and the Robert Koch Institute (Germany), on behalf of the European Science Foundation funded program for Assessment of the Impacts of Genetically Modified Plants (AIGM ).
Category: Plant hybridization

From Naked Ape To Superspecies

Author : David Suzuki
ISBN : 9781926685199
Genre : Science
File Size : 29.64 MB
Format : PDF
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For millennia, we lived in harmony with the Earth, taking only what we required to survive. But in just the past few centuries, we have used our powers to satisfy our obsession with consumption and new technology, without regard for the consequences. And in doing so, we have exploited our surroundings on an unprecedented scale. In this revised and updated edition of From Naked Ape to Superspecies, David Suzuki and Holly Dressel lucidly describe how we have evolved beyond our needs, trampling other species, believing that we can make the Earth work the way we want it to. And they introduce us to the people who are fighting back, those who are resisting the inexorable advance of the "global economy" juggernaut, the people whose voices are difficult to hear over the din of corporate public relations machines. We learn about how human arrogance—demonstrated by our disregard for the small and microscopic species that constitute the Earth’s engine and our reckless use of technological inventions like powerful herbicides or genetically engineered crops—is threatening the health of our children and the safety of our food supply.
Category: Science

Environmental Risk Assessment Of Genetically Modified Organisms

Author : David Alan Andow
ISBN : 9781845932282
Genre : Corn
File Size : 21.36 MB
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This title synthesizes information relevant to GM crops in Vietnam, taking Bt cotton as an example. It can be used as a technical manual to enable Vietnamese scientists to evaluate the potential environmental impacts of Bt cotton varieties prior to commercialization.
Category: Corn

Ecotoxicity And Human Health

Author : Arthur D. Bloom
ISBN : 1566701414
Genre : Science
File Size : 26.95 MB
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Ecotoxicity and Human Health emphasizes the relationships between toxicity, ecological systems, and human health. It focuses on the extent and nature of hazardous waste sites and how their effects may be studied in humans and other systems, using in vitro models, biomarkers of cellular and molecular damage, and animal models. It also includes considerable information on bioremediation, legal and regulatory issues, public perceptions and societal responses, quantitative modeling and analysis, and international directives. One of the unique features of Ecotoxicity and Human Health is its coverage of the legislative actions that have occurred over the past two decades and which have most affected the issue of hazardous waste. The book discusses the Superfund Statute, the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), the Ocean Dumping Act of 1972, the Rio Conference, United Nations Declarations, EC Regulations and Directives, and selected state legislation.
Category: Science

Everything Under The Sun

Author : David Suzuki
ISBN : 9781553659969
Genre : Nature
File Size : 51.45 MB
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In this compilation of David Suzuki's latest thoughts and writings, the renowned scientist, author, and broadcaster explores the myriad environmental challenges the world faces and their interconnected causes. In doing so, Suzuki shows that understanding the causes—and recognizing that everything in nature, including us, is interconnected—is crucial to restoring hope for a better future. The solutions are there, he argues; we just need the will to act together to bring about change. Everything Under the Sun delves into such provocative topics as the difference between human hunters and other predators, the lessons we must learn from the devastating earthquake and tsunami in Japan and the subsequent meltdown of the nuclear reactors, and our dependence on the sun for all of our food and energy—indeed for our very lives. Suzuki also considers the many positive steps people are making today. And he doesn't shy away from controversial opinion, especially when it comes to taking on those who stand in the way of resolving serious issues like climate change. Underpinning it all is the recognition that we are blessed to live on a planet that gives us everything we require to live, under a sun that gives us the energy we need to produce food and transport and modern conveniences. But we must protect what we have if we want to survive and prosper.
Category: Nature

Environmental Risk Assessment Of Genetically Modified Organisms Electronic Resource

Author : Angelika Hilbeck
ISBN : 0851998615
Genre : Corn
File Size : 77.52 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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The case study is a product of the international GMO Guidelines Project, which addresses the environmental and agricultural impacts of transgenic organisms but does not evaluate human health effects or ethical implications. The volume is not a full risk assessment of Bt maize in Kenya, but rather reports on the agricultural and sociocultural context of maize production in that nation and sets out a methodology for conducting an environmental risk assessment of Bt maize there. It includes the participating public-sector scientists' recommendations for completing a risk assessment and for improving the scientific basis for risk assessment. Distributed in the US by Oxford U. Press. Annotation : 2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
Category: Corn